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return to:harlan, clinton harvey

                          the life of harlan, clinton harvey
1854/05/20 to ----/--/-- male no children
...date... age event
1854/--/-- -1 - a commercial treaty is signed between the u.s. and japan, ending japanese isolation.
1854/--/-- -1 - american writer and naturalist henry david thoreau publishes walden.
1854/--/-- -1 - an anglo-french-turkish expeditionary force lands at sevastopol in the crimea.
1854/--/-- -1 - britain and france declare war on russia, beginning the crimean war.
1854/--/-- -1 - nebraska and kansas territories
1854/--/-- -1 - pope pius ix proclaims the dogma of the immaculate conception of the virgin mary.
1854/--/-- -1 - raphaelite artist holman hunt paints the scapegoat.
1854/--/-- -1 - republican party formed for abolition of slavery
1854/--/-- -1 - smith & wesson invent revolver
1854/--/-- -1 - the allied armies defeat the russians at the battle of inkerman.
1854/--/-- -1 - the british grant independence to the orange free state in south africa.
1854/--/-- -1 - the charge of the light brigade is made by the british during the battle of balaklava.
1854/--/-- -1 - the kansas-nebraska act reopens the controversy over the spread of slavery.
1854/--/-- -1 - the republican party is formed after the passage of the kansas-nebraska act.
1854/--/-- -1 - upper half of indian territory becomes part of kansas territory
1854/05/20 0 *** harlan, clinton harvey - born to harlan, george w. and lawrence, elizabeth r. (harlan)
1855/--/-- 0 - british photographer roger fenton documents the crimean war.
1855/--/-- 0 - florence nightingale reforms hygienic standards in crimean hospitals.
1855/--/-- 0 - henry wadsworth longfellow publishes the songs of hiawatha.
1855/--/-- 0 - lord palmerston becomes prime minister of great britain for the first time.
1855/--/-- 0 - matthew fontaine maury publishes the physical geography of the sea.
1855/--/-- 0 - mexican dictator santa anna is overthrown.
1855/--/-- 0 - nicholas i, emperor of russia dies; he is succeeded by his son alexander ii.
1855/--/-- 0 - robert browning publishes his poetry collection men and women.
1855/--/-- 0 - scottish explorer david livingstone discovers the victoria falls in africa.
1855/--/-- 0 - the allies occupy the russian fortress at sevastapol in the crimea.
1855/--/-- 0 - the first formal ice hockey game is played in kingston, ontario.
1855/--/-- 0 - walt whitman publishes his first book of poetry, the leaves of grass.
1856/--/-- 1 - a new opium war begins between china, britain and france.
1856/--/-- 1 - english chemist william perkin discovers synthetic dyes.
1856/--/-- 1 - the treaty of paris ends the crimean war.
1856/--/-- 1 - the first neanderthaler (prehistoric human) skeleton is discovered in germany.
1856/--/-- 1 - victor hugo writes les miserables during his exile from france.
1857/--/-- 2 - buchanan is inaugurated as the 15th u.s. president; breckinridge becomes vice-president.
1857/--/-- 2 - disputes between mormons and non-mormon settlers leads to the utah war.
1857/--/-- 2 - elisha graves otis installs the first passenger elevator in a new york city store.
1857/--/-- 2 - english author thomas hughes publishes tom brown's schooldays.
1857/--/-- 2 - french novelist gustave flaubert publishes madame bovary.
1857/--/-- 2 - french poet baudelaire publishes flowers of evil and is arrested for immorality.
1857/--/-- 2 - james buchanan (democrat) becomes president of the united states
1857/--/-- 2 - kansas ratifies anti-slavery constitution
1857/--/-- 2 - mormons and paiute indians kill 120 settlers in the mountain meadows massacre.
1857/--/-- 2 - the indian mutiny begins when indian troops rebel against the british in meerut.
1857/--/-- 2 - the oxford english dictionary is begun in england.
1858/--/-- 3 - benito juarez becomes the first mexican president of indian descent.
1858/--/-- 3 - bernadette soubirous sees visions of the vigin mary in a grotto near lourdes, france.
1858/--/-- 3 - britain and france impose the tientsin treaty on china.
1858/--/-- 3 - british explorer john hanning speke discovers lake victoria in africa.
1858/--/-- 3 - british naturalist alfred russel wallace outlines his theories of evolution.
1858/--/-- 3 - charles frederick worth establishes his paris fashion house.
1858/--/-- 3 - cyrus w. field lays the first transatlantic telegraph cable.
1858/--/-- 3 - federal forces end the utah war; brigham young is replaced as governor of utah territory.
1858/--/-- 3 - french photographer nadar takes the first aerial photograph from a balloon.
1858/--/-- 3 - german-american artist albert bierstadt begins his landscapes of the american west.
1858/--/-- 3 - jacques offenbach's operetta orpheus in the underworld premiers in paris.
1858/--/-- 3 - james renwick begins the design of saint patrick's cathedral in new york city.
1858/--/-- 3 - minnesota is inaugurated as the 32nd state of the union.
1858/--/-- 3 - the fenians (irish republican brotherhood) are founded to overthrow british rule.
1858/--/-- 3 - the indian mutiny is suppressed by the british army and loyal indian troops.
1858/--/-- 3 - the government of india is transferred from the east india company to the british crown.
1858/06/20 4 *** harlan, america [sister] - born to harlan, george w. and lawrence, elizabeth r. (harlan)
1859/--/-- 4 *** lawrence, james m. [grandfather] - died
1859/--/-- 4 - abolitionist john brown leads an attack on harpers ferry; he is captured and executed.
1859/--/-- 4 - charles darwin "origin of species"
1859/--/-- 4 - charles darwin publishes on the origin of species by means of natural selection.
1859/--/-- 4 - ferdinand de lesseps begins building the suez canal in egypt.
1859/--/-- 4 - french inventor ferdinand carre develops a refrigeration system.
1859/--/-- 4 - napoleon iii assists the italian statesman cavour in a war against austria.
1859/--/-- 4 - oregon is inaugurated as the 33rd state of the union.
1859/--/-- 4 - queensland becomes a separate colony of australia.
1860/--/-- 5 - abraham lincoln is elected as the first republican president of the united states.
1860/--/-- 5 - china resists the tientsin treaty; anglo-french forces occupy peking.
1860/--/-- 5 - english novelist wilkie collins writes the woman in white.
1860/--/-- 5 - florence nightingale establishes a school for training nurses.
1860/--/-- 5 - george eliot (mary anne evans) publishes the mill on the floss.
1860/--/-- 5 - italian patriot garibaldi invades sicily and naples with his 1,000 redshirts.
1860/--/-- 5 - jean joseph etienne lenoir patents the first internal-combustion engine.
1860/--/-- 5 - sardinia-piedmont seizes the papal states in italy.
1860/--/-- 5 - south carolina becomes the first southern state to secede from the union.
1860/--/-- 5 - the crittenden compromise tries to prevent a split between slave and free states.
1860/--/-- 5 - the maori wars begin against the british in new zealand.
1860/--/-- 5 - the pony express is inaugurated to deliver mail from missouri to california.
1860/11/11 6 *** harlan, george washington [brother] - born to harlan, george w. and lawrence, elizabeth r. (harlan) monroe county kentucky
1861/--/-- 6 *** combs, nancy (harlan) [great grandmother] - died
1861/--/-- 6 - abraham lincoln (republican) becomes president of the united states
1861/--/-- 6 - american locksmith linus yale jr. patents the cylinder lock.
1861/--/-- 6 - confederacy
1861/--/-- 6 - civil war begins
1861/--/-- 6 - english designer william morris starts the arts and crafts movement.
1861/--/-- 6 - explorers burke and wills die during their north-south crossing of australia.
1861/--/-- 6 - french artist eugene delacroix paints the lion hunt.
1861/--/-- 6 - general george b. mcclellan is made commander of the union forces.
1861/--/-- 6 - italy is unified under victor emmanuel ii.
1861/--/-- 6 - john ericsson designs the monitor, the first ship with a revolving gun-turret.
1861/--/-- 6 - kansas is inaugurated as the 34th state of the union.
1861/--/-- 6 - lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th u.s. president; hamlin becomes vice-president.
1861/--/-- 6 - nicholas ii abolishes serfdom in russia.
1861/--/-- 6 - the confederate states of america declare their independence from the u.s.
1861/--/-- 6 - the confederates defeat the union army in the first battle of bull run.
1861/--/-- 6 - the southern states meet to draft a constitution; davis is selected as president.
1861/--/-- 6 - the trent affair begins when a union ship intercepts a british steamer.
1861/--/-- 6 - the united states introduce the first national income tax.
1861/--/-- 6 - the bombardment of fort sumter in charleston harbor begins the u.s. civil war.
1861/--/-- 6 - unification of italy
1861/--/-- 6 - western territories reorganized by republican congresses
1862/--/-- 7 - a union fleet under david g. farragut captures new orleans.
1862/--/-- 7 - bartolome mitre unites argentina and is elected president.
1862/--/-- 7 - brady, o'sullivan and gardner document the civil war in photographs.
1862/--/-- 7 - explorer john mcdouall stuart makes the first south to north crossing of australia.
1862/--/-- 7 - foucault measures speed of light
1862/--/-- 7 - french actress sarah bernhardt makes her debut at the comedie francaise.
1862/--/-- 7 - french impressionist artist edouard manet paints le dejeuner sur l'herbe.
1862/--/-- 7 - french physicist jean foucault successfully measures the speed of light.
1862/--/-- 7 - french writer victor hugo completes his social novel les miserables.
1862/--/-- 7 - lee defeats the union army in the second battle of bull run.
1862/--/-- 7 - lee's confederate invasion of maryland is halted at the battle of antietam.
1862/--/-- 7 - mcclellan is defeated in the seven days battle and retreats from the peninsular.
1862/--/-- 7 - napoleon iii imposes the austrian prince maximilian as emperor of mexico.
1862/--/-- 7 - richard j. gatling invents the first practical machine gun.
1862/--/-- 7 - russian novelist ivan turgenev publishes fathers and sons.
1862/--/-- 7 - the first recorded ski competition is held near oslo in norway.
1862/--/-- 7 - the ironclad warships monitor and merrimack clash at hampton roads, va.
1862/--/-- 7 - union forces under burnside are defeated at the battle of fredricksburg.
1862/--/-- 7 - union forces under grant defeat the confederates at the battle of shiloh.
1862/--/-- 7 - union forces under mcclellan begin the peninsular campaign to capture richmond.
1862/--/-- 7 - william i appoints otto von bismarck as minister president of prussia.
1863/--/-- 8 - cambodia (kampuchea) becomes a french protectorate.
1863/--/-- 8 - english philosopher john stuart mill publishes utilitarianism.
1863/--/-- 8 - french impressionist artist camille pissarro exhibits at the salon des refuses.
1863/--/-- 8 - george i succeeds otto as king of greece.
1863/--/-- 8 - grant defeats the confederates in the vicksburg campaign.
1863/--/-- 8 - ismail pasha rules egypt under the suzerainty of the ottoman empire.
1863/--/-- 8 - lincoln's emancipation proclamation abolishes slavery in the confederate states.
1863/--/-- 8 - london's metropolitan railway becomes the first underground subway.
1863/--/-- 8 - the confederate guerrilla band quantrill's raiders pillage lawrence, kansas.
1863/--/-- 8 - the confederates defeat the union army at chancellorsville; jackson is killed.
1863/--/-- 8 - the confederates under lee are defeated at the battle of gettysburg.
1863/--/-- 8 - the french occupy mexico city in support of maximilian, emperor of mexico.
1863/--/-- 8 - the london football association issues the first soccer rules.
1863/--/-- 8 - west virginia is inaugurated as the 35th state of the union.
1864/--/-- 9 - a chinese army under gordon recaptures nanking and ends the taiping rebellion.
1864/--/-- 9 - a union army under sherman invades georgia, begining the atlanta campaign.
1864/--/-- 9 - cheyenne and arapaho families massacred at sand creek, colorado
1864/--/-- 9 - denmark is defeated by prussia; schleswig-holstein is ceded to germany.
1864/--/-- 9 - nevada is inaugurated as the 36th state of the union.
1864/--/-- 9 - paraguayan dictator francisco solano lopez begins the war of the triple alliance.
1864/--/-- 9 - sherman defeats the confederates at atlanta and begins his march to the sea.
1864/--/-- 9 - the colorado militia massacre cheyenne indians at sand creek.
1864/--/-- 9 - the confederate submarine hunley sinks a federal ship but is sunk in the process.
1864/--/-- 9 - the geneva convention sets standards of humane treatment in time of war.
1864/--/-- 9 - the ionian islands are ceded to greece by britain.
1864/--/-- 9 - the union launches a drive on richmond but falters in the wilderness campaign.
1864/--/-- 9 - ulysses s. grant is made general in chief of all the union armies.
1864/10/03 10 *** lawrence, elizabeth r. (harlan) [mother] - died
1865/--/-- 10 - andrew johnson (republican) becomes president of the united states
1865/--/-- 10 - andrew johnson becomes the 17th president of the u.s.
1865/--/-- 10 - civil war ends
1865/--/-- 10 - confederate forces under lee surrender to grant at appomattox court house.
1865/--/-- 10 - count leo tolstoi begins his monumental russian novel war and peace.
1865/--/-- 10 - english author lewis carroll writes alice's adventures in wonderland.
1865/--/-- 10 - johnston surrenders the last confederate army to sherman, ending the u.s. civil war.
1865/--/-- 10 - leo tolstoy "war and peace"
1865/--/-- 10 - lincoln assassinated
1865/--/-- 10 - lincoln is assassinated by john wilkes booth at ford's theatre in washington d.c.
1865/--/-- 10 - russian author fyodor dostoevsky publishes crime and punishment.
1865/--/-- 10 - the 13th amendment to the u.s. constitution abolishes slavery.
1865/--/-- 10 - the petersburg campaign is won by union forces; lee evacuates richmond.
1866/--/-- 11 - british engineer robert whitehead invents the first self-propelled torpedo.
1866/--/-- 11 - congress authorize (but do not mandate) the use of the metric system in the u.s.
1866/--/-- 11 - mendel publishes his genetic research in experiments with plant hybrids.
1866/--/-- 11 - prussia and italy defeat austria in the seven weeks' war.
1866/--/-- 11 - the ku klux klan is founded in the southern united states.
1867/--/-- 12 - alfred nobel patents dynamite
1867/--/-- 12 - bismark forms the north german confederation under prussian leadership.
1867/--/-- 12 - diamond fields are discovered in south africa.
1867/--/-- 12 - english photographer julia margaret cameron takes sir john herschel's portrait.
1867/--/-- 12 - french troops withdraw from mexico; emperor maximilian is executed by juarez.
1867/--/-- 12 - karl marx publishes the first volume of das kapital.
1867/--/-- 12 - nebraska is inaugurated as the 37th state of the union.
1867/--/-- 12 - sir john a. macdonald becomes canada's first prime minister.
1867/--/-- 12 - the compromise (ausgleich) of 1867 creates the dual monarchy of austria-hungary.
1867/--/-- 12 - the dominion of canada is established by the british north america act.
1868/--/-- 13 - a military coup led by general juan prim deposes queen isabella ii of spain.
1868/--/-- 13 - a skeleton of cro-magnon man is discovered in southern france.
1868/--/-- 13 - british labor unions form the trades union congress.
1868/--/-- 13 - christopher sholes patents the first practical typewriter.
1868/--/-- 13 - chulalongkorn succeeds his father mongkut as the king of siam (thailand).
1868/--/-- 13 - feminists susan b. anthony and elizabeth cady stanton publish revolution.
1868/--/-- 13 - johannes brahms' a german requiem is performed for the first time.
1868/--/-- 13 - ndebele king mzilikazi dies in africa; he is succeeded (1870) by his son lobengula.
1868/--/-- 13 - the meiji dynasty is restored in japan; the tokugawa shogunate is abolished.
1868/--/-- 13 - the ten years' war begins in cuba against spanish rule.
1868/--/-- 13 - u.s. president andrew johnson is impeached by congress but acquitted by the senate.
1868/--/-- 13 - william gladstone becomes liberal prime minister of britain for the first time.
1869/--/-- 14 - 200 pitched battles between indians and u.s. calvary
1869/--/-- 14 - english author matthew arnold publishes culture and anarchy.
1869/--/-- 14 - french artist eugene louis boudin paints on the beach at deauville.
1869/--/-- 14 - grant is inaugurated as the 18th u.s. president; colfax becomes vice-president.
1869/--/-- 14 - james gordon bennett jr. commissions stanley to search for livingston in africa.
1869/--/-- 14 - john roebling designs the brooklyn bridge but dies after a construction accident.
1869/--/-- 14 - louis riel leads the red river rebellion in canada.
1869/--/-- 14 - ludwig ii (mad ludwig) begins building his fantasy castles in bavaria.
1869/--/-- 14 - philadelphia garment workers organize the knights of labor, an early labor union.
1869/--/-- 14 - pope pius ix calls the first vatican council to discuss the dogma of papal infallibility.
1869/--/-- 14 - russian composer modest mussorgsky begins work on his opera boris gudunov.
1869/--/-- 14 - suez canal opens
1869/--/-- 14 - the cincinnati red stockings become the first professional baseball team.
1869/--/-- 14 - the suez canal is opened in egypt.
1869/--/-- 14 - the first manufacturing patent is issued for chewing gum.
1869/--/-- 14 - the transcontinental railroad is completed at promontory point, utah.
1869/--/-- 14 - ulysses s. grant (republican) becomes president of the united states
1869/--/-- 14 - union pacific meets central pacific
1870/--/-- 15 - american industrialist john d. rockefeller founds the standard oil company.
1870/--/-- 15 - french war minister leon gambetta escapes from besieged paris in a balloon.
1870/--/-- 15 - german archaeologist heinrich schliemann excavates the ancient city of troy.
1870/--/-- 15 - paraguayan dictator solano lopez dies, ending the war of the triple alliance.
1870/--/-- 15 - rome becomes the capital of the kingdom of italy.
1870/--/-- 15 - the franco-prussian war begins over a diplomatic incident engineered by bismark.
1870/--/-- 15 - the prussians defeat the french at sedan; napoleon iii is taken prisoner.
1870/--/-- 15 - the third republic is formed in france; a government of national defense is established.
1870/--/-- 15 - the city of miami is founded in florida.
1871/--/-- 16 - american explorer henry morton stanley finds dr. livingston in central africa.
1871/--/-- 16 - charles taze russell founds the jehovah's witnesses about this time.
1871/--/-- 16 - fire destroys one-third of the city of chicago.
1871/--/-- 16 - p.t barnum launches a traveling circus, museum and menagerie.
1871/--/-- 16 - the franco-prussian war ends; alsace and lorraine are ceded to germany.
1871/--/-- 16 - the french surrender to prussia incites the commune of paris uprising.
1871/--/-- 16 - the german empire is formally proclaimed at the palace of versailles.
1871/--/-- 16 - the paris commune is suppressed by government troops after a 2-month siege.
1871/--/-- 16 - trade unions legalized in britain
1872/--/-- 17 - american artist james mcneill whistler paints the portrait of the artist's mother.
1872/--/-- 17 - english author george eliot (mary anne evans) publishes middlemarch.
1872/--/-- 17 - indian leader kintpuash leaves the modoc reservation; the modoc wars begin.
1872/--/-- 17 - monet paints impression: sunrise; the term impressionism is derived from the title.
1872/--/-- 17 - photographer eadweard muybridge begins his series of motion studies.
1872/--/-- 17 - the challenger expedition begins the first systematic oceanographic survey.
1872/--/-- 17 - the cities of buda and pest unite to form budapest (the capital of hungary from 1918).
1872/--/-- 17 - the death of kamehameha v ends the kamehameha dynasty of hawaiian kings.
1872/--/-- 17 - the first woman impressionist artist berthe morisot paints the cradle.
1873/--/-- 18 - englishman maj. walter clopton wingfield invents lawn tennis.
1873/--/-- 18 - french novelist jules verne publishes around the world in eighty days.
1873/--/-- 18 - the pacific scandal in canada causes the collapse of the conservative government.
1873/--/-- 18 - the panic of 1873 leads to 5 years of economic depression in the u.s.
1874/--/-- 19 - benjamin disraeli becomes the conservative prime minister of britain.
1874/--/-- 19 - english author thomas hardy publishes far from the madding crowd.
1874/--/-- 19 - first impressionist exhibit in paris
1874/--/-- 19 - french impressionist artist pierre auguste renoir paints la loge (the box).
1874/--/-- 19 - the comanche, kiowa and other indian tribes attack adobe walls in texas.
1874/--/-- 19 - the greenback party advocates currency reform in the u.s.
1874/--/-- 19 - the first exhibition of impressionist paintings is held in paris.
1875/--/-- 20 - american author mark twain publishes tom sawyer.
1875/--/-- 20 - britain buys suez canal shares from the bankrupt egyptian leader ismail pasha.
1875/--/-- 20 - charles stewart parnell begins movement for irish independence
1875/--/-- 20 - georges bizet's opera carmen is performed in paris.
1875/--/-- 20 - mary baker eddy, founder of christian science, publishes science and health.
1875/--/-- 20 - the bourbon monarchy is restored in spain under alfonso xii.
1876/--/-- 21 - abd al-hamid ii assumes his rule as the last ottoman sultan.
1876/--/-- 21 - alexander graham bell patents his invention of the telephone.
1876/--/-- 21 - alexander graham bell patents the telephone
1876/--/-- 21 - british philosopher herbert spencer begins publishing the principles of sociology.
1876/--/-- 21 - colorado is inaugurated as the 38th state of the union.
1876/--/-- 21 - general porfirio diaz seizes power as the dictator of mexico.
1876/--/-- 21 - german archaeologist heinrich schliemann excavates the ancient city of mycenae.
1876/--/-- 21 - impressionist artist alfred sisley paints flood at the port of marly.
1876/--/-- 21 - japan forces korea to open up to foreign trade, countering the influence of china.
1876/--/-- 21 - johann strauss jr. composes his waltz the beautiful blue danube.
1876/--/-- 21 - national league founded (baseball)
1876/--/-- 21 - queen victoria assumes the title of empress of india.
1876/--/-- 21 - sioux indians defeat general custer at the battle of little bighorn.
1876/--/-- 21 - sioux and cheyenne defeat custer at little big horn, montanna
1876/--/-- 21 - the bayreuth musical festival opens with a performance of wagner's ring cycle.
1876/--/-- 21 - the u.s. centennial exposition of 1876 is held in fairmount park, philadelphia.
1877/--/-- 22 - britain annexes transvaal in south africa.
1877/--/-- 22 - chief joseph leads the nez perce tribe against the u.s. army.
1877/--/-- 22 - hayes is inaugurated as the 19th u.s. president; wheeler becomes vice-president
1877/--/-- 22 - italian astronomer giovanni schiaparelli observes canali (channels) on mars.
1877/--/-- 22 - nez perce leave idaho for canada
1877/--/-- 22 - rutherford b. hayes (republican) becomes president of the united states
1877/--/-- 22 - tchaikovsky's swan lake is performed by the bolshoi ballet in moscow.
1877/--/-- 22 - the all-england lawn tennis championship is played at wimbledon for the first time.
1877/--/-- 22 - the japanese army suppresses a samurai revolt led by saigo takamori.
1877/--/-- 22 - thomas edison invents the phonograph.
1877/--/-- 22 - turkish suppression of balkan nationalists leads to a new russo-turkish war.
1878/--/-- 23 - ismail pasha presents cleopatra's needles to britain (1878) and the u.s. (1880).
1878/--/-- 23 - northern cheyenne escape indian territory
1878/--/-- 23 - serbia, montenegro and romania are granted independence from turkey.
1878/--/-- 23 - the congress of berlin reverses russian gains from the san stefano treaty.
1878/--/-- 23 - the d'oyly carte opera company performs gilbert and sullivan's h.m.s. pinafore.
1878/--/-- 23 - the russo-turkish war ends; the treaty of san stefano is imposed on turkey.
1878/--/-- 23 - the second anglo-afghan war begins.
1878/--/-- 23 - turkey's provinces of bosnia and hercegovina are placed under austrian administration.
1878/09/15 24 *** harlan, louisa jane (bray) [niece] - born to harlan, george washington and bowman, martha (harlan)
1878/09/19 24 *** neal, elizabeth o. (harlan) [grandmother] - died
1878/09/29 24 *** bowman, martha (harlan) & harlan, george washington [brother] - married clay, tennessee
1879/--/-- 24 - belgian king leopold ii sponsors henry morton stanley's expedition to the congo.
1879/--/-- 24 - cetewayo's zulus defeat the british at isandhlwana, but are beaten at ulundi.
1879/--/-- 24 - charles stewart parnell leads the home rule for ireland party.
1879/--/-- 24 - general roca defeats the patagonian indians, opening the pampas for settlement.
1879/--/-- 24 - impressionist artist edgar degas paints ballerina posing for a photograph.
1879/--/-- 24 - norwegian playwright henrik ibsen writes a doll's house.
1879/--/-- 24 - tawfiq pasha succeeds his father ismail pasha as khedive (viceroy) of egypt.
1879/--/-- 24 - territorial disputes lead to the war of the pacific between chile and peru.
1879/--/-- 24 - thomas edison develops the first workable incandescent lamp (light bulb).
1879/--/-- 24 - thomas edison invents incandescent light
1880/--/-- 25 - american impressionist artist mary cassatt exhibits a woman in black at the opera.
1880/--/-- 25 - australian bushranger ned kelly is hanged for murder.
1880/--/-- 25 - boer (afrikaner) uprisings begin against the british in transvaal, south africa.
1880/--/-- 25 - france annexes the pacific island of tahiti.
1880/--/-- 25 - french novelist emile zola writes nana, a portrait of a prostitute.
1880/--/-- 25 - german composer jacques offenbach writes the opera tales of hoffmann.
1880/--/-- 25 - gladstone succeeds disraeli as british prime minister.
1880/--/-- 25 - russian composer peter ilich tchaikovsky writes the 1812 overture.
1881/--/-- 26 - alexander ii is assassinated by narodniki revolutionaries in russia.
1881/--/-- 26 - chester a. arthur (republican) becomes president of the united states
1881/--/-- 26 - chester a. arthur is inaugurated as the 21st u.s. president.
1881/--/-- 26 - ferdinand de lesseps begins an abortive attempt to build the panama canal.
1881/--/-- 26 - garfield is inaugurated as the 20th u.s. president; arthur becomes vice-president.
1881/--/-- 26 - james a. garfield (republican) becomes president of the united states
1881/--/-- 26 - japanese statesman itagaki taisuke founds the jiyuto (liberal party).
1881/--/-- 26 - lillie langtry, mistress of the prince of wales, makes her acting debut.
1881/--/-- 26 - president garfield is assassinated by charles j. guiteau.
1881/--/-- 26 - the sudanese under mahdi muhammad ahmad overthrow egyptian rule.
1881/--/-- 26 - the first u.s. tennis championship is held in newport, r.i.
1882/--/-- 27 - a triple alliance is established between austria, italy and germany.
1882/--/-- 27 - edison's new york plant begins supplying 59 customers with electricity.
1882/--/-- 27 - impressionist artist edouard manet completes the bar at the folies-bergere.
1882/--/-- 27 - japanese statesman okuma shigenobu founds the kaishinto, or progressive, party.
1882/--/-- 27 - the british take control of egypt, suppressing uprisings against tawfiq pasha.
1882/--/-- 27 - the u.s. begins to restrict immigration with the chinese exclusion acts.
1882/10/07 28 *** harlan, john thomas [nephew] - born to harlan, george washington and bowman, martha (harlan)
1883/--/-- 28 - buffalo bill cody organizes his wild west show.
1883/--/-- 28 - civil service established
1883/--/-- 28 - cyrus h. k. curtis publishes the lady's home journal magazine.
1883/--/-- 28 - german philosopher frederich wilhelm nietzsche begins thus spake zarathustra.
1883/--/-- 28 - maxim invents machine gun
1883/--/-- 28 - paul kruger becomes president of the boer republic of the transvaal in south africa.
1883/--/-- 28 - russian scientist tsiolkovsky proves that a rocket could work in the vacuum of space.
1883/--/-- 28 - the brooklyn bridge is completed in new york.
1883/--/-- 28 - the fabian society is founded in london to spread socialist ideas.
1883/--/-- 28 - the island volcano of krakatoa explodes in indonesia, causing 36,000 deaths.
1883/--/-- 28 - the first skyscraper (10 stories) is built in chicago by william lebaron jenney.
1884/--/-- 29 - 15 european nations partition africa for "spheres of influence"
1884/--/-- 29 - american author mark twain publishes the adventures of huckleberry finn.
1884/--/-- 29 - belva lockwood becomes the first woman nominated as a u.s. presidential candidate.
1884/--/-- 29 - german east africa is formed from rwanda, mozambique,tanzania and burundi.
1884/--/-- 29 - germany occupies south west africa (namibia).
1884/--/-- 29 - lewis e. waterman invents the first fountain pen with an ink reservoir.
1884/03/30 29 *** harlan, george w. [father] - died monroe county kentucky
1884/12/10 30 *** harlan, mary belle [niece] - born to harlan, george washington and bowman, martha (harlan)
1885/--/-- 30 - boston symphony orchestra organizes its promenade concerts (the boston pops).
1885/--/-- 30 - cleveland is inaugurated as the 22nd u.s. president; hendricks becomes vice-president.
1885/--/-- 30 - french chemist louis pasteur develops a vaccine for rabies.
1885/--/-- 30 - general gordon is killed by mahdist forces at the siege of khartoum in sudan.
1885/--/-- 30 - gottlieb daimler develops the first motorcycle.
1885/--/-- 30 - grover cleveland (democrat) becomes president of the united states
1885/--/-- 30 - j. k. stanley introduces his safety cycle, the basic model for the modern bicycle.
1885/--/-- 30 - louis pasteur administers successful rabies vaccination
1885/--/-- 30 - the congo free state (zaire) becomes the possession of king leopold ii of belgium.
1885/--/-- 30 - the indian national congress movement is founded in bombay.
1886/--/-- 31 - apache indian chief geronimo surrenders to general nelson miles.
1886/--/-- 31 - britain makes burma a province of india after winning the anglo-burma war.
1886/--/-- 31 - british prime minister gladstone introduces an unsuccessful home rule bill for ireland.
1886/--/-- 31 - french sculptor auguste rodin completes the kiss.
1886/--/-- 31 - gold is discovered in transvaal, south africa.
1886/--/-- 31 - haymarket square labor riot in chicago kills eleven people
1886/--/-- 31 - jose balmaceda becomes president of chile.
1886/--/-- 31 - samuel gompers organizes the american federation of labor.
1886/--/-- 31 - the anglo-german agreement recognizes german control over tanganyika (tanzania).
1886/--/-- 31 - the statue of liberty is unveiled in new york harbor.
1887/--/-- 32 - arthur conan doyle publishes the first sherlock holmes story.
1887/--/-- 32 - france creates the union of indochina (most of modern day vietnam and kampuchea).
1887/--/-- 32 - the michelson-morley experiment confirms the absence of ether.
1888/--/-- 33 - a patent is issued to american inventor john h. loud for the first ball-point pen.
1888/--/-- 33 - american inventor george eastman introduces the kodak box camera.
1888/--/-- 33 - britain unites its caribbean colonies of trinidad and tobago.
1888/--/-- 33 - dutch artist vincent van gogh paints still life with sunflowers.
1888/--/-- 33 - eastman's kodak camera begins amateur photography
1888/--/-- 33 - jack the ripper murders seven women in london.
1888/--/-- 33 - russian composer nikolai rimsky-korsakov writes scheherazade.
1888/--/-- 33 - the national geographic magazine is published for the first time.
1888/--/-- 33 - william ii succeeds frederick iii as emperor of germany.
1889/--/-- 34 - benjamin harrison (republican) becomes president of the united states
1889/--/-- 34 - benjamin harrison is inaugurated as the 23rd u.s. president.
1889/--/-- 34 - crown prince rudolf of austria commits suicide at mayerling.
1889/--/-- 34 - german revolutionary rosa luxemburg is exiled in switzerland.
1889/--/-- 34 - gustave eiffel designs the eiffel tower for the paris exposition.
1889/--/-- 34 - japan's first prime minister ito hirobumi introduces the meiji constitution.
1889/--/-- 34 - montana is inaugurated as the 41st state.
1889/--/-- 34 - montana is inaugurated as the 41st state; washington is inaugurated as the 42nd state.
1889/--/-- 34 - north dakota and south dakota are inaugurated as the 39th and 40th states.
1889/--/-- 34 - north dakota is inaugurated as the 39th state of the union.
1889/--/-- 34 - pedro ii emperor of brazil is overthrown in a coup; brazil is declared a republic.
1889/--/-- 34 - south dakota is inaugurated as the 40th state of the union.
1889/--/-- 34 - washington is inaugurated as the 42nd state.
1889/01/21 34 *** harlan, quintice [nephew] - born to harlan, george washington and bowman, martha (harlan)
1890/--/-- 35 - afl founded by s gompers
1890/--/-- 35 - american naval officer alfred mahan publishes the influence of sea power upon history.
1890/--/-- 35 - american psychologist william james publishes the principles of psychology.
1890/--/-- 35 - cecil rhodes becomes prime minister of the cape colony in south africa.
1890/--/-- 35 - claude debussy begins composing suite bergamasque, including clair de lune.
1890/--/-- 35 - dutch artist vincent van gogh commits suicide.
1890/--/-- 35 - german chancellor otto von bismarck is dismissed by emperor william ii.
1890/--/-- 35 - idaho is inaugurated as the 43rd state.
1890/--/-- 35 - idaho is inaugurated as the 43rd state; wyoming is inaugurated as the 44th state.
1890/--/-- 35 - indian poet rabindranath tagore publishes manasi (the mind's embodiment).
1890/--/-- 35 - photographer jacob riis documents new york's poor in how the other half lives.
1890/--/-- 35 - sherman antitrust act
1890/--/-- 35 - sioux indians are massacred at the battle of wounded knee.
1890/--/-- 35 - the british south africa company occupies zimbabwe; conflicts begin with the ndebele.
1890/--/-- 35 - the forth railway bridge is opened, replacing the brooklyn bridge as the longest span.
1890/--/-- 35 - wyoming is inaugurated as the 44th state.
1890/--/-- 35 - zanzibar becomes a british protectorate.
1891/--/-- 36 - anglo-irish author oscar wilde publishes his only novel the picture of dorian gray.
1891/--/-- 36 - english novelist thomas hardy writes tess of the d'urbervilles.
1891/--/-- 36 - eugene dubois discovers the first homo erectus remains on java in indonesia.
1891/--/-- 36 - french postimpressionist artist paul gauguin travels to tahiti.
1891/--/-- 36 - james naismith devises the game of basketball in springfield, mass.
1891/--/-- 36 - the american express company introduces the first traveler's checks.
1892/--/-- 37 - french artist henri de toulouse-lautrec paints at the moulin rouge.
1892/--/-- 37 - impressionist artist paul cezanne completes the card players.
1892/--/-- 37 - james j. corbett wins the heavyweight boxing championship from john l. sullivan.
1892/--/-- 37 - strike at carnegie steel results in ten deaths
1892/--/-- 37 - the san francisco examiner begins printing the first newspaper comic strip.
1892/--/-- 37 - writer and political revolutionary jose marti founds the cuban revolutionary party.
1893/--/-- 38 - american artist louis comfort tiffany begins producing art nouveau glassware.
1893/--/-- 38 - cleveland is inaugurated as the 24th u.s. president; hendricks becomes vice-president.
1893/--/-- 38 - france adds laos to "protectorate" of indochina
1893/--/-- 38 - france adds laos to the union of indochina.
1893/--/-- 38 - gladstone's second irish home rule bill is vetoed by the house of lords in britain.
1893/--/-- 38 - grover cleveland (democrat) becomes president of the united states
1893/--/-- 38 - queen liliuokalani is ousted in hawaii; sanford b. dole, is elected president (1894).
1893/--/-- 38 - the ivory coast becomes a french colony.
1893/--/-- 38 - victor horta's tassel house in brussels initiates the art nouveau architectural style.
1893/12/31 39 *** harlan, eary w. [nephew] - born to harlan, george washington and bowman, martha (harlan)
1894/--/-- 39 - britain establishes a protectorate over buganda and conquers the rest of uganda.
1894/--/-- 39 - czech decorative artist alfons mucha designs a poster of sarah bernhardt.
1894/--/-- 39 - dreyfus case splits france
1894/--/-- 39 - english artist aubrey beardsley illustrates oscar wilde's salome.
1894/--/-- 39 - english author rudyard kipling publishes the jungle book.
1894/--/-- 39 - percival lowell builds an observatory to study the martian canals.
1894/--/-- 39 - rebellion in korea begins the first sino-japanese war.
1894/--/-- 39 - the arrest of army captain albert dreyfus creates a political crisis in france.
1894/--/-- 39 - thousands of armenians are massacred in turkey.
1895/--/-- 40 - anglo-irish playwright oscar wilde writes the importance of being earnest.
1895/--/-- 40 - japan defeats china; the shimonoseki treaty establishes korean independence.
1895/--/-- 40 - louis and auguste lumiere show the first motion pictures to a paris cafe audience.
1895/--/-- 40 - russian revolutionary vladimir ilich lenin is exiled to siberia.
1895/--/-- 40 - sir henry irving becomes the first british actor to be knighted.
1895/--/-- 40 - the american bowling congress (abc) is founded.
1895/--/-- 40 - the cuban war of independence begins against spain; jose marti is killed in battle.
1895/--/-- 40 - the jameson raid on the boer republic of transvaal increases anti-british hostility.
1895/--/-- 40 - the first list of best-selling books is published by the bookman magazine.
1895/--/-- 40 - wilhelm rontgen discovers x-rays
1895/--/-- 40 - x rays are discovered by german physicist wilhelm c. roentgen.
1896/--/-- 41 - a tsunami (tidal wave) kills 27,000 people in japan.
1896/--/-- 41 - italian composer giacomo puccini writes the opera la boheme.
1896/--/-- 41 - john philip sousa composes the stars and stripes forever.
1896/--/-- 41 - king menelik ii defeats the italians at adwa, maintaining ethiopian independence.
1896/--/-- 41 - supreme court rules "separate but equal" legal
1896/--/-- 41 - the first modern olympic games are held at athens in greece; 13 countries compete.
1896/--/-- 41 - utah is inaugurated as the 45th state of the union.
1897/--/-- 42 - american comic strip the katzenjammer kids is begun by rudolph dirks.
1897/--/-- 42 - austrian artist gustav klimt helps to found the vienna secession group.
1897/--/-- 42 - british physician havelock ellis begins his studies in the psychology of sex.
1897/--/-- 42 - english author rudyard kipling publishes captains courageous.
1897/--/-- 42 - french dramatist edmond rostand writes cyrano de bergerac.
1897/--/-- 42 - french primitive artist henri rousseau paints the sleeping gypsy.
1897/--/-- 42 - mckinley is inaugurated as the 25th u.s. president; hobart becomes vice-president.
1897/--/-- 42 - russian author anton chekhov writes the play uncle vanya.
1897/--/-- 42 - stanislavsky founds the moscow art theater and begins the method acting technique.
1897/--/-- 42 - the first subway un the u.s. opens in boston.
1897/--/-- 42 - theodor herzl organizes the world zionist congress at basel in switzerland.
1897/--/-- 42 - william mckinley (republican) becomes president of the united states
1898/--/-- 43 - anglo-irish playwright george bernard shaw publishes arms and the man.
1898/--/-- 43 - britain obtains a 99-year lease for hong kong from the chinese.
1898/--/-- 43 - commodore dewey destroys the spanish fleet in manila harbor.
1898/--/-- 43 - cuba occupied by u.s. and released
1898/--/-- 43 - english author h. g. wells publishes the war of the worlds.
1898/--/-- 43 - spain cedes puerto rico, guam and the philippines to the u.s. in the treaty of paris.
1898/--/-- 43 - spanish-american war, cuba, phillipines, us
1898/--/-- 43 - the boxer uprising begins in china; empress tz'u-hsi imprisons the emperor.
1898/--/-- 43 - the british under kitchener defeat the mahdists at omdurman in sudan.
1898/--/-- 43 - the fashoda incident leads to a french withdrawal from the sudan.
1898/--/-- 43 - the spanish fleet is destroyed off cuba; spain sues for peace.
1898/--/-- 43 - the spanish-american war begins with a declaration of war by congress.
1898/--/-- 43 - the u.s. army uses machine guns for the first time in the battle of santiago.
1898/--/-- 43 - the u.s. battleship maine explodes in the spanish port of manila in the philippines.
1898/--/-- 43 - u.s. troops land on cuba; theodore roosevelt's rough riders are in action.
1898/--/-- 43 - william randolph hearst's yellow journalism inflames anti-spanish feelings.
1898/07/31 44 *** bray, hobart [great nephew] - born to bray, james ewel and harlan, louisa jane (bray)
1899/--/-- 44 - american artist winslow homer paints the gulf stream.
1899/--/-- 44 - american composer scott joplin publishes his maple leaf rag.
1899/--/-- 44 - designer charles rennie mackintosh completes the glasgow school of art.
1899/--/-- 44 - english composer edward elgar writes the enigma variations.
1899/--/-- 44 - journalist and future statesman winston churchill escapes from boer captivity.
1899/--/-- 44 - sigmund freud "interpretation of dreams"
1899/--/-- 44 - the british under robert baden-powell are besieged by the boers at mafeking.
1899/--/-- 44 - the south african war begins between the boers (afrikaners) and the british.
1899/--/-- 44 - u.s. secretary of state john m. hay advocates an open door policy for china.
1900/--/-- 45 - american novelist theodore dreiser publishes his first novel sister carrie.
1900/--/-- 45 - an international force lifts the boxer siege of peking.
1900/--/-- 45 - british politician keir hardie helps to found the labour party.
1900/--/-- 45 - chinese nationalists besiege foreigners in peking during the boxer uprising.
1900/--/-- 45 - dutch physiologist willem einthoven invents the electrocardiograph.
1900/--/-- 45 - hawaii is made a u.s. territory; sanford dole serves as the first governor.
1900/--/-- 45 - hector guimard uses art nouveau designs for the entrances to the paris metro.
1900/--/-- 45 - humbert i is assassinated; he is succeeded by victor emanuel iii as king of italy.
1900/--/-- 45 - italian author gabriele d'annunzio publishes the flame of life.
1900/--/-- 45 - james j. jeffries beats jim corbett to retain the heavyweight boxing title.
1900/--/-- 45 - max planck formulates the quantum theory in physics.
1900/--/-- 45 - psychoanalyst sigmund freud publishes the interpretation of dreams.
1900/--/-- 45 - sir arthur evans begins the excavation of the minoan palace at knossos, crete.
1900/--/-- 45 - the boers begin a guerrilla war against the british occupation forces.
1900/--/-- 45 - the british defeat the boer (afrikaner) armies in south africa and occupy pretoria.
1900/--/-- 45 - the u.s. wins the first davis cup tennis contest.
1901/--/-- 46 - a 39,000 year-old frozen mammoth is discovered in russia.
1901/--/-- 46 - a stele bearing the code of hammurabi is discovered in susa, iran.
1901/--/-- 46 - american surgeon walter reed proves that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes.
1901/--/-- 46 - an american league of baseball is formed in competition to the national league.
1901/--/-- 46 - andrew carnegie sells his company and devotes himself to philanthropy.
1901/--/-- 46 - britain incorporates ashanti territory into the gold coast (ghana).
1901/--/-- 46 - english author beatrix potter publishes her children's book the tale of peter rabbit.
1901/--/-- 46 - guglielmo marconi tests radio transmissions between england and newfoundland.
1901/--/-- 46 - king c. gillette founds the american safety razor company.
1901/--/-- 46 - pres. mckinley shot by anarchist
1901/--/-- 46 - president mckinley is assassinated by the anarchist leon czolgosz.
1901/--/-- 46 - queen victoria dies; she is succeeded by her son edward vii.
1901/--/-- 46 - russia occupies manchuria in north-east china.
1901/--/-- 46 - sergei rachmaninoff writes his second piano concerto.
1901/--/-- 46 - sir edward elgar composes the first of his five pomp and circumstance marches.
1901/--/-- 46 - spanish painter pablo picasso's blue period begins.
1901/--/-- 46 - temperance advocate carry nation uses a hatchet to attack a kansas saloon.
1901/--/-- 46 - the commonwealth of australia is founded.
1901/--/-- 46 - the first u.s. national bowling tournament is held.
1901/--/-- 46 - theodore roosevelt (republican) becomes president of the united states
1901/--/-- 46 - theodore roosevelt is inaugurated as the 26th u.s. president.
1901/--/-- 46 - victor l. berger and eugene v. debs help found the american socialist party.
1901/01/02 46 - edward vii succeeds as king of great britain and ireland.
1902/--/-- 47 - american artist robert henri paints the new york street scene west 57th street.
1902/--/-- 47 - conan doyle writes the sherlock holmes adventure the hound of the baskervilles.
1902/--/-- 47 - english author joseph conrad publishes heart of darkness.
1902/--/-- 47 - french filmmaker georges melies produces a trip to the moon.
1902/--/-- 47 - italian opera singer enrico caruso makes his first phonographic recording.
1902/--/-- 47 - maksim gorky's the lower depths is produced at the moscow art theater.
1902/--/-- 47 - oliver wendell holmes jr. is appointed to the u.s. supreme court.
1902/--/-- 47 - roosevelt begins conservation of forests
1902/--/-- 47 - the photo-secession group is founded in new york by photographer alfred stieglitz.
1902/--/-- 47 - the treaty of vereeniging ends the south african war.
1902/08/-- 48 - edward vii crowned king of great britain and ireland and emperor of india at wes
1903/--/-- 48 - alexander, king of serbia, is assassinated; he is succeeded by peter i.
1903/--/-- 48 - american author jack london publishes the call of the wild.
1903/--/-- 48 - american novelist henry james publishes the ambassadors.
1903/--/-- 48 - bernard shaw's play man and superman is produced in london.
1903/--/-- 48 - colonel francis younghusband leads a british military expedition into tibet.
1903/--/-- 48 - edwin s. porter directs the pioneering western film the great train robbery.
1903/--/-- 48 - emmeline pankhurst founds the women's social and political union in britain.
1903/--/-- 48 - marie and pierre curie win the nobel prize for physics for their work on radioactivity.
1903/--/-- 48 - orville wright makes the first successful flight in a self-propelled airplane.
1903/--/-- 48 - panama declares its independence from columbia; the u.s. recognizes the new republic.
1903/--/-- 48 - the rolls-royce automobile company is founded in britain.
1903/--/-- 48 - the u.s. acquires perpetual control over the panama canal zone.
1903/--/-- 48 - the first world series baseball game is played.
1903/--/-- 48 - vladimir ilich lenin organizes the bolshevik revolutionary group.
1903/--/-- 48 - wright bros. first airplane
1903/04/26 48 *** arnold, flora belle (bunch) [great niece] - born to arnold, lucian a. and harlan, mary belle
1903/10/-- 49 - world series nl pittsburgh (3) al boston (5)
1904/--/-- 49 - italian composer giacomo puccini's opera madame butterfly is produced.
1904/--/-- 49 - ivan pavlov, discoverer of the conditioned reflex, is awarded the nobel prize.
1904/--/-- 49 - james barrie's play peter pan is produced in london.
1904/--/-- 49 - max weber publishes the protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
1904/--/-- 49 - roosevelt asserts u.s. right to intervene in latin america
1904/--/-- 49 - russia and japan at war
1904/--/-- 49 - russian author anton chekhov's play the cherry orchard is produced.
1904/--/-- 49 - territorial disputes in manchuria begin the russo-japanese war.
1904/--/-- 49 - the abbey theatre is founded in dublin.
1904/--/-- 49 - the new york city subway is opened.
1905/--/-- 50 *** griffin, ada ermon (harlan) & harlan, john thomas [nephew] - married
1905/--/-- 50 - a general strike and revolution begin in russia; nicholas ii grants a constitution.
1905/--/-- 50 - albert einstein proposes special theory of relativity
1905/--/-- 50 - ambrose fleming invents the thermionic valve, used to improve radio reception.
1905/--/-- 50 - american humorist and actor will rogers makes his new york city debut.
1905/--/-- 50 - american labor leader eugene v. debs founds the industrial workers of the world.
1905/--/-- 50 - chinese revolutionary sun yat-sen founds the t'ung-meng hui (alliance society).
1905/--/-- 50 - ernst ludwig kirchner organizes the expressionist painters group die brucke.
1905/--/-- 50 - french territorial ambitions spark the first moroccan crisis.
1905/--/-- 50 - german physicist albert einstein proposes his special theory of relativity.
1905/--/-- 50 - german poet rainer maria rilke publishes the book of hours.
1905/--/-- 50 - henri matisse and andre derain form the fauves (wild beasts) art movement.
1905/--/-- 50 - psychologist alfred binet develops intelligence tests for school children.
1905/--/-- 50 - roosevelt begins his second term as u.s. president; fairbanks becomes vice-president.
1905/--/-- 50 - the cullinan diamond is found in south africa; it weighs 3,106 carats.
1905/--/-- 50 - the russian fleet is destroyed by the japanese at the battle of tsushima.
1905/--/-- 50 - the sinn fein irish nationalist movement is founded by arthur griffith.
1905/--/-- 50 - the union of norway and sweden is dissolved; haakon vii is elected king of norway.
1905/--/-- 50 - w.e.b. du bois forms the niagara movement to demand full civil rights for black americans.
1905/--/-- 50 - mini-revolution in russia
1905/07/26 51 *** arnold, john leslie [great nephew] - born to arnold, lucian a. and harlan, mary belle metcalfe county kentucky
1905/09/13 51 *** harlan, arthur [great nephew] - born to harlan, john thomas and griffin, ada ermon (harlan)
1905/10/-- 51 - world series nl new york (4) al philadelphia (1)
1906/--/-- 51 - british author john galsworthy publishes the first novel of the forsythe saga.
1906/--/-- 51 - h.m.s. dreadnought, the first modern battleship, is launched.
1906/--/-- 51 - norwegian explorer roald amundsen traverses the northwest passage.
1906/--/-- 51 - the aga khan iii forms the all-india moslim league.
1906/--/-- 51 - the dreyfus affair ends with the pardoning of french army officer alfred dreyfus.
1906/--/-- 51 - the san francisco earthquake kills 700.

1906/--/-- 51 - under the platt amendment u.s. troops return to cuba to quell rebellion and restore order.
1906/--/-- 51 - upton sinclair's novel the jungle leads to the u.s. pure foods and drugs act.
1906/10/-- 52 - world series nl chicago (2) al chicago (4)
1907/--/-- 52 - a triple entente is formed between britain, france and russia.
1907/--/-- 52 - anna pavlova dances the dying swan, choreographed by mikhail fokine.
1907/--/-- 52 - irish playwright j.m. synge writes the playboy of the western world.
1907/--/-- 52 - lee de forest invents the triode, a key component for amplifying radio signals.
1907/--/-- 52 - oklahoma is inaugurated as the 46th state of the union.
1907/--/-- 52 - rasputin gains influence at the court of russian emperor nicholas ii.
1907/--/-- 52 - the panic of 1907 begins with the collapse of the u.s. stock market.
1907/--/-- 52 - the first ziegfeld follies are staged in new york city.
1907/09/07 53 *** harlan, walter t. [great nephew] - born to harlan, john thomas and griffin, ada ermon (harlan)
1907/10/-- 53 - world series nl chicago (4) al detroit (0)
1908/--/-- 53 - an earthquake at messina in italy kills 80,000.
1908/--/-- 53 - austria-hungary annexes bosnia and hercegovina.
1908/--/-- 53 - austrian artist gustav klimt paints the kiss.
1908/--/-- 53 - automaker william durant founds the general motors company.
1908/--/-- 53 - british soldier robert baden-powell founds the boy scout movement.
1908/--/-- 53 - filmmakers charles pathe and leon gaumont produce the first newsreel.
1908/--/-- 53 - ge patents electric toaster
1908/--/-- 53 - jack johnson becomes the first black heavyweight boxing champion.
1908/--/-- 53 - kenneth grahame publishes his children's story the wind in the willows.
1908/--/-- 53 - king leopold ii of the belgians establishes the independent state of congo in africa.
1908/--/-- 53 - liberal leader herbert asquith becomes prime minister of britain.
1908/--/-- 53 - mary baker eddy establishes the christian science monitor.
1908/--/-- 53 - pablo picasso and georges braque cofound the cubism art movement.
1908/--/-- 53 - the ashcan school of painters exhibit in new york city.
1908/--/-- 53 - the ford motor company produces the first model t automobile.
1908/--/-- 53 - the national association for the advancement of colored people (naacp) is founded.
1908/--/-- 53 - the tunguska fireball explodes in siberia with the force of a modern h-bomb.
1908/--/-- 53 - the young turk revolution in turkey leads to political reform.
1908/10/-- 54 - world series nl chicago (4) al detroit (1)
1909/--/-- 54 - american architect frank lloyd wright builds the robie house in chicago.
1909/--/-- 54 - american artist george bellows paints the prize fight scene stag at sharkey's.
1909/--/-- 54 - american explorer robert e. peary reaches the north pole.
1909/--/-- 54 - american poet william carlos williams publishes poems, his first book.
1909/--/-- 54 - american writer gertrude stein publishes three lives.
1909/--/-- 54 - french aviator louis bleriot makes the first flight across the english channel.
1909/--/-- 54 - naacp in nyc
1909/--/-- 54 - russian impresario serge diaghilev presents the ballet russe in paris.
1909/--/-- 54 - taft is inaugurated as the 27th u.s. president; sherman becomes vice-president.
1909/--/-- 54 - william howard taft (republican) becomes president of the united states
1909/09/24 55 *** harlan, floyd [great nephew] - born to harlan, john thomas and griffin, ada ermon (harlan)
1909/10/-- 55 - world series nl pittsburgh (4) al detroit (3)
1910/--/-- 55 - british empire covers 1/5th of world land area
1910/--/-- 55 - british author arnold bennett publishes clayhanger.
1910/--/-- 55 - british politician winston churchill is appointed first lord of the admiralty.
1910/--/-- 55 - france groups four african territories together as french equatorial africa.
1910/--/-- 55 - french primitive artist henri rousseau paints the dream.
1910/--/-- 55 - french sculptor auguste rodin casts the bronze figure the thinker.
1910/--/-- 55 - fundamentalism begins with "five points"
1910/--/-- 55 - george v succeeds his father edward vii as king of great britain and ireland.
1910/--/-- 55 - german bacteriologist paul ehrlich synthesizes salversan, a cure for syphilis.
1910/--/-- 55 - italian artists led by umberto boccioni found the futurism movement.
1910/--/-- 55 - japanese forces annex korea.
1910/--/-- 55 - madero, villa and zapata lead a revolution against mexican dictator porfirio diaz.
1910/--/-- 55 - russian-born artist wassily kandinsky executes his first abstract painting.
1910/--/-- 55 - the art deco architectural and decorative arts style begins to become popular.
1910/--/-- 55 - the union of south africa is formed; louis botha becomes the first prime minister.
1910/05/-- 55 - george v succeeds as king of great britain and ireland.
1910/10/-- 56 - world series nl chicago (1) al philadelphia (4)
1911/--/-- 56 - american aviator glen curtiss flies the first successful seaplane.
1911/--/-- 56 - american novelist edith wharton publishes ethan frome.
1911/--/-- 56 - american songwriter irving berlin publishes alexander's ragtime band.
1911/--/-- 56 - elmer a. sperry designs the first american gyrocompass.
1911/--/-- 56 - english author g.k. chesterton publishes the first father brown story.
1911/--/-- 56 - german-american anthropologist franz boas publishes the mind of primitive man.
1911/--/-- 56 - hans geiger invents an electrical device to count individual alpha particles.
1911/--/-- 56 - italy's attempts to annex cyrenaica and tripolitania leads to the italo-turkish war.
1911/--/-- 56 - mexican dictator porfirio diaz is overthrown; francisco madero becomes president.
1911/--/-- 56 - norwegian explorer roald amundsen reaches the south pole ahead of robert scott.
1911/--/-- 56 - richard strauss' opera der rosenkavalier is performed for the first time.
1911/--/-- 56 - robert a millikan measures electron's charge
1911/--/-- 56 - russian artist marc chagall paints i and my village.
1911/--/-- 56 - sir ernest rutherford formulates his theory of atomic structure.
1911/--/-- 56 - the ch'ing dynasty is deposed in china; a republic is formed under sun yat-sen.
1911/--/-- 56 - the first film studio is established at hollywood in california.
1911/--/-- 56 - tibet declares its independence from china.
1911/--/-- 56 - willis carrier designs the first practical air conditioning system.
1911/01/08 56 *** harlan, quintice [nephew] - died
1911/06/02 57 - george v crowned king of great britain and ireland at westminster abbey by randa
1911/10/-- 57 - world series nl new york (2) al philadelphia (4)
1911/11/04 57 *** harlan, edna [great niece] - born to harlan, john thomas and griffin, ada ermon (harlan)
1911/11/04 57 *** harlan, luther [great nephew] - born to harlan, john thomas and griffin, ada ermon (harlan) allen county kentucky
1912/--/-- 57 - american indian jim thorpe wins the olympic decathlon and pentathlon.
1912/--/-- 57 - american author edgar rice burroughs publishes tarzan of the apes.
1912/--/-- 57 - american writer willa cather publishes her first novel alexander's bridge.
1912/--/-- 57 - arizona is inaugurated as the 48th state.
1912/--/-- 57 - austrian psychologist alfred adler publishes the neurotic constitution.
1912/--/-- 57 - british explorers under scott reach the south pole but die during their return.
1912/--/-- 57 - french dada artist marcel duchamp paints nude descending a staircase.
1912/--/-- 57 - german geophysicist alfred wegener formulates his continental drift hypothesis.
1912/--/-- 57 - morocco is divided between france and spain after the second moroccan crisis.
1912/--/-- 57 - new mexico is inaugurated as the 47th state.
1912/--/-- 57 - new mexico is inaugurated as the 47th state; arizona is inaugurated as the 48th state.
1912/--/-- 57 - piltdown man is discovered in britain, beginning an elaborate scientific hoax.
1912/--/-- 57 - russian dancer vaslav nijinsky choreographs and dances in the afternoon of the faun.
1912/--/-- 57 - the balkan league begins the first balkan war against the ottoman empire.
1912/--/-- 57 - the liner titanic sinks after colliding with an iceberg on her maiden voyage.
1912/--/-- 57 - theodore roosevelt campaigns for the u.s. presidency under the bull moose ticket.
1912/10/-- 58 - world series nl new york (3) al boston (4)
1913/--/-- 58 - american poet robert frost publishes a boy's will.
1913/--/-- 58 - bertrand russell and a.e. whitehead publish principia mathematica.
1913/--/-- 58 - danish physicist niels bohr publishes his atomic theory.
1913/--/-- 58 - english novelist d.h. lawrence publishes sons and lovers.
1913/--/-- 58 - federal income tax is introduced in the u.s.
1913/--/-- 58 - igor stravinsky's ballet the rite of spring causes a scandal at the paris premiere.
1913/--/-- 58 - indian poet rabindranath tagore wins the nobel prize for literature.
1913/--/-- 58 - king george i of greece is assassinated; he is succeeded by constantine i
1913/--/-- 58 - marcel proust writes the first volume of remembrance of things past.
1913/--/-- 58 - medical missionary albert schweitzer builds a hospital at lambarene in africa.
1913/--/-- 58 - russian revolutionary joseph stalin is exiled to siberia by the tsarist government.
1913/--/-- 58 - samuel goldwyn founds his first movie company with jesse lasky and cecil b. de mille.
1913/--/-- 58 - socialists sidney and beatrice webb found the political journal the new statesman.
1913/--/-- 58 - the constructivism art movement begins in russia.
1913/--/-- 58 - the island of crete is united with greece.
1913/--/-- 58 - the second balkan war begins with a bulgarian attack on serbia.
1913/--/-- 58 - victoriano huerta leads a military coup in mexico; president francisco madero is killed.
1913/--/-- 58 - wilson is inaugurated as the 28th u.s. president; marshall becomes vice-president.
1913/--/-- 58 - woodrow wilson (democrat) becomes president of the united states
1913/10/-- 59 - world series nl new york (1) al philadelphia (4)
1914/--/-- 59 - a british expedition led by ernest shackleton is marooned in the antarctic.
1914/--/-- 59 - a german fleet defeats the british at coronel but is decimated at the falklands.
1914/--/-- 59 - archduke franz ferdinand is assassinated in sarajevo, precipitating world war i.
1914/--/-- 59 - austrian forces invade serbia but are repulsed with heavy losses.
1914/--/-- 59 - black composer w.c. handy writes the st. louis blues.
1914/--/-- 59 - charlie chaplin develops his little tramp character in a series of slapstick films.
1914/--/-- 59 - france, russia and britain (the allies) are at war with germany and austria-hungary.
1914/--/-- 59 - george bernard shaw's play pygmallion is performed for the first time.
1914/--/-- 59 - german forces invade belgium and france but are halted at the marne.
1914/--/-- 59 - german submarines begin to exact a heavy toll on allied shipping.
1914/--/-- 59 - japan joins the allies and captures the german base of tsingtao in china.
1914/--/-- 59 - mack sennett produces comedy films starring the keystone kops.
1914/--/-- 59 - parisian couturier coco chanel begins designing clothes.
1914/--/-- 59 - president wilson declares u.s. neutrality in world war i.
1914/--/-- 59 - russian forces invade east prussia but are defeated at the battle of tannenberg.
1914/--/-- 59 - the panama canal is completed, connecting the atlantic and pacific oceans.
1914/--/-- 59 - turkey declares war on the allies; britain annexes turkish cyprus.
1914/--/-- 59 - u.s. marines land at veracruz in mexico; president huerta resigns.
1914/--/-- 59 - world war i begins
1914/03/14 59 *** arnold, nettie jewell (arnold) [great niece] - born to arnold, lucian a. and harlan, mary belle barren county kentucky
1914/10/-- 60 - world series nl boston (4) al philadelphia (0)
1915/--/-- 60 - a german submarine torpedoes the british liner lusitania; 124 americans are killed.
1915/--/-- 60 - albert einstein formulates his general theory of relativity.
1915/--/-- 60 - anglo-french forces land at gallipoli in an attempt to force turkey out of the war.
1915/--/-- 60 - austrian writer franz kafka publishes the metamorphosis.
1915/--/-- 60 - d. w. griffith's movie the birth of a nation is shown for the first time.
1915/--/-- 60 - emiliano zapata and pancho villa lead rebellions against venustiano carranza in mexico.
1915/--/-- 60 - english author somerset maugham publishes of human bondage.
1915/--/-- 60 - german zeppelin airships begin bombing attacks on britain.
1915/--/-- 60 - italy joins the allies and invades austrian territory.
1915/--/-- 60 - president wilson recognizes the mexican government of venustiano carranza.
1915/--/-- 60 - serbia is overrun by the combined forces of austria, germany and bulgaria.
1915/--/-- 60 - the anzacs (australian and new zealand army corps) fight at gallipoli.
1915/--/-- 60 - the dada art and literary movement is formed.
1915/--/-- 60 - the germans use poison gas for the first time at ypres on the western front.
1915/--/-- 60 - u.s. marines land in haiti, beginning a 20-year period of military occupation.
1915/--/-- 60 - war poet rupert brooke's 1914 and other poems is published in the year he dies.
1915/10/-- 61 - world series nl philadelphia (1) al boston (4)
1916/--/-- 61 - albert einstein proposes general theory of relativity
1916/--/-- 61 - allied forces withdraw from gallipoli after strong turkish opposition.
1916/--/-- 61 - american poet carl sandburg publishes his first book chicago poems.
1916/--/-- 61 - british forces assault the german line at the somme; tanks are used for the first time.
1916/--/-- 61 - german assaults at verdun are repulsed by the french with great loss of life.
1916/--/-- 61 - james joyce publishes a portrait of the artist as a young man.
1916/--/-- 61 - jeannette rankin becomes the first female member of u.s. house of representatives.
1916/--/-- 61 - lloyd george becomes prime minister of britain's wartime coalition government.
1916/--/-- 61 - margaret sanger is arrested for opening a birth-control clinic in brooklyn.
1916/--/-- 61 - north sea storms flood lowlands in the netherlands, 10,000 lives are lost.
1916/--/-- 61 - t. tzara dada
1916/--/-- 61 - the british and german fleets clash at the battle of jutland.
1916/--/-- 61 - the easter rising in dublin is suppressed within a week by the british.
1916/--/-- 61 - the russian brusilov offensive meets with success on the eastern front.
1916/--/-- 61 - the trans-siberian railway is completed -- the longest continuous rail line in the world.
1916/--/-- 61 - u.s. marines land in santo domingo to quell unrest; the occupation lasts until 1924.
1916/--/-- 61 - u.s. troops under pershing invade mexico in retaliation for raids by pancho villa.
1916/02/28 61 *** harlan, paul [great nephew] - born to harlan, eary w. and reece, rachel e. (harlan)
1916/02/29 61 *** harlan, paul [great nephew] - died
1916/08/29 62 *** arnold, flossie beatrice [great niece] - born to arnold, lucian a. and harlan, mary belle barren county kentucky
1916/10/-- 62 - world series nl brooklyn (1) al boston (4)
1917/--/-- 62 - adoption of the convoy system reduces allied losses to german submarines.
1917/--/-- 62 - anglo-american poet t.s. eliot publishes the love song of j. alfred prufrock.
1917/--/-- 62 - art critic and writer guillaume apollinaire coins the term surrealism.
1917/--/-- 62 - astrophysicist karl schwarzschild develops the black hole theory.
1917/--/-- 62 - blacks migrate north and west
1917/--/-- 62 - british forces attack the germans in the third battle of ypres.
1917/--/-- 62 - british forces under allenby capture jerusalem and bagdhad from the turks.
1917/--/-- 62 - dutch artists theo van doesburg and piet mondrian found the magazine de stijl.
1917/--/-- 62 - english composer gustav holst completes the planets.
1917/--/-- 62 - english humorist p.g. wodehouse creates bertie wooster and his butler jeeves.
1917/--/-- 62 - germany announces the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1917/--/-- 62 - italian forces are defeated by austria at the battle of caporetto.
1917/--/-- 62 - russian revolutions: communist u.s.s.r. formed
1917/--/-- 62 - selective service act creates draft
1917/--/-- 62 - swiss psychiatrist carl jung publishes the psychology of the unconscious.
1917/--/-- 62 - t.e. lawrence (lawrence of arabia) leads the arab revolt against the turks.
1917/--/-- 62 - the balfour declaration endorses a jewish national homeland in palestine.
1917/--/-- 62 - the germans and the bolshevik leaders sign an armistice at brest-litovsk.
1917/--/-- 62 - the germans help lenin return to russia from exile in switzerland.
1917/--/-- 62 - the jones act gives all puerto ricans the right to u.s. citizenship.
1917/--/-- 62 - the russian revolution begins; emperor nicholas ii abdicates.
1917/--/-- 62 - the u.s. purchases the virgin islands from denmark.
1917/--/-- 62 - the united states declares war on germany.
1917/--/-- 62 - the zimmermann note proposing a secret mexican alliance with germany is revealed.
1917/--/-- 62 - the disastrous nivelle offensive leads to mutinies in the french army.
1917/--/-- 62 - the earliest jazz recordings are made in new york city.
1917/--/-- 62 - the first pulitzer prizes are awarded for journalism, letters and music.
1917/--/-- 62 - the provisional kerensky government is deposed; bolsheviks seize power in russia.
1917/03/15 62 *** harlan, effie may (dorsey) [great niece] - born to harlan, eary w. and reece, rachel e. (harlan)
1917/10/-- 63 - world series nl new york (2) al chicago (4)
1918/--/-- 63 - advances by french, british and american armies force a general german retreat.
1918/--/-- 63 - american astronomer harlow shapley discovers the dimensions of the milky way.
1918/--/-- 63 - american author booth tarkington writes the magnificent ambersons.
1918/--/-- 63 - american forcesunder pershing help to stem the german offensive.
1918/--/-- 63 - an airmail service begins among new york, philadelphia and washington, d.c.
1918/--/-- 63 - an influenza pandemic begins (it kills 21-22 million in 2 years).
1918/--/-- 63 - austria, poland and czechoslovakia become republics in the aftermath of world war i.
1918/--/-- 63 - bloomsbury group member lytton strachey publishes eminent victorians.
1918/--/-- 63 - bolshevik leader leon trotsky organizes the red army.
1918/--/-- 63 - civil war breaks out between the red and white russian armies.
1918/--/-- 63 - french composer erik satie writes socrate.
1918/--/-- 63 - german air ace manfred von richthofen (the red baron) is shot down and killed.
1918/--/-- 63 - nicholas ii, the last emperor of russia, and his family are executed by the bolsheviks.
1918/--/-- 63 - revolution breaks out in germany; emperor william ii flees to the netherlands.
1918/--/-- 63 - shapley determines sun is part of milky way galaxy
1918/--/-- 63 - the germans renew their assault on the western front in the ludendorff offensive.
1918/--/-- 63 - the weimar republic negotiates an armistice for germany, ending world war i.
1918/--/-- 63 - the world's largest telescope is installed at mount wilson observatory.
1918/--/-- 63 - women over 30 win the vote in britain.
1918/09/28 64 *** harlan, john t. [brother] - died
1918/10/-- 64 - world series nl chicago (2) al boston (4)
1919/--/-- 64 - boxer jack dempsey knocks out jess willard to become heavyweight champion.
1919/--/-- 64 - british troops massacre demonstrators at amritsar in india.
1919/--/-- 64 - english aviators alcock and brown make the first nonstop transatlantic flight.
1919/--/-- 64 - french tennis star suzanne lenglen wins the wimbledon tournament for the first time.
1919/--/-- 64 - george gershwin composes his first hit song swanee.
1919/--/-- 64 - german communist rosa luxemburg is murdered after the sparticus uprising.
1919/--/-- 64 - italian leader benito mussolini organizes his fascist movement.
1919/--/-- 64 - jan smuts succeeds louis botha as prime minister of south africa.
1919/--/-- 64 - lady astor becomes the first woman member of the british house of commons.
1919/--/-- 64 - league of nations
1919/--/-- 64 - mexican revolutionary emiliano zapata is killed.
1919/--/-- 64 - russian-american anarchist emma goldman is deported to the soviet union.
1919/--/-- 64 - the bauhaus school of design is founded in germany by walter gropius.
1919/--/-- 64 - the chicago white sox conspire to fix the baseball world series.
1919/--/-- 64 - the german fleet is scuttled at scapa flow in the orkney islands.
1919/--/-- 64 - the league of nations is formed with geneva in switzerland as its headquarters.
1919/--/-- 64 - the paris peace conference opens at versailles.
1919/--/-- 64 - the polish-soviet war begins over territorial disputes.
1919/--/-- 64 - the radio corporation of america (rca) is formed.
1919/--/-- 64 - versailles peace treaty
1919/--/-- 64 - world war i ends
1919/10/-- 65 - world series nl cincinnati (5) al chicago (3)
1920/--/-- 65 - 18th amendment prohibits alcohol
1920/--/-- 65 - 19th amendment gives women right to vote
1920/--/-- 65 - a home rule bill establishes parliaments for northern and southern ireland.
1920/--/-- 65 - admiral miklos horthy is appointed regent of hungary.
1920/--/-- 65 - adolf hitler forms the national socialist german workers' (nazi) party.
1920/--/-- 65 - american novelist sinclair lewis publishes main street.
1920/--/-- 65 - american tennis star bill tilden wins the wimbledon tournament for the first time.
1920/--/-- 65 - arturo alessandri becomes president of chile.
1920/--/-- 65 - british east africa becomes a crown colony as kenya.
1920/--/-- 65 - chaim weizmann is named president of the world zionist organization.
1920/--/-- 65 - dutch artist piet mondrian paints the composition with red, yellow and blue.
1920/--/-- 65 - french art deco glassmaker rene lalique opens a glass factory.
1920/--/-- 65 - german east africa is transferred to british control as tanganyika (now tanzania).
1920/--/-- 65 - mahatma gandhi begins a noncooperation campaign against british rule in india.
1920/--/-- 65 - mexican president venustiano carranza is deposed and killed by alvaro obregon.
1920/--/-- 65 - mystery writer agatha christie publishes her first hercule poirot story.
1920/--/-- 65 - russian artist aleksandr rodchenko designs the first mobile.
1920/--/-- 65 - the 18th amendment institutes the prohibition of alcohol throughout the u.s.
1920/--/-- 65 - the 19th amendment to the u.s. constitution gives women the right to vote.
1920/--/-- 65 - the russian civil war ends with victory for the bolsheviks.
1920/--/-- 65 - the u.s. senate votes against joining the league of nations.
1920/10/-- 66 - world series nl brooklyn (2) al cleveland (5)
1921/--/-- 66 - alexander rules the new kingdom of serbs, croats and slovenes.
1921/--/-- 66 - american anarchists nicola sacco and bartolomeo vanzetti are found guilty of murder.
1921/--/-- 66 - berber tribes under abd el-krim attack garrisons in spanish morocco.
1921/--/-- 66 - french cubist artist fernand leger paints three women.
1921/--/-- 66 - german surrealist artist max ernst paints l'elephant celebes.
1921/--/-- 66 - harding is inaugurated as the 29th u.s. president; coolidge becomes vice-president.
1921/--/-- 66 - japanese premier hara takashi is assassinated.
1921/--/-- 66 - latin lover rudolph valentino stars in the silent film the sheik.
1921/--/-- 66 - luigi pirandello's play six characters in search of an author is produced.
1921/--/-- 66 - mexican artist diego rivera begins painting murals depicting contemporary mexican life.
1921/--/-- 66 - the british broadcasting corporation (bbc) is created by royal charter.
1921/--/-- 66 - the irish free state becomes a self-governing dominion of britain.
1921/--/-- 66 - the reparations commission fixes germany's liability at 132 billion gold marks.
1921/--/-- 66 - w. l. mackenzie king is elected prime minister of canada for the first time.
1921/--/-- 66 - warren g. harding (republican) becomes president of the united states
1921/03/06 66 *** harlan, eary w. [nephew] & baise, vesta lee (harlan) - married
1921/08/12 67 *** harlan, nora (dishon) [great niece] - born to harlan, john thomas and griffin, ada ermon (harlan)
1921/10/-- 67 - world series nl new york (5) al new york (3)
1922/--/-- 67 - anglo-american poet t.s. eliot writes the waste land.
1922/--/-- 67 - constantine i abdicates as king of greece; is succeeded by george ii.
1922/--/-- 67 - dewitt wallace launches reader's digest magazine.
1922/--/-- 67 - egypt achieves independence from britain and becomes a monarchy under fuad i.
1922/--/-- 67 - emily post publishes etiquette in society, in business, in politics, and at home.
1922/--/-- 67 - english egyptologist howard carter excavates tutankhamen's tomb.
1922/--/-- 67 - english composer william walton composes facade.
1922/--/-- 67 - explorer roy chapman andrews discovers the first fossil dinosaur eggs in the gobi desert.
1922/--/-- 67 - irish poet and novelist james joyce publishes ulysses.
1922/--/-- 67 - irish revolutionary statesman michael collins is assassinated.
1922/--/-- 67 - kemal ataturk's attempts to restore turkish territory leads to the chanak crisis.
1922/--/-- 67 - mahatma gandhi is imprisoned for civil disobedience in india.
1922/--/-- 67 - robert flaherty produces the first major film documentary nanook of the north.
1922/--/-- 67 - the fascists march on rome; king victor emmanuel iii names mussolini prime minister.
1922/--/-- 67 - william t. cosgrave becomes the first prime minister of the irish free state.
1922/10/-- 68 - world series nl new york (4) al new york (0)
1923/--/-- 68 - "king" oliver's creole jazz band is the first black band to be recorded.
1923/--/-- 68 - adolf hitler's coup d'etat in munich fails; he is captured and imprisoned.
1923/--/-- 68 - aircraft designer willy messerschmitt opens a factory in germany.
1923/--/-- 68 - american poet e. e. cummings writes the novel the enormous room.
1923/--/-- 68 - briton hadden and henry r. luce found the weekly newsmagazine time.
1923/--/-- 68 - calvin coolidge (republican) becomes president of the united states
1923/--/-- 68 - child violinist yehudi menuhin makes his public debut at age 7.
1923/--/-- 68 - filmmaker cecil b. de mille directs the biblical epic the ten commandments.
1923/--/-- 68 - french and belgian troops occupy the ruhr to enforce german war reparations.
1923/--/-- 68 - general miguel primo de rivera rules as dictator of spain.
1923/--/-- 68 - irish poet william butler yeats wins the nobel prize for literature.
1923/--/-- 68 - italy becomes first fascist state
1923/--/-- 68 - jewish philosopher martin buber publishes ich und du (i and thou).
1923/--/-- 68 - physicist hermann oberth publishes the rocket into planetary space.
1923/--/-- 68 - spanish engineer juan de la cierva invents the autogiro.
1923/--/-- 68 - stanley baldwin becomes conservative prime minister of britain for the first time.
1923/--/-- 68 - the treaty of lausanne establishes the boundaries of modern turkey.
1923/--/-- 68 - tokyo and yokohama are destroyed by an earthquake; 100,000 are killed.
1923/--/-- 68 - turkey is declared a republic; ataturk kemal becomes the first president.
1923/--/-- 68 - vladimir zworykin patents the iconoscope, the first television transmission tube.
1923/--/-- 68 - warren g. harding dies; calvin coolidge is inaugurated as the 30th u.s. president.
1923/10/-- 69 - world series nl new york (2) al new york (4)
1924/--/-- 69 - adolf hitler publishes his nazi political tract mein kampf (my battle).
1924/--/-- 69 - arab leader ibn saud drives the hashimites from mecca.
1924/--/-- 69 - english novelist e.m. forster publishes a passage to india.
1924/--/-- 69 - french physicist louis de broglie proposes the wavelength nature of particles.
1924/--/-- 69 - german novelist thomas mann publishes the magic mountain.
1924/--/-- 69 - j. edgar hoover is appointed director of the bureau of investigation (renamed the fbi).
1924/--/-- 69 - ramsay macdonald forms the first labour government in britain.
1924/--/-- 69 - schrodinger proposes wave mechanics
1924/--/-- 69 - soviet leader lenin dies; new leader joseph stalin begins a purge of his opponents.
1924/--/-- 69 - the boston bruins become the first professional ice hockey team.
1924/--/-- 69 - the military declare a republic in greece; king george ii is exiled.
1924/--/-- 69 - u.s. congress investigates suspicious dealings in the teapot dome scandal.
1924/10/-- 70 - world series nl new york (3) al washington (4)
1925/--/-- 70 - ahmed zogu proclaims albania a monarchy and rules as king zog.
1925/--/-- 70 - american writer f. scott fitzgerald publishes the great gatsby.
1925/--/-- 70 - american writer john dos passos publishes manhattan transfer.
1925/--/-- 70 - astronomer edwin hubble composes a classification scheme for galaxies.
1925/--/-- 70 - automaker walter p. chrysler founds the chrysler corporation.
1925/--/-- 70 - black american dancer josephine baker stars in la revue negre in paris.
1925/--/-- 70 - clarence birdseye begins marketing his quick-frozen food packages.
1925/--/-- 70 - friedrich ebert dies; paul von hindenburg becomes president of the german republic.
1925/--/-- 70 - john t. scopes is tried in tennessee for teaching the theory of evolution.
1925/--/-- 70 - reza shah pahlavi rules as shah of iran.
1925/--/-- 70 - russian filmmaker sergei eisenstein directs the battleship potemkin.
1925/--/-- 70 - swiss-born artist paul klee paints fish magic.
1925/--/-- 70 - the locarno pact finalizes the treaties between the world war i protagonists.
1925/--/-- 70 - the new yorker magazine is founded in new york city.
1925/--/-- 70 - the all-black revue runnin' wild introduces the charleston dance craze.
1925/02/20 70 *** arnold, flora belle (bunch) [great niece] & bunch, john w. - married
1925/06/25 71 *** harlan, dora elsie (upchurch) [great niece] - born to harlan, john thomas and griffin, ada ermon (harlan) born in clinton county kentucky on the 25th or maybe 21st june 1925
1925/10/-- 71 - world series nl pittsburgh (4) al washington (3)
1925/10/19 71 *** ewing, annie (harlan) & harlan, arthur [great nephew] - married
1926/--/-- 71 - american artist georgia o'keeffe paints her flower portrait black iris.
1926/--/-- 71 - american golfer bobby jones wins the u.s. open and the british open tournaments.
1926/--/-- 71 - american physicist robert goddard launches the first liquid-propellant rocket.
1926/--/-- 71 - antonio oscar de fragoso carmona becomes president after a military coup in portugal.
1926/--/-- 71 - chiang kai-shek organizes the northern expedition to unite china.
1926/--/-- 71 - eamon de valera organizes the fianna fail party in the republic of ireland.
1926/--/-- 71 - english author a.a. milne writes the children's book winnie-the-pooh.
1926/--/-- 71 - french troops in morocco subdue a tribal rebellion led by abd el-krim.
1926/--/-- 71 - germany is admitted to the league of nations.
1926/--/-- 71 - hirohito becomes emperor of japan.
1926/--/-- 71 - nobile, amundsen and ellsworth pilot the airship norge over the north pole.
1926/--/-- 71 - richard e. byrd and floyd bennett make the first airplane flight over the north pole.
1926/--/-- 71 - russian composer dmitry shostakovich premiers his first symphony.
1926/--/-- 71 - the general strike breaks out in britain involving 3 million workers.
1926/--/-- 71 - the harlem globetrotters basketball team is organized in chicago.
1926/--/-- 71 - u.s. marines land in nicaragua to suppress a revolution (they depart in 1933).
1926/10/-- 72 - world series nl st. louis (4) al new york (3)
1927/--/-- 72 - american dancer isadora duncan is killed in a tragic car accident.
1927/--/-- 72 - american writer thornton wilder publishes the bridge of san luis rey.
1927/--/-- 72 - baseball player babe ruth scores a record 60 home runs for the new york yankees.
1927/--/-- 72 - blackface singer al jolson appears in the first sound motion picture the jazz singer.
1927/--/-- 72 - charles lindbergh flies solo nonstop from new york to paris in 33.5 hours.
1927/--/-- 72 - civil war in china
1927/--/-- 72 - comedy team laurel and hardy appear in their first film putting pants on philip.
1927/--/-- 72 - dancer martha graham opens her first dance studio in new york city.
1927/--/-- 72 - duke ellington's jazz band stars at harlem's cotton club in new york city.
1927/--/-- 72 - english novelist virginia woolf writes to the lighthouse.
1927/--/-- 72 - finnish architect alvar aalto designs the turun sanomat newspaper building.
1927/--/-- 72 - georges lemaitre proposes an expanding model for the creation of the universe.
1927/--/-- 72 - german filmmaker fritz lang directs the futuristic film metropolis.
1927/--/-- 72 - german-swiss author hermann hesse publishes steppenwolf.
1927/--/-- 72 - helen newington wills wins the wimbledon tennis championship.
1927/--/-- 72 - lindbergh crosses atlantic non-stop
1927/--/-- 72 - the iron guard fascist organization is founded in romania.
1927/10/-- 73 - world series nl pittsburgh (0) al new york (4)
1928/--/-- 73 - amelia earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the atlantic.
1928/--/-- 73 - american anthropologist margaret mead publishes coming of age in samoa.
1928/--/-- 73 - american comedy team amos 'n' andy produce their first radio show.
1928/--/-- 73 - american composer virgil thomson writes the opera four saints in three acts.
1928/--/-- 73 - arturo toscanini is made conductor of the new york philharmonic.
1928/--/-- 73 - ben hecht and charles macarthur's play the front page is produced.
1928/--/-- 73 - bertolt brecht and kurt weill collaborate on the play the threepenny opera.
1928/--/-- 73 - british bacteriologist alexander fleming discovers penicillin.
1928/--/-- 73 - chiang kai-shek captures peking; the kuomintang government is established.
1928/--/-- 73 - english novelist evelyn waugh publishes decline and fall.
1928/--/-- 73 - english physicist paul dirac formulates a mathematical description of elementary particles.
1928/--/-- 73 - french composer maurice ravel composes the ballet bolero.
1928/--/-- 73 - heisenberg's uncertainty principle
1928/--/-- 73 - luis bunuel and salvador dali collaborate on the surrealist film un chien andalou.
1928/--/-- 73 - spanish poet federico garcia lorca publishes gypsy ballads.
1928/--/-- 73 - the chaco war breaks out between bolivia and paraguay over territorial disputes.
1928/--/-- 73 - the kellog-briand pact outlawing war is signed by 15 nations.
1928/--/-- 73 - the first five-year plan for economic reform begins in the soviet union.
1928/--/-- 73 - walt disney's mickey mouse appears in steamboat willie, the first sound cartoon.
1928/10/-- 74 - world series nl st. louis (0) al new york (4)
1929/--/-- 74 - alexander institutes absolute rule as king of yugoslavia.
1929/--/-- 74 - american explorer richard e. byrd flies over the south pole.
1929/--/-- 74 - american novelist william faulkner publishes the sound and the fury.
1929/--/-- 74 - british poet robert graves publishes his war memoir goodbye to all that.
1929/--/-- 74 - erich maria remarque publishes his war novel all quiet on the western front.
1929/--/-- 74 - ernest hemingway writes the war novel a farewell to arms.
1929/--/-- 74 - french artist and writer jean cocteau publishes les enfants terribles.
1929/--/-- 74 - heinrich himmler is appointed head of the ss, hitler's blackshirted elite guard.
1929/--/-- 74 - herbert c. hoover (republican) becomes president of the united states
1929/--/-- 74 - hoover is inaugurated as the 31st u.s. president; curtis becomes vice-president.
1929/--/-- 74 - jews and arabs clash at the wailing wall in jerusalem.
1929/--/-- 74 - seven chicago gangsters are machine-gunned in the st. valentine's day massacre.
1929/--/-- 74 - soviet leader joseph stalin exiles leon trotsky.
1929/--/-- 74 - stock market crashes
1929/--/-- 74 - the lateran treaty creates the independent state of the vatican city.
1929/--/-- 74 - the museum of modern art (moma) is founded in new york city.
1929/--/-- 74 - the wall street crash leads to a world-wide economic depression.
1929/--/-- 74 - the workers party of america is renamed the communist party of the united states.
1929/--/-- 74 - the first academy awards are presented; wings wins best-picture prize.
1929/08/10 75 *** shoultz, clara (arnold) & arnold, john leslie [great nephew] - married
1929/10/-- 75 - world series nl chicago (1) al philadelphia (4)
1930/--/-- 75 - american artist edward hopper paints early sunday morning.
1930/--/-- 75 - american astronomer clyde w. tombaugh discovers the planet pluto.
1930/--/-- 75 - american poet hart crane publishes the bridge.
1930/--/-- 75 - artist grant wood paints american gothic.
1930/--/-- 75 - british engineer frank whittle patents a gas turbine engine for jet aircraft.
1930/--/-- 75 - carol ii is proclaimed king of romania.
1930/--/-- 75 - dashiell hammett publishes the detective novel the maltese falcon.
1930/--/-- 75 - english-born american writer w. h. auden publishes his poems.
1930/--/-- 75 - getulio vargas is appointed president of brazil after a military coup.
1930/--/-- 75 - haile selassie is declared emperor of ethiopia.
1930/--/-- 75 - marlene dietrich stars in josef von sternberg's film the blue angel.
1930/--/-- 75 - noel coward's play private lives is produced in london.
1930/--/-- 75 - the british airship r101 crashes in france.
1930/--/-- 75 - the city of constantinople is re-named istanbul.
1930/--/-- 75 - vannevar bush develops a differential analyzer, an early type of analog computer.
1930/--/-- 75 - worldwide depression begins
1930/10/-- 76 - world series nl st. louis (2) al philadelphia (4)
1930/11/01 76 *** cross, ermon (harlan) & harlan, floyd [great nephew] - married albany, ky
1930/11/01 76 *** lawson, ruby ermon (harlan) & harlan, luther [great nephew] - married albany, ky
1931/--/-- 76 - american cartoonist chester gould creates the adventure comic strip dick tracy.
1931/--/-- 76 - american journalist and writer damon runyon publishes guys and dolls.
1931/--/-- 76 - american writer pearl buck publishes the good earth.
1931/--/-- 76 - auguste piccard makes the first manned balloon flight into the stratosphere.
1931/--/-- 76 - ben shahn begins a series of paintings inspired by the sacco-vanzetti case.
1931/--/-- 76 - chicago gangster al capone is jailed for income tax evasion.
1931/--/-- 76 - explorer george hubert wilkins makes a submarine voyage under the arctic ice.
1931/--/-- 76 - japanese forces occupy manchuria.
1931/--/-- 76 - lawrence invents cyclotron
1931/--/-- 76 - organic chemist w. h. carothers invents nylon, the first successful synthetic fiber.
1931/--/-- 76 - radio astronomy begins when karl jansky detects radio waves from space.
1931/--/-- 76 - spain is declared a republic; king alfonso xiii abdicates.
1931/--/-- 76 - the empire state building becomes the tallest building in the world.
1931/--/-- 76 - the star-spangled banner becomes the u.s. national anthem.
1931/02/16 76 *** ferrell, william carter & arnold, flossie beatrice [great niece] - married gatlin, sumner county tn
1931/10/-- 77 - world series nl st. louis (4) al philadelphia (3)
1932/--/-- 77 - american physicist carl d. anderson discovers the positron.
1932/--/-- 77 - american sculptor alexander calder creates his first mobile.
1932/--/-- 77 - american southern author erskine caldwell publishes tobacco road.
1932/--/-- 77 - antonio de oliveira salazar assumes dictatorial powers as premier of portugal.
1932/--/-- 77 - arab leader ibn saud founds the kingdom of saudi arabia.
1932/--/-- 77 - british author aldous huxley publishes brave new world.
1932/--/-- 77 - charles lindbergh's infant son is kidnapped.
1932/--/-- 77 - eamon de valera is elected president of the republic of ireland.
1932/--/-- 77 - engelbert dollfuss is elected chancellor of austria.
1932/--/-- 77 - english physicist james chadwick discovers the neutron.
1932/--/-- 77 - presidential nominee franklin d. roosevelt pledges a new deal.
1932/--/-- 77 - radio city music hall opens in new york city's rockefeller center.
1932/--/-- 77 - revolution in siam (thailand) replaces the monarchy with a constitutional government.
1932/--/-- 77 - sir oswald mosley founds the british union of fascists.
1932/--/-- 77 - the bonus army of war veterans is dispersed by troops in washington, d.c.
1932/--/-- 77 - the royal shakespeare theater opens at stratford-on-avon, england.
1932/--/-- 77 - the first particle accelerator is built at the cavendish laboratory in england.
1932/10/-- 78 - world series nl chicago (0) al new york (4)
1932/12/17 78 *** arnold, robert paul & arnold, nettie jewell (arnold) [great niece] - married
1933/--/-- 78 - a fossilized skull of the prehistoric steinheim man is found in germany.
1933/--/-- 78 - actor charles laughton stars in the film the private life of henry viii.
1933/--/-- 78 - busby berkeley choreographs the dances for the film gold diggers of 1933.
1933/--/-- 78 - dancers fred astaire and ginger rogers star in the film flying down to rio.
1933/--/-- 78 - edwin armstrong invents frequency modulation (fm) to eliminate radio static.
1933/--/-- 78 - fiorello la guardia is elected mayor of new york city for the first time.
1933/--/-- 78 - frances perkins becomes the first woman cabinet member in u.s. history.
1933/--/-- 78 - franklin d. roosevelt (democrat) becomes president of the united states
1933/--/-- 78 - french novelist and political activist andre malraux publishes man's fate.
1933/--/-- 78 - fulgencio batista leads a military coup against gerardo machado y morales in cuba.
1933/--/-- 78 - jimmy and tommy dorsey found their first swing band.
1933/--/-- 78 - joseph goebbels is appointed as minister of propaganda for the nazi party.
1933/--/-- 78 - mae west stars in the films she done him wrong and i'm no angel.
1933/--/-- 78 - norwegian fascist vidkun quisling founds the national unity party.
1933/--/-- 78 - president paul von hindenburg names adolf hitler as chancellor of germany.
1933/--/-- 78 - roosevelt begins "new deal"
1933/--/-- 78 - roosevelt is inaugurated as the 32nd u.s. president; garner becomes vice-president.
1933/--/-- 78 - the 21st amendment ends the prohibition era in the u.s.
1933/--/-- 78 - the marx brothers star in the classic comedy film duck soup.
1933/--/-- 78 - the national recovery administration (nra) is launched by president roosevelt.
1933/--/-- 78 - the nazis erect the first concentration camps in germany.
1933/--/-- 78 - the public works administration (pwa) is formed to fund public construction projects.
1933/--/-- 78 - the reichstag fire gives the nazis a pretext for outlawing the german communist party.
1933/--/-- 78 - the stavisky affair causes a financial scandal in france.
1933/10/-- 79 - world series nl new york (4) al washington (1)
1934/--/-- 79 - adolf hitler becomes "fueher" of germany
1934/--/-- 79 - alexander, king of yugoslavia, is assassinated; his son peter ii succeeds him.
1934/--/-- 79 - american cartoonist al capp begins the comic strip li'l abner.
1934/--/-- 79 - chancellor engelbert dollfuss is murdered by austrian nazis.
1934/--/-- 79 - cole porter writes the score for the broadway musical anything goes.
1934/--/-- 79 - drought leads to severe dust storms in the dust bowl region of the great plains.
1934/--/-- 79 - elijah muhammad becomes leader of the nation of islam (the black muslims).
1934/--/-- 79 - fermi creates plutonium
1934/--/-- 79 - george balanchine and lincoln kirstein found the school of american ballet.
1934/--/-- 79 - henry miller publishes the tropic of cancer. (it is banned in the u.s. until 1961.)
1934/--/-- 79 - hitler becomes fuhrer (leader) of germany after hindenburg's death.
1934/--/-- 79 - john dillinger, public enemy number one, is killed by the fbi.
1934/--/-- 79 - lazaro cardenas is chosen by plutarco calles as president of mexico.
1934/--/-- 79 - lillian hellman's play the children's hour is produced.
1934/--/-- 79 - mao tse-tung leads the chinese communists on the long march.
1934/--/-- 79 - naturalist charles w. beebe makes a record dive of 3,028 ft in a bathyscaphe.
1934/--/-- 79 - sa leader ernst roehm is assassinated on the orders of hitler.
1934/--/-- 79 - surrealist artist rene magritte paints the human condition.
1934/--/-- 79 - the british ocean liner queen mary is launched.
1934/--/-- 79 - the federal communications commission (fcc) is formed to regulate broadcasting.
1934/--/-- 79 - the securities and exchange commission (sec) is formed to protect u.s. investors.
1934/10/-- 80 - world series nl st. louis (4) al detroit (3)
1935/--/-- 80 - american writer thomas wolfe publishes of time and the river.
1935/--/-- 80 - arthur dempster discovers u-235, the isotope of uranium used in atomic bombs.
1935/--/-- 80 - child film actress shirley temple stars in the little colonel.
1935/--/-- 80 - controversial louisiana senator huey p. long is assassinated.
1935/--/-- 80 - eduard benes succeeds tomas masaryk as president of czechoslovakia.
1935/--/-- 80 - errol flynn stars in the swashbuckling adventure film captain blood.
1935/--/-- 80 - filmmaker alfred hitchcock directs the 39 steps.
1935/--/-- 80 - george gershwin composes the modern american opera porgy and bess.
1935/--/-- 80 - hitler announces german rearmament in violation of the treaty of versailles.
1935/--/-- 80 - italy invades abyssinia (now ethiopia).
1935/--/-- 80 - king of swing benny goodman forms the benny goodman trio.
1935/--/-- 80 - leni riefenstahl directs the nazi propaganda film triumph of the will.
1935/--/-- 80 - physicist hideki yukawa predicts the existence of the meson subatomic particle.
1935/--/-- 80 - robert sherwood's play the petrified forest is produced.
1935/--/-- 80 - scottish physicist robert watson-watt patents the first practical radar system.
1935/--/-- 80 - social security act provides retirement insurance
1935/--/-- 80 - swedish film actress greta garbo stars in anna karenina.
1935/--/-- 80 - the monopoly board game is patented in the u.s.
1935/--/-- 80 - the moscow subway is opened.
1935/--/-- 80 - the nuremberg racial laws deprive german jews of their citizenship.
1935/--/-- 80 - the monarchy is restored in greece under george ii.
1935/10/-- 81 - world series nl chicago (2) al detroit (4)
1936/--/-- 81 - black athlete jesse owens wins 4 gold medals at the berlin olympic games.
1936/--/-- 81 - boulder dam is completed in arizona (it is renamed hoover dam in 1947).
1936/--/-- 81 - edward viii abdicates as king of great britain; he is succeeded by george vi.
1936/--/-- 81 - hitler and mussolini announce the rome-berlin axis (alliance).
1936/--/-- 81 - henry r. luce begins publishing life magazine.
1936/--/-- 81 - ioannis metaxas establishes a dictatorship in greece.
1936/--/-- 81 - italy and germany send military forces and aid to support franco in spain.
1936/--/-- 81 - italy annexes abyssinia (ethiopia); emperor haile selassie is exiled.
1936/--/-- 81 - japan concludes the anti-comintern pact with germany.
1936/--/-- 81 - john maynard keynes writes the general theory of employment, interest and money.
1936/--/-- 81 - margaret mitchell publishes her only novel gone with the wind.
1936/--/-- 81 - olympic ice skater sonja henie turns professional.
1936/--/-- 81 - spanish civil war
1936/--/-- 81 - stalin begins the great purge of soviet russia's political and military leadership.
1936/--/-- 81 - the british broadcasting service (bbc) begins the first public television service.
1936/--/-- 81 - the soviet union and the international brigades support the nationalists in spain.
1936/--/-- 81 - the spanish civil war begins when general franco leads a military revolt.
1936/--/-- 81 - the works of the composer dmitry shostakovich are denounced in russia.
1936/01/-- 81 - edward viii succeeds as king of great britain and ireland.
1936/10/-- 82 - world series nl new york (2) al new york (4)
1936/12/10 82 - george vi succeeds as king of great britain and ireland upon the abdication of e
1937/--/-- 82 - american author john steinbeck publishes of mice and men.
1937/--/-- 82 - anastasio somoza garcia becomes president of nicaragua.
1937/--/-- 82 - aviatrix amelia earhart is lost during a flight across the pacific.
1937/--/-- 82 - ballet dancer margot fonteyn debuts in giselle at sadler's wells, london.
1937/--/-- 82 - danish author isak dinesen publishes her autobiography out of africa.
1937/--/-- 82 - dow chemical develops plastics
1937/--/-- 82 - english writer and scholar j.r.r. tolkien publishes the fantasy novel the hobbit.
1937/--/-- 82 - farouk succeeds fuad i as king of egypt.
1937/--/-- 82 - frank lloyd wright begins building the taliesin west complex in arizona.
1937/--/-- 82 - french filmmaker jean renoir directs grand illusion.
1937/--/-- 82 - german aircraft supporting franco's forces destroy the town of guernica in spain.
1937/--/-- 82 - joe louis the brown bomber wins the heavyweight boxing championship.
1937/--/-- 82 - nationalist and communist forces unite to combat the japanese in china.
1937/--/-- 82 - neville chamberlain succeeds stanley baldwin as prime minister of britain.
1937/--/-- 82 - swing bandleader artie shaw records begin the beguine.
1937/--/-- 82 - the duke of windsor (former king edward viii) marries the divorcee mrs. simpson.
1937/--/-- 82 - the german airship hindenburg is destroyed by fire at lakehurst, n.j.
1937/--/-- 82 - the golden gate bridge is opened in san francisco.
1937/--/-- 82 - the japanese invasion of china begins the second sino-japanese war.
1937/05/02 82 - george vi crowned king of great britain and ireland at westminster abbey by cosm
1937/10/-- 83 - world series nl new york (1) al new york (4)
1938/--/-- 83 - a coelacanth, a fish thought extinct for 65 million years, is caught off the cost of africa.
1938/--/-- 83 - american composer aaron copland writes the ballet score for billy the kid.
1938/--/-- 83 - american singer ella fitzgerald records a-tisket, a-tasket.
1938/--/-- 83 - british prime minister neville chamberlain declares "peace for our time."
1938/--/-- 83 - chamberlain and daladier appease hitler at the munich conference.
1938/--/-- 83 - chester carlson invents xerography, the first electrostatic dry-copying process.
1938/--/-- 83 - don budge becomes the first player to win the grand slam (4 tennis championships).
1938/--/-- 83 - general franco isolates the republican forces in spain and attacks catalonia.
1938/--/-- 83 - german chemist otto hahn discovers the principles of nuclear fission.
1938/--/-- 83 - germany occupies the sudetenland in western czechoslovakia.
1938/--/-- 83 - hitler invades austria; a union (anschluss) of austria and germany is proclaimed.
1938/--/-- 83 - hungarian lajos biro invents the first practical ball-point pen.
1938/--/-- 83 - ismet inonu succeeds kemal atuturk as president of turkey.
1938/--/-- 83 - jewish property is attacked in germany in the kristallnacht (night of broken glass).
1938/--/-- 83 - jewish psychoanalyst sigmund freud flees to england to escape nazi persecution.
1938/--/-- 83 - orson welles' radio broadcast of war of the worlds causes panic in the u.s.
1938/--/-- 83 - swing musician glenn miller organizes his band.
1938/--/-- 83 - the house committee on un-american activities investigates u.s. subversives.
1938/--/-- 83 - the u.s. and britain send aid to the chinese in their war against japan.
1938/--/-- 83 - thornton wilder wins the pulitzer prize for his play our town.
1938/--/-- 83 - walt disney's feature-length cartoon snow white and the seven dwarfs is shown.
1938/05/02 83 *** harlan, mary belle [niece] - died shot and killed by lucian arnold. big meadow church cem barren co. ky
1938/10/-- 84 - world series nl chicago (0) al new york (4)
1939/--/-- 84 - american author nathanael west publishes the day of the locust.
1939/--/-- 84 - american novelist john steinbeck publishes the grapes of wrath.
1939/--/-- 84 - an anglo-saxon burial ship is excavated at sutton hoo in england.
1939/--/-- 84 - britain and france declare war on germany but are unable to aid poland.
1939/--/-- 84 - child film actress judy garland stars in the musical the wizard of oz.
1939/--/-- 84 - clark gable and vivien leigh star in the film gone with the wind.
1939/--/-- 84 - english author christopher isherwood publishes goodbye to berlin.
1939/--/-- 84 - foreign ministers ribbentrop and molotov sign the nazi-soviet pact of nonaggression.
1939/--/-- 84 - general franco's forces capture madrid, ending the spanish civil war.
1939/--/-- 84 - germany and italy form the pact of steel military alliance.
1939/--/-- 84 - germany invades poland, beginning world war ii.
1939/--/-- 84 - igor sikorsky develops america's first successful helicopter.
1939/--/-- 84 - italian forces occupy albania; king zog is forced into exile.
1939/--/-- 84 - physical chemist linus pauling publishes the nature of the chemical bond.
1939/--/-- 84 - president roosevelt (prompted by einstein) orders a u.s. effort to build an atomic bomb.
1939/--/-- 84 - president roosevelt declares u.s. neutrality in world war ii.
1939/--/-- 84 - robert gordon menzies succeeds joseph lyons as prime minister of australia.
1939/--/-- 84 - soviet troops invade poland; germany and the ussr partition the country.
1939/--/-- 84 - swiss chemist paul muller discovers the chemical insecticide ddt.
1939/--/-- 84 - the he 176, the first jet airplane, takes to the air in germany.
1939/--/-- 84 - the russo-finnish war begins with the soviet invasion of finland.
1939/--/-- 84 - the first nylon stockings are marketed.
1939/--/-- 84 - world war ii begins
1939/10/-- 85 - world series nl cincinnati (0) al new york (4)
1940/--/-- 85 - american novelist carson mccullers publishes the heart is a lonely hunter.
1940/--/-- 85 - bing crosby, bob hope and dorothy lamour star in the film road to singapore.
1940/--/-- 85 - british air victory in the battle of britain prevents the german invasion of england.
1940/--/-- 85 - cary grant and katharine hepburn star in the film the philadelphia story.
1940/--/-- 85 - ernest hemingway publishes for whom the bell tolls.
1940/--/-- 85 - exiled revolutionary leon trotsky is assassinated in mexico on stalin's orders.
1940/--/-- 85 - general charles de gaulle rallies free french resistance in london.
1940/--/-- 85 - german forces reach paris; vichy france under marshal petain signs an armistice.
1940/--/-- 85 - germany invades denmark and norway; allied forces aid norway but are defeated.
1940/--/-- 85 - italian forces invade egypt but are repulsed; the british invade libya.
1940/--/-- 85 - italy declares war on the allies and invades southern france.
1940/--/-- 85 - japan joins the axis alliance and occupies northern french indochina (vietnam).
1940/--/-- 85 - king carol ii of romania abdicates; romania and hungary join the axis forces.
1940/--/-- 85 - prehistoric cave paintings are discovered at lascaux in france.
1940/--/-- 85 - radar wins battle of britian
1940/--/-- 85 - raymond chandler publishes the detective novel farewell, my lovely.
1940/--/-- 85 - the british expeditionary force is evacuated from dunkerque in france.
1940/--/-- 85 - the german army begins a blitzkrieg attack on holland, belgium, and france.
1940/--/-- 85 - the soviet union annexes the baltic states of lithuania, estonia and latvia.
1940/--/-- 85 - the tacoma narrows bridge collapses because of oscillations caused by the wind.
1940/--/-- 85 - winston churchill becomes british prime minister after chamberlain resigns.
1940/10/-- 86 - world series nl cincinnati (4) al detroit (3)
1941/--/-- 86 - a british task force sinks the german pocket battleship bismarck.
1941/--/-- 86 - baseball player joe dimaggio sets a new record for hitting in 56 consecutive games.
1941/--/-- 86 - benchley park computers sabotage german enigma
1941/--/-- 86 - churchill and roosevelt's atlantic charter meeting establishes war and peace aims.
1941/--/-- 86 - german u-boats inflict heavy losses on british shipping in the battle of the atlantic.
1941/--/-- 86 - german paratroopers land on crete and capture the island from the british.
1941/--/-- 86 - german playwright bertholt brecht writes mother courage and her children.
1941/--/-- 86 - germany invades yugoslavia and greece; british forces are evacuated to crete.
1941/--/-- 86 - germany invades the soviet union.
1941/--/-- 86 - gutzon borglum completes the sculptured heads of four presidents at mount rushmore.
1941/--/-- 86 - ho chi minh organizes the viet minh to combat the japanese in indochina.
1941/--/-- 86 - japanese forces capture hong kong and invade malaya and the philippines.
1941/--/-- 86 - karsh's photographic portrait of churchill becomes a symbol of british resistance.
1941/--/-- 86 - nazi leader rudolf hess flies to england on a quixotic peace mission.
1941/--/-- 86 - orson welles directs the film citizen kane.
1941/--/-- 86 - president roosevelt talks of four freedoms in his state of the union speech.
1941/--/-- 86 - swedish film actress greta garbo retires.
1941/--/-- 86 - the german africa corps under erwin rommel begins an offensive in north africa.
1941/--/-- 86 - the german blitz, the nighttime bombing of london, is at its height.
1941/--/-- 86 - the german advance on moscow is halted by the winter weather.
1941/--/-- 86 - the japanese bomb pearl harbor; america enters world war ii.
1941/--/-- 86 - the japanese occupy indochina and move into cambodia (kampuchea) and thailand.
1941/--/-- 86 - the lend-lease act allows the transfer of u.s. war materials to britain and china.
1941/--/-- 86 - the u.s. freezes japanese assets in retaliation for japan's territorial aggression.
1941/--/-- 86 - u.s. troops occupy iceland to forestall its occupation by germany.
1941/10/-- 87 - world series nl brooklyn (1) al new york (4)
1942/--/-- 87 - a russian counterattack isolates the sixth army at stalingrad; hitler orders no retreat.
1942/--/-- 87 - a u.s. fleet defeats the japanese at the battle of midway.
1942/--/-- 87 - actor james cagney wins an academy award for the film yankee doodle dandie.
1942/--/-- 87 - american b-25 bombers make the doolittle raid on tokyo.
1942/--/-- 87 - american and filipino forces retreat to the bataan peninsula in the philippines.
1942/--/-- 87 - american crooner bing crosby records the hit song white christmas.
1942/--/-- 87 - american forces in the philippines surrender; the bataan death march begins.
1942/--/-- 87 - american humorist james thurber publishes the secret life of walter mitty.
1942/--/-- 87 - french writer albert camus publishes the stranger.
1942/--/-- 87 - gandhi is arrested after the quit india movement demands a british withdrawal.
1942/--/-- 87 - general macarthur is ordered to the leave the philippines; he vows i shall return.
1942/--/-- 87 - german forces occupy vichy france; the french fleet is scuttled in toulon harbor.
1942/--/-- 87 - hitler proposes the final solution of the jewish question; the holocaust begins.
1942/--/-- 87 - humphrey bogart and ingrid bergman star in the classic film casablanca.
1942/--/-- 87 - italian filmmaker luchino visconti directs his first film ossessione.
1942/--/-- 87 - manhattan project scientists under fermi produce the first controlled chain reaction.
1942/--/-- 87 - rommel's africa corps capture tobruk and drive the british back to egypt.
1942/--/-- 87 - the british eighth army under montgomery begins a new drive into libya.
1942/--/-- 87 - the german advance in the caucasus is halted at stalingrad (now volgograd).
1942/--/-- 87 - the german advance on egypt is halted at the battle of el-alamein.
1942/--/-- 87 - the japanese conquer malaya, singapore, indonesia and burma.
1942/--/-- 87 - the raf makes the first 1,000 bomber raid on the german city of cologne.
1942/--/-- 87 - the soviet southern offensive is halted; the germans advance on the caucasus.
1942/--/-- 87 - the u.s. government transfers 110,000 japanese americans to internment camps.
1942/--/-- 87 - u.s. marines invade guadalcanal, beginning the campaign of re-conquest.
1942/--/-- 87 - u.s. forces under general eisenhower invade morocco and algeria.
1942/--/-- 87 - v-2 (vengeance weapon 2) rockets are tested at peenemunde in germany.
1942/10/-- 88 - world series nl st. louis (4) al new york (1)
1943/--/-- 88 - american aircraft join the raf in round the clock bombing of germany.
1943/--/-- 88 - american author carson mccullers publishes the ballad of the sad cafe.
1943/--/-- 88 - american writer ayn rand publishes the fountainhead.
1943/--/-- 88 - churchill and roosevelt meet at casablanca to plan their war strategy.
1943/--/-- 88 - churchill, roosevelt and stalin meet at the tehran conference.
1943/--/-- 88 - french existentialist writer jean paul sartre publishes being and nothingness.
1943/--/-- 88 - french writer and feminist simone de beauvoir publishes she came to stay.
1943/--/-- 88 - german paratroopers rescue mussolini.
1943/--/-- 88 - marine explorer jacques-yves cousteau invents the aqualung (scuba).
1943/--/-- 88 - marshal badoglio signs an armistice with the allies; italy declares war on germany.
1943/--/-- 88 - mussolini is deposed; marshal badoglio assumes power in italy.
1943/--/-- 88 - richard rodgers and oscar hammerstein's musical oklahoma! is produced.
1943/--/-- 88 - robert oppenheimer establishes the los alamos laboratory to build the atomic bomb.
1943/--/-- 88 - singer paul robeson stars in the title role of the broadway production of othello.
1943/--/-- 88 - the allied armies invade sicily.
1943/--/-- 88 - the allies invade the southern tip of italy.
1943/--/-- 88 - the british and american armies link up in africa; 250,000 axis prisoners are taken.
1943/--/-- 88 - the german sixth army surrenders at stalingrad; 100,000 are taken prisoner.
1943/--/-- 88 - the germans suppress a revolt by polish jews; the warsaw ghetto is destroyed.
1943/--/-- 88 - the russian offensive reaches the dnepr river; kiev and smolensk are recaptured.
1943/--/-- 88 - the russians defeat the germans at kursk in the largest tank battle in history.
1943/10/-- 89 - world series nl st. louis (1) al new york (4)
1944/--/-- 89 - a british airborne landing at arnhem in the netherlands is repulsed by the germans.
1944/--/-- 89 - aaron copland composes the ballet appalachian spring.
1944/--/-- 89 - allied d-day invasion forces land at normandy in northern france.
1944/--/-- 89 - allied forces break out from the normandy enclave and liberate paris.
1944/--/-- 89 - allied forces in italy land behind the german gustav line at anzio.
1944/--/-- 89 - american aircraft from the marianas begin the strategic bombing of japan.
1944/--/-- 89 - american forces under general mark clark occupy rome.
1944/--/-- 89 - an allied invasion force lands in southern france.
1944/--/-- 89 - british forces begin the reconquest of burma from the japanese.
1944/--/-- 89 - british forces occupy athens and intervene in a communist inspired civil war.
1944/--/-- 89 - child film actors mickey rooney and elizabeth taylor star in national velvet.
1944/--/-- 89 - communist resistance fighters under josip broz-tito liberate yugoslavia.
1944/--/-- 89 - english writer somerset maugham publishes the razor's edge.
1944/--/-- 89 - evangelist aimee semple mcpherson dies from an accidental drug overdose.
1944/--/-- 89 - french novelist colette writes gigi.
1944/--/-- 89 - german officers attempt to assassinate hitler.
1944/--/-- 89 - normandy landings
1944/--/-- 89 - oswald avery determines that dna is the hereditary material of the cell.
1944/--/-- 89 - polish resistance fighters are defeated by the germans in the warsaw uprising.
1944/--/-- 89 - romania and bulgaria sign an armistice with the allies and declare war on germany.
1944/--/-- 89 - roosevelt is reelected for an unprecedented fourth term; truman becomes vice-president.
1944/--/-- 89 - soviet forces cross the romanian border and reconquer the crimea.
1944/--/-- 89 - soviet forces reach the suburbs of warsaw in poland.
1944/--/-- 89 - tennessee williams' play the glass menagerie is produced.
1944/--/-- 89 - the g.i. bill of rights is established to provide assistance to war veterans.
1944/--/-- 89 - the german army launches the battle of the bulge, its last counteroffensive.
1944/--/-- 89 - the soviet's relieve the city of leningrad after a german siege lasting 890 days.
1944/--/-- 89 - the u.s. first army occupies aachen -- the first german city to fall to the allies.
1944/--/-- 89 - the world bank is established to assist european postwar recovery.
1944/--/-- 89 - u.s. marines invade guam and saipan in the marianas.
1944/--/-- 89 - u.s. forces under admiral nimitz defeat a japanese fleet in the battle of the philippine sea.
1944/--/-- 89 - v-1 (and later the v-2) weapons of vengeance are launched against london.
1944/10/-- 90 - world series nl st. louis (4) al st. louis (2)
1945/--/-- 90 - advancing allied armies discover nazi extermination camps.
1945/--/-- 90 - allied forces cross the rhine and begin the final assault on germany.
1945/--/-- 90 - british actor laurence olivier wins critical acclaim for his portrayal of richard iii.
1945/--/-- 90 - british author george orwell publishes the satirical fable animal farm.
1945/--/-- 90 - charlie "bird" parker and dizzy gillespie make the first bebop recordings.
1945/--/-- 90 - churchill is defeated in the british elections by labour leader clement attlee.
1945/--/-- 90 - churchill, roosevelt and stalin meet at the yalta conference.
1945/--/-- 90 - churchill, truman and stalin hold the last wartime conference at potsdam.
1945/--/-- 90 - egypt, saudi arabia, syria, lebanon, iraq, jordan and yemen form the arab league.
1945/--/-- 90 - french dramatist jean giraudoux writes the play the madwoman of chaillot.
1945/--/-- 90 - general macarthur heads the u.s. occupation forces in japan.
1945/--/-- 90 - german jet aircraft are unable to prevent mass allied air attacks.
1945/--/-- 90 - german playwright bertholt brecht writes the caucasian chalk circle.
1945/--/-- 90 - german rocket engineer wernher von braun continues his research in the u.s.
1945/--/-- 90 - germany and austria are divided between the allies into 4 zones of occupation.
1945/--/-- 90 - harry s. truman (democrat) becomes president of the united states
1945/--/-- 90 - hitler commits suicide in his berlin bunker; germany surrenders to the allies.
1945/--/-- 90 - ho chi minh proclaims the independence of the democratic republic of vietnam.
1945/--/-- 90 - indonesian nationalists led by sukarno proclaim the nation independent.
1945/--/-- 90 - japan signs an armistice with the allies, ending world war ii.
1945/--/-- 90 - korea is divided between u.s. and soviet occupation forces along the 38th parallel.
1945/--/-- 90 - marshal zhukov's soviet troops launch the final attack on berlin.
1945/--/-- 90 - mussolini is killed by italian partisans.
1945/--/-- 90 - nationalists and communist forces resume their civil war in china.
1945/--/-- 90 - roberto rosselini's neorealist "open city"
1945/--/-- 90 - romulo betancourt becomes president of venezuela for the first time.
1945/--/-- 90 - roosevelt dies; harry s. truman is inaugurated as the 33rd u.s. president.
1945/--/-- 90 - singer frank sinatra stars in the film musical anchors aweigh.
1945/--/-- 90 - suicide attacks by japanese kamikaze pilots are unable to stem the u.s. advances.
1945/--/-- 90 - the soviet union declares war on japan.
1945/--/-- 90 - the u.s. drops atomic bombs on the japanese cities of hiroshima and nagasaki.
1945/--/-- 90 - the united nations is formed; trygve halvdan lie becomes secretary-general (1946).
1945/--/-- 90 - the trial of nazi war criminals begins at nuremberg in germany.
1945/--/-- 90 - tito becomes head of the socialist federal republic of yugoslavia.
1945/--/-- 90 - u.s. a-bombs japan
1945/--/-- 90 - u.s. marines invade the japanese islands of iwo jima and okinawa.
1945/--/-- 90 - u.s. forces under macarthur liberate the philippines.
1945/--/-- 90 - united nations formed
1945/--/-- 90 - world war ii ends
1945/10/-- 91 - world series nl chicago (3) al detroit (4)
1946/--/-- 91 - american author robert penn warren publishes all the king's men.
1946/--/-- 91 - communists abolish the monarchy in bulgaria; georgi dimitrov becomes premier.
1946/--/-- 91 - dr. spock publishes the commonsense book of baby and child care.
1946/--/-- 91 - elas communist forces begin a civil war in greece.
1946/--/-- 91 - eniac, the first successful electronic digital computer, becomes operational.
1946/--/-- 91 - elections in italy abolish the monarchy in favor of a republic.
1946/--/-- 91 - general de gaulle resigns as president of france; the fourth republic is formed.
1946/--/-- 91 - greek author nikos kazantzakis publishes zorba the greek.
1946/--/-- 91 - juan peron is elected president of argentina.
1946/--/-- 91 - macarthur promotes japanese democracy with the emperor as constitutional monarch.
1946/--/-- 91 - saint frances xavier cabrini becomes the first u.s. citizen to be canonized.
1946/--/-- 91 - swiss-french architect le corbusier designs unite d'habitation in marseilles.
1946/--/-- 91 - terence rattigan's play the winslow boy is produced.
1946/--/-- 91 - the philippines are granted independence with manuel roxas y acuna as president.
1946/--/-- 91 - the viet minh begin a guerrilla war against the french in indochina (vietnam).
1946/--/-- 91 - winston churchill describes the iron curtain created in europe by the soviets.
1946/06/23 92 *** harlan, louisa jane (bray) [niece] - died big meadow church cem. barren co. ky
1946/10/-- 92 - world series nl st. louis (4) al boston (3)
1947/--/-- 92 - american pilot kenneth arnold makes the first alleged sighting of flying saucers.
1947/--/-- 92 - artist jackson pollock produces full fathom five using drip paint techniques.
1947/--/-- 92 - artist mark rothko begins experimenting with color-field painting.
1947/--/-- 92 - baseball player jackie robinson becomes the first black to play in the major leagues.
1947/--/-- 92 - british & french empires fracture into new 3rd world nations
1947/--/-- 92 - british india becomes pakistan & india
1947/--/-- 92 - british atomic bomb scientist klaus fuchs is arrested for giving information to the ussr.
1947/--/-- 92 - chuck yeager breaks the sound barrier for the first time in an x-1 rocket plane.
1947/--/-- 92 - conductor sir thomas beecham forms the royal philharmonic orchestra in london.
1947/--/-- 92 - dennis gabor invents holography, a means of producing a three-dimensional image.
1947/--/-- 92 - edwin land demonstrates the single-step polaroid land camera.
1947/--/-- 92 - english composer benjamin britten writes the opera peter grimes.
1947/--/-- 92 - french fashion designer christian dior opens his own couture house.
1947/--/-- 92 - french literary figure andre gide wins the nobel prize for literature.
1947/--/-- 92 - gheorghiu-dej heads the romanian communist party; king michael abdicates.
1947/--/-- 92 - india becomes independent and is divided into the nations of india and pakistan.
1947/--/-- 92 - jawaharlal nehru becomes the first prime minister of india.
1947/--/-- 92 - marshall plan
1947/--/-- 92 - norwegian explorer thor heyerdahl sails on the balsa raft kon tiki from peru to polynesia.
1947/--/-- 92 - tennessee williams' play a streetcar named desire is produced.
1947/--/-- 92 - the dead sea scrolls, a collection of ancient hebrew documents, are discovered.
1947/--/-- 92 - the u.s. marshall plan for economic recovery in europe is established.
1947/--/-- 92 - the united nations elect to partition palestine into arab and jewish states.
1947/--/-- 92 - the first india-pakistan war begins when pakistani tribesmen invade kashmir.
1947/--/-- 92 - the story of a jewish victim of the nazis, the diary of anne frank, is published.
1947/--/-- 92 - trust territory of the pacific islands, captured from japan, administered by u.s.
1947/--/-- 92 - u.s. contains spread of communism
1947/10/-- 93 - world series nl brooklyn (3) al new york (4)
1948/--/-- 93 - alec guinness stars as fagin in the film of dicken's oliver twist.
1948/--/-- 93 - alfred kinsey publishes his report on sexual behavior in the human male.
1948/--/-- 93 - american opera singer beverly sills debuts in bizet's carmen.
1948/--/-- 93 - american writer norman mailer publishes the war novel the naked and the dead.
1948/--/-- 93 - arab armies invade israel in the first arab-israeli war.
1948/--/-- 93 - bell labs invent transistor
1948/--/-- 93 - britain grants independence to burma.
1948/--/-- 93 - communism quashed in us
1948/--/-- 93 - communist leader kim il sung establishes the people's republic of korea (n. korea).
1948/--/-- 93 - dutch track star fanny blankers-koen wins four gold medals in the olympic games.
1948/--/-- 93 - george balanchine's ballet society is renamed the new york city ballet.
1948/--/-- 93 - indian leader mahatma gandhi is assassinated by a hindu fanatic.
1948/--/-- 93 - israel created
1948/--/-- 93 - italian filmmaker vittorio de sica directs the bicycle thieves.
1948/--/-- 93 - nato formed; cold war begins
1948/--/-- 93 - palestinian jews proclaim the independent state of israel.
1948/--/-- 93 - stalin expels yugoslavia from the communist bloc.
1948/--/-- 93 - the communist party assumes power in hungary under matyas rakosi.
1948/--/-- 93 - the malayan communist party begins an insurrection against british rule.
1948/--/-- 93 - the republic of korea (s. korea) is inaugurated, syngman rhee becomes president.
1948/--/-- 93 - the soviets blockade west berlin; britain and the u.s. begin the berlin airlift.
1948/--/-- 93 - the u.s. air force begins the project blue book study of the ufo phenomenon.
1948/--/-- 93 - the apartheid policy of racial segregation is made official in south africa.
1948/--/-- 93 - the transistor is invented at bell laboratories in the u.s.
1948/10/-- 94 - world series nl boston (2) al cleveland (4)
1949/--/-- 94 - abstract artist robert motherwell begins his series elegy to the spanish republic.
1949/--/-- 94 - abstract-expressionism breaks out in nyc
1949/--/-- 94 - architect philip johnson designs the glass house in new caanan, conn.
1949/--/-- 94 - arthur miller's play death of a salesman is produced.
1949/--/-- 94 - british abstract sculptor henry moore completes the bronze family group.
1949/--/-- 94 - british author george orwell publishes the futuristic novel nineteen eighty-four.
1949/--/-- 94 - civil war ends in greece with the defeat of the communist forces.
1949/--/-- 94 - communists under mao defeat the nationalists and form the people's republic of china.
1949/--/-- 94 - konrad adenauer becomes the first chancellor of west germany.
1949/--/-- 94 - kurchatov develops first soviet a-bomb
1949/--/-- 94 - miles davis makes the first "cool" jazz records.
1949/--/-- 94 - nationalist chinese forces under chiang kai-shek flee to the island of taiwan.
1949/--/-- 94 - rogers and hammerstein's broadway musical south pacific is produced.
1949/--/-- 94 - the hashimite kingdom of transjordan is renamed as jordan.
1949/--/-- 94 - the netherlands grants independence to indonesia (formerly the dutch east indies).
1949/--/-- 94 - the north atlantic treaty organization is formed to deter soviet aggression.
1949/--/-- 94 - the republic of germany (west germany) is established by the western powers.
1949/--/-- 94 - the soviet union detonates its first atomic bomb.
1949/--/-- 94 - the soviets establish the german democratic republic (east germany).
1949/--/-- 94 - the first india-pakistan war ends with the partition of kashmir.
1949/10/-- 95 - world series nl brooklyn (1) al new york (4)
1950/--/-- 95 - adnan menderes replaces ismet inonu as prime minister of turkey.
1950/--/-- 95 - bette davis stars in the film all about eve.
1950/--/-- 95 - cartoonist charles schulz creates the peanuts comic strip.
1950/--/-- 95 - chinese forces invade tibet, which is officially annexed in 1951.
1950/--/-- 95 - communist north korean forces invade south korea.
1950/--/-- 95 - george burns and gracie allen star in the burns and allen show television series.
1950/--/-- 95 - isaac asimov publishes the science-fiction classic i robot.
1950/--/-- 95 - japanese film director akira kurosawa achieves recognition with rashomon.
1950/--/-- 95 - korean "engagement"
1950/--/-- 95 - president truman orders the development of the hydrogen bomb.
1950/--/-- 95 - senator joseph mccarthy begins his inquiry into un-american activities.
1950/--/-- 95 - the un sanctions military aid for south korea; macarthur is appointed commander.
1950/--/-- 95 - u.s. official alger hiss is convicted of perjury for denying that he knew a soviet agent.
1950/--/-- 95 - un forces cross into north korea but are repulsed by the chinese army.
1950/--/-- 95 - un forces land at inchon and drive the north koreans out of south korea.
1950/10/-- 96 - world series nl philadelphia (0) al new york (4)
1951/--/-- 96 - a frontline is stabilized at the 38th parallel in korea; peace negotiations begin at kaesong.
1951/--/-- 96 - american novelist kurt vonnegut publishes player piano.
1951/--/-- 96 - american poet marianne moore publishes her collected poems.
1951/--/-- 96 - american writer j.d. salinger publishes the catcher in the rye.
1951/--/-- 96 - american writer james jones publishes the war novel from here to eternity.
1951/--/-- 96 - artist stuart davis uses words to function as abstract shapes in his painting visa.
1951/--/-- 96 - australia, new zealand, and the u.s. sign the mutual defense anzus treaty.
1951/--/-- 96 - auto racer juan fangio wins the world driving championship for the first time.
1951/--/-- 96 - boxer sugar ray robinson defeats jake la motta for the middleweight title.
1951/--/-- 96 - british conservatives win a general election with winston churchill as leader.
1951/--/-- 96 - british spies burgess and maclean escape to the soviet union.
1951/--/-- 96 - comedian lucille ball stars in the television series i love lucy.
1951/--/-- 96 - igor stravinsky's opera the rake's progress is premiered.
1951/--/-- 96 - julius and ethel rosenberg are sentenced to death for espionage against the u.s.
1951/--/-- 96 - king abdullah of jordan is assassinated by a palestinian nationalist.
1951/--/-- 96 - leopold iii of belgium is forced to abdicate because of his wartime conduct.
1951/--/-- 96 - president truman dismisses macarthur as commander in korea.
1951/--/-- 96 - prime minister muhammad mosaddeq nationalizes iran's oil resources.
1951/--/-- 96 - rodgers and hammerstein's broadway musical the king and i is produced.
1951/--/-- 96 - teller tests h-bomb
1951/--/-- 96 - ten million television receivers have been installed in u.s. homes.
1951/--/-- 96 - the 22nd amendment restricts u.s. presidents to a maximum of two terms.
1951/--/-- 96 - the un general assembly brands communist china an aggressor in the korean war.
1951/--/-- 96 - the first successful videotape for recording television images is demonstrated.
1951/--/-- 96 - univac i, the first commercial computer, is accepted by the u.s. bureau of the census.
1951/10/-- 97 - world series nl new york (2) al new york (4)
1952/--/-- 97 - a bloodless coup returns fulgencio batista to power in cuba.
1952/--/-- 97 - agatha christie's record-breaking play the mouse trap opens in london.
1952/--/-- 97 - american sculptor isamu noguchi designs two bridges for the peace park at hiroshima.
1952/--/-- 97 - american writer e.b. white publishes the children's book charlotte's web.
1952/--/-- 97 - british architect michael ventris deciphers the ancient greek linear b script.
1952/--/-- 97 - chuck yaeger sets a new air speed record of 1,650 mph in the x-1a research plane.
1952/--/-- 97 - communist pow riots in south korea delay peace negotiations.
1952/--/-- 97 - czech runner emil zatopek wins 3 gold medals in the helsinki olympic games.
1952/--/-- 97 - dancer gene kelly stars in the film singin' in the rain.
1952/--/-- 97 - eva peron, popularly known as evita, dies in argentina.
1952/--/-- 97 - gary cooper and grace kelly star in the western film high noon.
1952/--/-- 97 - gordon bunshaft designs the lever house, an early international style building.
1952/--/-- 97 - hostilities continue in korea with increased un air strikes against the north.
1952/--/-- 97 - king farouk of egypt is overthrown in a revolution led by gen. muhammad naguib.
1952/--/-- 97 - kwame nkrumah is elected prime minister of the gold coast (ghana).
1952/--/-- 97 - medical missionary albert schweitzer is awarded the nobel peace prize.
1952/--/-- 97 - opera singer maria callas debuts at london's covent garden.
1952/--/-- 97 - queen elizabeth ii ascends to the british throne on the death of her father george vi.
1952/--/-- 97 - samuel beckett's play waiting for godot is produced in paris.
1952/--/-- 97 - the british de havilland comet becomes the first jet airliner to enter service.
1952/--/-- 97 - the commonwealth of puerto rico is formed with luis munoz marin as governor.
1952/--/-- 97 - the mau mau uprising begins in kenya; jomo kenyatta is imprisoned.
1952/--/-- 97 - the u.s. tests the first hydrogen bomb in the pacific.
1952/--/-- 97 - the first automatic pinsetter is installed in a bowling alley in brooklyn, n.y.
1952/--/-- 97 - turkey joins the north atlantic treaty organization (nato).
1952/--/-- 97 - vice-presidential candidate richard nixon makes his checkers speech.
1952/02/-- 97 - elizabeth ii succeeds as queen of great britain and ireland.
1952/10/-- 98 - world series nl brooklyn (3) al new york (4)
1953/--/-- 98 - a redstone rocket (based on the german v-2) is tested at cape canaveral.
1953/--/-- 98 - american physicist charles h. townes invents the maser.
1953/--/-- 98 - american tennis player maureen connolly (little mo) wins the grand slam.
1953/--/-- 98 - american writer saul bellow publishes the adventures of augie march.
1953/--/-- 98 - an armistice ends the korean war; the country remains divided into north and south.
1953/--/-- 98 - arthur miller writes the crucible, a play about the salem witch trials.
1953/--/-- 98 - black writer james baldwin publishes his first novel go tell it on the mountain.
1953/--/-- 98 - communist statesman imre nagy becomes premier of hungary.
1953/--/-- 98 - dag hammarskjold succeeds trygve lie as secretary-general of the un.
1953/--/-- 98 - dwight d. eisenhower (republican) becomes president of the united states
1953/--/-- 98 - edmund hillary and tenzing norgay are the first to climb mount everest.
1953/--/-- 98 - eisenhower is inaugurated as the 34th u.s. president; nixon becomes vice-president.
1953/--/-- 98 - fidel castro leads an attack on an army barracks in cuba; he is captured and imprisoned.
1953/--/-- 98 - golfer ben hogan wins the u.s. open, masters, and british open tournaments.
1953/--/-- 98 - hugh hefner publishes the first issue of playboy magazine.
1953/--/-- 98 - hussein i succeeds his father as king of jordan.
1953/--/-- 98 - israeli prime minister ben-gurion retires; he is succeeded by moshe sharett.
1953/--/-- 98 - jacques piccard's bathyscaphe the trieste descends to a depth of 10,330 ft.
1953/--/-- 98 - james watson and francis crick propose the double helix structure of dna.
1953/--/-- 98 - john foster dulles is selected as the u.s. secretary of state.
1953/--/-- 98 - laos, formerly a part of french indochina, is granted independence.
1953/--/-- 98 - lavrenti beria, head of the soviet security service, is arrested and executed.
1953/--/-- 98 - marilyn monroe stars in the film gentlemen prefer blondes.
1953/--/-- 98 - murray gell-mann proposes the strangeness property of some subatomic particles.
1953/--/-- 98 - physicist donald glaser invents the bubble chamber to detect subnuclear particles.
1953/--/-- 98 - soviet dictator joseph stalin dies; georgy m. malenkov becomes the new premier.
1953/--/-- 98 - the first heart-lung machine is developed by dr. john gibbon.
1953/--/-- 98 - the fossil remains of piltdown man are proved a hoax 41 years after their discovery.
1953/--/-- 98 - watson & crick dna=double helix
1953/06/-- 99 - elizabeth ii crowned queen of great britain and northern ireland at westminster
1953/10/-- 99 - world series nl brooklyn (2) al new york (4)
1954/--/-- 99 - a supreme court decision prohibits racial segregation in u.s. public schools.
1954/--/-- 99 - american novelist evan hunter publishes the blackboard jungle.
1954/--/-- 99 - british artist francis bacon begins his portrait of pope innocent x series.
1954/--/-- 99 - british novelist william golding publishes lord of the flies.
1954/--/-- 99 - dylan thomas' radio play under milk wood is performed posthumously.
1954/--/-- 99 - english runner roger bannister is first to run the mile in under 4 minutes.
1954/--/-- 99 - french forces are defeated at the battle of dien bien phu in north vietnam.
1954/--/-- 99 - gamal abdel nasser ousts gen. muhammad naguib as president of egypt.
1954/--/-- 99 - ian fleming publishes the first james bond thriller casino royale.
1954/--/-- 99 - italian film-maker federico fellini directs la strada.
1954/--/-- 99 - kingsley amis, one of england's angry young men, publishes lucky jim.
1954/--/-- 99 - marlon brando stars in elia kazan's film on the waterfront.
1954/--/-- 99 - national liberation front (fln) raids on french property spark the algerian war.
1954/--/-- 99 - senator mccarthy is discredited for failing to prove claims of communist penetration.
1954/--/-- 99 - television thrives; radio switches to music
1954/--/-- 99 - the geneva conference establishes the partition of vietnam into north and south.
1954/--/-- 99 - the u.s. and canada begin construction of the st. lawrence seaway.
1954/--/-- 99 - the u.s. nuclear submarine the nautilus is launched.
1954/--/-- 99 - u.s. "nautilus" first nuclear submarine
1954/01/29 99 *** harlan, john thomas [nephew] - died albany, ky peolia cemetery
1954/10/-- 100 - world series nl new york (4) al cleveland (0)
1955/--/-- 100 - a military coup in argentina deposes president juan peron.
1955/--/-- 100 - afl and cio merge
1955/--/-- 100 - american artist jasper johns begins his paintings of american flags and targets.
1955/--/-- 100 - american artist larry rivers paints double portrait of birdie.
1955/--/-- 100 - american rock 'n' roll musician bill haley records rock around the clock.
1955/--/-- 100 - anthony eden succeeds winston churchill as prime minister of great britain.
1955/--/-- 100 - austria achieves independence; the four-power occupation is terminated.
1955/--/-- 100 - blacks boycott buses in montgomery
1955/--/-- 100 - british writer graham greene publishes the quiet american.
1955/--/-- 100 - british writer and scholar j.r.r. tolkien completes the lord of the rings.
1955/--/-- 100 - david ben-gurion returns as prime minister of israel.
1955/--/-- 100 - film star james dean is killed in a car crash.
1955/--/-- 100 - jonas salk's vaccine against polio comes into widespread use.
1955/--/-- 100 - marian anderson becomes the first black to perform at the metropolitan opera house.
1955/--/-- 100 - martin luther king, jr. leads a boycott against racial segregation on buses.
1955/--/-- 100 - russian writer vladimir nabokov publishes the novel lolita.
1955/--/-- 100 - satyajit ray directs pather panchali, the first film in a trilogy on bengali family life.
1955/--/-- 100 - supreme court orders school desegregation
1955/--/-- 100 - the federal republic of germany joins nato.
1955/--/-- 100 - the warsaw pact establishes a military alliance of european communist nations.
1955/--/-- 100 - theologian pierre teilhard de chardin publishes the phenomenon of man.
1955/10/-- 101 - world series nl brooklyn (4) al new york (3)
1956/--/-- 101 - american beat poet allen ginsberg publishes howl and other poems.
1956/--/-- 101 - american television news show the huntley-brinkley report begins.
1956/--/-- 101 - american writer grace metalious publishes peyton place.
1956/--/-- 101 - anglo-french forces invade egypt but withdraw after protests from the u.s.
1956/--/-- 101 - archbishop makarios iii is deported from cyprus by the british.
1956/--/-- 101 - brendan behan's play the quare fellow opens in london.
1956/--/-- 101 - britain, france and israel agree on a secret joint action against egypt.
1956/--/-- 101 - british artist richard hamilton produces the first pop art work.
1956/--/-- 101 - david niven stars in the film around the world in eighty days.
1956/--/-- 101 - eugene o'neill's play long day's journey into night is produced.
1956/--/-- 101 - fidel castro and che guevara land in cuba and begin a guerrilla war.
1956/--/-- 101 - film actress grace kelly marries prince rainier iii of monaco.
1956/--/-- 101 - heavyweight boxing champion rocky marciano retires without being defeated.
1956/--/-- 101 - israeli forces under moshe dayan seize the gaza strip and the sinai peninsula.
1956/--/-- 101 - john osborne's first play look back in anger is produced in london.
1956/--/-- 101 - lerner and loewe's musical my fair lady opens in new york.
1956/--/-- 101 - president anastasio somoza garcia is assassinated in nicaragua.
1956/--/-- 101 - president nasser nationalizes the suez canal before the british lease expires.
1956/--/-- 101 - president ngo dinh diem refuses to hold elections in south vietnam.
1956/--/-- 101 - rock 'n roll singer elvis presley records his first hit heartbreak hotel.
1956/--/-- 101 - soviet first secretary nikita khrushchev denounces the crimes of the stalin era.
1956/--/-- 101 - sudan gains independence from anglo-egyptian rule.
1956/--/-- 101 - the hungarian uprising is suppressed by soviet troops.
1956/--/-- 101 - the italian ocean liner andrea doria sinks off the u.s. coast after a collision in fog.
1956/--/-- 101 - tunisia and morocco are granted independence by france.
1956/07/28 102 *** arnold, john leslie [great nephew] - died western state hosp. hopkinsville, in big meadow church cemetery kentucky
1956/10/-- 102 - world series nl brooklyn (3) al new york (4)
1957/--/-- 102 - beat generation writer jack kerouac publishes on the road.
1957/--/-- 102 - black tennis player althea gibson wins the u.s. open and wimbledon championships.
1957/--/-- 102 - british philosopher a.j. ayer publishes the problem of knowledge.
1957/--/-- 102 - british prime minister anthony eden resigns; is succeeded by harold macmillan.
1957/--/-- 102 - dr. seuss publishes the children's book the cat in the hat.
1957/--/-- 102 - francois duvalier (known as papa doc) is elected president of haiti.
1957/--/-- 102 - ghana gains independence; kwame nkrumah becomes the first prime minister.
1957/--/-- 102 - jack kerouac "on the road"
1957/--/-- 102 - jerome robbins is director-choreographer of the musical west side story.
1957/--/-- 102 - john g. diefenbaker succeeds louis st. laurent as prime minister of canada.
1957/--/-- 102 - lawrence durrell publishes justine, the first of the alexandria quartet novels.
1957/--/-- 102 - scientists from 67 nations work together during the international geophysical year.
1957/--/-- 102 - soviet leaders malenkov and molotov fail in an attempt to oust khrushchev from power.
1957/--/-- 102 - soviets launch "sputnik", first artificial satellite
1957/--/-- 102 - swedish filmmaker ingmar bergman directs the seventh seal.
1957/--/-- 102 - the israeli army withdraws from egypt; the gaza strip is policed by un forces.
1957/--/-- 102 - the ussr launches sputnik i, the first artificial satellite.
1957/--/-- 102 - the viet cong begin acts of rebellion in south vietnam.
1957/--/-- 102 - tunku abdul rahman becomes the first prime minister of independent malaya (malaysia).
1957/10/-- 103 - world series nl milwaukee (4) al new york (3)
1958/--/-- 103 - american economist j.k. galbraith publishes the affluent society.
1958/--/-- 103 - american golfer arnold palmer wins the masters tournament for the first time.
1958/--/-- 103 - american playwright edward albee writes the zoo story.
1958/--/-- 103 - american writer truman capote publishes the novella breakfast at tiffany's.
1958/--/-- 103 - bertrand russell founds the campaign for nuclear disarmament (cnd) in britain.
1958/--/-- 103 - civil war breaks out in lebanon; it is ended when u.s. marines land at beirut.
1958/--/-- 103 - egypt and syria form the united arab republic.
1958/--/-- 103 - gen. muhammad ayub khan seizes control in pakistan.
1958/--/-- 103 - leonard bernstein becomes the conductor of the new york philharmonic orchestra.
1958/--/-- 103 - nikita khrushchev replaces nikolai bulganin as soviet premier.
1958/--/-- 103 - prime minister hendrik verwoerd extends south africa's apartheid laws.
1958/--/-- 103 - russian writer boris pasternak publishes the novel doctor zhivago.
1958/--/-- 103 - soccer player pele leads brazil to victory in the world cup.
1958/--/-- 103 - the algerian crisis prompts the recall of charles de gaulle as president of france.
1958/--/-- 103 - the european economic community (eec) is established.
1958/--/-- 103 - the french army and settlers in algiers revolt over the algerian war stalemate.
1958/--/-- 103 - the national aeronautics and space administration (nasa) is founded.
1958/--/-- 103 - the u.s. launches the explorer i and vanguard i scientific satellites.
1958/--/-- 103 - the first intercontinental ballistic missile (icbm) is launched in the u.s.
1958/--/-- 103 - the nuclear submarine nautilus reaches the north pole under the polar ice cap.
1958/--/-- 103 - wilson greatbatch invents an artificial pacemaker to control heartbeats.
1958/06/29 104 *** bray, hobart [great nephew] - died big meadow church cem. barren co. ky
1958/10/-- 104 - world series nl milwaukee (3) al new york (4)
1959/--/-- 104 - alaska is inaugurated as the 49th state of the union.
1959/--/-- 104 - american writer leon uris publishes exodus, a novel on the founding of israel.
1959/--/-- 104 - american writer william burroughs publishes the naked lunch.
1959/--/-- 104 - anthropologists richard and mary leakey discover an australopithecus skull in africa.
1959/--/-- 104 - artist robert rauschenberg creates the three-dimensional collage monogram.
1959/--/-- 104 - cyprus gains independence from britain; archbishop makarios becomes president.
1959/--/-- 104 - fidel castro ousts cuban leader fulgencio batista in a communist revolution.
1959/--/-- 104 - film actor charlton heston wins the academy award for his role in ben-hur.
1959/--/-- 104 - french new wave filmmaker jean luc godard directs breathless.
1959/--/-- 104 - french filmmaker alain resnais directs hiroshima mon amour.
1959/--/-- 104 - french filmmaker francois truffaut directs the 400 blows.
1959/--/-- 104 - german writer gunter grass publishes his first novel the tin drum.
1959/--/-- 104 - hawaii is inaugurated as the 50th state of the union.
1959/--/-- 104 - jack lemon, tony curtis and marilyn monroe star in the film some like it hot.
1959/--/-- 104 - jean-luc godard's new wave "breathless"
1959/--/-- 104 - lee kuan yew becomes prime minister of singapore.
1959/--/-- 104 - lorraine hansberry's a raisin in the sun is the first broadway play by a black woman.
1959/--/-- 104 - nasa selects the first seven u.s. astronauts.
1959/--/-- 104 - rock 'n roll star buddy holly is killed in a plane crash.
1959/--/-- 104 - rod serling hosts the twilight zone television series.
1959/--/-- 104 - rogers and hammerstein's broadway musical the sound of music is produced.
1959/--/-- 104 - sir christopher cockerell tests the first air-cushion vehicle.
1959/--/-- 104 - the boeing 707 jet airliner enters service.
1959/--/-- 104 - the dalai lama flees to india after china crushes an uprising in tibet.
1959/--/-- 104 - the guggenheim museum, designed by frank lloyd wright, opens in new york city.
1959/--/-- 104 - the soviet union sends a series of luna space probes to the moon.
1959/--/-- 104 - the first flight is made by the x-15 rocket-powered research aircraft.
1959/10/-- 105 - world series nl los angeles (4) al chicago (2)
1960/--/-- 105 - 69 africans are killed in the sharpeville massacre in south africa.
1960/--/-- 105 - a military coup takes place in turkey; prime minister adnan menderes is executed (1961).
1960/--/-- 105 - a student uprising forces the resignation of syngman rhee, president of south korea.
1960/--/-- 105 - american author john updike publishes the novel rabbit run.
1960/--/-- 105 - american physicist theodore h. maiman demonstrates the first successful laser.
1960/--/-- 105 - american track star wilma rudolph wins 3 gold medals at the rome olympic games.
1960/--/-- 105 - an earthquake kills 15,000 at agadir in morocco.
1960/--/-- 105 - belgium grants independence to the congo (zaire); patrice lumumba becomes premier.
1960/--/-- 105 - britain grants independence to nigeria; abubakar balewa continues as prime minister.
1960/--/-- 105 - civil rights movement
1960/--/-- 105 - congo (zaire) premier patrice lumumba is ousted by joseph mobutu and murdered.
1960/--/-- 105 - filmmaker alfred hitchcock directs the suspense thriller psycho.
1960/--/-- 105 - former nazi official adolf eichmann is abducted to israel.
1960/--/-- 105 - france grants independence to the congo, chad, central african republic, and gabon.
1960/--/-- 105 - harold pinter's play the caretaker is produced.
1960/--/-- 105 - italian filmmaker michelangelo antonioni directs la notte (the night).
1960/--/-- 105 - jacques piccard and don walsh descend to 35,800 ft in the bathyscaphe trieste.
1960/--/-- 105 - maiman makes first laser
1960/--/-- 105 - nasa launches the first tiros weather satellite.
1960/--/-- 105 - religious broadcaster pat robertson founds the christian broadcasting network.
1960/--/-- 105 - sirimavo bandaranaike becomes the world's first woman prime minister in ceylon (sri lanka).
1960/--/-- 105 - south african civil rights leader albert luthuli wins the nobel peace prize.
1960/--/-- 105 - the congo crisis begins with the secession of katanga province under moise tshombe.
1960/--/-- 105 - the echo 1 experimental communications satellite is launched.
1960/--/-- 105 - the motown record company is founded in detroit by berry gordy.
1960/--/-- 105 - the south african government bans the african national congress (anc).
1960/--/-- 105 - the soviets shoot down a u-2 spy plane; u.s. pilot francis gary powers is captured.
1960/--/-- 105 - the first quasars, the most luminous known objects in the universe, are discovered.
1960/--/-- 105 - the first submerged firing is made of a polaris submarine-launched missile.
1960/--/-- 105 - the planned city of brasilia becomes the new capital of brazil.
1960/--/-- 105 - the presidential debates of john f. kennedy and richard nixon are televised.
1960/--/-- 105 - viet cong groups unite into the national liberation front of south vietnam (nlfsv).
1960/--/-- 105 - walter ulbricht becomes head of east germany.
1960/10/-- 106 - world series nl pittsburgh (4) al new york (3)
1961/--/-- 106 - agostinho neto and holden roberto lead insurrections in portuguese angola.
1961/--/-- 106 - american writer joseph heller publishes the anti-war novel catch-22.
1961/--/-- 106 - american-aided cuban exiles attempt the unsuccessful bay of pigs invasion.
1961/--/-- 106 - astronaut alan shepard makes the first u.s. suborbital space flight.
1961/--/-- 106 - britain grants independence to tanganyika (tanzania) with julius nyerere as prime minister.
1961/--/-- 106 - british novelist iris murdoch publishes a severed head.
1961/--/-- 106 - english writer muriel spark publishes the prime of miss jean brodie.
1961/--/-- 106 - french filmmaker francois truffaut directs jeanne moreau in jules and jim.
1961/--/-- 106 - india annexes the portugese territories of goa, daman, and diu.
1961/--/-- 106 - italian filmmaker vittorio de sica directs sophia loren in alberto moravia's two women.
1961/--/-- 106 - italian opera singer luciano pavarotti debuts in puccini's la boheme.
1961/--/-- 106 - john f. kennedy (democrat) becomes president of the united states
1961/--/-- 106 - kennedy is inaugurated as the 35th u.s. president; johnson becomes vice-president.
1961/--/-- 106 - kennedy launches "apollo" project; man lands on the moon
1961/--/-- 106 - peace corps
1961/--/-- 106 - president kennedy begins to increase the u.s. military presence in vietnam.
1961/--/-- 106 - president kennedy establishes the peace corps.
1961/--/-- 106 - president kennedy sets a goal for landing a man on the moon within the decade.
1961/--/-- 106 - president rafael trujillo is assassinated in the dominican republic.
1961/--/-- 106 - roger maris breaks babe ruth's home-run baseball record with a season total of 61.
1961/--/-- 106 - science fiction writer robert heinlein publishes stranger in a strange land.
1961/--/-- 106 - soviet ballet dancer rudolf nureyev defects to the west.
1961/--/-- 106 - soviet cosmonaut yuri gagarin orbits the earth.
1961/--/-- 106 - swedish filmmaker ingmar bergman directs max von sydow in through a glass darkly.
1961/--/-- 106 - the berlin wall is constructed, separating east and west berlin.
1961/--/-- 106 - the kurds begin a guerrilla war against iraq to gain independence for kurdistan.
1961/--/-- 106 - the kurds begin a guerrilla war against iraq to gain independence for kurdistan.
1961/--/-- 106 - the drug thalidomide is found to cause malformations in new born babies.
1961/--/-- 106 - un secretary-general dag hammarskjold is killed in a plane crash in the congo (zaire).
1961/--/-- 106 - v.s. naipaul writes about west indian life in a house for mr. biswas.
1961/10/-- 107 - world series nl cincinnati (1) al new york (4)
1962/--/-- 107 - actor laurence olivier becomes the first director of the national theatre in london.
1962/--/-- 107 - aleksandr solzhenitsyn publishes one day in the life of ivan denisovich.
1962/--/-- 107 - algeria gains independence from france; ahmed ben bella becomes prime minister.
1962/--/-- 107 - american artist jim dine paints the pop art subject black saw.
1962/--/-- 107 - american film actress marilyn monroe dies from a drug overdose.
1962/--/-- 107 - american historian barbara tuchman publishes the guns of august.
1962/--/-- 107 - american writer katherine anne porter publishes the novel ship of fools.
1962/--/-- 107 - american writer ken kesey publishes one flew over the cuckoo's nest.
1962/--/-- 107 - astronaut john glenn becomes the first american to orbit the earth.
1962/--/-- 107 - basketball player wilt chamberlain scores a record 100 points in one game.
1962/--/-- 107 - britain grants independence to trinidad and tobago with eric williams as chief minister.
1962/--/-- 107 - britain grants independence to uganda; milton obote becomes prime minister.
1962/--/-- 107 - british filmmaker david lean directs lawrence of arabia.
1962/--/-- 107 - british writer anthony burgess publishes the futuristic novel a clockwork orange.
1962/--/-- 107 - burmese diplomat u thant becomes the first asian secretary general of the un.
1962/--/-- 107 - cuban missile crisis
1962/--/-- 107 - edward albee's play who's afraid of virginia woolf is produced on broadway.
1962/--/-- 107 - fashion designer yves saint laurent opens his parisian fashion house.
1962/--/-- 107 - folk-rock singer and composer bob dylan writes blowin' in the wind.
1962/--/-- 107 - georges pompidou becomes premier of france's fifth republic.
1962/--/-- 107 - polish filmmaker roman polanski directs his first film knife in the water.
1962/--/-- 107 - pop art
1962/--/-- 107 - pop artist andy warhol begins making silk screen prints of mass-media images.
1962/--/-- 107 - rachel carson criticizes indiscriminate use of pesticides in her book silent spring.
1962/--/-- 107 - richard burton and elizabeth taylor star in cleopatra, the most expensive film to date.
1962/--/-- 107 - science fiction writer j.g. ballard publishes the drowned world.
1962/--/-- 107 - sonny liston defeats floyd patterson to become heavyweight boxing champion.
1962/--/-- 107 - television journalist walter cronkite is made anchorman of cbs evening news.
1962/--/-- 107 - the british pop group the beatles make their first recordings.
1962/--/-- 107 - the cuban missile crisis begins; soviet missiles are withdrawn from cuba.
1962/--/-- 107 - the mariner 2 spacecraft passes within 21,598 miles of venus.
1962/--/-- 107 - the u.s. supreme court rules that school prayers are a violation of the 1st amendment.
1962/--/-- 107 - the u.s. launches telstar, the first commercial communications satellite.
1962/--/-- 107 - the university of mississippi is forced to admit black student james meredith.
1962/10/-- 108 - world series nl san francisco (3) al new york (4)
1963/--/-- 108 - a un peace keeping force ends the secession attempt of katanga province (shaba).
1963/--/-- 108 - a limited nuclear test ban treaty is signed by britain, the u.s., and the ussr.
1963/--/-- 108 - american pop vocal group the beach boys release the record surfin' u.s.a.
1963/--/-- 108 - american writer mary mccarthy publishes the group.
1963/--/-- 108 - arecibo observatory begins observations with a 1,000-ft wide radio telescope.
1963/--/-- 108 - black nationalist joshua nkomo is imprisoned in rhodesia (now zimbabwe).
1963/--/-- 108 - britain's entry to the european economic community is blocked by france.
1963/--/-- 108 - british filmmaker joseph losey directs the servant.
1963/--/-- 108 - british spy harold (kim) philby defects to the ussr.
1963/--/-- 108 - czech dissident playwright vaclav havel writes the garden party.
1963/--/-- 108 - english writer john le carre publishes the spy who came in from the cold.
1963/--/-- 108 - filmmaker stanley kubrick directs the anti-war film dr. strangelove.
1963/--/-- 108 - football running back jim brown sets a record for rushes of 1,863 yards.
1963/--/-- 108 - jack nicklaus becomes the youngest golfer to win the masters tournament.
1963/--/-- 108 - john f. kennedy assassin lee harvey oswald is shot and killed by jack ruby.
1963/--/-- 108 - kennedy assassinated
1963/--/-- 108 - kenya gains independence from britain; jomo kenyatta becomes prime minister.
1963/--/-- 108 - levi eshkol succeeds david ben-gurion as prime minister of israel.
1963/--/-- 108 - ludwig erhard succeeds konrad adenauer as chancellor of west germany.
1963/--/-- 108 - lyndon b. johnson (democrat) becomes president of the united states
1963/--/-- 108 - lyndon b. johnson is inaugurated as the 36th president of the u.s.
1963/--/-- 108 - malaya, singapore, sarawak and sabah form the federation of malaysia.
1963/--/-- 108 - martin luther king, jr. makes his "i have a dream" speech in washington, d.c.
1963/--/-- 108 - peter sellers stars as inspector clouseau in the film the pink panther.
1963/--/-- 108 - pop artist claes oldenburg creates the kapok-filled sculpture soft typewriter.
1963/--/-- 108 - pop artist roy lichtenstein completes the comic strip painting whaam.
1963/--/-- 108 - president kennedy is assassinated in dallas, texas.
1963/--/-- 108 - president ngo dinh diem of south vietnam is assassinated.
1963/--/-- 108 - race-car driver jim clark wins seven grand prix events and the world title.
1963/--/-- 108 - sir alec douglas-home succeeds harold macmillan as british prime minister.
1963/--/-- 108 - soviet cosmonaut valentina tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.
1963/--/-- 108 - sylvia plath's novel the bell jar is published in the year of her death.
1963/--/-- 108 - the american x-15 research aircraft establishes an altitude record of 67 miles.
1963/--/-- 108 - the organization of african unity (oau) is established in addis ababa, ethiopia.
1963/--/-- 108 - the profumo sex scandal undermines the conservative government in britain.
1963/--/-- 108 - the rolling stones rock band is formed in britain.
1963/--/-- 108 - the first james bond film dr. no is produced.
1963/10/-- 109 - world series nl los angeles (4) al new york (0)
1964/--/-- 109 - anc leader nelson mandela is sentenced to life imprisonment in south africa.
1964/--/-- 109 - an earthquake in alaska causes extensive damage and 114 fatalities.
1964/--/-- 109 - architect eero saarinen's st. louis arch memorial is completed.
1964/--/-- 109 - arno penzias and robert wilson discover the existence of background radiation.
1964/--/-- 109 - beatlemania develops during the first u.s. tour of the beatles pop group.
1964/--/-- 109 - black female group the supremes record the hit song where did our love go.
1964/--/-- 109 - britain grants independence to malawi; h. kamuzu banda becomes prime minister.
1964/--/-- 109 - britain grants independence to zambia; kenneth d. kaunda becomes president.
1964/--/-- 109 - britain grants independence to zanzibar.
1964/--/-- 109 - clint eastwood stars in sergio leone's "spaghetti western" a fistful of dollars.
1964/--/-- 109 - comedian lenny bruce is convicted for giving an obscene performance.
1964/--/-- 109 - craig breedlove sets a land speed record of 600 mph in a jet-powered vehicle.
1964/--/-- 109 - frelimo begins a war of independence against the portuguese in mozambique.
1964/--/-- 109 - faisal succeeds his brother saud as king of saudi arabia.
1964/--/-- 109 - fighting breaks out on cyprus between greek and turkish cypriots.
1964/--/-- 109 - general westmoreland is appointed to command the u.s. forces in south vietnam.
1964/--/-- 109 - gulf of tonkin incident
1964/--/-- 109 - gustavo diaz ordaz becomes president of mexico.
1964/--/-- 109 - ian smith becomes prime minister of rhodesia (now zimbabwe).
1964/--/-- 109 - illustrator maurice sendak wins a caldecott medal for where the wild things are.
1964/--/-- 109 - indian prime minister jawaharlal nehru dies; he is succeeded by lal bahadur shastri.
1964/--/-- 109 - johnson is reeelected as u.s. president; humphrey becomes vice-president (1965).
1964/--/-- 109 - julie andrews and dick van dyke star in the film mary poppins.
1964/--/-- 109 - muhammad ali defeats sonny liston for the heavyweight boxing championship.
1964/--/-- 109 - north vietnam allegedly attacks u.s. vessels in the gulf of tonkin.
1964/--/-- 109 - peter weiss' play marat/ sade is produced by british director peter brook.
1964/--/-- 109 - physicists murray gell-mann and george zweig propose the quark theory.
1964/--/-- 109 - soviet leader nikitakhrushchev is forced from office; aleksei kosygin becomes premier.
1964/--/-- 109 - tanganyika joins with zanzibar to form the united republic of tanzania.
1964/--/-- 109 - the american ranger 7 spacecraft transmits photos of the surface of the moon.
1964/--/-- 109 - the labour party is elected to power in britain; harold wilson becomes prime minister.
1964/--/-- 109 - the palestine liberation organization (plo) is formed to represent palestinians.
1964/--/-- 109 - the sr-71 blackbird reconnaissance aircraft is flown for the first time.
1964/--/-- 109 - the soviet voskhod 1 spacecraft is launched with a three-man crew.
1964/--/-- 109 - the tonkin gulf resolution escalates the use of u.s. personnel in vietnam.
1964/--/-- 109 - the u.s. civil rights act prohibits discrimination in employment.
1964/--/-- 109 - the u.s. surgeon general reports that cigarette smoking is a health hazard.
1964/--/-- 109 - the verrazano-narrows bridge opens in new york.
1964/--/-- 109 - the warren commission decides that oswald was the sole assassin of john f. kennedy.
1964/10/-- 110 - world series nl st. louis (4) al new york (3)
1965/--/-- 110 - actress and singer barbara streisand stars in the broadway musical funny girl.
1965/--/-- 110 - american pop artist james rosenquist paints f-111.
1965/--/-- 110 - american writer norman mailer publishes an american dream.
1965/--/-- 110 - an attempted communist coup leads to military rule in indonesia under suharto.
1965/--/-- 110 - an electrical blackout in the northeastern u.s. affects 30 million people.
1965/--/-- 110 - astronaut edward h. white becomes the first american to walk in space.
1965/--/-- 110 - astronauts virgil grissom and john young orbit the earth in the first gemini spacecraft.
1965/--/-- 110 - bob dylan "like a rolling stone"
1965/--/-- 110 - british fashion designer mary quant introduces the miniskirt.
1965/--/-- 110 - civil war breaks out in the dominican republic; u.s. troops restore order.
1965/--/-- 110 - demonstrations against vietnam war
1965/--/-- 110 - gemini 6 and 7 spacecraft make the first rendezvous in space.
1965/--/-- 110 - houari boumedienne deposes president ahmed ben bella of algeria.
1965/--/-- 110 - irish writer edna o'brien publishes august is a wicked month.
1965/--/-- 110 - martin luther king, jr. leads a civil rights march from selma to montgomery, alabama.
1965/--/-- 110 - mobutu sese seko seizes control in the congo (zaire) for the second time.
1965/--/-- 110 - more than 180,000 u.s. troops are deployed in vietnam by the end of the year.
1965/--/-- 110 - neil simon's play the odd couple opens on broadway starring walter matthau.
1965/--/-- 110 - nicolae ceausescu succeeds gheorghe gheorghiu-dej as romanian leader.
1965/--/-- 110 - north vietnamese army units are in action in south vietnam for the first time.
1965/--/-- 110 - race riots begin in the watts section of los angeles.
1965/--/-- 110 - rhodesia (zimbabwe) makes a unilateral declaration of independence from britain.
1965/--/-- 110 - singapore secedes from malaysia; lee kuan yew remains as prime minister.
1965/--/-- 110 - soviet cosmonaut aleksei leonov makes the first space walk.
1965/--/-- 110 - the black muslim leader malcolm x is assassinated in new york city.
1965/--/-- 110 - the houston astrodome, the first covered stadium, is completed in texas.
1965/--/-- 110 - the mariner 4 spacecraft passes within 6,118 miles of the planet mars.
1965/--/-- 110 - the second india-pakistan war begins in kashmir.
1965/--/-- 110 - the u.s. government establishes medicare and medicaid health programs.
1965/--/-- 110 - the vietnam war escalates as the u.s. begins bombing north vietnam.
1965/10/-- 111 - world series nl los angeles (4) al minnesota (3)
1966/--/-- 111 - american writer bernard malamud publishes the fixer.
1966/--/-- 111 - american writer truman capote publishes in cold blood.
1966/--/-- 111 - art treasures are ruined during severe floods in florence, italy.
1966/--/-- 111 - gen. yakubu gowon heads a military government after a countercoup in nigeria.
1966/--/-- 111 - hippie movement
1966/--/-- 111 - indian prime minister lal bahadur shastri dies; he is succeeded by indira gandhi.
1966/--/-- 111 - john jack lynch becomes prime minister of ireland.
1966/--/-- 111 - john v. lindsay becomes mayor of new york city.
1966/--/-- 111 - mao tse-tung begins china's cultural revolution.
1966/--/-- 111 - nigerian prime minister abubakar tafawa balewa is killed in a military coup.
1966/--/-- 111 - president de gaulle withdraws french forces from nato.
1966/--/-- 111 - president kwame nkrumah is ousted in a military coup in ghana.
1966/--/-- 111 - realist sculptor george segal completes the direct-cast plaster group the diner.
1966/--/-- 111 - south african prime minister hendrik verwoerd is assassinated.
1966/--/-- 111 - the american surveyor 1 spacecraft achieves the first soft-landing on the moon.
1966/--/-- 111 - the british hawker harrier becomes the first vtol (vertical takeoff and landing) aircraft.
1966/--/-- 111 - the soviet luna 9 space probe makes the first landing on the moon.
1966/--/-- 111 - the soviets mediate to end the india-pakistan war.
1966/--/-- 111 - the first major rally against the vietnam war takes place in washington, d.c.
1966/--/-- 111 - tom stoppard's play rosencrantz and guildenstern are dead is produced.
1966/10/-- 112 - world series nl los angeles (0) al baltimore (4)
1967/--/-- 112 - a civil war breaks out in nigeria after the secession of the state of biafra.
1967/--/-- 112 - a fire kills u.s. astronauts white, grissom and chaffee during a launch test.
1967/--/-- 112 - a military junta seizes control in greece; king constantine ii is exiled.
1967/--/-- 112 - american writer joyce carol oates publishes a garden of earthly delights.
1967/--/-- 112 - britain grants aden independence as the people's democratic republic of yemen.
1967/--/-- 112 - colombian writer gabriel garcia marquez publishes one hundred years of solitude.
1967/--/-- 112 - dr. christiaan barnard performs the first successful human heart transplant.
1967/--/-- 112 - dustin hoffman stars in mike nichols' film the graduate.
1967/--/-- 112 - gen. anastasio somoza debayle is elected president of nicaragua.
1967/--/-- 112 - israeli 6-day war
1967/--/-- 112 - latin american guerrilla leader che guevara is killed in bolivia.
1967/--/-- 112 - nguyen van thieu becomes president of south vietnam.
1967/--/-- 112 - peter fonda and dennis hopper star in the motorcycle film easy rider.
1967/--/-- 112 - quarterback joe namath sets a one-season record by passing for 4,007 yards.
1967/--/-- 112 - r. buckminster fuller designs a geodesic dome for the u.s. pavilion at expo '67.
1967/--/-- 112 - radio astronomers jocelyn bell burnell and antony hewish discover the first pulsar.
1967/--/-- 112 - sidney poitier and rod steiger star in the film in the heat of the night.
1967/--/-- 112 - soviet cosmonaut vladimir komarov is killed during the landing of soyuz 1.
1967/--/-- 112 - tennis player billie jean king wins the u.s. open championship for the first time.
1967/--/-- 112 - the beatles "sgt. pepper"
1967/--/-- 112 - the north american soccer league (nasl) is formed.
1967/--/-- 112 - the six-day war between israel and the arab states ends with israeli victory.
1967/--/-- 112 - the x-15 research aircraft establishes a speed record of mach 6.7 (4,520 mph).
1967/--/-- 112 - the hippie musical revue hair is produced.
1967/--/-- 112 - the residents of gibraltar vote to remain a british crown colony.
1967/--/-- 112 - thurgood marshall becomes the first black member of the u.s. supreme court.
1967/--/-- 112 - warren beaty and faye dunaway star in arthur penn's film bonnie and clyde.
1967/--/-- 112 - yachtsman francis chichester completes the first solo voyage around the world.
1967/04/04 112 *** arnold, flossie beatrice [great niece] - died hoopeston, vermillion county, illinois
1967/10/-- 113 - world series nl st. louis (4) al boston (3)
1968/--/-- 113 - american skater peggy fleming wins the singles title at the winter olympic games.
1968/--/-- 113 - american track star bob beamon beats the olympic long jump record by almost 2 feet.
1968/--/-- 113 - american writer tom wolfe publishes the electric kool-aid acid test.
1968/--/-- 113 - anti-war demonstrators clash with police at the democratic convention in chicago.
1968/--/-- 113 - arthur ashe becomes the first black player to win a major men's tennis title.
1968/--/-- 113 - carlos castaneda publishes the teachings of don juan: a yaqui way of knowledge.
1968/--/-- 113 - civil rights leader martin luther king, jr. is assassinated.
1968/--/-- 113 - dick fosbury uses the fosbury flop to win the olympic gold medal for the high jump.
1968/--/-- 113 - filmmaker mel brooks directs, produces and appears in the producers.
1968/--/-- 113 - filmmaker stanley kubrick directs 2001: a space odyssey.
1968/--/-- 113 - french downhill skier jean claude killy wins three olympic gold medals.
1968/--/-- 113 - french filmmaker henri costa-gavras directs z.
1968/--/-- 113 - jacqueline kennedy marries the greek shipping millionaire aristotle onassis.
1968/--/-- 113 - kubrick "2001"
1968/--/-- 113 - may days mini-revolution
1968/--/-- 113 - more than 500,000 u.s. troops are deployed in vietnam.
1968/--/-- 113 - oceanographic ship glomar challenger begins the deep-sea drilling project.
1968/--/-- 113 - omar torrijos herrera overthrows the government of arnulfo arias in panama.
1968/--/-- 113 - pierre trudeau succeeds lester pearson as prime minister of canada.
1968/--/-- 113 - polish filmmaker roman polanski directs rosemary's baby.
1968/--/-- 113 - portuguese dictator antonio de oliveira salazar is succeeded by marcello caetano.
1968/--/-- 113 - president johnson announces he will not seek a second term of office.
1968/--/-- 113 - presidential candidate robert f. kennedy is assassinated.
1968/--/-- 113 - spain grants independence to equatorial guinea.
1968/--/-- 113 - spanish operatic tenor placido domingo debuts at the metropolitan opera.
1968/--/-- 113 - student-worker revolts almost topple the goverment of charles de gaulle in france.
1968/--/-- 113 - the apollo 8 spacecraft makes the first manned orbit of the moon.
1968/--/-- 113 - the catholic minority in northern ireland demonstrate for british rights.
1968/--/-- 113 - the federal gun control act regulates the interstate commerce in firearms.
1968/--/-- 113 - the saturn rocket lifts the apollo 7 spacecraft into low earth orbit.
1968/--/-- 113 - the u.s. navy intelligence gathering ship pueblo is seized by north korea.
1968/--/-- 113 - the viet cong launch the tet offensive in vietnam.
1968/--/-- 113 - u.s. troops massacre vietnamese civilians at my lai.
1968/--/-- 113 - vietnam war begins
1968/--/-- 113 - warsaw pact forces invade czechoslovakia to counter increasing liberalization.
1968/10/-- 114 - world series nl st. louis (3) al detroit (4)
1969/--/-- 114 - a rock-music festival at woodstock, n.y, attracts a crowd of 500,000.
1969/--/-- 114 - american astronauts neil armstrong and buzz aldrin land on the moon.
1969/--/-- 114 - american writer kurt vonnegut, jr. publishes slaughterhouse-five.
1969/--/-- 114 - australian rod laver becomes the only tennis player to win the grand slam twice.
1969/--/-- 114 - british filmmaker ken russell directs glenda jackson in women in love.
1969/--/-- 114 - british writer john fowles publishes the french lieutenant's woman.
1969/--/-- 114 - catholics and protestants clash in northern ireland; british troops restore order.
1969/--/-- 114 - charles manson and his followers kill actress sharon tate and six of her friends.
1969/--/-- 114 - col. muammar al-qaddafi seizes control in libya; king idris is deposed.
1969/--/-- 114 - dustin hoffman and jon voight star in john schlesinger's film midnight cowboy.
1969/--/-- 114 - edward kennedy's female companion dies in a car accident off the chappaquiddick bridge.
1969/--/-- 114 - gen. gaafar al-nimeiry seizes power in sudan.
1969/--/-- 114 - general de gaulle resigns; georges pompidou becomes president of france.
1969/--/-- 114 - golda meir becomes prime minister of israel after the death of levi eshkol.
1969/--/-- 114 - ira provisionals launch a terrorist campaign against british troops in ireland.
1969/--/-- 114 - liberal czech leader alexander dubcek is replaced by gustav husak.
1969/--/-- 114 - nixon is inaugurated as the 37th u.s. president; agnew becomes vice-president.
1969/--/-- 114 - nudity shocks audiences in kenneth tynan's broadway revue oh! calcutta!.
1969/--/-- 114 - paul newman and robert redford star in butch cassidy and the sundance kid.
1969/--/-- 114 - president ayub khan is deposed by gen. muhammad yahya khan in pakistan.
1969/--/-- 114 - president nixon begins to withdraw u.s. forces from vietnam.
1969/--/-- 114 - richard m. nixon (republican) becomes president of the united states
1969/--/-- 114 - the anglo-french supersonic transport concorde makes its first flight.
1969/--/-- 114 - the children's television workshop series sesame street is first shown.
1969/--/-- 114 - the monty python's flying circus television program premiers in britain.
1969/--/-- 114 - the immigration of salvadorans into honduras leads to a brief border war.
1969/--/-- 114 - willy brandt succeeds kurt kiesinger as chancellor of west germany.
1969/--/-- 114 - yasir arafat becomes chairman of the palestine liberation organization (plo).
1969/10/-- 115 - world series nl new york (4) al baltimore (1)
1970/--/-- 115 - american writer maya angelou publishes i know why the caged bird sings.
1970/--/-- 115 - australian tennis player margaret smith court wins the grand slam.
1970/--/-- 115 - britain grants independence to fiji.
1970/--/-- 115 - bruno kreisky succeeds josef klaus as chancellor of austria.
1970/--/-- 115 - cartoonist garry trudeau begins satirizing public figures and politics in doonesbury.
1970/--/-- 115 - civil war begins in jordan between government forces and palestinian guerrillas.
1970/--/-- 115 - civil war begins in jordan between government forces and palestinian guerrillas.
1970/--/-- 115 - donald sutherland stars in robert altman's anti-war film m*a*s*h.
1970/--/-- 115 - epa established to enforce clean air act
1970/--/-- 115 - edward heath becomes conservative prime minister of britain.
1970/--/-- 115 - egyptian president gamal abdel nasser dies; he is succeeded by anwar al-sadat.
1970/--/-- 115 - former defense minister hafez al-assad seizes power in syria.
1970/--/-- 115 - french filmmaker eric rohmer directs claire's knee.
1970/--/-- 115 - george c. scott stars in the academy award winning film patton.
1970/--/-- 115 - marxist leader salvadore allende is elected president of chile.
1970/--/-- 115 - norman borlaug wins the nobel peace prize for breeding miracle wheat strains.
1970/--/-- 115 - ohio national guardsmen kill four kent state students during an anti-war protest.
1970/--/-- 115 - president nixon orders an incursion into cambodia to combat the khmer rouge.
1970/--/-- 115 - riots in poland force wladyslaw gomulka to resign in favor of edward gierek.
1970/--/-- 115 - rock music guitarist jimi hendrix dies from a drug overdose.
1970/--/-- 115 - sihanouk is deposed in cambodia; khmer rouge seize the western provinces.
1970/--/-- 115 - sixties energy wins smaller battles: feminism, ecology...
1970/--/-- 115 - songwriting duo simon and garfunkel record bridge over troubled water.
1970/--/-- 115 - the amtrak intercity rail passenger service is created by act of congress.
1970/--/-- 115 - the apollo 13 crew return to earth after an explosion aboard their command module.
1970/--/-- 115 - the beatles pop group is disbanded.
1970/--/-- 115 - the boeing 747 jumbo jet airliner enters service.
1970/--/-- 115 - the environmental protection agency (epa) is established in the u.s.
1970/--/-- 115 - the soviet space probe venera 7 transmits the first data from the surface of venus.
1970/--/-- 115 - the building of the aswan high dam is completed in egypt.
1970/--/-- 115 - the civil war ends between nigeria and the breakaway state of biafra.
1970/--/-- 115 - u.s. invades cambodia
1970/--/-- 115 - writer and feminist germaine greer publishes the female eunuch.
1970/10/-- 116 - world series nl cincinnati (1) al baltimore (4)
1971/--/-- 116 - alistair cooke begins hosting the pbs television series masterpiece theatre.
1971/--/-- 116 - american film actor and director clint eastwood stars in dirty harry.
1971/--/-- 116 - andrew lloyd webber's rock-opera jesus christ superstar opens on broadway.
1971/--/-- 116 - austrian kurt waldheim succeeds u thant as un secretary general.
1971/--/-- 116 - british actor dirk bogard stars in luchino visconti's film death in venice.
1971/--/-- 116 - chilean poet pablo neruda wins the nobel prize for literature.
1971/--/-- 116 - col. hugo banzer suarez seizes power in bolivia in a military coup.
1971/--/-- 116 - daniel ellsberg releases copies of the pentagon papers to the new york times.
1971/--/-- 116 - east pakistan declares its independence from west pakistan, beginning a civil war.
1971/--/-- 116 - erich honecker becomes the head of state for east germany.
1971/--/-- 116 - ice hockey player phil esposito scores a record 76 goals in 78 games.
1971/--/-- 116 - jean claude duvalier succeeds his father as president of haiti.
1971/--/-- 116 - joe frazier defeats muhammad ali for the heavyweight boxing title.
1971/--/-- 116 - lt. william calley is found guilty of killing vietnamese civilians at my lai.
1971/--/-- 116 - prime minister brian faulkner begins the internment of ira suspects in northern ireland.
1971/--/-- 116 - prime minister milton obote is ousted by idi amin dada in uganda.
1971/--/-- 116 - south vietnamese troops and u.s. aircraft combat communist forces in laos.
1971/--/-- 116 - soviet "salyut 1" space station
1971/--/-- 116 - soyuz 11 docks with salyut 1; three cosmonauts die during the return to earth.
1971/--/-- 116 - the congo is renamed as the republic of zaire.
1971/--/-- 116 - the lunar rover explores the moon's surface during the apollo 15 mission.
1971/--/-- 116 - the republic of china (taiwan) loses its un seat; communist china is admitted.
1971/--/-- 116 - the support of india wins independence for east pakistan (renamed as bangladesh).
1971/10/-- 117 - world series nl pittsburgh (4) al baltimore (3)
1972/--/-- 117 - alabama governor george wallace is shot in an assassination attempt.
1972/--/-- 117 - american b-52 aircraft bomb hanoi and haiphong in north vietnam.
1972/--/-- 117 - american bobby fischer defeats russian world chess champion boris spassky.
1972/--/-- 117 - american feminist gloria steinem founds ms. magazine.
1972/--/-- 117 - american swimmer mark spitz wins a record seven olympic gold medals.
1972/--/-- 117 - an earthquake kills 10,000 in the nicaraguan capital of managua.
1972/--/-- 117 - apollo 17 makes the last manned moon landing.
1972/--/-- 117 - ceylon changes its name to sri lanka (meaning beautiful island).
1972/--/-- 117 - ddt insecticide is banned in the u.s.
1972/--/-- 117 - ddt is banned
1972/--/-- 117 - filmmaker francis ford coppola directs marlon brando in the godfather.
1972/--/-- 117 - german writer heinrich boll receives the nobel prize for literature.
1972/--/-- 117 - japanese novelist kawabata yasunari commits suicide.
1972/--/-- 117 - liza minnelli stars in bob fosse's film cabaret.
1972/--/-- 117 - marlon brando stars in bernardo bertolucci's film last tango in paris.
1972/--/-- 117 - mujibur rahman becomes prime minister of bangladesh.
1972/--/-- 117 - palestinian terrorists kill 11 israeli athletes at the munich olympics.
1972/--/-- 117 - president ferdinand marcos imposes martial law in the philippines.
1972/--/-- 117 - president nixon authorizes the space shuttle program.
1972/--/-- 117 - president nixon makes his historic trip to peking to meet mao tse-tung.
1972/--/-- 117 - richard leakey discovers a hominid skull 2.6 million years old in northern kenya.
1972/--/-- 117 - soviet gymnast olga korbut wins three olympic gold medals.
1972/--/-- 117 - the british government assumes direct rule of northern ireland.
1972/--/-- 117 - the labor party is elected in australia with gough whitlam as prime minister.
1972/--/-- 117 - the viet cong and north vietnamese renew their offensive in south vietnam.
1972/--/-- 117 - the watergate affair begins with the arrest of five burglars at democratic party headquarters.
1972/10/-- 118 - world series nl cincinnati (3) al oakland (4)
1973/--/-- 118 - a right-wing military coup in chile overthrows allende's marxist government.
1973/--/-- 118 - aleksandr solzhenitsyn publishes the first volume of the gulag archipelago.
1973/--/-- 118 - american novelist thomas pynchon publishes gravity's rainbow.
1973/--/-- 118 - american playwright thornton wilder publishes the novel theophilus north.
1973/--/-- 118 - animal behavioralists lorenz, tinbergen and von frisch share the nobel prize.
1973/--/-- 118 - billy friedkin "the exorcist"
1973/--/-- 118 - britain grants independence to the bahama islands.
1973/--/-- 118 - charles xvi gustav succeeds gustav vi adolf as king of sweden.
1973/--/-- 118 - congress passes the endangered species act.
1973/--/-- 118 - egypt and syria attack israel on yom kippur (a jewish religious holiday).
1973/--/-- 118 - endangered species act
1973/--/-- 118 - film actor al pacino stars as an undercover policeman in serpico.
1973/--/-- 118 - great britain, denmark and ireland become full-fledged members of the eec.
1973/--/-- 118 - henry kissinger and le duc tho share the nobel peace prize.
1973/--/-- 118 - juan d. peron returns to power as president of argentina.
1973/--/-- 118 - nixon resigns over watergate
1973/--/-- 118 - novelist, poet, and feminist erica jong publishes fear of flying.
1973/--/-- 118 - opec begins an oil embargo against europe, the u.s. and japan.
1973/--/-- 118 - pop recording artist billy joel releases his first album piano man.
1973/--/-- 118 - senator sam ervin, jr. heads a committee to investigate the watergate break-in.
1973/--/-- 118 - solzhenitsyn "gulag archipelago"
1973/--/-- 118 - swedish actor max von sydow stars in the supernatural film the exorcist.
1973/--/-- 118 - the american indian movement occupy the site of wounded knee in a political protest.
1973/--/-- 118 - the arab-israeli war ends after 18 days with a un negotiated cease-fire.
1973/--/-- 118 - the paris peace accords end the vietnam war.
1973/--/-- 118 - the pioneer 10 spacecraft makes a rendezvous with the planet jupiter.
1973/--/-- 118 - the skylab manned orbiting laboratory is launched.
1973/--/-- 118 - the u.s. begins a total military withdrawal from south vietnam.
1973/--/-- 118 - the washington post receives the pulitzer prize for reporting the watergate scandal.
1973/--/-- 118 - the world trade center in new york city becomes the tallest building in the world.
1973/--/-- 118 - vice-president spiro agnew resigns after he is charged with accepting bribes.
1973/--/-- 118 - vietnam war ends
1973/--/-- 118 - war powers act
1973/--/-- 118 - watergate prosecutor archibald cox is dismissed for demanding the nixon tapes.
1973/06/21 119 *** harlan, walter t. [great nephew] - died
1973/10/-- 119 - world series nl new york (3) al oakland (4)
1974/--/-- 119 - a military coup in portugal leads to democratic reforms.
1974/--/-- 119 - american tennis player chris evert wins a record 56 consecutive matches.
1974/--/-- 119 - american tennis player jimmy connors wins the u.s. open tournament for the first time.
1974/--/-- 119 - american writer stephen king publishes the horror novel carrie.
1974/--/-- 119 - an army of life-size pottery figures is discovered in a ch'in dynasty tomb in china.
1974/--/-- 119 - archbishop makarios is deposed, prompting a turkish invasion of cyprus.
1974/--/-- 119 - baseball player hank aaron breaks babe ruth's record of 714 home-runs.
1974/--/-- 119 - emperor haile selassie is deposed in a military coup in ethiopia.
1974/--/-- 119 - former astronaut john glenn is elected to the u.s. senate.
1974/--/-- 119 - general augusto pinochet ugarte becomes president of chile.
1974/--/-- 119 - gerald r. ford (republican) becomes president of the united states
1974/--/-- 119 - helmut schmidt becomes chancellor of west germany.
1974/--/-- 119 - isabel peron becomes president of argentina after the death of her husband.
1974/--/-- 119 - james michener publishes centennial, a historical novel of the american west.
1974/--/-- 119 - konstantinos g. karamanlis becomes prime minister of greece.
1974/--/-- 119 - patricia hearst is abducted by members of the symbionese liberation army (sla).
1974/--/-- 119 - portugal recognizes the independence of guinea-bissau.
1974/--/-- 119 - president ford grants richard nixon a pardon for any crimes committed in office.
1974/--/-- 119 - president giscard d'estaing appoints jacques chirac prime minister of france.
1974/--/-- 119 - president nixon resigns; gerald r. ford is inaugurated as the 38th u.s. president.
1974/--/-- 119 - reiner werner fassbinder "ali-- fear eats the soul"
1974/--/-- 119 - south african golfer gary player achieves the grand slam.
1974/--/-- 119 - soviet ballet dancer mikhail baryshnikov defects to the west.
1974/--/-- 119 - the house judiciary committee votes to impeach president nixon.
1974/--/-- 119 - the mariner 10 spacecraft passes within 438 miles of the planet mercury.
1974/--/-- 119 - the sears tower in chicago surpasses the world trade center as the tallest building.
1974/--/-- 119 - the crisis on cyprus causes the collapse of the military regime in greece.
1974/--/-- 119 - willy brandt is forced to resign after an east german spy is discovered on his staff.
1974/--/-- 119 - yitzhak rabin succeeds golda meir as prime minister of israel.
1974/10/-- 120 - world series nl los angeles (1) al oakland (4)

in 1854 transportation was by:
          foot
          horse
          bicycle
          train
          steamboat
by 1974 transportation was by:
          balloon
          car & bus
          diesel ship
          propeller airplane
          helicopter
          jet
          nuclear ship
          space travel
in addition.
by 1974 transportation by:
          horse
          steamboat
          balloon
had been discontinued.

in 1854 communications was by:
          word of mouth
          post office
          telegraph
by 1974 communications was by:
          telephone
in addition.
by 1974 communications by:
          telegraph
had been discontinued.

in 1854 food preparation was by:
          wood
by 1974 food preparation was by:
          gas
          electric
          refrigeration
          dish washer
          garbage disposal
in addition.
by 1974 food preparation by:
          wood
had been discontinued.

in 1854 entertainment was by:
          social intercourse
          organized sports
          travel
          professional sports
          movies
          radio
          television
          theme parks
          computer

in 1854 health care was by:
          operations
          anesthetic
          x-rays
          mri

in 1854 war making was by:
          calvary
          gun
          artillery
          submarine
by 1974 war making was by:
          machine guns
          assault rifle
          tank
          iron clad ships
          tnt
          mines
          chemical agents
          biological agents
          aeroplane
          helicopter
          missiles
          atomic bomb
          satellites
in addition.
by 1974 war making by:
          calvary
had been discontinued.

in 1854 navigation was by:
          stars & maps
          compass
by 1974 navigation was by:
          radio signals
          radar
in addition.

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