Bristow, Sarah - F 1691/03/13

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                              The Life of Bristow, Sarah
1691/03/13 to ----/--/-- female No children
...Date... AGE Event
1691/--/-- -1 - Juana Ines de la Cruz writes a defense of women's rights Reply to Sister Philotea.
1691/--/-- -1 - The Irish rebellion ends with the Treaty of Limerick.
1691/03/13 0 *** Bristow, Sarah - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1692/--/-- 0 - Port Royal in Jamaica is destroyed by an earthquake; the city of Kingston is founded.
1692/--/-- 0 - Salem Witchcraft Trials, MASS
1692/--/-- 0 - The Macdonald clan are massacred by the Campbells at Glencoe in Scotland.
1692/--/-- 0 - The first English patent for a wallpaper design is issued.
1692/--/-- 0 - Witchcraft trials are held at Salem in New England.
1693/--/-- 1 - James Blair founds William and Mary College in Williamsburg, Virginia.
1693/--/-- 1 - John Ray publishes the first major classification of animals.
1694/--/-- 2 - The Academie Francaise introduces the first French national dictionary.
1694/--/-- 2 - The Bank of England is founded.
1694/06/17 3 *** Bristow, Nicholas [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow) Middlesex County Virginia
1694/12/28 3 - William III rules as sole King.
1696/--/-- 4 *** Bristow, James [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1696/--/-- 4 - Russia annexes the Kamchatka Peninsula.
1696/--/-- 4 - Russian tsar Peter the Great captures Azov from the Turks.
1696/--/-- 4 - The Chinese under K'ang-hsi defeat the Dzungar Mongol chieftain Galdan.
1696/--/-- 4 - William III campaigns in Holland against the French.
1697/--/-- 5 - Augustus II elector of Saxony becomes king of Poland.
1697/--/-- 5 - French poet Charles Perrault publishes the Tales From Mother Goose.
1697/--/-- 5 - Russian tsar Peter the Great sets out to study the European way of life.
1697/--/-- 5 - Sir John Vanbrugh's play The Relapse is produced in London.
1697/--/-- 5 - The Habsburg army under Eugene of Savoy defeats the Turks at Zenta.
1697/--/-- 5 - The Treaty of Ryswick ends the War of the Grand Alliance.
1698/--/-- 6 - Calcutta is founded by the British East India Company.
1698/--/-- 6 - Russian tsar Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards.
1698/--/-- 6 - Thomas Savery invents a water pump -- the first practical application of steam power.
1699/--/-- 7 - Austria, Russia, Poland and Venice sign the Peace of Karlowitz treaty with Turkey.
1699/--/-- 7 - Francis Moore's Vox stellarum, known as Old Moore's Almanac, is published.
1699/--/-- 7 - Japanese master ceramicist Ogata Kenzan opens his kiln at Narutaki.
1699/--/-- 7 - Peter the Great changes the Russian New Year from September 1 to January 1.
1699/--/-- 7 - William Dampier explores the northwest coast of Australia.
1700/--/-- 8 - Charles II of Spain dies, ending the Spanish Habsburg line.
1700/--/-- 8 - Johann Denner invents the clarinet about this time.
1700/--/-- 8 - Kabuki Theater develops in Japan about this time.
1700/--/-- 8 - Peter the Great's Russian army is defeated by the Swedes at the Battle of Narva.
1700/--/-- 8 - Philip V, grandson of Louis XIV, becomes the first Bourbon king of Spain.
1700/--/-- 8 - The Great Northern War begins; Denmark, Poland and Russia attack Sweden.
1700/--/-- 8 - The Swedes under Charles XII defeat the Danes.
1700/--/-- 8 - The rococo style is introduced into French architecture about this time.
1700/--/-- 8 - William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World is produced in London.
1701/--/-- 9 - Captain Kidd is hanged for piracy.
1701/--/-- 9 - Frederick I Elector of Saxony proclaims himself the first king of Prussia.
1701/--/-- 9 - French artist Hyacinthe Rigaud paints a portrait of Louis XIV.
1701/--/-- 9 - The Act of Settlement in Britain establishes the Hanoverian succession to the throne.
1701/--/-- 9 - The War of the Spanish Succession begins.
1701/--/-- 9 - Yale University is founded in New Haven, Connecticut.
1702/--/-- 10 - Anne succeeds William III as queen of England.
1702/--/-- 10 - England declares war on France and Spain.
1702/--/-- 10 - French fur traders found Vincennes, the first permanent European settlement in Indiana.
1702/--/-- 10 - Queen Anne's War begins in America; the British attack Saint Augustine in Florida.
1702/--/-- 10 - The Camisards (French Huguenots) rebel in southern France.
1702/--/-- 10 - The French under the duc de Villars defeat the Grand Alliance at Friedlingen.
1702/--/-- 10 - The first daily newspaper The Daily Courant is published in London.
1702/--/-- 10 - The royal colony of New Jersey is founded in America.
1702/04/03 11 - Anne crowned Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Tho
1703/--/-- 11 - Archduke Charles of Austria claims the Spanish throne for the Habsburgs.
1703/--/-- 11 - Buckingham Palace is rebuilt for the Duke of Buckingham in London.
1703/--/-- 11 - Peter the Great lays the foundations of St. Petersburg (Leningrad).
1704/--/-- 12 - Augustus II is deposed; Stanislaw I is crowned king of Poland.
1704/--/-- 12 - Issac Newton publishes his theory of color and light in Opticks.
1704/--/-- 12 - John Campbell founds the Boston News-Letter, the first successful American newspaper.
1704/--/-- 12 - The Duke of Marlborough and Eugene of Savoy defeat the French at Blenheim.
1704/--/-- 12 - The English capture Gibraltar from Spain.
1704/--/-- 12 - The Indians and the French massacre British settlers in Deerfield, Mass.
1704/12/07 13 *** Stark, Margaret (Bristow) & Bristow, William [Brother] - Married
1705/--/-- 13 - Edmund Halley predicts that the comet of 1682 will return in 1758.
1705/--/-- 13 - Nicolas Hawksmoor designs Blenheim Palace for the Duke of Marlborough.
1705/--/-- 13 - The English Navy occupies Barcelona.
1706/--/-- 14 - Eugene of Savoy defeats the French at Turin and drives them from Italy.
1706/--/-- 14 - George Farquhar's comedy The Recruiting Officer is produced.
1706/--/-- 14 - The Duke of Marlborough conquers the Spanish Netherlands.
1706/09/20 15 *** Bristow, Robert [Great Grandfather] - Died London, Middlesex, England
1707/--/-- 15 *** Bristow, Robert [Grandfather] - Died
1707/--/-- 15 - Emperor Aurangzeb dies; the Mogul empire begins to decline in India.
1707/--/-- 15 - Great Britain is formed by the Act of Union between England and Scotland.
1707/--/-- 15 - John V succeeds Peter II as king of Portugal.
1707/--/-- 15 - Mount Fuji erupts in Japan; an earthquake kills 200,000 in Tokyo.
1707/--/-- 15 - The British attack the French colony of Acadia (Nova Scotia).
1707/--/-- 15 - The Duke of Berwick routs the allied forces at Almanza in Spain.
1707/03/-- 15 - Act of Union combines England and Scotland as Kingdom of Great Britain.
1707/10/23 16 *** Owen, John & Bristow, Michal (Owen) [Sister] - Married
1708/--/-- 16 - French forces under Vendome are defeated by Marlborough at Oudenarde.
1708/--/-- 16 - Sikh leader Guru Gobind Singh is assassinated; the Moguls persecute the Sikhs.
1708/--/-- 16 - The British capture the island of Minorca from Spain.
1709/--/-- 17 - Abraham Darby builds a blast furnace using coke for casting iron.
1709/--/-- 17 - Charles XII of Sweden flees to the Ottoman Empire.
1709/--/-- 17 - Italian musician Bartolommeo Cristofori invents the piano.
1709/--/-- 17 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Poltava.
1709/--/-- 17 - Steele and Addison's periodical The Tatler is published in London.
1709/--/-- 17 - The Duke of Marlborough defeats the French at the Battle of Malplaquet.
1709/--/-- 17 - The first Copyright Act becomes law in Britain.
1709/06/04 18 *** Bristow, Edward [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1710/--/-- 18 - Augustus II regains the Polish throne.
1710/--/-- 18 - Charles XII persuades the Turks to attack Russia.
1710/--/-- 18 - French forces under Vendome defeat the allies at Villaviciosa in Spain.
1710/--/-- 18 - George Berkeley publishes a Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge.
1710/--/-- 18 - The British seize Acadia (Nova Scotia) from the French.
1710/--/-- 18 - The Meissen porcelain factory is founded near Dresden in Germany.
1711/--/-- 19 - Joseph I dies; Charles VI is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
1711/--/-- 19 - Publication of The Tatler ceases; Steele and Addison introduce The Spectator.
1711/--/-- 19 - The French found the first permanent settlement in Alabama at Mobile.
1711/--/-- 19 - The Tuscarora War begins in North Carolina when Indians massacre 130 colonists.
1711/--/-- 19 - The building of the baroque Zwinger complex begins in Dresden, Germany.
1711/01/08 19 *** Goodloe, Mary (Carter, Bristow) & Bristow, John [Father] - Married 2nd wife
1712/--/-- 20 *** Bristow, Anne (Seale) [Sister] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1712/--/-- 20 - Carolina is divided into north and south colonies.
1712/--/-- 20 - English poet Alexander Pope publishes The Rape of the Lock.
1712/--/-- 20 - The New England whaling industry expands rapidly with the hunting of sperm whales.
1713/--/-- 21 - Emperor Charles VI issues the Pragmatic Sanction, allowing for a female heir.
1713/--/-- 21 - France cedes Acadia (Nova Scotia) and Newfoundland to Britain.
1713/--/-- 21 - Frederick William I succeeds Frederick I as king of Prussia.
1713/--/-- 21 - Sicily is ceded to the House of Savoy; Victor Amadeus II is crowned as king.
1713/--/-- 21 - Spain cedes Gibraltar and Minorca to Britain.
1713/--/-- 21 - The Asiento Treaty establishes British rights to the African slave trade.
1713/--/-- 21 - The Peace of Utrecht ends the War of Spanish Succession.
1713/02/02 21 *** Bristow, William [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1713/08/10 22 *** Bristow, Jedediah [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Goodloe, Mary (Carter, Bristow)
1714/--/-- 22 - German composer George Frideric Handel makes London his permanent home.
1714/--/-- 22 - Grinling Gibbons is appointed as master carver in wood to George I.
1714/--/-- 22 - Queen Anne of England dies; she is succeeded by George I, Elector of Hanover.
1714/10/20 23 - George I crowned King of Great Britain at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison, A
1715/--/-- 23 - A Jacobite uprising supports James Edward as the Old Pretender to the British throne.
1715/--/-- 23 - French King Louis XIV dies; he is succeeded by his five-year-old great-grandson Louis XV.
1715/--/-- 23 - French author Alain Rene Lesage publishes the Adventures of Gil Blas.
1715/--/-- 23 - Japan's leading playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon writes The Battles of Coxinga.
1715/--/-- 23 - Phillipe II Duc d'Orleans becomes regent of France.
1715/--/-- 23 - The Yamasee Indians rebel against British settlers in South Carolina.
1715/08/15 24 *** Bristow, Mary (Ammons) [Sister] - Born to Bristow, John and Goodloe, Mary (Carter, Bristow)
1716/--/-- 24 *** Bristow, Chichester [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Goodloe, Mary (Carter, Bristow)
1716/--/-- 24 - Emperor Charles VI declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
1716/09/10 25 *** Bristow, Michal (Owen) [Sister] - Died
1716/10/10 25 *** Bristow, John [Father] - Died Middlesex County, Saluda, Virginia
1717/--/-- 25 - Eugene of Savoy captures Belgrade from the Turks.
1717/--/-- 25 - French artist Antoine Watteau paints the Pilgrimage to Cythera.
1717/--/-- 25 - John Law forms the Mississippi Company in France.
1717/--/-- 25 - Spain seizes Sardinia and Sicily.
1717/--/-- 25 - The first freemason lodge is formed in London.
1718/--/-- 26 - Charles XII of Sweden is killed during a campaign against Norway.
1718/--/-- 26 - Spain establishes the Viceroyalty of New Granada in South America.
1718/--/-- 26 - Sultan Ahmed III concludes the Treaty of Passarowitz with the Holy Roman Empire.
1718/--/-- 26 - The English pirate Blackbeard is killed by the Virginia militia.
1718/--/-- 26 - The French found New Orleans in Louisiana.
1718/--/-- 26 - The Quadruple Alliance of Austria, Britain, France and the Dutch declare war on Spain.
1718/--/-- 26 - Voltaire writes the tragedy of Oedipe while imprisoned in the Bastille.
1718/05/17 27 *** Bristow, Charles [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1719/--/-- 27 - English writer Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe.
1719/--/-- 27 - James Figg becomes the first heavyweight boxing champion of England.
1719/--/-- 27 - Liechtenstein becomes an independent principality of the Holy Roman Empire.
1719/--/-- 27 - Teams from London and Kent play one of the first cricket matches.
1720/--/-- 28 - The Mississippi Scheme speculation craze collapses in France.
1720/--/-- 28 - The Quadruple Alliance defeats Spain; Spain renounces all claims to Sicily and Sardinia.
1720/--/-- 28 - The South Sea Bubble speculation craze collapses in England.
1720/--/-- 28 - Tibet becomes a protectorate of China.
1720/--/-- 28 - Victor Amadeus II surrenders Sicily to Austria in exchange for Sardinia.
1721/--/-- 29 - German composer Johann Sebastian Bach writes the Brandenburg Concertos.
1721/--/-- 29 - Italian composer Alessandro Scarlatti writes his opera Griselda.
1721/--/-- 29 - Prime minister Robert Walpole restores public confidence in Britain's finances.
1721/--/-- 29 - The French settle on the island of Mauritius.
1721/--/-- 29 - The Great Northern War ends; Sweden loses most of her overseas possessions.
1721/06/25 30 *** Bristow, John [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, Nicholas and Gardner, Mary (Bristow) Middlesex County Virginia
1722/--/-- 30 - Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen discovers Samoa and Easter Island.
1722/--/-- 30 - English author Daniel Defoe publishes Moll Flanders.
1722/--/-- 30 - The Afghans invade Persia (Iran) and overthrow the Safavid rulers.
1722/07/17 31 *** Bristow, Michal [Niece] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1724/--/-- 32 - The British build Fort Dummer, the first permanent European settlement in Vermont.
1724/--/-- 32 - The Quakers make a statement opposing slavery.
1725/--/-- 33 - Danish explorer Vitus Bering begins his voyage in search of a Northeast Passage.
1725/--/-- 33 - Francisco Romero establishes the current style of Spanish bullfighting.
1725/--/-- 33 - Peter the Great dies; his wife Catherine I succeeds him as Empress of Russia.
1725/05/04 34 *** Bristow, Anne [Niece] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1726/--/-- 34 - Alexander Pope completes his translation of Homer's Odyssey.
1726/--/-- 34 - Cardinal Andre Fleury becomes chief advisor to Louis XV.
1726/--/-- 34 - English satirist Jonathan Swift publishes Gulliver's Travels.
1726/--/-- 34 - The Spanish found Montevideo in Uruguay.
1727/--/-- 35 - Catherine I dies; Peter II succeeds her as Emperor of Russia.
1727/--/-- 35 - George II succeeds his father George I as king of Great Britain and Ireland.
1727/--/-- 35 - The Spanish lay siege to Gibraltar.
1727/10/11 36 - George II crowned King of Great Britain at Westminster Abbey by William Wake, Ar
1728/--/-- 36 - Chambers's Cyclopedia; or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences is issued.
1728/--/-- 36 - Danish navigator Vitus Bering explores Bering Strait.
1728/--/-- 36 - English poet and playwright John Gay writes The Beggar's Opera.
1728/--/-- 36 - James Gibbs' Book of Architecture influences Colonial American designs.
1728/--/-- 36 - John Harrison begins his development of an accurate chronometer.
1728/05/14 37 *** Bristow, Elizabeth [Niece] - Born to Bristow, William
1729/--/-- 37 - Corsica rebels against Genoese rule.
1729/--/-- 37 - Denmark assumes control of Greenland.
1729/--/-- 37 - English actress Kitty Clive establishes her reputation at the Drury Lane Theatre.
1729/--/-- 37 - The city of Baltimore is founded in Maryland.
1729/--/-- 37 - The city of Karachi is founded in India (now in Pakistan).
1730/--/-- 38 - Canaletto paints the Basin of San Marco, one of his many views of Venice.
1730/--/-- 38 - Construction of the Province-hall (now Independence Hall) begins in Philadelphia.
1730/--/-- 38 - Peter II dies; he is succeeded by Anna as Empress of Russia.
1731/--/-- 39 - French novelist Abbe Prevost writes Manon Lescaut.
1731/--/-- 39 - John Hadley invents the quadrant for navigating at sea.
1731/--/-- 39 - The Gentleman's Magazine, the first magazine, is published in London.
1732/--/-- 40 - Benjamin Franklin publishes Poor Richard's Almanack in Philadelphia.
1732/--/-- 40 - Covent Garden Opera House opens in London.
1732/--/-- 40 - Nadir Shah expels the Afghans from Persia (Iran) and reinstates Safavid rule.
1732/--/-- 40 - Nicola Salvi designs the Trevi Fountain in Rome.
1732/--/-- 40 - William Hogarth completes his series of engravings The Harlot's Progress.
1733/--/-- 41 - James Oglethorpe founds the colony of Georgia and the city of Savannah.
1733/--/-- 41 - John Kay invents the flying shuttle to increase the speed of weaving machines.
1733/--/-- 41 - Nadir Shah defeats the Turks and occupies Bagdhad.
1733/--/-- 41 - Stanislaw I is elected king of Poland with the support of Louis XV of France.
1733/--/-- 41 - The War of Polish Succession begins.
1734/--/-- 42 *** Bristow, Nicholas [Brother] - Died Middlesex County, Virginia
1734/--/-- 42 - Stanislaw I is deposed; Augustus III is installed as king of Poland.
1735/--/-- 43 - Antonio de Ulloa discovers the element platinum in South America.
1735/--/-- 43 - George Hadley proposes the Hadley cell, a circulation system for the atmosphere.
1736/--/-- 44 - Ch'ien-lung becomes emperor of China.
1736/--/-- 44 - French artist Maurice Quentin de La Tour paints his Portrait of Voltaire.
1736/--/-- 44 - Nadir assumes the title of Shah of Persia and founds the Afshar dynasty.
1736/--/-- 44 - Parliament passes the Gin Act to discourage public drunkenness in England.
1736/--/-- 44 - Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler begins writing his Mechanica.
1737/--/-- 45 - William Mayo founds the city of Richmond, Virginia.
1738/--/-- 46 - A porcelain factory is established in France at Vincennes; it moves later to Sevres.
1738/--/-- 46 - Bernoulli publishes Hydrodynamica, stating his law of hydrodynamics.
1738/--/-- 46 - George Whitefield precipitates the Great Awakening religious revival in America.
1738/--/-- 46 - The Treaty of Vienna concludes the War of the Polish Succession; Stanislaw I abdicates.
1738/--/-- 46 - The excavation of Herculaneum begins in Italy.
1739/--/-- 47 - John Wesley founds the Methodist religious movement.
1739/--/-- 47 - Mutilation of an English sea captain by the Spanish leads to the War of Jenkins' Ear.
1739/--/-- 47 - The British under Admiral Vernon raid Spanish settlements in the West Indies.
1739/--/-- 47 - The Persians under Nadir Shah defeat the Mogul army and destroy Delhi.
1740/--/-- 48 - Anna Empress of Russia dies; she is succeeded by Elizabeth in 1741.
1740/--/-- 48 - Charles VI's daughter Maria Theresa succeeds to the Austrian Habsburg empire.
1740/--/-- 48 - English novelist Samuel Richardson writes Pamela; or Virtue Rewarded.
1740/--/-- 48 - Frederick II (Frederick the Great) assumes the Prussian throne.
1740/--/-- 48 - Frederick II of Prussia invades the Habsburg province of Silesia.
1740/--/-- 48 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI dies; the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
1740/--/-- 48 - Scottish philosopher David Hume writes his Treatise of Human Nature.
1740/--/-- 48 - The British under James Oglethorpe attack Spanish possessions in Florida.
1741/--/-- 49 - George Frideric Handel composes the Messiah.
1741/--/-- 49 - Prussia forms an anti-Habsburg coalition with Bavaria, Spain and France.
1741/12/14 50 *** Bristow, Thompson [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, Jedediah and Thompson, Catherine (Bristow)
1742/--/-- 50 - A Spanish invasion of Georgia is defeated by British forces under James Oglethorpe.
1742/--/-- 50 - Maria Theresa makes peace with Frederick II; Silesia is ceded to Prussia.
1742/--/-- 50 - Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius invents the Celsius scale for temperature.
1742/--/-- 50 - The Anti-Habsburg coalition elects Charles VII as Holy Roman Emperor.
1742/--/-- 50 - The cast iron Franklin stove is invented by Benjamin Franklin.
1742/11/15 51 *** Bristow, William [Brother] - Died
1743/--/-- 51 - An English porcelain factory is established at Chelsea in London.
1743/--/-- 51 - The first permanent bullring is built in Madrid.
1744/--/-- 52 - King George's War begins in North America between Britain and France.
1744/--/-- 52 - Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab founds the Wahhabi Muslim sect about this time.
1745/--/-- 53 - Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) leads a second Jacobite rebellion.
1745/--/-- 53 - Giovanni Piranesi begins his etchings of Carceri d'Invenzione (Imaginary Prisons).
1745/--/-- 53 - Louis XV installs the Marquise de Pompadour as his official mistress.
1745/--/-- 53 - Maria Theresa's husband Francis succeeds Charles VII as Holy Roman Emperor.
1745/--/-- 53 - The British under Pepperrell capture the French fortress of Louisburg in Canada.
1745/--/-- 53 - The French under the Comte de Saxe defeat Austrian, English and Dutch forces at Fontenoy.
1745/--/-- 53 - The Treaty of Dresden confirms Prussian control of Silesia.
1746/--/-- 54 - Britain and France struggle for the domination of India; France seizes Madras.
1746/--/-- 54 - Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) is defeated at Culloden.
1746/--/-- 54 - English actor David Garrick becomes the manager of the Drury Lane Theatre.
1746/--/-- 54 - Ferdinand VI succeeds Philip V as king of Spain.
1746/--/-- 54 - Princeton University is founded in New Jersey.
1747/--/-- 55 - Nadir Shah of Persia (Iran) is assassinated.
1747/--/-- 55 - The Ohio Company is formed to promote settlement west of the Appalachians.
1747/--/-- 55 - The Pathans defeat the Persians; Ahmad Shah Sadozai founds a new dynasty.
1747/03/01 55 *** Bristow, William [Great Nephew] - Born to Bristow, John Christ Church Parrish, Middlesex, Virginia
1748/--/-- 56 - English artist Thomas Gainsborough paints Robert Andrews and Mary, His Wife.
1748/--/-- 56 - French political philosopher Montesquieu writes The Spirit of the Laws.
1748/--/-- 56 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
1749/--/-- 57 - English novelist Henry Fielding writes Tom Jones.
1749/--/-- 57 - Italian dramatist Carlo Goldoni writes La Putta honorata (The Respectable Girl).
1749/--/-- 57 - The British found Halifax in Nova Scotia as a military base.
1750/--/-- 58 - American frontiersman Christopher Gist explores the Ohio River region.
1750/--/-- 58 - Baal Shem Tov founds the Jewish sect of Hasidism about this time.
1750/--/-- 58 - Poona becomes the capital of the Maratha confederacy in India.
1750/--/-- 58 - The Afshars are replaced by the Zand dynasty in Persia (Iran); Shiraz becomes the capital.
1750/--/-- 58 - The Conestoga wagon develops in Pennsylvania about this time.
1750/--/-- 58 - The neoclassical movement in art develops in Europe about this time.
1750/--/-- 58 - The waltz becomes a popular dance in Europe about this time.
1751/--/-- 59 - English novelist Tobias Smollett writes The Expedition of Humphrey Clinker.
1751/--/-- 59 - English soldier Robert Clive captures Arcot in India.
1751/--/-- 59 - Jean Etienne Guettard produces the first geological maps of France.
1751/--/-- 59 - The Worcester Royal Porcelain Company is founded in England.
1751/--/-- 59 - The first volume of Diderot's Encyclopedie is published.
1751/09/28 60 *** Bristow, James [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, Jedediah and Elinor
1752/--/-- 60 - Benjamin Franklin invents the lightning conductor.
1752/--/-- 60 - French artist Francois Boucher paints Mademoiselle O'Murphy.
1752/--/-- 60 - Italian artist Tiepolo paints the Marriage of Frederick Barbarossa.
1753/--/-- 61 - Swedish biologist Carolus Linnaeus publishes his system of plant classification.
1753/--/-- 61 - The British Museum is founded in London.
1754/--/-- 62 - French attacks against the English in Ohio lead to the last French and Indian War.
1754/--/-- 62 - Italian architect Rastrelli designs the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg (Leningrad).
1754/--/-- 62 - The Royal and Ancient Golf Club is founded at Saint Andrews in Scotland.
1754/--/-- 62 - Thomas Chippendale publishes The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker's Directory.
1755/--/-- 63 - Adventurer and lover Casanova is arrested in Venice for witchcraft.
1755/--/-- 63 - Pasquale Paoli founds an independent state in Corsica.
1755/--/-- 63 - Samuel Johnson publishes his Dictionary of the English Language.
1755/--/-- 63 - The British under Braddock are defeated by the French at Fort Duquesne.
1755/--/-- 63 - The French population of Acadia (Nova Scotia) is deported by the British.
1755/--/-- 63 - The Lisbon earthquake kills 50,000.
1755/05/19 64 *** Bristow, Benjamin [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, Jedediah and Elinor
1756/--/-- 64 - 123 British soldiers are alleged to have died in the Black Hole of Calcutta in Bengal, India.
1756/--/-- 64 - French general Montcalm captures Fort Oswego and dominates the Great Lakes.
1756/--/-- 64 - The Seven Years' War begins with a Prussian attack on Austria.
1756/--/-- 64 - William Pitt (the Elder) becomes prime minister of Britain.
1757/--/-- 65 - Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Franco-Austrian army at Rossbach.
1757/--/-- 65 - Robert Clive defeats the nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey in India.
1758/--/-- 66 - Americans and British regulars under General Forbes capture Fort Duquesne.
1758/--/-- 66 - The Burmese overthrow the Mons; Rangoon becomes the new capital of Burma.
1758/--/-- 66 - The French under Montcalm defeat the British at Fort Ticonderoga.
1759/--/-- 67 - French poet and dramatist Voltaire publishes his philosophical novel Candide.
1759/--/-- 67 - Josiah Wedgwood establishes his first pottery works.
1759/--/-- 67 - The Botanical Gardens are founded at Kew in London.
1759/--/-- 67 - The British defeat the French at Niagara; Amherst captures Fort Ticonderoga.
1759/--/-- 67 - The British under Wolfe defeat Montcalm at Quebec; Wolfe dies from his wounds.
1759/--/-- 67 - The Russians defeat Frederick II at Kunersdorf.
1760/--/-- 68 - English architect Robert Adam begins the design of Syon House.
1760/--/-- 68 - English novelist Laurence Sterne publishes the first volumes of Tristram Shandy.
1760/--/-- 68 - George II dies; he is succeeded by his grandson George III as king of England.
1760/--/-- 68 - The British under Amherst capture Montreal, ending French resistance in North America.
1760/--/-- 68 - The Russians invade Prussia and burn Berlin.
1761/--/-- 69 - Franz Josef Haydn becomes court composer to Prince Esterhazy.
1761/09/02 70 - George III crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Tho
1762/--/-- 70 - American Indian religious leader, the Delaware Prophet, is active in the Ohio Valley.
1762/--/-- 70 - Britain seizes Cuba and the Philippines from Spain.
1762/--/-- 70 - British animal painter George Stubbs completes the Horse Attacked by a Lion.
1762/--/-- 70 - Catherine II (Catherine the Great) succeeds her husband as empress of Russia.
1762/--/-- 70 - France cedes Louisiana to Spain to prevent British control of the region.
1762/--/-- 70 - French philosopher Rousseau publishes The Social Contract and Emile.
1762/--/-- 70 - Peter III succeeds Elizabeth as emperor of Russia, but is deposed and murdered.
1762/--/-- 70 - The Russians end their alliance with Austria against Prussia.
1762/--/-- 70 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart performs at the Imperial court in Vienna at age 6.
1763/--/-- 71 - Augustus III dies; he is succeeded (1764) by Stanislaw II, the last king of Poland.
1763/--/-- 71 - Britain returns Cuba and the Philippines to Spain in exchange for Florida.
1763/--/-- 71 - France cedes Canada and all territories east of the Mississippi River to Britain.
1763/--/-- 71 - France recognizes British dominance in India.
1763/--/-- 71 - French forces withdraw from Germany; Prussia retains Silesia.
1763/--/-- 71 - James Boswell meets Samuel Johnson for the first time.
1763/--/-- 71 - The Ottawa chief Pontiac leads an uprising against the British.
1763/--/-- 71 - The Treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years' War and the French and Indian Wars.
1763/--/-- 71 - The Wahhabi Saudis begin to establish control over Arabia.
1764/--/-- 72 *** Bristow, James [Brother] - Died
1764/--/-- 72 - German historian Johann Winckelmann publishes his History of the Art of Antiquity.
1764/--/-- 72 - Thomas Chatterton forges the Rowley poems at the age of 12.
1765/--/-- 73 - Francis I dies; he is succeeded by Joseph II as Holy Roman Emperor.
1765/--/-- 73 - French artist Francois Boucher is appointed court painter to Louis XV.
1765/--/-- 73 - George Grenville's Stamp Act imposes a tax on all publications in the American colonies.
1765/--/-- 73 - Horace Walpole publishes his Gothic novel The Castle of Otranto.
1765/--/-- 73 - Lancelot Capability Brown designs the gardens at Blenheim Palace.
1765/--/-- 73 - Robert Clive is appointed governor of Bengal in India.
1765/--/-- 73 - Samuel Adams helps to found the Sons of Liberty to oppose the Stamp Act.
1765/--/-- 73 - Sir William Blackstone begins his Commentaries on the Laws of England.
1766/--/-- 74 - Anglo-Irish author Oliver Goldsmith publishes The Vicar of Wakefield.
1766/--/-- 74 - English chemist Henry Cavendish isolates hydrogen gas for the first time.
1766/--/-- 74 - French artist Jean Honore Fragonard paints The Swing.
1766/--/-- 74 - German dramatist and critic Gotthold Ephraim Lessing publishes Laocoon.
1766/--/-- 74 - The Declaratory Act imposes Parliament's right to make laws in the colonies.
1766/--/-- 74 - The Nautical Almanac provides the first practical method for determining longitude.
1766/--/-- 74 - The Stamp Act is repealed after strong opposition from American colonists.
1767/--/-- 75 *** Powell, Margaret (Bristow) & Bristow, William [Great Nephew] - Married
1767/--/-- 75 - German composer Christoph Willibald Gluck writes his opera Alceste.
1767/--/-- 75 - German-Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn publishes Phaedon.
1767/--/-- 75 - The Burmese destroy the Siam capital of Ayutthaya; the Bangkok Period begins.
1767/--/-- 75 - The Mason-Dixon line establishes the Pennsylvania-Maryland boundary.
1767/--/-- 75 - The Townshend Acts impose a tax on imports to North America.
1768/--/-- 76 - Genoa sells its rights in Corsica to France.
1768/--/-- 76 - Joshua Reynolds becomes the first president of the Royal Academy in London.
1768/--/-- 76 - Louis Antoine de Bougainville claims the Pacific island of Tahiti for France.
1768/--/-- 76 - The Russo-Turkish War is renewed.
1768/--/-- 76 - The first weekly numbers of the Encyclopaedia Britannica are issued.
1769/--/-- 77 - American pioneer Daniel Boone explores a route through the Cumberland Gap.
1769/--/-- 77 - French forces in Corsica defeat Pasquale Paoli; Corsica becomes a province of France.
1769/--/-- 77 - James Watt patents a condenser to improve the performance of steam engines.
1769/--/-- 77 - Ottawa Indian chief Pontiac is assassinated by a Peoria Indian.
1769/--/-- 77 - Richard Arkwright invents a spinning frame to mechanize cotton weaving.
1769/--/-- 77 - The Comtesse du Barry becomes the official mistress to Louis XV.
1769/--/-- 77 - The Gurkhas conquer Nepal.
1770/--/-- 78 - A brawl between British troops and colonists leads to the Boston Massacre.
1770/--/-- 78 - British explorer James Bruce discovers the source of the Blue Nile.
1770/--/-- 78 - English artist Thomas Gainsborough paints The Blue Boy.
1770/--/-- 78 - English navigator James Cook explores New Zealand and the east coast of Australia.
1770/--/-- 78 - Lord North becomes prime minister of Britain.
1770/--/-- 78 - Louis, the future king of France, marries Marie Antoinette.
1770/--/-- 78 - The British Parliament repeals the Townshend Acts.
1770/--/-- 78 - Thomas Jefferson begins building Monticello, his house in Virginia.
1771/--/-- 79 - Governor Tyron defeats the Regulators (dissident farmers) in North Carolina.
1771/--/-- 79 - Gustav III succeeds his father as king of Sweden.
1772/--/-- 80 - American artist Benjamin West paints The Death of Wolfe.
1772/--/-- 80 - English artist Joshua Reynolds paints a Portrait of Samuel Johnson.
1772/--/-- 80 - Poland is partitioned among Russia, Prussia and Austria.
1773/--/-- 81 - American colonists throw British tea into Boston Harbor during the Boston Tea Party.
1773/--/-- 81 - Anglo-Irish author Oliver Goldsmith writes the play She Stoops to Conquer.
1773/--/-- 81 - Calcutta is established as the capital of British India.
1773/--/-- 81 - Don Cossack Yemelian Pugachev leads the Peasant's Revolt in Russia.
1773/--/-- 81 - Pope Clement XIV persecutes the Jesuits.
1774/--/-- 82 - Britain passes the Intolerable Acts and closes the port of Boston.
1774/--/-- 82 - British scientist Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen.
1774/--/-- 82 - Edmund Burke's speech On American Taxation defends the colony's rights.
1774/--/-- 82 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe publishes The Sorrows of Young Werther.
1774/--/-- 82 - Louis XV dies; he is succeeded by his grandson Louis XVI as king of France.
1774/--/-- 82 - Rhode Island becomes the first state to abolish slavery.
1774/--/-- 82 - The Quebec Act grants religious liberty to Roman Catholics in Canada.
1774/--/-- 82 - The Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji ends the Russo-Turkish War.
1774/--/-- 82 - The first Continental Congress meets and condemns Britain's Intolerable Acts.
1774/--/-- 82 - Warren Hastings is appointed as the first Governor-General of British India.
1775/--/-- 83 - American patriot Patrick Henry states "Give me liberty, or give me death."
1775/--/-- 83 - Americans under Montgomery occupy Montreal, but fail to capture Quebec.
1775/--/-- 83 - British troops and colonial militia clash at Lexington, starting the American Revolution.
1775/--/-- 83 - British troops suffer heavy losses at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
1775/--/-- 83 - French dramatist Caron de Beaumarchais writes the Barber of Seville.
1775/--/-- 83 - Paul Revere rides to Lexington to warn of approaching British troops.
1775/--/-- 83 - Revolutionary War Begins
1775/--/-- 83 - The Continental Congress chooses George Washington to head the Continental Army.
1776/--/-- 84 - American General Charles Lee is captured by the British.
1776/--/-- 84 - Ann Lee establishes a Shaker community at Wartervliet in New York.
1776/--/-- 84 - British forces are evacuated from Boston.
1776/--/-- 84 - British forces under Sir Henry Clinton bombard Charleston harbor.
1776/--/-- 84 - Charles Burney publishes the first volume of A General History of Music.
1776/--/-- 84 - David Bushnell's submarine the Turtle makes an abortive attack on British ships.
1776/--/-- 84 - Economist Adam Smith publishes the Wealth of Nations.
1776/--/-- 84 - Edward Gibbon publishes the first volume of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
1776/--/-- 84 - Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin organizes the Russian Black Sea fleet.
1776/--/-- 84 - Howe defeats Washington at White Plains; Washington retreats across the Delaware.
1776/--/-- 84 - Nathan Hale is executed by the British as a spy.
1776/--/-- 84 - Swiss banker Jacques Necker is appointed director of the treasury by Louis XVI.
1776/--/-- 84 - The British under Howe defeat Washington on Long Island and occupy New York.
1776/--/-- 84 - The Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence.
1776/--/-- 84 - The Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress) literary movement begins in Germany.
1776/--/-- 84 - Thomas Paine publishes his Revolutionary War pamphlet Common Sense.
1776/--/-- 84 - Washington defeats British forces at Trenton and Princeton (1777).
1777/--/-- 85 - Burgoyne capitulates to Horatio Gates' American forces at Saratoga.
1777/--/-- 85 - Christianity is introduced into Korea.
1777/--/-- 85 - French chemist Lavoisier proves that air is composed of oxygen and nitrogen.
1777/--/-- 85 - General Burgoyne captures Ticonderoga and defeats the Americans in Pennsylvania.
1777/--/-- 85 - Richard Brinsley Sheridan's comedy The School for Scandal is produced.
1777/--/-- 85 - The British under Howe capture Philadelphia, forcing Congress to flee.
1777/--/-- 85 - The British under Howe defeat Washington's Continental Army at Brandywine Creek.
1777/--/-- 85 - The Continental Congress adopts the Stars and Stripes as the American flag.
1777/--/-- 85 - The Marquis de Lafayette offers his services to the Continental Congress.
1777/--/-- 85 - Washington's Continental Army spends a hard winter at Valley Forge.
1778/--/-- 86 - English novelist Fanny Burney writes Evelina.
1778/--/-- 86 - France enters the American War of Independence in support of the colonies.
1778/--/-- 86 - Franz Anton Mesmer opens a Paris practice to treat patients using magnetism.
1778/--/-- 86 - John Singleton Copley paints Watson and the Shark.
1778/--/-- 86 - La Scala opera house opens in Milan, Italy.
1778/--/-- 86 - Portugal transfers its rights in Equatorial Guinea to Spain.
1778/--/-- 86 - Washington clashes with British forces under Clinton at Monmouth, N.J.
1779/--/-- 87 - American forces under Sullivan campaign against the Iroquois on the New York border.
1779/--/-- 87 - An American squadron led by John Paul Jones attacks British shipping.
1779/--/-- 87 - British explorer James Cook is killed by natives on Hawaii.
1779/--/-- 87 - George Rogers Clark recaptures Vincennes from the British.
1779/--/-- 87 - Samuel Crompton develops his spinning mule for England's cotton industry.
1779/--/-- 87 - Samuel Johnson begins writing The Lives of the Poets
1779/--/-- 87 - Spain declares war on Britain and lays siege to Gibraltar.
1779/--/-- 87 - War breaks out between Dutch settlers and the Xhosas in South Africa.
1780/--/-- 88 - Americans under Horatio Gates are defeated by Cornwallis at Camden, S.C.
1780/--/-- 88 - Andre's capture exposes Benedict Arnold's plot to surrender West Point.
1780/--/-- 88 - English spy John Andre is caught and executed by the Americans.
1780/--/-- 88 - Francis Marion and Thomas Sumter lead guerrilla forces against the British.
1780/--/-- 88 - Luigi Galvani begins experiments on the effect of electricity on nerves and muscles.
1780/--/-- 88 - Maria Theresa dies; Joseph II inherits the crown of Bohemia and Hungary.
1780/--/-- 88 - Peruvian Indians under Tupac Amaru revolt against Spainish rule.
1780/--/-- 88 - The British under Clinton occupy Charleston, S.C. and capture the garrison.
1780/--/-- 88 - The Derby horse race is established in England.
1780/--/-- 88 - The Gordon Riots begin in London against Catholic emancipation.
1780/--/-- 88 - Venetian artist Francesco Guardi paints the Gondola on the Lagoon.
1781/--/-- 89 - American forces under Daniel Morgan defeat the British at the Battle of Cowpens.
1781/--/-- 89 - English astronomer William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.
1781/--/-- 89 - German philosopher Immanuel Kant publishes his Critique of Pure Reason.
1781/--/-- 89 - The British defeat Hyder Ali the Muslim ruler of Mysore (now Karnataka) in India.
1781/--/-- 89 - The British under Cornwallis surrender to the Americans at Yorktown.
1781/--/-- 89 - The French aid Washington in the siege of Yorktown.
1782/--/-- 90 - Henry Grattan's Patriot party achieves legislative independence for Ireland.
1782/--/-- 90 - Kamehameha I begins a ten-year war for control of Hawaii.
1782/--/-- 90 - Peace talks open in Paris between Britain and America.
1782/--/-- 90 - Pierre Choderlos de Laclos writes Les Liaisons Dangereuses.
1782/--/-- 90 - Rama I founds the Chakkri dynasty in Siam (Thailand) with Bangkok as its capital.
1782/--/-- 90 - The design for the Great Seal of the United States is adopted by the Continental Congress.
1782/--/-- 90 - Tippu Sultan succeeds his father as ruler of Mysore (now Karnataka) in India.
1783/--/-- 91 - An earthquake kills 30,000 people at Calabria in Italy.
1783/--/-- 91 - Britain cedes all lands west to Mississippi River
1783/--/-- 91 - Britain recognizes the independence of the United States at the Treaty of Paris.
1783/--/-- 91 - British forces abandon New York, their last stronghold in North America.
1783/--/-- 91 - French scientist Jacques Charles demonstrates the first hydrogen-inflated balloon.
1783/--/-- 91 - Peace Treaty ends Revolutionary War
1783/--/-- 91 - Revolutionary War Ends
1783/--/-- 91 - Russia gains control of the Crimea after three centuries of Turkish rule.
1783/--/-- 91 - The British return Florida to Spain under the terms of the Treaty of Paris.
1783/--/-- 91 - The Montgolfier brothers make the first manned flight in a hot air balloon.
1783/--/-- 91 - William Pitt (the Younger) becomes prime minister of Britain at age 24.
1783/--/-- 91 - William Pitt II becomes English Prime Minister at 24
1784/--/-- 92 *** Bristow, Jedediah [Brother] - Died Buckingham, Virginia
1784/--/-- 92 - American inventor Oliver Evans develops the first automated flour mill.
1784/--/-- 92 - Ben Franklin invents bifocal eyeglasses
1784/--/-- 92 - French dramatist Caron de Beaumarchais writes the Marriage of Figaro.
1784/--/-- 92 - French neoclassical artist Jacques Louis David paints The Oath of Horatii.
1784/--/-- 92 - Grigory Shelekhov founds the first Russian colony in America at Kodiak Island, Alaska.
1784/--/-- 92 - Thomas Jefferson's proposes a ban on slavery in the western territories.
1785/--/-- 93 - English poet William Cowper publishes The Task.
1785/--/-- 93 - French navigator La Perouse sails to the Pacific to find the Northwest Passage.
1785/--/-- 93 - Jean Pierre Blanchard makes the first balloon flight across the English Channel.
1785/--/-- 93 - New York City becomes the temporary capital of the United States.
1785/--/-- 93 - Newspaper publisher John Walter founds The Times of London.
1786/--/-- 94 - Daniel Shays leads a rebellion against the state government in Massachusetts.
1786/--/-- 94 - First ice cream made commercially in NYC
1786/--/-- 94 - Francisco de Goya becomes court painter to Charles III of Spain.
1786/--/-- 94 - Frederick II dies; he is succeeded by his son Frederick William II as king of Prussia.
1786/--/-- 94 - Lord Cornwallis succeeds Warren Hastings as governor-general of India.
1786/--/-- 94 - Robert Burns publishes Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect.
1786/--/-- 94 - Shay's Rebellion, MASS
1786/--/-- 94 - Singapore, Penang and Melaka are ceded to Britain as the Straits Settlements.
1786/--/-- 94 - Swiss climbers make the first ascent of Mount Blanc.
1787/--/-- 95 - Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison write the first Federalist essays.
1787/--/-- 95 - American inventor John Fitch launches a steam-powered ferry boat on the Delaware.
1787/--/-- 95 - Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart writes the opera Don Giovanni.
1787/--/-- 95 - British reformer William Wilberforce declares his aims to abolish slavery.
1787/--/-- 95 - Constitutional Convention
1787/--/-- 95 - Henry Holland builds the first Royal Pavilion at Brighton for the Prince Regent.
1787/--/-- 95 - Royall Tyler's The Contrast becomes the first stage comedy to be produced in the U.S.
1787/--/-- 95 - The Assembly of Notables is summoned by Louis XVI to reform French taxation.
1787/--/-- 95 - The British found Freetown and establish Sierra Leone as a colony for freed slaves.
1787/--/-- 95 - The Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia to draw up a U.S. Constitution.
1787/--/-- 95 - The Continental Congress excludes slavery from the Northwest Territory.
1787/--/-- 95 - The Marylebone Cricket Club (M.C.C.) is formed in London, England.
1787/--/-- 95 - Turkey declares war on Russia, beginning a new Russo-Turkish War.
1788/--/-- 96 - "The Federalist" published
1788/--/-- 96 - A crop failure in France leads to bread riots.
1788/--/-- 96 - Austria joins Russia in the war against Turkey.
1788/--/-- 96 - Captain Arthur Phillip founds the first Australian penal colony at Sydney Cove.
1788/--/-- 96 - Constitution ratified
1788/--/-- 96 - French physicist Lagrange publishes his Analytical Mechanics.
1788/--/-- 96 - George III of England has his first attack of mental illness.
1788/--/-- 96 - Mozart composes 3 symphonies: E-flat, G minor and Jupiter in less than 7 weeks.
1788/--/-- 96 - Swedish forces under Gustav III attack Russia.
1788/--/-- 96 - Warren Hastings is impeached for maladministration in India.
1789/--/-- 97 - A National Assembly is declared in France, ending the power of the States-General.
1789/--/-- 97 - Alexander Hamilton becomes the first U.S. secretary of the treasury.
1789/--/-- 97 - Austrian forces capture Belgrade from the Turks.
1789/--/-- 97 - Bill of Rights adopted
1789/--/-- 97 - English poet and artist William Blake publishes Songs of Innocence.
1789/--/-- 97 - French Revolution begins
1789/--/-- 97 - French sculptor Jean Antoine Houdon makes busts of Jefferson and Washington.
1789/--/-- 97 - George Washington (Federalist) becomes president of the United States
1789/--/-- 97 - Jeremy Bentham publishes An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.
1789/--/-- 97 - Louis XVI is forced to capitulate; France becomes a constitutional monarchy.
1789/--/-- 97 - Mutinous sailors seize H.M.S. Bounty and take refuge on Pitcairn Island.
1789/--/-- 97 - The Federalist party is formed by supporters of the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
1789/--/-- 97 - The French National Assembly formulates a Declaration of the Rights of Man.
1789/--/-- 97 - The French Revolution begins with an attack on the Bastille.
1789/--/-- 97 - The Supreme Court of the United States is founded with John Jay as Chief Justice.
1789/--/-- 97 - The Tammany Hall political organization is founded in New York.
1789/--/-- 97 - The first national Thanksgiving Day is celebrated in the U.S.
1789/--/-- 97 - Tippu Sultan begins the Third Mysore War against the British in India.
1789/--/-- 97 - Washington is elected as the first U.S. president; John Adams becomes vice-president.
1789/--/-- 97 - Wm. Blake publishes "Songs of Innocence"
1790/--/-- 98 - Leopold II succeeds Joseph II as Holy Roman Emperor.
1790/--/-- 98 - New England captains extend whaling into the Pacific Ocean about this time.
1790/--/-- 98 - Philadelphia replaces New York as the temporary capital of the U.S.
1790/--/-- 98 - Seat of government moves from NYC to Philadelphia
1790/--/-- 98 - Sweden and Russia sign a peace treaty.
1790/--/-- 98 - The New York Stock Exchange is founded.
1790/--/-- 98 - The bolero Spanish dance is introduced about this time.
1790/--/-- 98 - Thomas Jefferson proposes a decimal (metric) system; Congress rejects the suggestion.
1791/--/-- 99 - Austria returns Belgrade to the Turks.
1791/--/-- 99 - Chinese author Ts'ao Hsueh-ch'in publishes The Dream of the Red Chamber.
1791/--/-- 99 - Emperor Joseph II ends the war between Austria and Turkey.
1791/--/-- 99 - James Boswell publishes his Life of Samuel Johnson.
1791/--/-- 99 - Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are captured while trying to leave France.
1791/--/-- 99 - Marquis de Sade writes the novel Justine from his prison cell.
1791/--/-- 99 - Miami Indian chief Little Turtle defeats an American force under General Arthur St. Clair.
1791/--/-- 99 - Mozart's opera The Magic Flute is performed for the first time.
1791/--/-- 99 - Pierre Charles L'Enfant designs the new U.S. capital of Washington, D.C.
1791/--/-- 99 - The Bill of Rights (the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution) is ratified.
1791/--/-- 99 - The First Bank of the United States is founded.
1791/--/-- 99 - The Province of Quebec is divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
1791/--/-- 99 - Thomas Paine publishes The Rights of Man in defense of the French revolution.
1791/--/-- 99 - Thomas Sheraton publishes The Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer's Drawing Book.
1791/--/-- 99 - Tom Paine "The Rights of Man"
1791/--/-- 99 - Toussaint l'Ouverture leads a slave revolt in Haiti against the French.
1791/--/-- 99 - Vermont becomes the 14th state of the Union.
1792/--/-- 100 - Architect James Hoban wins the competition to design the White House.
1792/--/-- 100 - Charles Bulfinch designs the Connecticut State House (now Hartford City Hall).
1792/--/-- 100 - First U.S. Trade Union of shoemakers
1792/--/-- 100 - France declares war on Austria and Prussia, beginning the French Revolutionary Wars.
1792/--/-- 100 - Francis II succeeds Leopold II to become the last Holy Roman Emperor.
1792/--/-- 100 - George Washington is reelected as president.
1792/--/-- 100 - German philosopher Fichte writes an Essay toward a Critique of All Revelations.
1792/--/-- 100 - Gustav III of Sweden is assassinated at a masquerade in Stockholm.
1792/--/-- 100 - Jefferson leads the Democratic-Republican party in opposition to the Federalists.
1792/--/-- 100 - Kentucky becomes the 15th state of the Union.
1792/--/-- 100 - Mary Wollstonecraft publishes A Vindication of the Rights of Women.
1792/--/-- 100 - New insurrections begin in France; Louis XVI is imprisoned by the Commune of Paris.
1792/--/-- 100 - Russia and Prussia invade Poland, which is still recovering from the Partition of 1772.
1792/--/-- 100 - Swiss scientist Aime Argand develops a practical oil lamp using a tubular wick.
1792/--/-- 100 - The Columbia River is discovered by Boston trader Robert Gray.
1792/--/-- 100 - The French Republic adopts the guillotine as a uniform method of execution.
1792/--/-- 100 - The French under Dumouriez halt the Prussians and defeat the Austrians at Jemappes.
1792/--/-- 100 - The National Convention proclaims France a Republic.
1792/--/-- 100 - The Treaty of Jasso ends the Russo-Turkish War.
1792/--/-- 100 - The dollar is selected as the U.S. unit of currency.
1792/--/-- 100 - Thomas Paine publishes the Rights of Man and is outlawed for treason in England.
1793/--/-- 101 - Britain, Holland, Spain and Sardinia form a new anti-French coalition.
1793/--/-- 101 - Eli Whitney invents cotton gin; revives dying slave economy of South
1793/--/-- 101 - Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.
1793/--/-- 101 - France adopts the metric system of measurement.
1793/--/-- 101 - France raises the first national army of conscripts to oppose the Coalition forces.
1793/--/-- 101 - French King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette executed
1793/--/-- 101 - French revolutionary Jean Paul Marat is murdered by Charlotte Corday.
1793/--/-- 101 - Fugitive Slave Act
1793/--/-- 101 - George Washington lays the cornerstone for the Capitol building in Washington D.C.
1793/--/-- 101 - J.-L. David paints "The Dead Marat"
1793/--/-- 101 - Jean Pierre Blanchard makes the first U.S. balloon flight in Philadelphia.
1793/--/-- 101 - Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are executed; the Reign of Terror begins in France.
1793/--/-- 101 - Russia and Prussia seize Polish lands as part of the Second Partition of Poland.
1794/--/-- 102 - Ann Ward Radcliffe publishes her gothic novel The Mysteries of Udolpho.
1794/--/-- 102 - French engineer Claude Chappe invents the semaphore signaling system.
1794/--/-- 102 - Jay's Treaty settles disputes between Britain and the U.S.
1794/--/-- 102 - Militia under General Henry Lee suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania.
1794/--/-- 102 - Robespierre's execution ends the Reign of Terror in France; the Thermidorian Reaction begins.
1794/--/-- 102 - Tadeusz Kosciuszko leads a revolt of Polish peasants against Russia.
1794/--/-- 102 - The British occupy the French island of Corsica for a two-year period.
1794/--/-- 102 - The Qajar (Kajar) dynasty is founded in Persia (Iran).
1794/--/-- 102 - U.S. forces under Anthony Wayne defeat the Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
1795/--/-- 103 - American artist Charles Wilson Peale paints the Staircase group.
1795/--/-- 103 - Austrian composer Franz Josef Haydn completes the 12 London symphonies.
1795/--/-- 103 - France claims the island of Hispaniola.
1795/--/-- 103 - Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the insurrectionists in Paris.
1795/--/-- 103 - Prussia and Spain sue for peace with France.
1795/--/-- 103 - Scottish explorer Mungo Park reaches the Gambia and Niger Rivers.
1795/--/-- 103 - Scottish geologist James Hutton publishes his Theory of the Earth.
1795/--/-- 103 - Spain recognizes U.S. claims to West Florida (Mississippi).
1795/--/-- 103 - Stanislaw II abdicates as the last king of Poland.
1795/--/-- 103 - The British capture Cape Province (South Africa) from the Dutch.
1795/--/-- 103 - The Constitution of 1795 establishes a Directory to rule France.
1795/--/-- 103 - The Methodists separate from the Church of England.
1795/--/-- 103 - The final Partition of Poland is made among Russia, Prussia and Austria.
1796/--/-- 104 - English novelist Fanny Burney publishes Camilla.
1796/--/-- 104 - English physician Edward Jenner develops vaccination against smallpox.
1796/--/-- 104 - George Washington declines to serve as president for a third term.
1796/--/-- 104 - Gilbert Stuart paints a portrait of Washington (used later on the dollar bill).
1796/--/-- 104 - John Adams is elected as the 2nd U.S. president; Jefferson becomes vice-president.
1796/--/-- 104 - Napoleon defeats the Austrian and Sardinian armies in Italy.
1796/--/-- 104 - Napoleon marries Josephine, the widow of the vicomte de Beauharnais.
1796/--/-- 104 - Napoleon restores Corsica to French rule.
1796/--/-- 104 - Samuel Hahnemann publishes his findings on homeopathic treatment.
1796/--/-- 104 - Spain sides with France in the war against Britain.
1796/--/-- 104 - Tennessee becomes the 16th state of the Union.
1796/--/-- 104 - The British seize Ceylon (Sri Lanka) from the Dutch.
1797/--/-- 105 - Austria cedes the Austrian Netherlands (present-day Belgium) to France.
1797/--/-- 105 - British wood engraver Thomas Bewick publishes A History of British Birds.
1797/--/-- 105 - David Thompson surveys the Mississippi headwaters for the North West Company.
1797/--/-- 105 - John Adams (Federalist) becomes president of the United States
1797/--/-- 105 - Nelson defeats the Spanish fleet at Cape St. Vincent, and the Dutch at Camperdown.
1797/--/-- 105 - The British capture the Spanish colony of Trinidad.
1797/--/-- 105 - The Directory appoint Talleyrand as minister of foreign affairs for France.
1797/--/-- 105 - The Treaty of Campo Formio ends the war of the First Coalition against France.
1797/--/-- 105 - The Venetian Republic is dissolved; Venice is ruled by Austria.
1798/--/-- 106 - Alien and Sedition Act
1798/--/-- 106 - America's first professional author Charles Brockden Brown publishes Wieland.
1798/--/-- 106 - Britain, Austria, Russia and Turkey form a Second Coalition against France.
1798/--/-- 106 - Economist Thomas Malthus publishes An Essay on the Principle of Population.
1798/--/-- 106 - Eli Whitney uses early mass production techniques to manufacture muskets.
1798/--/-- 106 - French armies occupy Rome and invade Switzerland, creating the Helvetic Republic.
1798/--/-- 106 - Haydn composes "The Creation"
1798/--/-- 106 - Lord Wellesley becomes governor-general of India.
1798/--/-- 106 - Napoleon's army invades Egypt and defeats the Mamelukes at the Battle of the Pyramids.
1798/--/-- 106 - The French fleet is destroyed by Nelson at Abukir Bay, cutting off Napoleon's forces in Egypt.
1798/--/-- 106 - The U.S. Congress passes the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts.
1798/--/-- 106 - The XYZ Affair leads to the Quasi War between France and the U.S.
1798/--/-- 106 - The territory of Mississippi becomes part of the United States.
1798/--/-- 106 - William Wordsworth publishes Lyrical Ballads with Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
1798/--/-- 106 - Wolfe Tone leads a revolt against the British by the Society of United Irishmen.
1798/04/-- 107 *** Bristow, William [Great Nephew] - Died Patrick County Virginia USA
1799/--/-- 107 - A 33,000 year-old frozen mammoth is discovered at the Lena River in Russia.
1799/--/-- 107 - Britain becomes the first nation to introduce a national income tax.
1799/--/-- 107 - City Hotel, the first American structure designed as a hotel, opens in New York.
1799/--/-- 107 - Humboldt and Bonpland begin their scientific expedition in South American.
1799/--/-- 107 - Napoleon attacks Syria to prevent a Turkish invasion of Egypt, but is defeated at Acre.
1799/--/-- 107 - Napoleon becomes Consul
1799/--/-- 107 - Napoleon returns to France as first consul; the Consulate replaces the Directory.
1799/--/-- 107 - Ranjit Singh establishes a Sikh kingdom in northwest India.
1799/--/-- 107 - Russian forces under Suvorov defeat the French in Italy, but are held at Zurich.
1799/--/-- 107 - The Rosetta Stone, the key to deciphering hieroglyphics, is discovered in Egypt.
1799/--/-- 107 - The Russian-American Company is founded to administer the Alaskan fur trade.
1799/--/-- 107 - Tippu Sultan is killed in battle with the British; the Mysore empire is destroyed.
1800/--/-- 108 - Black slave Gabriel leads an abortive uprising near Richmond, Virginia.
1800/--/-- 108 - France regains Louisiana from Spain under the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso.
1800/--/-- 108 - Italian physicist Alessandro Volta invents the first electric battery.
1800/--/-- 108 - Jefferson defeats Adams in the U.S. presidential election, but ties with Burr.
1800/--/-- 108 - Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman) arrives in the Ohio River valley around this time.
1800/--/-- 108 - Library of Congress founded
1800/--/-- 108 - Madame de Stael publishes The Influence of Literature Upon Society.
1800/--/-- 108 - Napoleon commissions Cambaceres to develop the Napoleonic Code of law.
1800/--/-- 108 - Napoleon defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo.
1800/--/-- 108 - Seat of government moves from Philadelphia to Washington, DC
1800/--/-- 108 - The Library of Congress is founded in Washington D.C.
1800/--/-- 108 - The seat of U.S. government is transferred to Washington, D.C.
1800/--/-- 108 - Volta invents electric battery
1801/--/-- 109 *** Bristow, John [Nephew] - Died Pleasant Hill, Tazewell, Virginia
1801/--/-- 109 - Alexander I becomes emperor of Russia after the murder of his father Paul I.
1801/--/-- 109 - Barbary pirates begin the Tripolitan War; a U.S. squadron sails to the Mediterranean.
1801/--/-- 109 - Castlereagh secures passage of the Act of Union, which unites Britain and Ireland.
1801/--/-- 109 - Chemists Proust and Berthollet debate the constancy of chemical composition.
1801/--/-- 109 - Jefferson is selected as the 3rd U.S. president; Burr becomes vice-president.
1801/--/-- 109 - Nelson defeats the Danish fleet at Copenhagen.
1801/--/-- 109 - Robert Fulton demonstrates his 3-man submarine the Nautilus.
1801/--/-- 109 - The British defeat Napoleon's army of Egypt at Alexandria.
1801/--/-- 109 - The Peace of Luneville ends the war between France and Austria.
1801/--/-- 109 - The Union Jack becomes the official flag of the United Kingdom.
1801/--/-- 109 - Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1802/--/-- 110 - Alexander von Humboldt climbs Mt. Chimborazo, setting a world height record.
1802/--/-- 110 - American artist Benjamin West paints Death on a Pale Horse.
1802/--/-- 110 - Britain returns the island of Minorca to Spain.
1802/--/-- 110 - Napoleon is created First Consul for life.
1802/--/-- 110 - The French capture Haitian leader Toussaint, but are defeated by Christophe.
1802/--/-- 110 - The Treaty of Amiens brings a temporary halt to the French Revolutionary Wars.
1803/--/-- 111 - Britain declares war on France, beginning the Napoleonic Wars.
1803/--/-- 111 - Britain establishes a new penal colony on Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania).
1803/--/-- 111 - Dalton devises table of elements
1803/--/-- 111 - English scientist John Dalton describes his atomic theory.
1803/--/-- 111 - France sells Louisiana to the U.S.
1803/--/-- 111 - Matthew Flinders completes the first circumnavigation of Australia.
1803/--/-- 111 - Ohio is inaugurated as the l7th state of the Union.
1803/--/-- 111 - Robert Emmet leads an Irish rebellion in Dublin; he is captured and executed.
1804/--/-- 112 - American politician Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1804/--/-- 112 - Dessalines declares Haitian independence and names himself Emperor Jacques I.
1804/--/-- 112 - English engineer Richard Trevithick builds the first steam locomotive.
1804/--/-- 112 - Francis II assumes the title of emperor of Austria.
1804/--/-- 112 - Fulani leader Usman dan Fodio leads a holy war against the Hausa in Nigeria.
1804/--/-- 112 - Jefferson is reelected as U.S. president; Clinton becomes vice-president.
1804/--/-- 112 - Lewis and Clark expedition encounters Native Americans
1804/--/-- 112 - Lewis and Clarke Expedition
1804/--/-- 112 - Meriwether Lewis and William Clark begin exploring the American north-west.
1804/--/-- 112 - Napoleon becomes Emperor
1804/--/-- 112 - Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France.
1804/--/-- 112 - Serbian nationalists revolt against the Turks.
1804/--/-- 112 - Stephen Decatur leads a U.S. navy skirmish into Tripoli harbor.
1805/--/-- 113 - American explorers Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean.
1805/--/-- 113 - Austria sues for peace with France at the Treaty of Pressburg.
1805/--/-- 113 - Britain, Austria, Russia and Sweden form a Third Coalition against France.
1805/--/-- 113 - Muhammad Ali is appointed Pasha (governor) of Egypt by the Ottoman sultan.
1805/--/-- 113 - Nelson defeats the Franco-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar, but is killed during the action.
1805/--/-- 113 - The French defeat Austro-Russian forces at the Battle of Austerlitz.
1805/--/-- 113 - The Shawnee Prophet, brother of Tecumseh, begins planning an Indian uprising.
1806/--/-- 114 - Emperor Jacques I is assassinated; Haiti is divided between Christophe and Petion.
1806/--/-- 114 - Napoleon begins the Continental System, closing European ports to British vessels.
1806/--/-- 114 - Napoleon forces the abdication of Francis II; the Holy Roman Empire is dissolved.
1806/--/-- 114 - Noah Webster publishes "Compendious" Dictionary of the English Language"
1806/--/-- 114 - Prussia joins the Coalition against France, but is defeated at Jena-Auerstadt.
1806/--/-- 114 - Revolutionary leader Francisco de Miranda makes an abortive invasion of Venezuela.
1806/--/-- 114 - The British employ Congreve rockets against a French invasion fleet.
1806/--/-- 114 - U.S. explorer Zebulon Pike is sent west to descend the Red River.
1806/--/-- 114 - William Murdock installs gas lighting in a Manchester cotton mill.
1807/--/-- 115 - Aaron Burr is tried for treason and acquitted.
1807/--/-- 115 - Beethoven completes his Fifth Symphony and begins the Sixth (Pastoral).
1807/--/-- 115 - British chemist Humphry Davy discovers the elements potassium and sodium.
1807/--/-- 115 - Congress passes the Embargo Act in response to interference with U.S. shipping.
1807/--/-- 115 - German philosopher Hegel publishes The Phenomenology of the Spirit.
1807/--/-- 115 - Napoleon defeats the Russian armies; Russia and Prussia sue for peace at Tilsit.
1807/--/-- 115 - Portugal refuses to observe the blockade against England; France invades Portugal.
1807/--/-- 115 - Robert Fulton's steamship the Clermont makes its maiden voyage.
1807/--/-- 115 - Sir Humphry Davy discovers the elements potassium and sodium
1807/--/-- 115 - The Janissaries depose Sultan Selim III and place Mustafa IV on the Ottoman throne.
1807/--/-- 115 - The U.S. frigate Chesapeake is involved in an incident with a British man-of-war.
1807/--/-- 115 - The slave trade is outlawed throughout the British Empire.
1808/--/-- 116 - Beethoven composes "Fifth Symphony"
1808/--/-- 116 - Congress prohibits importing of African slaves
1808/--/-- 116 - Francisco de Goya paints The Third of May, depicting the cruelty of war.
1808/--/-- 116 - French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac isolates the element boron.
1808/--/-- 116 - German artist Caspar David Friedrich exhibits The Cross in the Mountains.
1808/--/-- 116 - Japanese artist Buncho paints True View of Mount Hiko.
1808/--/-- 116 - John Jacob Astor founds the American Fur Company.
1808/--/-- 116 - Napoleon appoints his brother Joseph as king of Spain.
1808/--/-- 116 - Napoleon occupys Spain
1808/--/-- 116 - The British under Wellington aid Portugal against France in the Peninsular War.
1809/--/-- 117 - Frenchman Nicolas Appert develops the first effective method for canning food.
1809/--/-- 117 - German artists Overbeck and Pforr found the Nazarenes.
1809/--/-- 117 - James Madison (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1809/--/-- 117 - John Stevens' steamboat the Phoenix makes the first ocean-going voyage.
1809/--/-- 117 - Lamarck publishes his theories of evolution in Zoological Philosophy.
1809/--/-- 117 - Metternich draws Austria into the War of the Fifth Coalition against France.
1809/--/-- 117 - Napoleon annexes the Papal States and takes Pope Pius VII prisoner.
1809/--/-- 117 - Russia seizes Finland from Sweden; King Gustav IV Adolf abdicates.
1809/--/-- 117 - The French defeat the Austrians at Wagram; Francis II accepts the Treaty of Schonbrunn.
1810/--/-- 118 - A rebellion against Spain breaks out in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1810/--/-- 118 - American settlers rebel against the Spanish in West Florida.
1810/--/-- 118 - Kamehameha I becomes ruler of Hawaii and establishes the Kamehameha dynasty.
1810/--/-- 118 - Mexican priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla leads a rebellion against Spanish rule.
1810/--/-- 118 - Revolutions in Latin America lead to independent nations
1810/--/-- 118 - Separatists movements in Latin America
1810/--/-- 118 - The Krupp arms factory is established at Essen in Germany.
1810/--/-- 118 - Wellington's Anglo-Portuguese army holds the French on the outskirts of Lisbon.
1811/--/-- 119 - Bolivar and Miranda lead the Venezuelan congress in a declaration of independence.
1811/--/-- 119 - First steamboat to sail down Mississippi reaches New Orleans
1811/--/-- 119 - George III becomes mentally unstable; the Prince of Wales assumes power as regent.
1811/--/-- 119 - Henri Christophe declares himself king of northern Haiti.
1811/--/-- 119 - Italian chemist Amedeo Avogadro develops the concept known as Avogadro's law.
1811/--/-- 119 - Jane Austen "Sense and Sensibility"
1811/--/-- 119 - Jose Artigas raises a force to expel the Spanish from the Banda Oriental (Uruguay).
1811/--/-- 119 - Mexican rebel leader Hidalgo y Costilla is captured and executed.
1811/--/-- 119 - Native Americans defeated in Battle of Tippecanoe in Indiana Territory
1811/--/-- 119 - The Luddites riot in England against the mechanization of the textile industry.
1811/--/-- 119 - The building of the National Road, the first U.S. federal highway, begins in Maryland.
1811/--/-- 119 - The first rowing race in the United States is held in New York.
1811/--/-- 119 - The ruling Mameluke aristocracy is massacred in Cairo by Muhammad Ali.
1811/--/-- 119 - William Henry Harrison defeats the Shawnee Indians at the Battle of Tippecanoe.

In 1691 Transportation was by:
          Foot
          Horse
          Sailing ship
By 1811 Transportation was by:
          Bicycle
          Steamboat
in addition.

In 1691 Communications was by:
          Word of Mouth
By 1811 Communications was by:
          Post Office
in addition.

In 1691 Food Preparation was by:
          Wood

In 1691 Entertainment was by:
          Social Intercourse
          Organized Sports
          Travel
          Professional Sports
          Movies
          Radio
          Television
          Theme parks
          Computer

In 1691 Health Care was by:
          Operations
          Anesthetic
          X-Rays
          MRI

In 1691 War Making was by:
          Bow & Arrow
          Swords & body armor
          Calvary
          gun
          Artillery
By 1811 War Making was by:
          Submarine
in addition.
By 1811 War Making by:
          Bow & Arrow
          Swords & body armor
had been discontinued.

In 1691 Navigation was by:
          Stars & Maps
          Compass

from the SFHR database of Duane Bristow 10-13-2019 12:19:21


Index

Family and Social Relations

of Bristow, Sarah 1691/03/13

Index

Last revised 10/13/19.