Bristow, Joanna - F 1680/05/09

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                             The Life of Bristow, Joanna
1680/05/09 to ----/--/-- female No children
...Date... AGE Event
1680/--/-- -1 - Antonio Stradivari opens his violin workshop in Cremona, Italy.
1680/--/-- -1 - Sadler's Wells theater opens in London.
1680/--/-- -1 - The Comedie Francaise is founded in Paris.
1680/05/09 0 *** Bristow, Joanna - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1681/--/-- 0 - Aurangzeb suppresses a Rajput revolt and campaigns against Hindu kingdoms in India.
1681/--/-- 0 - English Quaker William Penn is granted the Providence of Pennsylvania.
1681/--/-- 0 - John Dryden publishes his satirical poem Absalom and Achitophel.
1681/--/-- 0 - The dodo, a large flightless bird, becomes extinct.
1682/--/-- 1 - Edmund Halley observes the Great Comet, which is later named for him.
1682/--/-- 1 - French explorer La Salle navigates the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico.
1682/--/-- 1 - Peter the Great succeeds Fyodor III as tsar of Russia.
1682/--/-- 1 - The Palace of Versailles becomes the French royal residence.
1682/--/-- 1 - The Spanish establish the first settlement in Texas at Yselta (near El Paso).
1682/--/-- 1 - William Penn founds the city of Philadelphia.
1682/10/29 2 *** Bristow, William [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1683/--/-- 2 - Chinese emperor K'ang-hsi conquers Formosa (Taiwan).
1683/--/-- 2 - Louis XIV secretly marries Madame de Maintenon .
1683/--/-- 2 - The Turks lay siege to Vienna but are defeated by Imperial and Polish forces.
1683/--/-- 2 - Van Leeuwenhoek's microscope drawings of Protozoa are published.
1683/--/-- 2 - William Penn makes a peace treaty with the Delaware Indians.
1684/--/-- 3 - England abandons Tangier to the Moroccans.
1684/--/-- 3 - La Salle claims Louisiana, a region from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico, for France.
1684/--/-- 3 - The Dutch whaling fleet at Spitsbergen (Svalbard) numbers 246 vessels.
1684/02/15 3 *** Bristow, Michal (Owen) [Sister] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1685/--/-- 4 - Charles II of England dies; he is succeeded by his brother James II.
1685/--/-- 4 - Increase Mather becomes president of Harvard College.
1685/--/-- 4 - Japanese Bunraku (puppet theater) is performed in Osaka about this time.
1685/--/-- 4 - Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes and exiles thousands of French Huguenots.
1685/--/-- 4 - Rice cultivation begins in North America.
1685/--/-- 4 - The Duke of Monmouth rebels against James II; he is captured and executed.
1685/--/-- 4 - The Huguenots begin a silk industry in London and settle in the American colonies.
1685/04/03 4 - James II crowned King of England and Scotland at Westminster Abbey by William Sa
1686/--/-- 5 - Henri de Tonty establishes the first European settlement in Arkansas.
1686/--/-- 5 - The League of Augsburg is formed as a coalition of European states against France.
1686/--/-- 5 - The Turks are expelled from Budapest by a Habsburg army.
1687/--/-- 6 - English actress and royal mistress Nell Gwynne dies.
1687/--/-- 6 - Isaac Newton publishes Principia, establishing his laws of motion and gravity.
1687/--/-- 6 - James II issues a Declaration of Indulgence suspending the laws against Catholics.
1687/--/-- 6 - The city of Lima, Peru, is virtually destroyed by an earthquake.
1687/06/12 7 *** Bristow, Thomas [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1688/--/-- 7 - English Protestants demand a Glorious Revolution against Catholicism.
1688/--/-- 7 - Insurance underwriters begin meeting at Lloyd's Coffee House in London.
1688/--/-- 7 - Louis XIV declares war on the Holy Roman Empire and captures Heidelberg.
1688/--/-- 7 - William of Orange is invited to England as king; James II escapes to France.
1689/--/-- 8 - British composer Henry Purcell writes the opera Dido and Aeneas.
1689/--/-- 8 - Chinese emperor K'ang-hsi establishes diplomatic relations with Russia.
1689/--/-- 8 - England and the Netherlands join the Grand Alliance against France.
1689/--/-- 8 - French and Indian allies attack English colonists during King William's War.
1689/--/-- 8 - William and Mary are proclaimed king and queen of England.
1689/01/08 8 - James II declared to have abdicated by Parliament.
1689/02/03 8 - William III and Mary II proclaimed King and Queen of England, Scotland, and Irel
1689/04/01 8 - William III and Mary II crowned King and Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland
1690/--/-- 9 - Benjamin Harris publishes the first American newspaper in Boston.
1690/--/-- 9 - Carlos de Siguenza y Gongora publishes The Misadventures of Alfonso Ramirez.
1690/--/-- 9 - Jose Churriguera becomes court architect to Philip V of Spain.
1690/--/-- 9 - Philosopher John Locke publishes his Essay Concerning Human Understanding.
1690/--/-- 9 - Spain joins the War of Grand Alliance against France.
1690/--/-- 9 - The French defeat the English fleet at the Battle of Beachy Head.
1690/--/-- 9 - William III defeats James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.
1690/07/06 10 *** Bristow, Elizabeth [Sister] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1691/--/-- 10 - Juana Ines de la Cruz writes a defense of women's rights Reply to Sister Philotea.
1691/--/-- 10 - The Irish rebellion ends with the Treaty of Limerick.
1691/03/13 10 *** Bristow, Sarah [Sister] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1692/--/-- 11 - Port Royal in Jamaica is destroyed by an earthquake; the city of Kingston is founded.
1692/--/-- 11 - Salem Witchcraft Trials, MASS
1692/--/-- 11 - The Macdonald clan are massacred by the Campbells at Glencoe in Scotland.
1692/--/-- 11 - The first English patent for a wallpaper design is issued.
1692/--/-- 11 - Witchcraft trials are held at Salem in New England.
1693/--/-- 12 - James Blair founds William and Mary College in Williamsburg, Virginia.
1693/--/-- 12 - John Ray publishes the first major classification of animals.
1694/--/-- 13 - The Academie Francaise introduces the first French national dictionary.
1694/--/-- 13 - The Bank of England is founded.
1694/06/17 14 *** Bristow, Nicholas [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow) Middlesex County Virginia
1694/12/28 14 - William III rules as sole King.
1696/--/-- 15 *** Bristow, James [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1696/--/-- 15 - Russia annexes the Kamchatka Peninsula.
1696/--/-- 15 - Russian tsar Peter the Great captures Azov from the Turks.
1696/--/-- 15 - The Chinese under K'ang-hsi defeat the Dzungar Mongol chieftain Galdan.
1696/--/-- 15 - William III campaigns in Holland against the French.
1697/--/-- 16 - Augustus II elector of Saxony becomes king of Poland.
1697/--/-- 16 - French poet Charles Perrault publishes the Tales From Mother Goose.
1697/--/-- 16 - Russian tsar Peter the Great sets out to study the European way of life.
1697/--/-- 16 - Sir John Vanbrugh's play The Relapse is produced in London.
1697/--/-- 16 - The Habsburg army under Eugene of Savoy defeats the Turks at Zenta.
1697/--/-- 16 - The Treaty of Ryswick ends the War of the Grand Alliance.
1698/--/-- 17 - Calcutta is founded by the British East India Company.
1698/--/-- 17 - Russian tsar Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards.
1698/--/-- 17 - Thomas Savery invents a water pump -- the first practical application of steam power.
1699/--/-- 18 - Austria, Russia, Poland and Venice sign the Peace of Karlowitz treaty with Turkey.
1699/--/-- 18 - Francis Moore's Vox stellarum, known as Old Moore's Almanac, is published.
1699/--/-- 18 - Japanese master ceramicist Ogata Kenzan opens his kiln at Narutaki.
1699/--/-- 18 - Peter the Great changes the Russian New Year from September 1 to January 1.
1699/--/-- 18 - William Dampier explores the northwest coast of Australia.
1700/--/-- 19 - Charles II of Spain dies, ending the Spanish Habsburg line.
1700/--/-- 19 - Johann Denner invents the clarinet about this time.
1700/--/-- 19 - Kabuki Theater develops in Japan about this time.
1700/--/-- 19 - Peter the Great's Russian army is defeated by the Swedes at the Battle of Narva.
1700/--/-- 19 - Philip V, grandson of Louis XIV, becomes the first Bourbon king of Spain.
1700/--/-- 19 - The Great Northern War begins; Denmark, Poland and Russia attack Sweden.
1700/--/-- 19 - The Swedes under Charles XII defeat the Danes.
1700/--/-- 19 - The rococo style is introduced into French architecture about this time.
1700/--/-- 19 - William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World is produced in London.
1701/--/-- 20 - Captain Kidd is hanged for piracy.
1701/--/-- 20 - Frederick I Elector of Saxony proclaims himself the first king of Prussia.
1701/--/-- 20 - French artist Hyacinthe Rigaud paints a portrait of Louis XIV.
1701/--/-- 20 - The Act of Settlement in Britain establishes the Hanoverian succession to the throne.
1701/--/-- 20 - The War of the Spanish Succession begins.
1701/--/-- 20 - Yale University is founded in New Haven, Connecticut.
1702/--/-- 21 - Anne succeeds William III as queen of England.
1702/--/-- 21 - England declares war on France and Spain.
1702/--/-- 21 - French fur traders found Vincennes, the first permanent European settlement in Indiana.
1702/--/-- 21 - Queen Anne's War begins in America; the British attack Saint Augustine in Florida.
1702/--/-- 21 - The Camisards (French Huguenots) rebel in southern France.
1702/--/-- 21 - The French under the duc de Villars defeat the Grand Alliance at Friedlingen.
1702/--/-- 21 - The first daily newspaper The Daily Courant is published in London.
1702/--/-- 21 - The royal colony of New Jersey is founded in America.
1702/04/03 21 - Anne crowned Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Tho
1703/--/-- 22 - Archduke Charles of Austria claims the Spanish throne for the Habsburgs.
1703/--/-- 22 - Buckingham Palace is rebuilt for the Duke of Buckingham in London.
1703/--/-- 22 - Peter the Great lays the foundations of St. Petersburg (Leningrad).
1704/--/-- 23 - Augustus II is deposed; Stanislaw I is crowned king of Poland.
1704/--/-- 23 - Issac Newton publishes his theory of color and light in Opticks.
1704/--/-- 23 - John Campbell founds the Boston News-Letter, the first successful American newspaper.
1704/--/-- 23 - The Duke of Marlborough and Eugene of Savoy defeat the French at Blenheim.
1704/--/-- 23 - The English capture Gibraltar from Spain.
1704/--/-- 23 - The Indians and the French massacre British settlers in Deerfield, Mass.
1704/12/07 24 *** Stark, Margaret (Bristow) & Bristow, William [Brother] - Married
1705/--/-- 24 - Edmund Halley predicts that the comet of 1682 will return in 1758.
1705/--/-- 24 - Nicolas Hawksmoor designs Blenheim Palace for the Duke of Marlborough.
1705/--/-- 24 - The English Navy occupies Barcelona.
1706/--/-- 25 - Eugene of Savoy defeats the French at Turin and drives them from Italy.
1706/--/-- 25 - George Farquhar's comedy The Recruiting Officer is produced.
1706/--/-- 25 - The Duke of Marlborough conquers the Spanish Netherlands.
1706/09/20 26 *** Bristow, Robert [Great Grandfather] - Died London, Middlesex, England
1707/--/-- 26 *** Bristow, Robert [Grandfather] - Died
1707/--/-- 26 - Emperor Aurangzeb dies; the Mogul empire begins to decline in India.
1707/--/-- 26 - Great Britain is formed by the Act of Union between England and Scotland.
1707/--/-- 26 - John V succeeds Peter II as king of Portugal.
1707/--/-- 26 - Mount Fuji erupts in Japan; an earthquake kills 200,000 in Tokyo.
1707/--/-- 26 - The British attack the French colony of Acadia (Nova Scotia).
1707/--/-- 26 - The Duke of Berwick routs the allied forces at Almanza in Spain.
1707/03/-- 26 - Act of Union combines England and Scotland as Kingdom of Great Britain.
1707/10/23 27 *** Owen, John & Bristow, Michal (Owen) [Sister] - Married
1708/--/-- 27 - French forces under Vendome are defeated by Marlborough at Oudenarde.
1708/--/-- 27 - Sikh leader Guru Gobind Singh is assassinated; the Moguls persecute the Sikhs.
1708/--/-- 27 - The British capture the island of Minorca from Spain.
1709/--/-- 28 - Abraham Darby builds a blast furnace using coke for casting iron.
1709/--/-- 28 - Charles XII of Sweden flees to the Ottoman Empire.
1709/--/-- 28 - Italian musician Bartolommeo Cristofori invents the piano.
1709/--/-- 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Poltava.
1709/--/-- 28 - Steele and Addison's periodical The Tatler is published in London.
1709/--/-- 28 - The Duke of Marlborough defeats the French at the Battle of Malplaquet.
1709/--/-- 28 - The first Copyright Act becomes law in Britain.
1709/06/04 29 *** Bristow, Edward [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1710/--/-- 29 - Augustus II regains the Polish throne.
1710/--/-- 29 - Charles XII persuades the Turks to attack Russia.
1710/--/-- 29 - French forces under Vendome defeat the allies at Villaviciosa in Spain.
1710/--/-- 29 - George Berkeley publishes a Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge.
1710/--/-- 29 - The British seize Acadia (Nova Scotia) from the French.
1710/--/-- 29 - The Meissen porcelain factory is founded near Dresden in Germany.
1711/--/-- 30 - Joseph I dies; Charles VI is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
1711/--/-- 30 - Publication of The Tatler ceases; Steele and Addison introduce The Spectator.
1711/--/-- 30 - The French found the first permanent settlement in Alabama at Mobile.
1711/--/-- 30 - The Tuscarora War begins in North Carolina when Indians massacre 130 colonists.
1711/--/-- 30 - The building of the baroque Zwinger complex begins in Dresden, Germany.
1711/01/08 30 *** Goodloe, Mary (Carter, Bristow) & Bristow, John [Father] - Married 2nd wife
1712/--/-- 31 *** Bristow, Anne (Seale) [Sister] - Born to Bristow, John and Nicholls, Michal (Bristow)
1712/--/-- 31 - Carolina is divided into north and south colonies.
1712/--/-- 31 - English poet Alexander Pope publishes The Rape of the Lock.
1712/--/-- 31 - The New England whaling industry expands rapidly with the hunting of sperm whales.
1713/--/-- 32 - Emperor Charles VI issues the Pragmatic Sanction, allowing for a female heir.
1713/--/-- 32 - France cedes Acadia (Nova Scotia) and Newfoundland to Britain.
1713/--/-- 32 - Frederick William I succeeds Frederick I as king of Prussia.
1713/--/-- 32 - Sicily is ceded to the House of Savoy; Victor Amadeus II is crowned as king.
1713/--/-- 32 - Spain cedes Gibraltar and Minorca to Britain.
1713/--/-- 32 - The Asiento Treaty establishes British rights to the African slave trade.
1713/--/-- 32 - The Peace of Utrecht ends the War of Spanish Succession.
1713/02/02 32 *** Bristow, William [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1713/08/10 33 *** Bristow, Jedediah [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Goodloe, Mary (Carter, Bristow)
1714/--/-- 33 - German composer George Frideric Handel makes London his permanent home.
1714/--/-- 33 - Grinling Gibbons is appointed as master carver in wood to George I.
1714/--/-- 33 - Queen Anne of England dies; she is succeeded by George I, Elector of Hanover.
1714/10/20 34 - George I crowned King of Great Britain at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison, A
1715/--/-- 34 - A Jacobite uprising supports James Edward as the Old Pretender to the British throne.
1715/--/-- 34 - French King Louis XIV dies; he is succeeded by his five-year-old great-grandson Louis XV.
1715/--/-- 34 - French author Alain Rene Lesage publishes the Adventures of Gil Blas.
1715/--/-- 34 - Japan's leading playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon writes The Battles of Coxinga.
1715/--/-- 34 - Phillipe II Duc d'Orleans becomes regent of France.
1715/--/-- 34 - The Yamasee Indians rebel against British settlers in South Carolina.
1715/08/15 35 *** Bristow, Mary (Ammons) [Sister] - Born to Bristow, John and Goodloe, Mary (Carter, Bristow)
1716/--/-- 35 *** Bristow, Chichester [Brother] - Born to Bristow, John and Goodloe, Mary (Carter, Bristow)
1716/--/-- 35 - Emperor Charles VI declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
1716/09/10 36 *** Bristow, Michal (Owen) [Sister] - Died
1716/10/10 36 *** Bristow, John [Father] - Died Middlesex County, Saluda, Virginia
1717/--/-- 36 - Eugene of Savoy captures Belgrade from the Turks.
1717/--/-- 36 - French artist Antoine Watteau paints the Pilgrimage to Cythera.
1717/--/-- 36 - John Law forms the Mississippi Company in France.
1717/--/-- 36 - Spain seizes Sardinia and Sicily.
1717/--/-- 36 - The first freemason lodge is formed in London.
1718/--/-- 37 - Charles XII of Sweden is killed during a campaign against Norway.
1718/--/-- 37 - Spain establishes the Viceroyalty of New Granada in South America.
1718/--/-- 37 - Sultan Ahmed III concludes the Treaty of Passarowitz with the Holy Roman Empire.
1718/--/-- 37 - The English pirate Blackbeard is killed by the Virginia militia.
1718/--/-- 37 - The French found New Orleans in Louisiana.
1718/--/-- 37 - The Quadruple Alliance of Austria, Britain, France and the Dutch declare war on Spain.
1718/--/-- 37 - Voltaire writes the tragedy of Oedipe while imprisoned in the Bastille.
1718/05/17 38 *** Bristow, Charles [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1719/--/-- 38 - English writer Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe.
1719/--/-- 38 - James Figg becomes the first heavyweight boxing champion of England.
1719/--/-- 38 - Liechtenstein becomes an independent principality of the Holy Roman Empire.
1719/--/-- 38 - Teams from London and Kent play one of the first cricket matches.
1720/--/-- 39 - The Mississippi Scheme speculation craze collapses in France.
1720/--/-- 39 - The Quadruple Alliance defeats Spain; Spain renounces all claims to Sicily and Sardinia.
1720/--/-- 39 - The South Sea Bubble speculation craze collapses in England.
1720/--/-- 39 - Tibet becomes a protectorate of China.
1720/--/-- 39 - Victor Amadeus II surrenders Sicily to Austria in exchange for Sardinia.
1721/--/-- 40 - German composer Johann Sebastian Bach writes the Brandenburg Concertos.
1721/--/-- 40 - Italian composer Alessandro Scarlatti writes his opera Griselda.
1721/--/-- 40 - Prime minister Robert Walpole restores public confidence in Britain's finances.
1721/--/-- 40 - The French settle on the island of Mauritius.
1721/--/-- 40 - The Great Northern War ends; Sweden loses most of her overseas possessions.
1721/06/25 41 *** Bristow, John [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, Nicholas and Gardner, Mary (Bristow) Middlesex County Virginia
1722/--/-- 41 - Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen discovers Samoa and Easter Island.
1722/--/-- 41 - English author Daniel Defoe publishes Moll Flanders.
1722/--/-- 41 - The Afghans invade Persia (Iran) and overthrow the Safavid rulers.
1722/07/17 42 *** Bristow, Michal [Niece] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1724/--/-- 43 - The British build Fort Dummer, the first permanent European settlement in Vermont.
1724/--/-- 43 - The Quakers make a statement opposing slavery.
1725/--/-- 44 - Danish explorer Vitus Bering begins his voyage in search of a Northeast Passage.
1725/--/-- 44 - Francisco Romero establishes the current style of Spanish bullfighting.
1725/--/-- 44 - Peter the Great dies; his wife Catherine I succeeds him as Empress of Russia.
1725/05/04 44 *** Bristow, Anne [Niece] - Born to Bristow, William and Stark, Margaret (Bristow)
1726/--/-- 45 - Alexander Pope completes his translation of Homer's Odyssey.
1726/--/-- 45 - Cardinal Andre Fleury becomes chief advisor to Louis XV.
1726/--/-- 45 - English satirist Jonathan Swift publishes Gulliver's Travels.
1726/--/-- 45 - The Spanish found Montevideo in Uruguay.
1727/--/-- 46 - Catherine I dies; Peter II succeeds her as Emperor of Russia.
1727/--/-- 46 - George II succeeds his father George I as king of Great Britain and Ireland.
1727/--/-- 46 - The Spanish lay siege to Gibraltar.
1727/10/11 47 - George II crowned King of Great Britain at Westminster Abbey by William Wake, Ar
1728/--/-- 47 - Chambers's Cyclopedia; or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences is issued.
1728/--/-- 47 - Danish navigator Vitus Bering explores Bering Strait.
1728/--/-- 47 - English poet and playwright John Gay writes The Beggar's Opera.
1728/--/-- 47 - James Gibbs' Book of Architecture influences Colonial American designs.
1728/--/-- 47 - John Harrison begins his development of an accurate chronometer.
1728/05/14 48 *** Bristow, Elizabeth [Niece] - Born to Bristow, William
1729/--/-- 48 - Corsica rebels against Genoese rule.
1729/--/-- 48 - Denmark assumes control of Greenland.
1729/--/-- 48 - English actress Kitty Clive establishes her reputation at the Drury Lane Theatre.
1729/--/-- 48 - The city of Baltimore is founded in Maryland.
1729/--/-- 48 - The city of Karachi is founded in India (now in Pakistan).
1730/--/-- 49 - Canaletto paints the Basin of San Marco, one of his many views of Venice.
1730/--/-- 49 - Construction of the Province-hall (now Independence Hall) begins in Philadelphia.
1730/--/-- 49 - Peter II dies; he is succeeded by Anna as Empress of Russia.
1731/--/-- 50 - French novelist Abbe Prevost writes Manon Lescaut.
1731/--/-- 50 - John Hadley invents the quadrant for navigating at sea.
1731/--/-- 50 - The Gentleman's Magazine, the first magazine, is published in London.
1732/--/-- 51 - Benjamin Franklin publishes Poor Richard's Almanack in Philadelphia.
1732/--/-- 51 - Covent Garden Opera House opens in London.
1732/--/-- 51 - Nadir Shah expels the Afghans from Persia (Iran) and reinstates Safavid rule.
1732/--/-- 51 - Nicola Salvi designs the Trevi Fountain in Rome.
1732/--/-- 51 - William Hogarth completes his series of engravings The Harlot's Progress.
1733/--/-- 52 - James Oglethorpe founds the colony of Georgia and the city of Savannah.
1733/--/-- 52 - John Kay invents the flying shuttle to increase the speed of weaving machines.
1733/--/-- 52 - Nadir Shah defeats the Turks and occupies Bagdhad.
1733/--/-- 52 - Stanislaw I is elected king of Poland with the support of Louis XV of France.
1733/--/-- 52 - The War of Polish Succession begins.
1734/--/-- 53 *** Bristow, Nicholas [Brother] - Died Middlesex County, Virginia
1734/--/-- 53 - Stanislaw I is deposed; Augustus III is installed as king of Poland.
1735/--/-- 54 - Antonio de Ulloa discovers the element platinum in South America.
1735/--/-- 54 - George Hadley proposes the Hadley cell, a circulation system for the atmosphere.
1736/--/-- 55 - Ch'ien-lung becomes emperor of China.
1736/--/-- 55 - French artist Maurice Quentin de La Tour paints his Portrait of Voltaire.
1736/--/-- 55 - Nadir assumes the title of Shah of Persia and founds the Afshar dynasty.
1736/--/-- 55 - Parliament passes the Gin Act to discourage public drunkenness in England.
1736/--/-- 55 - Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler begins writing his Mechanica.
1737/--/-- 56 - William Mayo founds the city of Richmond, Virginia.
1738/--/-- 57 - A porcelain factory is established in France at Vincennes; it moves later to Sevres.
1738/--/-- 57 - Bernoulli publishes Hydrodynamica, stating his law of hydrodynamics.
1738/--/-- 57 - George Whitefield precipitates the Great Awakening religious revival in America.
1738/--/-- 57 - The Treaty of Vienna concludes the War of the Polish Succession; Stanislaw I abdicates.
1738/--/-- 57 - The excavation of Herculaneum begins in Italy.
1739/--/-- 58 - John Wesley founds the Methodist religious movement.
1739/--/-- 58 - Mutilation of an English sea captain by the Spanish leads to the War of Jenkins' Ear.
1739/--/-- 58 - The British under Admiral Vernon raid Spanish settlements in the West Indies.
1739/--/-- 58 - The Persians under Nadir Shah defeat the Mogul army and destroy Delhi.
1740/--/-- 59 - Anna Empress of Russia dies; she is succeeded by Elizabeth in 1741.
1740/--/-- 59 - Charles VI's daughter Maria Theresa succeeds to the Austrian Habsburg empire.
1740/--/-- 59 - English novelist Samuel Richardson writes Pamela; or Virtue Rewarded.
1740/--/-- 59 - Frederick II (Frederick the Great) assumes the Prussian throne.
1740/--/-- 59 - Frederick II of Prussia invades the Habsburg province of Silesia.
1740/--/-- 59 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI dies; the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
1740/--/-- 59 - Scottish philosopher David Hume writes his Treatise of Human Nature.
1740/--/-- 59 - The British under James Oglethorpe attack Spanish possessions in Florida.
1741/--/-- 60 - George Frideric Handel composes the Messiah.
1741/--/-- 60 - Prussia forms an anti-Habsburg coalition with Bavaria, Spain and France.
1741/12/14 61 *** Bristow, Thompson [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, Jedediah and Thompson, Catherine (Bristow)
1742/--/-- 61 - A Spanish invasion of Georgia is defeated by British forces under James Oglethorpe.
1742/--/-- 61 - Maria Theresa makes peace with Frederick II; Silesia is ceded to Prussia.
1742/--/-- 61 - Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius invents the Celsius scale for temperature.
1742/--/-- 61 - The Anti-Habsburg coalition elects Charles VII as Holy Roman Emperor.
1742/--/-- 61 - The cast iron Franklin stove is invented by Benjamin Franklin.
1742/11/15 62 *** Bristow, William [Brother] - Died
1743/--/-- 62 - An English porcelain factory is established at Chelsea in London.
1743/--/-- 62 - The first permanent bullring is built in Madrid.
1744/--/-- 63 - King George's War begins in North America between Britain and France.
1744/--/-- 63 - Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab founds the Wahhabi Muslim sect about this time.
1745/--/-- 64 - Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) leads a second Jacobite rebellion.
1745/--/-- 64 - Giovanni Piranesi begins his etchings of Carceri d'Invenzione (Imaginary Prisons).
1745/--/-- 64 - Louis XV installs the Marquise de Pompadour as his official mistress.
1745/--/-- 64 - Maria Theresa's husband Francis succeeds Charles VII as Holy Roman Emperor.
1745/--/-- 64 - The British under Pepperrell capture the French fortress of Louisburg in Canada.
1745/--/-- 64 - The French under the Comte de Saxe defeat Austrian, English and Dutch forces at Fontenoy.
1745/--/-- 64 - The Treaty of Dresden confirms Prussian control of Silesia.
1746/--/-- 65 - Britain and France struggle for the domination of India; France seizes Madras.
1746/--/-- 65 - Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) is defeated at Culloden.
1746/--/-- 65 - English actor David Garrick becomes the manager of the Drury Lane Theatre.
1746/--/-- 65 - Ferdinand VI succeeds Philip V as king of Spain.
1746/--/-- 65 - Princeton University is founded in New Jersey.
1747/--/-- 66 - Nadir Shah of Persia (Iran) is assassinated.
1747/--/-- 66 - The Ohio Company is formed to promote settlement west of the Appalachians.
1747/--/-- 66 - The Pathans defeat the Persians; Ahmad Shah Sadozai founds a new dynasty.
1747/03/01 66 *** Bristow, William [Great Nephew] - Born to Bristow, John Christ Church Parrish, Middlesex, Virginia
1748/--/-- 67 - English artist Thomas Gainsborough paints Robert Andrews and Mary, His Wife.
1748/--/-- 67 - French political philosopher Montesquieu writes The Spirit of the Laws.
1748/--/-- 67 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
1749/--/-- 68 - English novelist Henry Fielding writes Tom Jones.
1749/--/-- 68 - Italian dramatist Carlo Goldoni writes La Putta honorata (The Respectable Girl).
1749/--/-- 68 - The British found Halifax in Nova Scotia as a military base.
1750/--/-- 69 - American frontiersman Christopher Gist explores the Ohio River region.
1750/--/-- 69 - Baal Shem Tov founds the Jewish sect of Hasidism about this time.
1750/--/-- 69 - Poona becomes the capital of the Maratha confederacy in India.
1750/--/-- 69 - The Afshars are replaced by the Zand dynasty in Persia (Iran); Shiraz becomes the capital.
1750/--/-- 69 - The Conestoga wagon develops in Pennsylvania about this time.
1750/--/-- 69 - The neoclassical movement in art develops in Europe about this time.
1750/--/-- 69 - The waltz becomes a popular dance in Europe about this time.
1751/--/-- 70 - English novelist Tobias Smollett writes The Expedition of Humphrey Clinker.
1751/--/-- 70 - English soldier Robert Clive captures Arcot in India.
1751/--/-- 70 - Jean Etienne Guettard produces the first geological maps of France.
1751/--/-- 70 - The Worcester Royal Porcelain Company is founded in England.
1751/--/-- 70 - The first volume of Diderot's Encyclopedie is published.
1751/09/28 71 *** Bristow, James [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, Jedediah and Elinor
1752/--/-- 71 - Benjamin Franklin invents the lightning conductor.
1752/--/-- 71 - French artist Francois Boucher paints Mademoiselle O'Murphy.
1752/--/-- 71 - Italian artist Tiepolo paints the Marriage of Frederick Barbarossa.
1753/--/-- 72 - Swedish biologist Carolus Linnaeus publishes his system of plant classification.
1753/--/-- 72 - The British Museum is founded in London.
1754/--/-- 73 - French attacks against the English in Ohio lead to the last French and Indian War.
1754/--/-- 73 - Italian architect Rastrelli designs the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg (Leningrad).
1754/--/-- 73 - The Royal and Ancient Golf Club is founded at Saint Andrews in Scotland.
1754/--/-- 73 - Thomas Chippendale publishes The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker's Directory.
1755/--/-- 74 - Adventurer and lover Casanova is arrested in Venice for witchcraft.
1755/--/-- 74 - Pasquale Paoli founds an independent state in Corsica.
1755/--/-- 74 - Samuel Johnson publishes his Dictionary of the English Language.
1755/--/-- 74 - The British under Braddock are defeated by the French at Fort Duquesne.
1755/--/-- 74 - The French population of Acadia (Nova Scotia) is deported by the British.
1755/--/-- 74 - The Lisbon earthquake kills 50,000.
1755/05/19 75 *** Bristow, Benjamin [Nephew] - Born to Bristow, Jedediah and Elinor
1756/--/-- 75 - 123 British soldiers are alleged to have died in the Black Hole of Calcutta in Bengal, India.
1756/--/-- 75 - French general Montcalm captures Fort Oswego and dominates the Great Lakes.
1756/--/-- 75 - The Seven Years' War begins with a Prussian attack on Austria.
1756/--/-- 75 - William Pitt (the Elder) becomes prime minister of Britain.
1757/--/-- 76 - Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Franco-Austrian army at Rossbach.
1757/--/-- 76 - Robert Clive defeats the nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey in India.
1758/--/-- 77 - Americans and British regulars under General Forbes capture Fort Duquesne.
1758/--/-- 77 - The Burmese overthrow the Mons; Rangoon becomes the new capital of Burma.
1758/--/-- 77 - The French under Montcalm defeat the British at Fort Ticonderoga.
1759/--/-- 78 - French poet and dramatist Voltaire publishes his philosophical novel Candide.
1759/--/-- 78 - Josiah Wedgwood establishes his first pottery works.
1759/--/-- 78 - The Botanical Gardens are founded at Kew in London.
1759/--/-- 78 - The British defeat the French at Niagara; Amherst captures Fort Ticonderoga.
1759/--/-- 78 - The British under Wolfe defeat Montcalm at Quebec; Wolfe dies from his wounds.
1759/--/-- 78 - The Russians defeat Frederick II at Kunersdorf.
1760/--/-- 79 - English architect Robert Adam begins the design of Syon House.
1760/--/-- 79 - English novelist Laurence Sterne publishes the first volumes of Tristram Shandy.
1760/--/-- 79 - George II dies; he is succeeded by his grandson George III as king of England.
1760/--/-- 79 - The British under Amherst capture Montreal, ending French resistance in North America.
1760/--/-- 79 - The Russians invade Prussia and burn Berlin.
1761/--/-- 80 - Franz Josef Haydn becomes court composer to Prince Esterhazy.
1761/09/02 81 - George III crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Tho
1762/--/-- 81 - American Indian religious leader, the Delaware Prophet, is active in the Ohio Valley.
1762/--/-- 81 - Britain seizes Cuba and the Philippines from Spain.
1762/--/-- 81 - British animal painter George Stubbs completes the Horse Attacked by a Lion.
1762/--/-- 81 - Catherine II (Catherine the Great) succeeds her husband as empress of Russia.
1762/--/-- 81 - France cedes Louisiana to Spain to prevent British control of the region.
1762/--/-- 81 - French philosopher Rousseau publishes The Social Contract and Emile.
1762/--/-- 81 - Peter III succeeds Elizabeth as emperor of Russia, but is deposed and murdered.
1762/--/-- 81 - The Russians end their alliance with Austria against Prussia.
1762/--/-- 81 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart performs at the Imperial court in Vienna at age 6.
1763/--/-- 82 - Augustus III dies; he is succeeded (1764) by Stanislaw II, the last king of Poland.
1763/--/-- 82 - Britain returns Cuba and the Philippines to Spain in exchange for Florida.
1763/--/-- 82 - France cedes Canada and all territories east of the Mississippi River to Britain.
1763/--/-- 82 - France recognizes British dominance in India.
1763/--/-- 82 - French forces withdraw from Germany; Prussia retains Silesia.
1763/--/-- 82 - James Boswell meets Samuel Johnson for the first time.
1763/--/-- 82 - The Ottawa chief Pontiac leads an uprising against the British.
1763/--/-- 82 - The Treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years' War and the French and Indian Wars.
1763/--/-- 82 - The Wahhabi Saudis begin to establish control over Arabia.
1764/--/-- 83 *** Bristow, James [Brother] - Died
1764/--/-- 83 - German historian Johann Winckelmann publishes his History of the Art of Antiquity.
1764/--/-- 83 - Thomas Chatterton forges the Rowley poems at the age of 12.
1765/--/-- 84 - Francis I dies; he is succeeded by Joseph II as Holy Roman Emperor.
1765/--/-- 84 - French artist Francois Boucher is appointed court painter to Louis XV.
1765/--/-- 84 - George Grenville's Stamp Act imposes a tax on all publications in the American colonies.
1765/--/-- 84 - Horace Walpole publishes his Gothic novel The Castle of Otranto.
1765/--/-- 84 - Lancelot Capability Brown designs the gardens at Blenheim Palace.
1765/--/-- 84 - Robert Clive is appointed governor of Bengal in India.
1765/--/-- 84 - Samuel Adams helps to found the Sons of Liberty to oppose the Stamp Act.
1765/--/-- 84 - Sir William Blackstone begins his Commentaries on the Laws of England.
1766/--/-- 85 - Anglo-Irish author Oliver Goldsmith publishes The Vicar of Wakefield.
1766/--/-- 85 - English chemist Henry Cavendish isolates hydrogen gas for the first time.
1766/--/-- 85 - French artist Jean Honore Fragonard paints The Swing.
1766/--/-- 85 - German dramatist and critic Gotthold Ephraim Lessing publishes Laocoon.
1766/--/-- 85 - The Declaratory Act imposes Parliament's right to make laws in the colonies.
1766/--/-- 85 - The Nautical Almanac provides the first practical method for determining longitude.
1766/--/-- 85 - The Stamp Act is repealed after strong opposition from American colonists.
1767/--/-- 86 *** Powell, Margaret (Bristow) & Bristow, William [Great Nephew] - Married
1767/--/-- 86 - German composer Christoph Willibald Gluck writes his opera Alceste.
1767/--/-- 86 - German-Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn publishes Phaedon.
1767/--/-- 86 - The Burmese destroy the Siam capital of Ayutthaya; the Bangkok Period begins.
1767/--/-- 86 - The Mason-Dixon line establishes the Pennsylvania-Maryland boundary.
1767/--/-- 86 - The Townshend Acts impose a tax on imports to North America.
1768/--/-- 87 - Genoa sells its rights in Corsica to France.
1768/--/-- 87 - Joshua Reynolds becomes the first president of the Royal Academy in London.
1768/--/-- 87 - Louis Antoine de Bougainville claims the Pacific island of Tahiti for France.
1768/--/-- 87 - The Russo-Turkish War is renewed.
1768/--/-- 87 - The first weekly numbers of the Encyclopaedia Britannica are issued.
1769/--/-- 88 - American pioneer Daniel Boone explores a route through the Cumberland Gap.
1769/--/-- 88 - French forces in Corsica defeat Pasquale Paoli; Corsica becomes a province of France.
1769/--/-- 88 - James Watt patents a condenser to improve the performance of steam engines.
1769/--/-- 88 - Ottawa Indian chief Pontiac is assassinated by a Peoria Indian.
1769/--/-- 88 - Richard Arkwright invents a spinning frame to mechanize cotton weaving.
1769/--/-- 88 - The Comtesse du Barry becomes the official mistress to Louis XV.
1769/--/-- 88 - The Gurkhas conquer Nepal.
1770/--/-- 89 - A brawl between British troops and colonists leads to the Boston Massacre.
1770/--/-- 89 - British explorer James Bruce discovers the source of the Blue Nile.
1770/--/-- 89 - English artist Thomas Gainsborough paints The Blue Boy.
1770/--/-- 89 - English navigator James Cook explores New Zealand and the east coast of Australia.
1770/--/-- 89 - Lord North becomes prime minister of Britain.
1770/--/-- 89 - Louis, the future king of France, marries Marie Antoinette.
1770/--/-- 89 - The British Parliament repeals the Townshend Acts.
1770/--/-- 89 - Thomas Jefferson begins building Monticello, his house in Virginia.
1771/--/-- 90 - Governor Tyron defeats the Regulators (dissident farmers) in North Carolina.
1771/--/-- 90 - Gustav III succeeds his father as king of Sweden.
1772/--/-- 91 - American artist Benjamin West paints The Death of Wolfe.
1772/--/-- 91 - English artist Joshua Reynolds paints a Portrait of Samuel Johnson.
1772/--/-- 91 - Poland is partitioned among Russia, Prussia and Austria.
1773/--/-- 92 - American colonists throw British tea into Boston Harbor during the Boston Tea Party.
1773/--/-- 92 - Anglo-Irish author Oliver Goldsmith writes the play She Stoops to Conquer.
1773/--/-- 92 - Calcutta is established as the capital of British India.
1773/--/-- 92 - Don Cossack Yemelian Pugachev leads the Peasant's Revolt in Russia.
1773/--/-- 92 - Pope Clement XIV persecutes the Jesuits.
1774/--/-- 93 - Britain passes the Intolerable Acts and closes the port of Boston.
1774/--/-- 93 - British scientist Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen.
1774/--/-- 93 - Edmund Burke's speech On American Taxation defends the colony's rights.
1774/--/-- 93 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe publishes The Sorrows of Young Werther.
1774/--/-- 93 - Louis XV dies; he is succeeded by his grandson Louis XVI as king of France.
1774/--/-- 93 - Rhode Island becomes the first state to abolish slavery.
1774/--/-- 93 - The Quebec Act grants religious liberty to Roman Catholics in Canada.
1774/--/-- 93 - The Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji ends the Russo-Turkish War.
1774/--/-- 93 - The first Continental Congress meets and condemns Britain's Intolerable Acts.
1774/--/-- 93 - Warren Hastings is appointed as the first Governor-General of British India.
1775/--/-- 94 - American patriot Patrick Henry states "Give me liberty, or give me death."
1775/--/-- 94 - Americans under Montgomery occupy Montreal, but fail to capture Quebec.
1775/--/-- 94 - British troops and colonial militia clash at Lexington, starting the American Revolution.
1775/--/-- 94 - British troops suffer heavy losses at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
1775/--/-- 94 - French dramatist Caron de Beaumarchais writes the Barber of Seville.
1775/--/-- 94 - Paul Revere rides to Lexington to warn of approaching British troops.
1775/--/-- 94 - Revolutionary War Begins
1775/--/-- 94 - The Continental Congress chooses George Washington to head the Continental Army.
1776/--/-- 95 - American General Charles Lee is captured by the British.
1776/--/-- 95 - Ann Lee establishes a Shaker community at Wartervliet in New York.
1776/--/-- 95 - British forces are evacuated from Boston.
1776/--/-- 95 - British forces under Sir Henry Clinton bombard Charleston harbor.
1776/--/-- 95 - Charles Burney publishes the first volume of A General History of Music.
1776/--/-- 95 - David Bushnell's submarine the Turtle makes an abortive attack on British ships.
1776/--/-- 95 - Economist Adam Smith publishes the Wealth of Nations.
1776/--/-- 95 - Edward Gibbon publishes the first volume of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
1776/--/-- 95 - Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin organizes the Russian Black Sea fleet.
1776/--/-- 95 - Howe defeats Washington at White Plains; Washington retreats across the Delaware.
1776/--/-- 95 - Nathan Hale is executed by the British as a spy.
1776/--/-- 95 - Swiss banker Jacques Necker is appointed director of the treasury by Louis XVI.
1776/--/-- 95 - The British under Howe defeat Washington on Long Island and occupy New York.
1776/--/-- 95 - The Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence.
1776/--/-- 95 - The Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress) literary movement begins in Germany.
1776/--/-- 95 - Thomas Paine publishes his Revolutionary War pamphlet Common Sense.
1776/--/-- 95 - Washington defeats British forces at Trenton and Princeton (1777).
1777/--/-- 96 - Burgoyne capitulates to Horatio Gates' American forces at Saratoga.
1777/--/-- 96 - Christianity is introduced into Korea.
1777/--/-- 96 - French chemist Lavoisier proves that air is composed of oxygen and nitrogen.
1777/--/-- 96 - General Burgoyne captures Ticonderoga and defeats the Americans in Pennsylvania.
1777/--/-- 96 - Richard Brinsley Sheridan's comedy The School for Scandal is produced.
1777/--/-- 96 - The British under Howe capture Philadelphia, forcing Congress to flee.
1777/--/-- 96 - The British under Howe defeat Washington's Continental Army at Brandywine Creek.
1777/--/-- 96 - The Continental Congress adopts the Stars and Stripes as the American flag.
1777/--/-- 96 - The Marquis de Lafayette offers his services to the Continental Congress.
1777/--/-- 96 - Washington's Continental Army spends a hard winter at Valley Forge.
1778/--/-- 97 - English novelist Fanny Burney writes Evelina.
1778/--/-- 97 - France enters the American War of Independence in support of the colonies.
1778/--/-- 97 - Franz Anton Mesmer opens a Paris practice to treat patients using magnetism.
1778/--/-- 97 - John Singleton Copley paints Watson and the Shark.
1778/--/-- 97 - La Scala opera house opens in Milan, Italy.
1778/--/-- 97 - Portugal transfers its rights in Equatorial Guinea to Spain.
1778/--/-- 97 - Washington clashes with British forces under Clinton at Monmouth, N.J.
1779/--/-- 98 - American forces under Sullivan campaign against the Iroquois on the New York border.
1779/--/-- 98 - An American squadron led by John Paul Jones attacks British shipping.
1779/--/-- 98 - British explorer James Cook is killed by natives on Hawaii.
1779/--/-- 98 - George Rogers Clark recaptures Vincennes from the British.
1779/--/-- 98 - Samuel Crompton develops his spinning mule for England's cotton industry.
1779/--/-- 98 - Samuel Johnson begins writing The Lives of the Poets
1779/--/-- 98 - Spain declares war on Britain and lays siege to Gibraltar.
1779/--/-- 98 - War breaks out between Dutch settlers and the Xhosas in South Africa.
1780/--/-- 99 - Americans under Horatio Gates are defeated by Cornwallis at Camden, S.C.
1780/--/-- 99 - Andre's capture exposes Benedict Arnold's plot to surrender West Point.
1780/--/-- 99 - English spy John Andre is caught and executed by the Americans.
1780/--/-- 99 - Francis Marion and Thomas Sumter lead guerrilla forces against the British.
1780/--/-- 99 - Luigi Galvani begins experiments on the effect of electricity on nerves and muscles.
1780/--/-- 99 - Maria Theresa dies; Joseph II inherits the crown of Bohemia and Hungary.
1780/--/-- 99 - Peruvian Indians under Tupac Amaru revolt against Spainish rule.
1780/--/-- 99 - The British under Clinton occupy Charleston, S.C. and capture the garrison.
1780/--/-- 99 - The Derby horse race is established in England.
1780/--/-- 99 - The Gordon Riots begin in London against Catholic emancipation.
1780/--/-- 99 - Venetian artist Francesco Guardi paints the Gondola on the Lagoon.
1781/--/-- 100 - American forces under Daniel Morgan defeat the British at the Battle of Cowpens.
1781/--/-- 100 - English astronomer William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.
1781/--/-- 100 - German philosopher Immanuel Kant publishes his Critique of Pure Reason.
1781/--/-- 100 - The British defeat Hyder Ali the Muslim ruler of Mysore (now Karnataka) in India.
1781/--/-- 100 - The British under Cornwallis surrender to the Americans at Yorktown.
1781/--/-- 100 - The French aid Washington in the siege of Yorktown.
1782/--/-- 101 - Henry Grattan's Patriot party achieves legislative independence for Ireland.
1782/--/-- 101 - Kamehameha I begins a ten-year war for control of Hawaii.
1782/--/-- 101 - Peace talks open in Paris between Britain and America.
1782/--/-- 101 - Pierre Choderlos de Laclos writes Les Liaisons Dangereuses.
1782/--/-- 101 - Rama I founds the Chakkri dynasty in Siam (Thailand) with Bangkok as its capital.
1782/--/-- 101 - The design for the Great Seal of the United States is adopted by the Continental Congress.
1782/--/-- 101 - Tippu Sultan succeeds his father as ruler of Mysore (now Karnataka) in India.
1783/--/-- 102 - An earthquake kills 30,000 people at Calabria in Italy.
1783/--/-- 102 - Britain cedes all lands west to Mississippi River
1783/--/-- 102 - Britain recognizes the independence of the United States at the Treaty of Paris.
1783/--/-- 102 - British forces abandon New York, their last stronghold in North America.
1783/--/-- 102 - French scientist Jacques Charles demonstrates the first hydrogen-inflated balloon.
1783/--/-- 102 - Peace Treaty ends Revolutionary War
1783/--/-- 102 - Revolutionary War Ends
1783/--/-- 102 - Russia gains control of the Crimea after three centuries of Turkish rule.
1783/--/-- 102 - The British return Florida to Spain under the terms of the Treaty of Paris.
1783/--/-- 102 - The Montgolfier brothers make the first manned flight in a hot air balloon.
1783/--/-- 102 - William Pitt (the Younger) becomes prime minister of Britain at age 24.
1783/--/-- 102 - William Pitt II becomes English Prime Minister at 24
1784/--/-- 103 *** Bristow, Jedediah [Brother] - Died Buckingham, Virginia
1784/--/-- 103 - American inventor Oliver Evans develops the first automated flour mill.
1784/--/-- 103 - Ben Franklin invents bifocal eyeglasses
1784/--/-- 103 - French dramatist Caron de Beaumarchais writes the Marriage of Figaro.
1784/--/-- 103 - French neoclassical artist Jacques Louis David paints The Oath of Horatii.
1784/--/-- 103 - Grigory Shelekhov founds the first Russian colony in America at Kodiak Island, Alaska.
1784/--/-- 103 - Thomas Jefferson's proposes a ban on slavery in the western territories.
1785/--/-- 104 - English poet William Cowper publishes The Task.
1785/--/-- 104 - French navigator La Perouse sails to the Pacific to find the Northwest Passage.
1785/--/-- 104 - Jean Pierre Blanchard makes the first balloon flight across the English Channel.
1785/--/-- 104 - New York City becomes the temporary capital of the United States.
1785/--/-- 104 - Newspaper publisher John Walter founds The Times of London.
1786/--/-- 105 - Daniel Shays leads a rebellion against the state government in Massachusetts.
1786/--/-- 105 - First ice cream made commercially in NYC
1786/--/-- 105 - Francisco de Goya becomes court painter to Charles III of Spain.
1786/--/-- 105 - Frederick II dies; he is succeeded by his son Frederick William II as king of Prussia.
1786/--/-- 105 - Lord Cornwallis succeeds Warren Hastings as governor-general of India.
1786/--/-- 105 - Robert Burns publishes Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect.
1786/--/-- 105 - Shay's Rebellion, MASS
1786/--/-- 105 - Singapore, Penang and Melaka are ceded to Britain as the Straits Settlements.
1786/--/-- 105 - Swiss climbers make the first ascent of Mount Blanc.
1787/--/-- 106 - Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison write the first Federalist essays.
1787/--/-- 106 - American inventor John Fitch launches a steam-powered ferry boat on the Delaware.
1787/--/-- 106 - Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart writes the opera Don Giovanni.
1787/--/-- 106 - British reformer William Wilberforce declares his aims to abolish slavery.
1787/--/-- 106 - Constitutional Convention
1787/--/-- 106 - Henry Holland builds the first Royal Pavilion at Brighton for the Prince Regent.
1787/--/-- 106 - Royall Tyler's The Contrast becomes the first stage comedy to be produced in the U.S.
1787/--/-- 106 - The Assembly of Notables is summoned by Louis XVI to reform French taxation.
1787/--/-- 106 - The British found Freetown and establish Sierra Leone as a colony for freed slaves.
1787/--/-- 106 - The Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia to draw up a U.S. Constitution.
1787/--/-- 106 - The Continental Congress excludes slavery from the Northwest Territory.
1787/--/-- 106 - The Marylebone Cricket Club (M.C.C.) is formed in London, England.
1787/--/-- 106 - Turkey declares war on Russia, beginning a new Russo-Turkish War.
1788/--/-- 107 - "The Federalist" published
1788/--/-- 107 - A crop failure in France leads to bread riots.
1788/--/-- 107 - Austria joins Russia in the war against Turkey.
1788/--/-- 107 - Captain Arthur Phillip founds the first Australian penal colony at Sydney Cove.
1788/--/-- 107 - Constitution ratified
1788/--/-- 107 - French physicist Lagrange publishes his Analytical Mechanics.
1788/--/-- 107 - George III of England has his first attack of mental illness.
1788/--/-- 107 - Mozart composes 3 symphonies: E-flat, G minor and Jupiter in less than 7 weeks.
1788/--/-- 107 - Swedish forces under Gustav III attack Russia.
1788/--/-- 107 - Warren Hastings is impeached for maladministration in India.
1789/--/-- 108 - A National Assembly is declared in France, ending the power of the States-General.
1789/--/-- 108 - Alexander Hamilton becomes the first U.S. secretary of the treasury.
1789/--/-- 108 - Austrian forces capture Belgrade from the Turks.
1789/--/-- 108 - Bill of Rights adopted
1789/--/-- 108 - English poet and artist William Blake publishes Songs of Innocence.
1789/--/-- 108 - French Revolution begins
1789/--/-- 108 - French sculptor Jean Antoine Houdon makes busts of Jefferson and Washington.
1789/--/-- 108 - George Washington (Federalist) becomes president of the United States
1789/--/-- 108 - Jeremy Bentham publishes An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.
1789/--/-- 108 - Louis XVI is forced to capitulate; France becomes a constitutional monarchy.
1789/--/-- 108 - Mutinous sailors seize H.M.S. Bounty and take refuge on Pitcairn Island.
1789/--/-- 108 - The Federalist party is formed by supporters of the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
1789/--/-- 108 - The French National Assembly formulates a Declaration of the Rights of Man.
1789/--/-- 108 - The French Revolution begins with an attack on the Bastille.
1789/--/-- 108 - The Supreme Court of the United States is founded with John Jay as Chief Justice.
1789/--/-- 108 - The Tammany Hall political organization is founded in New York.
1789/--/-- 108 - The first national Thanksgiving Day is celebrated in the U.S.
1789/--/-- 108 - Tippu Sultan begins the Third Mysore War against the British in India.
1789/--/-- 108 - Washington is elected as the first U.S. president; John Adams becomes vice-president.
1789/--/-- 108 - Wm. Blake publishes "Songs of Innocence"
1790/--/-- 109 - Leopold II succeeds Joseph II as Holy Roman Emperor.
1790/--/-- 109 - New England captains extend whaling into the Pacific Ocean about this time.
1790/--/-- 109 - Philadelphia replaces New York as the temporary capital of the U.S.
1790/--/-- 109 - Seat of government moves from NYC to Philadelphia
1790/--/-- 109 - Sweden and Russia sign a peace treaty.
1790/--/-- 109 - The New York Stock Exchange is founded.
1790/--/-- 109 - The bolero Spanish dance is introduced about this time.
1790/--/-- 109 - Thomas Jefferson proposes a decimal (metric) system; Congress rejects the suggestion.
1791/--/-- 110 - Austria returns Belgrade to the Turks.
1791/--/-- 110 - Chinese author Ts'ao Hsueh-ch'in publishes The Dream of the Red Chamber.
1791/--/-- 110 - Emperor Joseph II ends the war between Austria and Turkey.
1791/--/-- 110 - James Boswell publishes his Life of Samuel Johnson.
1791/--/-- 110 - Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are captured while trying to leave France.
1791/--/-- 110 - Marquis de Sade writes the novel Justine from his prison cell.
1791/--/-- 110 - Miami Indian chief Little Turtle defeats an American force under General Arthur St. Clair.
1791/--/-- 110 - Mozart's opera The Magic Flute is performed for the first time.
1791/--/-- 110 - Pierre Charles L'Enfant designs the new U.S. capital of Washington, D.C.
1791/--/-- 110 - The Bill of Rights (the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution) is ratified.
1791/--/-- 110 - The First Bank of the United States is founded.
1791/--/-- 110 - The Province of Quebec is divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
1791/--/-- 110 - Thomas Paine publishes The Rights of Man in defense of the French revolution.
1791/--/-- 110 - Thomas Sheraton publishes The Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer's Drawing Book.
1791/--/-- 110 - Tom Paine "The Rights of Man"
1791/--/-- 110 - Toussaint l'Ouverture leads a slave revolt in Haiti against the French.
1791/--/-- 110 - Vermont becomes the 14th state of the Union.
1792/--/-- 111 - Architect James Hoban wins the competition to design the White House.
1792/--/-- 111 - Charles Bulfinch designs the Connecticut State House (now Hartford City Hall).
1792/--/-- 111 - First U.S. Trade Union of shoemakers
1792/--/-- 111 - France declares war on Austria and Prussia, beginning the French Revolutionary Wars.
1792/--/-- 111 - Francis II succeeds Leopold II to become the last Holy Roman Emperor.
1792/--/-- 111 - George Washington is reelected as president.
1792/--/-- 111 - German philosopher Fichte writes an Essay toward a Critique of All Revelations.
1792/--/-- 111 - Gustav III of Sweden is assassinated at a masquerade in Stockholm.
1792/--/-- 111 - Jefferson leads the Democratic-Republican party in opposition to the Federalists.
1792/--/-- 111 - Kentucky becomes the 15th state of the Union.
1792/--/-- 111 - Mary Wollstonecraft publishes A Vindication of the Rights of Women.
1792/--/-- 111 - New insurrections begin in France; Louis XVI is imprisoned by the Commune of Paris.
1792/--/-- 111 - Russia and Prussia invade Poland, which is still recovering from the Partition of 1772.
1792/--/-- 111 - Swiss scientist Aime Argand develops a practical oil lamp using a tubular wick.
1792/--/-- 111 - The Columbia River is discovered by Boston trader Robert Gray.
1792/--/-- 111 - The French Republic adopts the guillotine as a uniform method of execution.
1792/--/-- 111 - The French under Dumouriez halt the Prussians and defeat the Austrians at Jemappes.
1792/--/-- 111 - The National Convention proclaims France a Republic.
1792/--/-- 111 - The Treaty of Jasso ends the Russo-Turkish War.
1792/--/-- 111 - The dollar is selected as the U.S. unit of currency.
1792/--/-- 111 - Thomas Paine publishes the Rights of Man and is outlawed for treason in England.
1793/--/-- 112 - Britain, Holland, Spain and Sardinia form a new anti-French coalition.
1793/--/-- 112 - Eli Whitney invents cotton gin; revives dying slave economy of South
1793/--/-- 112 - Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.
1793/--/-- 112 - France adopts the metric system of measurement.
1793/--/-- 112 - France raises the first national army of conscripts to oppose the Coalition forces.
1793/--/-- 112 - French King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette executed
1793/--/-- 112 - French revolutionary Jean Paul Marat is murdered by Charlotte Corday.
1793/--/-- 112 - Fugitive Slave Act
1793/--/-- 112 - George Washington lays the cornerstone for the Capitol building in Washington D.C.
1793/--/-- 112 - J.-L. David paints "The Dead Marat"
1793/--/-- 112 - Jean Pierre Blanchard makes the first U.S. balloon flight in Philadelphia.
1793/--/-- 112 - Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are executed; the Reign of Terror begins in France.
1793/--/-- 112 - Russia and Prussia seize Polish lands as part of the Second Partition of Poland.
1794/--/-- 113 - Ann Ward Radcliffe publishes her gothic novel The Mysteries of Udolpho.
1794/--/-- 113 - French engineer Claude Chappe invents the semaphore signaling system.
1794/--/-- 113 - Jay's Treaty settles disputes between Britain and the U.S.
1794/--/-- 113 - Militia under General Henry Lee suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania.
1794/--/-- 113 - Robespierre's execution ends the Reign of Terror in France; the Thermidorian Reaction begins.
1794/--/-- 113 - Tadeusz Kosciuszko leads a revolt of Polish peasants against Russia.
1794/--/-- 113 - The British occupy the French island of Corsica for a two-year period.
1794/--/-- 113 - The Qajar (Kajar) dynasty is founded in Persia (Iran).
1794/--/-- 113 - U.S. forces under Anthony Wayne defeat the Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
1795/--/-- 114 - American artist Charles Wilson Peale paints the Staircase group.
1795/--/-- 114 - Austrian composer Franz Josef Haydn completes the 12 London symphonies.
1795/--/-- 114 - France claims the island of Hispaniola.
1795/--/-- 114 - Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the insurrectionists in Paris.
1795/--/-- 114 - Prussia and Spain sue for peace with France.
1795/--/-- 114 - Scottish explorer Mungo Park reaches the Gambia and Niger Rivers.
1795/--/-- 114 - Scottish geologist James Hutton publishes his Theory of the Earth.
1795/--/-- 114 - Spain recognizes U.S. claims to West Florida (Mississippi).
1795/--/-- 114 - Stanislaw II abdicates as the last king of Poland.
1795/--/-- 114 - The British capture Cape Province (South Africa) from the Dutch.
1795/--/-- 114 - The Constitution of 1795 establishes a Directory to rule France.
1795/--/-- 114 - The Methodists separate from the Church of England.
1795/--/-- 114 - The final Partition of Poland is made among Russia, Prussia and Austria.
1796/--/-- 115 - English novelist Fanny Burney publishes Camilla.
1796/--/-- 115 - English physician Edward Jenner develops vaccination against smallpox.
1796/--/-- 115 - George Washington declines to serve as president for a third term.
1796/--/-- 115 - Gilbert Stuart paints a portrait of Washington (used later on the dollar bill).
1796/--/-- 115 - John Adams is elected as the 2nd U.S. president; Jefferson becomes vice-president.
1796/--/-- 115 - Napoleon defeats the Austrian and Sardinian armies in Italy.
1796/--/-- 115 - Napoleon marries Josephine, the widow of the vicomte de Beauharnais.
1796/--/-- 115 - Napoleon restores Corsica to French rule.
1796/--/-- 115 - Samuel Hahnemann publishes his findings on homeopathic treatment.
1796/--/-- 115 - Spain sides with France in the war against Britain.
1796/--/-- 115 - Tennessee becomes the 16th state of the Union.
1796/--/-- 115 - The British seize Ceylon (Sri Lanka) from the Dutch.
1797/--/-- 116 - Austria cedes the Austrian Netherlands (present-day Belgium) to France.
1797/--/-- 116 - British wood engraver Thomas Bewick publishes A History of British Birds.
1797/--/-- 116 - David Thompson surveys the Mississippi headwaters for the North West Company.
1797/--/-- 116 - John Adams (Federalist) becomes president of the United States
1797/--/-- 116 - Nelson defeats the Spanish fleet at Cape St. Vincent, and the Dutch at Camperdown.
1797/--/-- 116 - The British capture the Spanish colony of Trinidad.
1797/--/-- 116 - The Directory appoint Talleyrand as minister of foreign affairs for France.
1797/--/-- 116 - The Treaty of Campo Formio ends the war of the First Coalition against France.
1797/--/-- 116 - The Venetian Republic is dissolved; Venice is ruled by Austria.
1798/--/-- 117 - Alien and Sedition Act
1798/--/-- 117 - America's first professional author Charles Brockden Brown publishes Wieland.
1798/--/-- 117 - Britain, Austria, Russia and Turkey form a Second Coalition against France.
1798/--/-- 117 - Economist Thomas Malthus publishes An Essay on the Principle of Population.
1798/--/-- 117 - Eli Whitney uses early mass production techniques to manufacture muskets.
1798/--/-- 117 - French armies occupy Rome and invade Switzerland, creating the Helvetic Republic.
1798/--/-- 117 - Haydn composes "The Creation"
1798/--/-- 117 - Lord Wellesley becomes governor-general of India.
1798/--/-- 117 - Napoleon's army invades Egypt and defeats the Mamelukes at the Battle of the Pyramids.
1798/--/-- 117 - The French fleet is destroyed by Nelson at Abukir Bay, cutting off Napoleon's forces in Egypt.
1798/--/-- 117 - The U.S. Congress passes the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts.
1798/--/-- 117 - The XYZ Affair leads to the Quasi War between France and the U.S.
1798/--/-- 117 - The territory of Mississippi becomes part of the United States.
1798/--/-- 117 - William Wordsworth publishes Lyrical Ballads with Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
1798/--/-- 117 - Wolfe Tone leads a revolt against the British by the Society of United Irishmen.
1798/04/-- 117 *** Bristow, William [Great Nephew] - Died Patrick County Virginia USA
1799/--/-- 118 - A 33,000 year-old frozen mammoth is discovered at the Lena River in Russia.
1799/--/-- 118 - Britain becomes the first nation to introduce a national income tax.
1799/--/-- 118 - City Hotel, the first American structure designed as a hotel, opens in New York.
1799/--/-- 118 - Humboldt and Bonpland begin their scientific expedition in South American.
1799/--/-- 118 - Napoleon attacks Syria to prevent a Turkish invasion of Egypt, but is defeated at Acre.
1799/--/-- 118 - Napoleon becomes Consul
1799/--/-- 118 - Napoleon returns to France as first consul; the Consulate replaces the Directory.
1799/--/-- 118 - Ranjit Singh establishes a Sikh kingdom in northwest India.
1799/--/-- 118 - Russian forces under Suvorov defeat the French in Italy, but are held at Zurich.
1799/--/-- 118 - The Rosetta Stone, the key to deciphering hieroglyphics, is discovered in Egypt.
1799/--/-- 118 - The Russian-American Company is founded to administer the Alaskan fur trade.
1799/--/-- 118 - Tippu Sultan is killed in battle with the British; the Mysore empire is destroyed.
1800/--/-- 119 - Black slave Gabriel leads an abortive uprising near Richmond, Virginia.
1800/--/-- 119 - France regains Louisiana from Spain under the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso.
1800/--/-- 119 - Italian physicist Alessandro Volta invents the first electric battery.
1800/--/-- 119 - Jefferson defeats Adams in the U.S. presidential election, but ties with Burr.
1800/--/-- 119 - Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman) arrives in the Ohio River valley around this time.
1800/--/-- 119 - Library of Congress founded
1800/--/-- 119 - Madame de Stael publishes The Influence of Literature Upon Society.
1800/--/-- 119 - Napoleon commissions Cambaceres to develop the Napoleonic Code of law.
1800/--/-- 119 - Napoleon defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo.
1800/--/-- 119 - Seat of government moves from Philadelphia to Washington, DC
1800/--/-- 119 - The Library of Congress is founded in Washington D.C.
1800/--/-- 119 - The seat of U.S. government is transferred to Washington, D.C.
1800/--/-- 119 - Volta invents electric battery

In 1680 Transportation was by:
          Foot
          Horse
          Sailing ship
By 1800 Transportation was by:
          Bicycle
in addition.

In 1680 Communications was by:
          Word of Mouth
By 1800 Communications was by:
          Post Office
in addition.

In 1680 Food Preparation was by:
          Wood

In 1680 Entertainment was by:
          Social Intercourse
          Organized Sports
          Travel
          Professional Sports
          Movies
          Radio
          Television
          Theme parks
          Computer

In 1680 Health Care was by:
          Operations
          Anesthetic
          X-Rays
          MRI

In 1680 War Making was by:
          Bow & Arrow
          Swords & body armor
          Calvary
          gun
          Artillery
By 1800 War Making was by:
          Submarine
in addition.
By 1800 War Making by:
          Bow & Arrow
          Swords & body armor
had been discontinued.

In 1680 Navigation was by:
          Stars & Maps
          Compass

from the SFHR database of Duane Bristow 10-13-2019 12:19:20


Index

Family and Social Relations

of Bristow, Joanna 1680/05/09

Index

Last revised 10/13/19.