Ewing, Matthew - M 1824/06/18

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                              The Life of Ewing, Matthew
1824/06/18 to 1883/01/01 male No children
...Date... AGE Event
1824/--/-- -1 - De Sucre defeats the Spanish at the Battle of Ayacucho, liberating Peru.
1824/--/-- -1 - Disputes over the border of India lead to war between Britain and Burma.
1824/--/-- -1 - English poet Lord Byron travels to Greece to aid the patriots but dies of a fever.
1824/--/-- -1 - Jons Jakob Berzelius discovers the element silicon about this time.
1824/--/-- -1 - Sadi Carnot lays the foundations for the second law of thermodynamics.
1824/--/-- -1 - The Ashanti begin a war of resistance against Britain in the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1824/--/-- -1 - The Ashanti begin a war of resistance against Britain in the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1824/--/-- -1 - The National Gallery is founded in London.
1824/06/18 0 *** Ewing, Matthew - Born to Ewing, Matthew and Hollin, Eliza Ann (Ewing)
1825/--/-- 0 - Adams is inaugurated as the 6th U.S. president; Calhoun becomes vice-president.
1825/--/-- 0 - American painter Thomas Cole founds the Hudson River School about this time.
1825/--/-- 0 - English literary critic William Hazlitt publishes The Spirit of the Age.
1825/--/-- 0 - John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1825/--/-- 0 - Kappa Alpha, the first social fraternity, is formed at Union College, New York.
1825/--/-- 0 - Mountain man James Bridger discovers the Great Salt Lake.
1825/--/-- 0 - Nicholas I is made emperor of Russia; the Decembrists revolt breaks out.
1825/--/-- 0 - The Central American Federation declares its independence from Mexico.
1825/--/-- 0 - Thomas Cole establishes Hudson River school of landscape painting
1825/--/-- 0 - Uruguayan leader Lavalleja precipitates a war between Brazil and Argentina.
1825/--/-- 0 - Welsh reformer Robert Owen founds a community at New Harmony, Indiana.
1826/--/-- 1 *** Ewing, Matthew [Father] - Died
1826/--/-- 1 - American engineer John Stevens builds the first U.S. steam locomotive.
1826/--/-- 1 - Andre Ampere publishes his Theory of Electrodynamic Phenomenon.
1826/--/-- 1 - British engineer Thomas Telford builds the Menai suspension bridge in Wales.
1826/--/-- 1 - Felix Mendelssohn composes his overture to A Midsummer Night's Dream at age 17.
1826/--/-- 1 - German poet Heine begins the publication of Reisebilder (Travel Pictures).
1826/--/-- 1 - Ohm's law establishes the relationship of electrical voltage, current and resistance.
1826/--/-- 1 - Revolutionary leader Antonio Jose de Sucre is elected first president of Bolivia.
1827/--/-- 2 - American frontiersman Davy Crockett is elected to Congress.
1827/--/-- 2 - Audubon publishes " Birds of America"
1827/--/-- 2 - Britain, France and Russia demand that Turkey ends the war with Greece.
1827/--/-- 2 - English inventor John Walker introduces the first friction matches.
1827/--/-- 2 - French landscape artist Camille Corot paints the Bridge at Narni.
1827/--/-- 2 - Mountain man Jedediah Smith pioneers an overland route to California.
1827/--/-- 2 - Ornithologist John James Audubon begins the publication of his Birds of America.
1827/--/-- 2 - The Allied navies destroy the Turkish and Egyptian fleet at Navarino in Greece.
1828/--/-- 3 - Composer Frederic Chopin begins concert tours at age 18.
1828/--/-- 3 - Greeks win War of Independence from Ottoman Empire
1828/--/-- 3 - Lavalleja's Thirty-three Immortals achieve Uruguayan independence from Brazil.
1828/--/-- 3 - Noah Webster publishes his American Dictionary of the English Language.
1828/--/-- 3 - Rammohun Roy founds the Brahmo Samaj religious society in India.
1828/--/-- 3 - The Duke of Wellington becomes prime minister of Britain.
1828/--/-- 3 - Virtuoso violin player Niccolo Paganini performs in Vienna.
1829/--/-- 4 - Andrew Jackson (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1829/--/-- 4 - Delacroix paints "Death of Sardanapalus"
1829/--/-- 4 - Explorer Charles Sturt charts the Murray River in Australia.
1829/--/-- 4 - Jackson introduces spoils system
1829/--/-- 4 - Jackson is inaugurated as the 7th U.S. president; Calhoun continues as vice-president.
1829/--/-- 4 - Lord Bentinck bans the Indian custom of suttee (the burning of widows).
1829/--/-- 4 - Louis Braille publishes his braille system of writing for the blind.
1829/--/-- 4 - Serbia becomes an autonomous principality under Prince Milos.
1829/--/-- 4 - Sir Robert Peel reorganizes the London police; his policemen are nicknamed Bobbies.
1829/--/-- 4 - Sir Robert Peel sponsers the Catholic Emancipation Act in Britain.
1829/--/-- 4 - The convict-free British colony of Western Australia is founded.
1829/--/-- 4 - The first U.S. encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia Americana, is begun.
1830/--/-- 5 - Belgium asserts its independence from the Netherlands.
1830/--/-- 5 - British geologist Charles Lyell begins publishing his Principles of Geology.
1830/--/-- 5 - Fructuoso Rivera is elected as first president of Uruguay.
1830/--/-- 5 - George Catlin begins his paintings of North American Indians about this time.
1830/--/-- 5 - Greece becomes independent from Turkey.
1830/--/-- 5 - Hector Berlioz composes his first major work the Symphonie Fantastique.
1830/--/-- 5 - Indian Removal Act moves eastern Indians west of Mississippi
1830/--/-- 5 - Joseph Smith founds the Mormon church at Fayette, New York.
1830/--/-- 5 - Louis Philippe is chosen as the citizen king of France.
1830/--/-- 5 - Philipon publishes the satirical weekly La Caricature, with contributions by Daumier.
1830/--/-- 5 - Polish rebellions are suppressed by Russia.
1830/--/-- 5 - Simon Bolivar resigns as dictator of Gran Colombia, he dies later in the year.
1830/--/-- 5 - The Indian Removal Act is passed to move the southeastern tribes to Indian Territory.
1830/--/-- 5 - The July Revolution in France forces the abdication of Charles X.
1830/--/-- 5 - The Women's magazine Godey's Lady's Book is published in the U.S.
1830/--/-- 5 - The locomotive Best Friend of Charleston is in use on the first U.S. railroad.
1830/--/-- 5 - William IV succeeds George IV as king of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1831/--/-- 6 - British naturalist Charles Darwin sails to South America aboard H.M.S. Beagle.
1831/--/-- 6 - Cyrus McCormick invents a mechanical reaper.
1831/--/-- 6 - Explorer James Clark Ross determines the position of the north magnetic pole.
1831/--/-- 6 - Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Mazzini founds the Young Italy movement.
1831/--/-- 6 - Jose Antonio Paez becomes the first president of Venezuela.
1831/--/-- 6 - King Louis Philippe founds the French foreign legion.
1831/--/-- 6 - Leopold I is selected as the first king of Belgium.
1831/--/-- 6 - Michael Faraday demonstrates his theory of electromagnetic induction.
1831/--/-- 6 - Nat Turner leads a black slave revolt in Virginia; he is captured and hanged.
1831/--/-- 6 - Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin completes his masterpiece Eugene Onegin.
1831/--/-- 6 - The crown colony of British Guiana (Guyana) is formed.
1831/--/-- 6 - Victor Hugo "Hunchback of Notre Dame"
1831/--/-- 6 - William Lloyd Garrison publishes the abolitionist newspaper the Liberator.
1832/--/-- 7 - George Sand (Aurore Dudevant) publishes her first novel Indiana.
1832/--/-- 7 - Japanese artist Hiroshige begins work on Fifty-three Stages of the Tokaido.
1832/--/-- 7 - Samuel F.B. Morse designs improved electromagnetic telegraph
1832/--/-- 7 - The Black Hawk War is the last major Indian conflict east of the Mississippi River.
1832/--/-- 7 - The Democratic party is formally established as a national organization.
1833/--/-- 8 - A Bavarian prince becomes King Otto of Greece.
1833/--/-- 8 - Britain occupies the Falkland Islands.
1833/--/-- 8 - Carl von Clausewitz's classic study of warfare On War is published.
1833/--/-- 8 - General Santa Anna becomes president of Mexico.
1833/--/-- 8 - Isabella II succeeds Ferdinand VII, King of Spain; the Carlist Wars begin.
1833/--/-- 8 - President Jackson withdraws federal deposits from the Bank of the United States.
1833/--/-- 8 - Santa Anna elected President of Mexico
1833/--/-- 8 - The American Anti-Slavery Society is inaugurated in Philadelphia.
1833/--/-- 8 - Victor Hugo's novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame is published in English.
1834/--/-- 9 - A Quadruple Alliance is formed to aid Isabella II of Spain and Maria II of Portugal.
1834/--/-- 9 - American inventor Jacob Perkins patents the first practical ice-making machine.
1834/--/-- 9 - British politician Sir Robert Peel founds the Conservative Party.
1834/--/-- 9 - Indian Territory founded
1834/--/-- 9 - Slavery abolished in British Empire
1834/--/-- 9 - The Carlist Wars resume in Spain.
1834/--/-- 9 - The Hansom cab is designed; it becomes the standard horse-drawn cab in London.
1834/--/-- 9 - The Whig party is formed to oppose Andrew Jackson and the Democratic party.
1835/--/-- 10 - American settlers begin the Texas Revolution against Mexican rule.
1835/--/-- 10 - Attempts to move the Seminole Indians begins the second Seminole War.
1835/--/-- 10 - Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen publishes Tales Told for Children.
1835/--/-- 10 - French politician Alexis de Tocqueville publishes Democracy in America.
1835/--/-- 10 - James Gordon Bennett founds the New York Herald newspaper.
1835/--/-- 10 - Second Seminole War in Florida
1836/--/-- 11 - American educator William Holmes McGuffey begins editing his Readers.
1836/--/-- 11 - American inventor Samuel Colt begins manufacturing the first revolver.
1836/--/-- 11 - American literary figure Ralph Waldo Emerson founds the Transcendental Club.
1836/--/-- 11 - Arkansas is inaugurated as the 25th state of the Union.
1836/--/-- 11 - Boer (Afrikaner) settlers begin the Great Trek into the South African interior.
1836/--/-- 11 - Bolivian president Santa Cruz invades Peru and forms the Peru-Bolivian Confederation.
1836/--/-- 11 - Charles Barry designs Westminster Palace in the Gothic Revival style.
1836/--/-- 11 - Charles Dickens publishes his first popular work The Pickwick Papers.
1836/--/-- 11 - John C. Calhoun supports the gag rules to prevent Congress debating slavery.
1836/--/-- 11 - Republic of Texas forms
1836/--/-- 11 - Russian author Nikolai Gogol writes his play The Inspector General.
1836/--/-- 11 - Santa Anna's army storms the Alamo in Texas, killing the defenders.
1836/--/-- 11 - Texans under Sam Houston defeat Santa Anna at the San Jacinto River.
1836/--/-- 11 - Texas Revolution
1836/--/-- 11 - The Arc de Triomphe, the world's largest triumphal arch, is completed in Paris.
1836/08/07 12 *** Ewing, Benjamin [Nephew] - Born to Ewing, John
1837/--/-- 12 *** Ewing, John [Brother] - Died
1837/--/-- 12 - Britain's refusal to grant more home rule in Canada leads to the Rebellions of 1837.
1837/--/-- 12 - British scientist Charles Wheatstone designs an electric telegraph system.
1837/--/-- 12 - Charles Dickens "Oliver Twist"
1837/--/-- 12 - Louis Daguerre invents the daguerreotype method for taking permanent photographs.
1837/--/-- 12 - Martin Van Buren (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1837/--/-- 12 - Michigan is inaugurated as the 26th state of the Union.
1837/--/-- 12 - Mikhail Lermontov writes the Death of a Poet, inspired by the death of Pushkin.
1837/--/-- 12 - Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin is killed in a duel.
1837/--/-- 12 - Scottish historian Thomas Carlyle publishes The French Revolution.
1837/--/-- 12 - Seminole Indian leader Osceola is captured.
1837/--/-- 12 - Van Buren is inaugurated as the 8th U.S. president; Johnson becomes vice-president.
1837/--/-- 12 - William IV dies; Victoria succeeds him as Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1837/06/-- 12 - Victoria succeeds as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.
1838/--/-- 13 - Boer (Afrikaner) leader Andries Pretorius defeats the Zulus at the Battle of Blood River.
1838/--/-- 13 - British artist Joseph Mallord William Turner paints the Fighting Temeraire.
1838/--/-- 13 - Charles Wilkes heads a U.S. Navy expedition to Antarctica.
1838/--/-- 13 - Cherokee "Trail of Tears"
1838/--/-- 13 - French philosopher Auguste Comte inaugurates the science of sociology.
1838/--/-- 13 - Iowa Territory organized
1838/--/-- 13 - John Deere develops a steel-tipped plow capable of turning heavy prairie soil.
1838/--/-- 13 - Samuel F.B. Morse develops the Morse code for electric telegraph systems.
1838/--/-- 13 - Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan makes the first pedal-driven bicycle.
1838/06/08 13 - Victoria crowned Queen of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Will
1839/--/-- 14 - American inventor Charles Goodyear develops the vulcanization of rubber.
1839/--/-- 14 - Chile defeats Santa Cruz's Peru-Bolivian Confederation at the Battle of Yungay.
1839/--/-- 14 - Daguerre invents first form of photography
1839/--/-- 14 - French novelist Stendhal writes The Charterhouse of Parma.
1839/--/-- 14 - Hungarian composer and pianist Franz Liszt embarks on a concert tour of Europe.
1839/--/-- 14 - Jose Rafael Carrera captures Guatemala; the Central American Federation is dissolved.
1839/--/-- 14 - Stephens and Catherwood explore Maya ruins in the Yucatan.
1839/--/-- 14 - The Anglo-Afghan Wars begin in Afghanistan.
1839/--/-- 14 - The Opium Wars begin between Britain and China.
1839/--/-- 14 - Theodor Schwann and Matthias Jakob Schleiden formulate the cell theory.
1840/--/-- 15 - Civil War breaks out in Uruguay between the Colorados (reds) and Blancos (whites).
1840/--/-- 15 - Edgar Allen Poe: "Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque"
1840/--/-- 15 - French philosopher and anarchist Pierre Joseph Proudhon writes What is Property.
1840/--/-- 15 - Horatio Greenough's classical statue of George Washington is strongly criticized.
1840/--/-- 15 - Maori chiefs sign over their tribal lands to Queen Victoria in the Treaty of Waitangi.
1840/--/-- 15 - Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg.
1840/--/-- 15 - Swiss-American naturalist Louis Agassiz postulates his theory of ice ages.
1840/--/-- 15 - The Liberty party is founded in Albany, N.Y. based exclusively on an antislavery platform.
1840/--/-- 15 - The Underground Railroad is active in helping escaping slaves in the U.S.
1840/--/-- 15 - The first adhesive postage stamp, the Penny Black, is issued in London.
1840/--/-- 15 - The metric system of measurement is reinstated in France.
1840/--/-- 15 - Upper and Lower Canada are united in the single Province of Canada.
1840/--/-- 15 - Upper and lower Canada united
1841/--/-- 16 - Edgar Allan Poe writes an early detective story The Murders in the Rue Morgue.
1841/--/-- 16 - George Grey is appointed governor of South Australia to help save the colony.
1841/--/-- 16 - Harrison is inaugurated as the 9th U.S. president; Tyler becomes vice-president.
1841/--/-- 16 - Horace Greeley founds the New York Tribune newspaper.
1841/--/-- 16 - Italian ballerina Carlotta Grisi creates the role of Giselle.
1841/--/-- 16 - John Tyler (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1841/--/-- 16 - Muhammad Ali defeats the Ottomans and becomes the hereditary ruler of Egypt.
1841/--/-- 16 - New Zealand is established as a separate British colony.
1841/--/-- 16 - President Harrison dies; John Tyler is inaugurated as the 10th U.S. president
1841/--/-- 16 - Whig prime minister Lord Melbourne resigns; he is succeeded by Sir Robert Peel.
1841/--/-- 16 - William Henry Harrison (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1841/--/-- 16 - William Henry Talbot patents the calotype photographic process.
1842/--/-- 17 - 10-hour day for children under 12 in Massachusetts
1842/--/-- 17 - American explorer John C. Fremont begins surveying the Oregon Trail.
1842/--/-- 17 - American showman P.T. Barnum discovers the 40-inch midget Tom Thumb.
1842/--/-- 17 - Austrian physicist Christian Johann Doppler predicts the Doppler effect.
1842/--/-- 17 - China cedes Hong Kong to Britain.
1842/--/-- 17 - China is defeated in the first Opium War; Chinese ports are opened to British trade.
1842/--/-- 17 - Italian composer Gaetano Donizetti writes his opera Don Pasquale.
1843/--/-- 18 - A coup in Greece forces King Otto to accept a constitutional monarchy.
1843/--/-- 18 - Black American Sojourner Truth begins her reform mission.
1843/--/-- 18 - Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard publishes Either/Or.
1843/--/-- 18 - English art critic John Ruskin begins publishing Modern Painters.
1843/--/-- 18 - German astronomer Samuel Schwabe discovers the sunspot cycle.
1844/--/-- 19 - Alexander Dumas "The Three Muskateers"
1844/--/-- 19 - Eastern Hispaniola declares independence from Haiti as the Dominican Republic.
1844/--/-- 19 - French author Alexandre Dumas (Dumas pere) publishes The Three Musketeers.
1844/--/-- 19 - Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormons, is killed by a lynch mob.
1844/--/-- 19 - Samuel F.B. Morse establishes the first U.S. telegraph link.
1844/--/-- 19 - Settlers in New South Wales force Britain to stop sending convicts to the colony.
1844/--/-- 19 - The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) is founded in England.
1844/--/-- 19 - William Henry Talbot begins his Pencil of Nature, the first book of photographs.
1845/--/-- 20 - American author Margaret Fuller publishes Women in the Nineteenth Century.
1845/--/-- 20 - British archaeologist Austen Layard excavates the sites of Nimrud and Nineveh.
1845/--/-- 20 - Civil War ends in Peru; Castilla Ramon is elected as president.
1845/--/-- 20 - Failure of the potato crop leads to a famine in Ireland.
1845/--/-- 20 - Florida is inaugurated as the 27th state of the Union.
1845/--/-- 20 - French artists Gavarni and Grandville begin designing the first elaborate posters.
1845/--/-- 20 - German composer Robert Schumann writes his Piano Concerto in A minor.
1845/--/-- 20 - German scientist Alexander von Humboldt publishes the first volume of his Kosmos.
1845/--/-- 20 - James K. Polk (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1845/--/-- 20 - Polk is inaugurated as the 11th U.S. president; Dallas becomes vice-president
1845/--/-- 20 - Sir John Franklin leads an ill-fated expedition in search of the Northwest Passage.
1845/--/-- 20 - The Republic of Texas becomes the 28th state of the Union.
1845/--/-- 20 - The Republic of Texas is annexed by the U.S.; it becomes the 28th state of the Union.
1845/--/-- 20 - The Sikh Wars begin in British India.
1845/--/-- 20 - The first clipper ship the Rainbow is built in New York.
1845/--/-- 20 - The term Manifest Destiny is first used in defense of U.S. territorial ambitions.
1846/--/-- 21 - Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone in Paris.
1846/--/-- 21 - American dentist William Morton extracts a tooth using ether as an anesthetic.
1846/--/-- 21 - German astronomer Johann Galle makes the first observation of the planet Neptune.
1846/--/-- 21 - German philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach publishes The Essence of Religion.
1846/--/-- 21 - Henry Creswicke Rawlinson deciphers the Mesopotamian cuneiform script.
1846/--/-- 21 - Iowa is inaugurated as the 29th state of the Union.
1846/--/-- 21 - Mexican War
1846/--/-- 21 - Mormon trek from Navoo to Salt Lake City
1846/--/-- 21 - Oregon boundary with Canada established at 49th parallel
1846/--/-- 21 - The Christy Minstrels begin performing in New York.
1846/--/-- 21 - The Mexican War begins over the U.S. annexation of Texas.
1846/--/-- 21 - The Mexican government collapses; Santa Anna is reelected as president.
1846/--/-- 21 - The Smithsonian Institution is created by Congress.
1846/--/-- 21 - The border between the U.S. and Canada is established, settling the Oregon Question.
1846/--/-- 21 - U.S. forces under Stephen Watts Kearny occupy New Mexico.
1846/--/-- 21 - U.S. forces under Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at Palo Alto and Monterrey.
1846/--/-- 21 - Writer and artist Edward Lear publishes A Book of Nonsense.
1847/--/-- 22 - American missionary Marcus Whitman is killed by Cayuse Indians in Oregon.
1847/--/-- 22 - American oceanographer Matthew Maury publishes his first Wind and Current Charts.
1847/--/-- 22 - Charlotte Bronte publishes Jane Eyre; Emily Bronte publishes Wuthering Heights.
1847/--/-- 22 - English novelist William Makepeace Thackeray begins Vanity Fair.
1847/--/-- 22 - Honore de Balzac completes La Comedie humaine, a collection of over 100 novels.
1847/--/-- 22 - Italian statesman Cavour founds the liberal newspaper Il Risorgimento (resurgence).
1847/--/-- 22 - Maria Mitchell, the first woman astronomer in America, discovers a new comet.
1847/--/-- 22 - Mormons and the Indians
1847/--/-- 22 - Scott enters Mexico City after a series of battles; Mexico sues for peace.
1847/--/-- 22 - Sir James Simpson uses chloroform for childbirth
1847/--/-- 22 - Taylor defeats Santa Anna's Mexican army at the Battle of Buena Vista.
1847/--/-- 22 - The African slave colony of Liberia is declared independent.
1847/--/-- 22 - The American Medical Association is founded.
1847/--/-- 22 - The Mormons under Brigham Young found Salt Lake City.
1847/--/-- 22 - The U.S. post office begins using adhesive postage stamps.
1847/--/-- 22 - U.S. forces under Stockton, Fremont and Kearny occupy California.
1847/--/-- 22 - U.S. forces under Winfield Scott land at Veracruz and advance on Mexico City.
1848/--/-- 23 - A Czech uprising under Frantisek Palacky is suppressed by Austria.
1848/--/-- 23 - American engineer James Bogardus begins using cast-iron for building construction.
1848/--/-- 23 - February Revolution by French workers makes Louis Napoleon III President of 2nd Reublic
1848/--/-- 23 - Ferdinand I abdicates; Francis Joseph becomes Emperor of Austria.
1848/--/-- 23 - French Barbizon artist Theodore Rousseau paints the Forest at Fontainebleau.
1848/--/-- 23 - French author Alexandre Dumas (Dumas fils) publishes his novel Camille.
1848/--/-- 23 - Gold discovered in California
1848/--/-- 23 - Holman Hunt, Millais and Rossetti form the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in Britain.
1848/--/-- 23 - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish the Communist Manifesto.
1848/--/-- 23 - Karl Marx and Friedrick Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
1848/--/-- 23 - Louis Philippe abdicates; a Second Republic is declared in France.
1848/--/-- 23 - Mexican Cession
1848/--/-- 23 - Risorgimento leader Garibaldi returns to Italy to fight in the war of independence.
1848/--/-- 23 - Scottish physicist William Thomson Kelvin proposes an absolute temperature scale.
1848/--/-- 23 - The Austrian revolution begins in Vienna; chancellor Metternich resigns.
1848/--/-- 23 - The Revolutions of 1848 break out in Europe.
1848/--/-- 23 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ratifies the cession of California and New Mexico.
1848/--/-- 23 - The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill begins the California gold rush.
1848/--/-- 23 - The first U.S. women's rights assembly meets at the Seneca Falls Convention.
1848/--/-- 23 - Uprisings in Berlin force Frederick William IV to summon a constitutional assembly.
1848/--/-- 23 - Wisconsin is inaugurated as the 30th state of the Union.
1849/--/-- 24 - Amelia Bloomer publicizes bloomers (baggy trousers for women) in the Lily magazine.
1849/--/-- 24 - Austrian forces crush the Italian revolution; Mazzini and Garibaldi flee from Italy.
1849/--/-- 24 - Austrian premier Felix Schwarzenberg uses the Russian army to defeat the Hungarians.
1849/--/-- 24 - Black slave Harriet Tubman escapes and begins her Underground Railway work.
1849/--/-- 24 - Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to obtain a medical degree.
1849/--/-- 24 - Francois Rene de Chateaubriand publishes Memoirs From Beyond the Tomb.
1849/--/-- 24 - French physicist Armand Fizeau measures the velocity of light.
1849/--/-- 24 - Lajos Kossuth declares Hungarian independence from Austria.
1849/--/-- 24 - Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin is deported to Siberia.
1849/--/-- 24 - Taylor is inaugurated as the 12th U.S. president; Fillmore becomes vice-president
1849/--/-- 24 - Zachary Taylor (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1850/--/-- 25 - Allan Pinkerton founds the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.
1850/--/-- 25 - American author Nathaniel Hawthorne writes The Scarlet Letter.
1850/--/-- 25 - American popular songwriter Stephen Foster publishes Camptown Races.
1850/--/-- 25 - California is inaugurated as the 31st state of the Union.
1850/--/-- 25 - Congress reinforces the Fugitive Slave Law for the return of escaped slaves.
1850/--/-- 25 - Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes her Sonnets From the Portuguese.
1850/--/-- 25 - English author Charles Dickens writes David Copperfield.
1850/--/-- 25 - French realist artist Gustave Courbet paints The Stone Breakers.
1850/--/-- 25 - Jenny Lind the Swedish nightingale begins her U.S. tour.
1850/--/-- 25 - Millard Fillmore (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1850/--/-- 25 - Nathanial Hawthorne "The Scarlet Letter"
1850/--/-- 25 - Photographer Mathew Brady publishes The Gallery of Illustrious Americans.
1850/--/-- 25 - Plains Indians cede land in exchange for reservations
1850/--/-- 25 - President Taylor dies; Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th U.S. president.
1850/--/-- 25 - The Compromise of 1850 establishes California as a non-slavery state.
1850/--/-- 25 - The Taiping Rebellion breaks out in China against the Ch'ing dynasty.
1850/--/-- 25 - The first issue of Harper's magazine is published.
1850/--/-- 25 - Utah and New Mexico Territories
1850/03/20 25 *** Wood, Mariba (Ewing) & Ewing, Jesse [Brother] - Married
1851/--/-- 26 - A gold rush begins in Victoria, Australia; Victoria becomes a separate colony.
1851/--/-- 26 - American author Herman Melville publishes Moby-Dick.
1851/--/-- 26 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Rigoletto is produced in Venice.
1851/--/-- 26 - Harriet Beecher Stowe begins publishing Uncle Tom's Cabin.
1851/--/-- 26 - Henry Jarvis Raymond and George Jones found the New York Times.
1851/--/-- 26 - Isaac Merrit Singer invents the first practical sewing machine.
1851/--/-- 26 - Jacob Fussell begins making ice cream in commercial quantities in Baltimore.
1851/--/-- 26 - Melville "Moby Dick"
1851/--/-- 26 - Mongkut (Rama IV) becomes king of Siam (Thailand).
1851/--/-- 26 - Singer patents sewing machine
1851/--/-- 26 - The Crystal Palace is built in London to house the Great Exhibition.
1851/--/-- 26 - The U.S. yacht America defeats 17 British yachts in the first America's Cup contest.
1851/--/-- 26 - The first college sorority is established at Wesleyan College, Georgia.
1851/03/27 26 *** Ewing, Pernetta Jane [Niece] - Born to Ewing, Jesse and Wood, Mariba (Ewing) Albany, Clinton, Kentucky
1852/--/-- 27 - Argentinean dictator Rosas is defeated by forces under Urquiza at Monte Caseros.
1852/--/-- 27 - Britain gains control of the Irrawaddy delta after the second Anglo-Burma War.
1852/--/-- 27 - The Grimms begin publication of their Deutsches Worterbuch (German Dictionary).
1852/--/-- 27 - The Second Empire begins in France under Napoleon III.
1853/--/-- 28 - A U.S. naval squadron under Matthew Perry enters Tokyo Bay to negotiate a treaty.
1853/--/-- 28 - Chinese rebels capture Nanking and make it the capital of the Taiping kingdom.
1853/--/-- 28 - Crimean War between Turkey, France & Britain against Russia
1853/--/-- 28 - Franklin Pierce (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1853/--/-- 28 - Franklin Pierce is inaugurated as the 14th U.S. president; King becomes vice-president.
1853/--/-- 28 - General Santa Anna becomes dictator of Mexico for the last time.
1853/--/-- 28 - Georges Haussmann begins the reconstruction of Paris.
1853/--/-- 28 - Napoleon III marries the Empress Eugenie.
1853/--/-- 28 - Richard Wagner begins his cycle of four operas The Ring of The Nibelung.
1853/--/-- 28 - Russia occupies the Turkish principalities of Moldavia and Walachia.
1853/--/-- 28 - The U.S. adds land to New Mexico and Arizona with the Gadsden Purchase.
1853/--/-- 28 - Turkey issues an ultimatum to Russia; the Russians destroy the Turkish fleet at Sinope.
1854/--/-- 29 - A commercial treaty is signed between the U.S. and Japan, ending Japanese isolation.
1854/--/-- 29 - American writer and naturalist Henry David Thoreau publishes Walden.
1854/--/-- 29 - An Anglo-French-Turkish expeditionary force lands at Sevastopol in the Crimea.
1854/--/-- 29 - Britain and France declare war on Russia, beginning the Crimean War.
1854/--/-- 29 - Nebraska and Kansas Territories
1854/--/-- 29 - Pope Pius IX proclaims the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary.
1854/--/-- 29 - Raphaelite artist Holman Hunt paints The Scapegoat.
1854/--/-- 29 - Republican Party formed for abolition of slavery
1854/--/-- 29 - Smith & Wesson invent revolver
1854/--/-- 29 - The Allied armies defeat the Russians at the Battle of Inkerman.
1854/--/-- 29 - The British grant independence to the Orange Free State in South Africa.
1854/--/-- 29 - The Charge of the Light Brigade is made by the British during the Battle of Balaklava.
1854/--/-- 29 - The Kansas-Nebraska Act reopens the controversy over the spread of slavery.
1854/--/-- 29 - The Republican party is formed after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
1854/--/-- 29 - Upper half of Indian Territory becomes part of Kansas Territory
1854/06/22 30 *** Ewing, Thomas Wood [Nephew] - Born to Ewing, Jesse and Wood, Mariba (Ewing) Albany, Clinton, Kentucky
1855/--/-- 30 - British photographer Roger Fenton documents the Crimean War.
1855/--/-- 30 - Florence Nightingale reforms hygienic standards in Crimean hospitals.
1855/--/-- 30 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow publishes The Songs of Hiawatha.
1855/--/-- 30 - Lord Palmerston becomes prime minister of Great Britain for the first time.
1855/--/-- 30 - Matthew Fontaine Maury publishes The Physical Geography of the Sea.
1855/--/-- 30 - Mexican dictator Santa Anna is overthrown.
1855/--/-- 30 - Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia dies; he is succeeded by his son Alexander II.
1855/--/-- 30 - Robert Browning publishes his poetry collection Men and Women.
1855/--/-- 30 - Scottish explorer David Livingstone discovers the Victoria Falls in Africa.
1855/--/-- 30 - The Allies occupy the Russian fortress at Sevastapol in the Crimea.
1855/--/-- 30 - The first formal ice hockey game is played in Kingston, Ontario.
1855/--/-- 30 - Walt Whitman publishes his first book of poetry, the Leaves of Grass.
1856/--/-- 31 - A new Opium War begins between China, Britain and France.
1856/--/-- 31 - English chemist William Perkin discovers synthetic dyes.
1856/--/-- 31 - The Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean War.
1856/--/-- 31 - The first Neanderthaler (prehistoric human) skeleton is discovered in Germany.
1856/--/-- 31 - Victor Hugo writes Les Miserables during his exile from France.
1856/01/19 31 *** Ewing, Mary Ann Eliza [Niece] - Born to Ewing, Jesse and Wood, Mariba (Ewing) Albany, Clinton, Kentucky
1856/07/27 32 *** Ewing, Pernetta Jane [Niece] - Died Albany, Clinton, Kentucky Albany, Clinton, Kentucky
1856/07/29 32 *** Ewing, Mary Ann Eliza [Niece] - Died Albany, Clinton, Kentucky Albany, Clinton, Kentucky Peolia Church Cemetery, Albany, Kentucky
1856/08/02 32 *** Ewing, Thomas Wood [Nephew] - Died Peolia Church Cemetery, Albany, Kentucky
1857/--/-- 32 - Buchanan is inaugurated as the 15th U.S. president; Breckinridge becomes vice-president.
1857/--/-- 32 - Disputes between Mormons and non-Mormon settlers leads to the Utah War.
1857/--/-- 32 - Elisha Graves Otis installs the first passenger elevator in a New York City store.
1857/--/-- 32 - English author Thomas Hughes publishes Tom Brown's Schooldays.
1857/--/-- 32 - French novelist Gustave Flaubert publishes Madame Bovary.
1857/--/-- 32 - French poet Baudelaire publishes Flowers of Evil and is arrested for immorality.
1857/--/-- 32 - James Buchanan (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1857/--/-- 32 - Kansas ratifies anti-slavery constitution
1857/--/-- 32 - Mormons and Paiute Indians kill 120 settlers in the Mountain Meadows Massacre.
1857/--/-- 32 - The Indian Mutiny begins when Indian troops rebel against the British in Meerut.
1857/--/-- 32 - The Oxford English Dictionary is begun in England.
1857/09/05 33 *** Ewing, Margaret Mariba [Niece] - Born to Ewing, Jesse and Wood, Mariba (Ewing) Albany, Clinton County, Kentucky
1858/--/-- 33 - Benito Juarez becomes the first Mexican president of Indian descent.
1858/--/-- 33 - Bernadette Soubirous sees visions of the Vigin Mary in a grotto near Lourdes, France.
1858/--/-- 33 - Britain and France impose the Tientsin Treaty on China.
1858/--/-- 33 - British explorer John Hanning Speke discovers Lake Victoria in Africa.
1858/--/-- 33 - British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace outlines his theories of evolution.
1858/--/-- 33 - Charles Frederick Worth establishes his Paris fashion house.
1858/--/-- 33 - Cyrus W. Field lays the first transatlantic telegraph cable.
1858/--/-- 33 - Federal forces end the Utah War; Brigham Young is replaced as governor of Utah Territory.
1858/--/-- 33 - French photographer Nadar takes the first aerial photograph from a balloon.
1858/--/-- 33 - German-American artist Albert Bierstadt begins his landscapes of the American west.
1858/--/-- 33 - Jacques Offenbach's operetta Orpheus in the Underworld premiers in Paris.
1858/--/-- 33 - James Renwick begins the design of Saint Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.
1858/--/-- 33 - Minnesota is inaugurated as the 32nd state of the Union.
1858/--/-- 33 - The Fenians (Irish Republican Brotherhood) are founded to overthrow British rule.
1858/--/-- 33 - The Indian Mutiny is suppressed by the British Army and loyal Indian troops.
1858/--/-- 33 - The government of India is transferred from the East India Company to the British crown.
1859/--/-- 34 *** Ewing, Robert Matthew [Nephew] - Born to Ewing, Jesse and Wood, Mariba (Ewing) Albany, Clinton, Kentucky
1859/--/-- 34 - Abolitionist John Brown leads an attack on Harpers Ferry; he is captured and executed.
1859/--/-- 34 - Charles Darwin "Origin of Species"
1859/--/-- 34 - Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
1859/--/-- 34 - Ferdinand de Lesseps begins building the Suez Canal in Egypt.
1859/--/-- 34 - French inventor Ferdinand Carre develops a refrigeration system.
1859/--/-- 34 - Napoleon III assists the Italian statesman Cavour in a war against Austria.
1859/--/-- 34 - Oregon is inaugurated as the 33rd state of the Union.
1859/--/-- 34 - Queensland becomes a separate colony of Australia.
1860/--/-- 35 - Abraham Lincoln is elected as the first Republican president of the United States.
1860/--/-- 35 - China resists the Tientsin Treaty; Anglo-French forces occupy Peking.
1860/--/-- 35 - English novelist Wilkie Collins writes The Woman in White.
1860/--/-- 35 - Florence Nightingale establishes a school for training nurses.
1860/--/-- 35 - George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) publishes The Mill on the Floss.
1860/--/-- 35 - Italian patriot Garibaldi invades Sicily and Naples with his 1,000 Redshirts.
1860/--/-- 35 - Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir patents the first internal-combustion engine.
1860/--/-- 35 - Sardinia-Piedmont seizes the Papal States in Italy.
1860/--/-- 35 - South Carolina becomes the first Southern state to secede from the Union.
1860/--/-- 35 - The Crittenden Compromise tries to prevent a split between slave and free states.
1860/--/-- 35 - The Maori Wars begin against the British in New Zealand.
1860/--/-- 35 - The pony express is inaugurated to deliver mail from Missouri to California.
1861/--/-- 36 - Abraham Lincoln (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1861/--/-- 36 - American locksmith Linus Yale Jr. patents the cylinder lock.
1861/--/-- 36 - CONFEDERACY
1861/--/-- 36 - Civil War Begins
1861/--/-- 36 - English designer William Morris starts the Arts and Crafts Movement.
1861/--/-- 36 - Explorers Burke and Wills die during their north-south crossing of Australia.
1861/--/-- 36 - French artist Eugene Delacroix paints the Lion Hunt.
1861/--/-- 36 - General George B. McClellan is made commander of the Union forces.
1861/--/-- 36 - Italy is unified under Victor Emmanuel II.
1861/--/-- 36 - John Ericsson designs the Monitor, the first ship with a revolving gun-turret.
1861/--/-- 36 - Kansas is inaugurated as the 34th state of the Union.
1861/--/-- 36 - Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th U.S. president; Hamlin becomes vice-president.
1861/--/-- 36 - Nicholas II abolishes serfdom in Russia.
1861/--/-- 36 - The Confederate States of America declare their independence from the U.S.
1861/--/-- 36 - The Confederates defeat the Union army in the First Battle of Bull Run.
1861/--/-- 36 - The Southern states meet to draft a constitution; Davis is selected as president.
1861/--/-- 36 - The Trent Affair begins when a Union ship intercepts a British steamer.
1861/--/-- 36 - The United States introduce the first national income tax.
1861/--/-- 36 - The bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor begins the U.S. Civil War.
1861/--/-- 36 - Unification of Italy
1861/--/-- 36 - Western territories reorganized by Republican Congresses
1861/10/29 37 *** Ewing, William Jesse [Nephew] - Born to Ewing, Jesse and Wood, Mariba (Ewing) Albany, Clinton County, Kentucky
1862/--/-- 37 - A Union fleet under David G. Farragut captures New Orleans.
1862/--/-- 37 - Bartolome Mitre unites Argentina and is elected president.
1862/--/-- 37 - Brady, O'Sullivan and Gardner document the Civil War in photographs.
1862/--/-- 37 - Explorer John McDouall Stuart makes the first south to north crossing of Australia.
1862/--/-- 37 - Foucault measures speed of light
1862/--/-- 37 - French actress Sarah Bernhardt makes her debut at the Comedie Francaise.
1862/--/-- 37 - French impressionist artist Edouard Manet paints Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe.
1862/--/-- 37 - French physicist Jean Foucault successfully measures the speed of light.
1862/--/-- 37 - French writer Victor Hugo completes his social novel Les Miserables.
1862/--/-- 37 - Lee defeats the Union army in the Second Battle of Bull Run.
1862/--/-- 37 - Lee's Confederate invasion of Maryland is halted at the Battle of Antietam.
1862/--/-- 37 - McClellan is defeated in the Seven Days Battle and retreats from the peninsular.
1862/--/-- 37 - Napoleon III imposes the Austrian prince Maximilian as emperor of Mexico.
1862/--/-- 37 - Richard J. Gatling invents the first practical machine gun.
1862/--/-- 37 - Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev publishes Fathers and Sons.
1862/--/-- 37 - The first recorded ski competition is held near Oslo in Norway.
1862/--/-- 37 - The ironclad warships Monitor and Merrimack clash at Hampton Roads, Va.
1862/--/-- 37 - Union forces under Burnside are defeated at the Battle of Fredricksburg.
1862/--/-- 37 - Union forces under Grant defeat the Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh.
1862/--/-- 37 - Union forces under McClellan begin the Peninsular Campaign to capture Richmond.
1862/--/-- 37 - William I appoints Otto von Bismarck as minister president of Prussia.
1863/--/-- 38 - Cambodia (Kampuchea) becomes a French protectorate.
1863/--/-- 38 - English philosopher John Stuart Mill publishes Utilitarianism.
1863/--/-- 38 - French impressionist artist Camille Pissarro exhibits at the Salon des Refuses.
1863/--/-- 38 - George I succeeds Otto as king of Greece.
1863/--/-- 38 - Grant defeats the Confederates in the Vicksburg Campaign.
1863/--/-- 38 - Ismail Pasha rules Egypt under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire.
1863/--/-- 38 - Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation abolishes slavery in the Confederate states.
1863/--/-- 38 - London's Metropolitan Railway becomes the first underground subway.
1863/--/-- 38 - The Confederate guerrilla band Quantrill's Raiders pillage Lawrence, Kansas.
1863/--/-- 38 - The Confederates defeat the Union army at Chancellorsville; Jackson is killed.
1863/--/-- 38 - The Confederates under Lee are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg.
1863/--/-- 38 - The French occupy Mexico City in support of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico.
1863/--/-- 38 - The London Football Association issues the first soccer rules.
1863/--/-- 38 - West Virginia is inaugurated as the 35th state of the Union.
1864/--/-- 39 - A Chinese army under Gordon recaptures Nanking and ends the Taiping Rebellion.
1864/--/-- 39 - A Union army under Sherman invades Georgia, begining the Atlanta campaign.
1864/--/-- 39 - Cheyenne and Arapaho families massacred at Sand Creek, Colorado
1864/--/-- 39 - Denmark is defeated by Prussia; Schleswig-Holstein is ceded to Germany.
1864/--/-- 39 - Nevada is inaugurated as the 36th state of the Union.
1864/--/-- 39 - Paraguayan dictator Francisco Solano Lopez begins the War of the Triple Alliance.
1864/--/-- 39 - Sherman defeats the Confederates at Atlanta and begins his march to the sea.
1864/--/-- 39 - The Colorado militia massacre Cheyenne Indians at Sand Creek.
1864/--/-- 39 - The Confederate submarine Hunley sinks a Federal ship but is sunk in the process.
1864/--/-- 39 - The Geneva Convention sets standards of humane treatment in time of war.
1864/--/-- 39 - The Ionian Islands are ceded to Greece by Britain.
1864/--/-- 39 - The Union launches a drive on Richmond but falters in the Wilderness Campaign.
1864/--/-- 39 - Ulysses S. Grant is made general in chief of all the Union armies.
1865/--/-- 40 - Andrew Johnson (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1865/--/-- 40 - Andrew Johnson becomes the 17th President of the U.S.
1865/--/-- 40 - Civil War Ends
1865/--/-- 40 - Confederate forces under Lee surrender to Grant at Appomattox Court House.
1865/--/-- 40 - Count Leo Tolstoi begins his monumental Russian novel War and Peace.
1865/--/-- 40 - English author Lewis Carroll writes Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
1865/--/-- 40 - Johnston surrenders the last Confederate army to Sherman, ending the U.S. Civil War.
1865/--/-- 40 - Leo Tolstoy "War and Peace"
1865/--/-- 40 - Lincoln assassinated
1865/--/-- 40 - Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C.
1865/--/-- 40 - Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky publishes Crime and Punishment.
1865/--/-- 40 - The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution abolishes slavery.
1865/--/-- 40 - The Petersburg Campaign is won by Union forces; Lee evacuates Richmond.
1866/--/-- 41 - British engineer Robert Whitehead invents the first self-propelled torpedo.
1866/--/-- 41 - Congress authorize (but do not mandate) the use of the metric system in the U.S.
1866/--/-- 41 - Mendel publishes his genetic research in Experiments With Plant Hybrids.
1866/--/-- 41 - Prussia and Italy defeat Austria in the Seven Weeks' War.
1866/--/-- 41 - The Ku Klux Klan is founded in the southern United States.
1866/09/09 42 *** Ewing, Mariba Augusta (Mackey) [Great Niece] - Born to Ewing, Benjamin and Hudson, Martha (Ewing)
1867/--/-- 42 - Alfred Nobel patents dynamite
1867/--/-- 42 - Bismark forms the North German Confederation under Prussian leadership.
1867/--/-- 42 - Diamond fields are discovered in South Africa.
1867/--/-- 42 - English photographer Julia Margaret Cameron takes Sir John Herschel's portrait.
1867/--/-- 42 - French troops withdraw from Mexico; Emperor Maximilian is executed by Juarez.
1867/--/-- 42 - Karl Marx publishes the first volume of Das Kapital.
1867/--/-- 42 - Nebraska is inaugurated as the 37th state of the Union.
1867/--/-- 42 - Sir John A. Macdonald becomes Canada's first prime minister.
1867/--/-- 42 - The Compromise (Ausgleich) of 1867 creates the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
1867/--/-- 42 - The Dominion of Canada is established by the British North America Act.
1868/--/-- 43 - A military coup led by General Juan Prim deposes Queen Isabella II of Spain.
1868/--/-- 43 - A skeleton of Cro-Magnon man is discovered in southern France.
1868/--/-- 43 - British labor unions form the Trades Union Congress.
1868/--/-- 43 - Christopher Sholes patents the first practical typewriter.
1868/--/-- 43 - Chulalongkorn succeeds his father Mongkut as the king of Siam (Thailand).
1868/--/-- 43 - Feminists Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton publish Revolution.
1868/--/-- 43 - Johannes Brahms' A German Requiem is performed for the first time.
1868/--/-- 43 - Ndebele king Mzilikazi dies in Africa; he is succeeded (1870) by his son Lobengula.
1868/--/-- 43 - The Meiji dynasty is restored in Japan; the Tokugawa shogunate is abolished.
1868/--/-- 43 - The Ten Years' War begins in Cuba against Spanish rule.
1868/--/-- 43 - U.S. President Andrew Johnson is impeached by Congress but acquitted by the Senate.
1868/--/-- 43 - William Gladstone becomes Liberal prime minister of Britain for the first time.
1869/--/-- 44 - 200 pitched battles between Indians and U.S. Calvary
1869/--/-- 44 - English author Matthew Arnold publishes Culture and Anarchy.
1869/--/-- 44 - French artist Eugene Louis Boudin paints On the Beach at Deauville.
1869/--/-- 44 - Grant is inaugurated as the 18th U.S. president; Colfax becomes vice-president.
1869/--/-- 44 - James Gordon Bennett Jr. commissions Stanley to search for Livingston in Africa.
1869/--/-- 44 - John Roebling designs the Brooklyn Bridge but dies after a construction accident.
1869/--/-- 44 - Louis Riel leads the Red River Rebellion in Canada.
1869/--/-- 44 - Ludwig II (Mad Ludwig) begins building his fantasy castles in Bavaria.
1869/--/-- 44 - Philadelphia garment workers organize the Knights of Labor, an early labor union.
1869/--/-- 44 - Pope Pius IX calls the First Vatican Council to discuss the dogma of papal infallibility.
1869/--/-- 44 - Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky begins work on his opera Boris Gudunov.
1869/--/-- 44 - Suez Canal opens
1869/--/-- 44 - The Cincinnati Red Stockings become the first professional baseball team.
1869/--/-- 44 - The Suez Canal is opened in Egypt.
1869/--/-- 44 - The first manufacturing patent is issued for chewing gum.
1869/--/-- 44 - The transcontinental railroad is completed at Promontory Point, Utah.
1869/--/-- 44 - Ulysses S. Grant (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1869/--/-- 44 - Union Pacific meets Central Pacific
1870/--/-- 45 - American industrialist John D. Rockefeller founds the Standard Oil Company.
1870/--/-- 45 - French war minister Leon Gambetta escapes from besieged Paris in a balloon.
1870/--/-- 45 - German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavates the ancient city of Troy.
1870/--/-- 45 - Paraguayan dictator Solano Lopez dies, ending the War of the Triple Alliance.
1870/--/-- 45 - Rome becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
1870/--/-- 45 - The Franco-Prussian War begins over a diplomatic incident engineered by Bismark.
1870/--/-- 45 - The Prussians defeat the French at Sedan; Napoleon III is taken prisoner.
1870/--/-- 45 - The Third Republic is formed in France; a Government of National Defense is established.
1870/--/-- 45 - The city of Miami is founded in Florida.
1871/--/-- 46 - American explorer Henry Morton Stanley finds Dr. Livingston in central Africa.
1871/--/-- 46 - Charles Taze Russell founds the Jehovah's Witnesses about this time.
1871/--/-- 46 - Fire destroys one-third of the city of Chicago.
1871/--/-- 46 - P.T Barnum launches a traveling circus, museum and menagerie.
1871/--/-- 46 - The Franco-Prussian War ends; Alsace and Lorraine are ceded to Germany.
1871/--/-- 46 - The French surrender to Prussia incites the Commune of Paris uprising.
1871/--/-- 46 - The German Empire is formally proclaimed at the Palace of Versailles.
1871/--/-- 46 - The Paris Commune is suppressed by government troops after a 2-month siege.
1871/--/-- 46 - Trade Unions legalized in Britain
1872/--/-- 47 - American artist James McNeill Whistler paints the Portrait of the Artist's Mother.
1872/--/-- 47 - English author George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) publishes Middlemarch.
1872/--/-- 47 - Indian leader Kintpuash leaves the Modoc reservation; the Modoc Wars begin.
1872/--/-- 47 - Monet paints Impression: Sunrise; the term impressionism is derived from the title.
1872/--/-- 47 - Photographer Eadweard Muybridge begins his series of motion studies.
1872/--/-- 47 - The Challenger Expedition begins the first systematic oceanographic survey.
1872/--/-- 47 - The cities of Buda and Pest unite to form Budapest (the capital of Hungary from 1918).
1872/--/-- 47 - The death of Kamehameha V ends the Kamehameha dynasty of Hawaiian kings.
1872/--/-- 47 - The first woman impressionist artist Berthe Morisot paints The Cradle.
1873/--/-- 48 - Englishman Maj. Walter Clopton Wingfield invents lawn tennis.
1873/--/-- 48 - French novelist Jules Verne publishes Around the World in Eighty Days.
1873/--/-- 48 - The Pacific Scandal in Canada causes the collapse of the Conservative government.
1873/--/-- 48 - The Panic of 1873 leads to 5 years of economic depression in the U.S.
1874/--/-- 49 - Benjamin Disraeli becomes the Conservative prime minister of Britain.
1874/--/-- 49 - English author Thomas Hardy publishes Far from the Madding Crowd.
1874/--/-- 49 - First impressionist exhibit in Paris
1874/--/-- 49 - French impressionist artist Pierre Auguste Renoir paints La Loge (The Box).
1874/--/-- 49 - The Comanche, Kiowa and other Indian tribes attack Adobe Walls in Texas.
1874/--/-- 49 - The Greenback party advocates currency reform in the U.S.
1874/--/-- 49 - The first exhibition of impressionist paintings is held in Paris.
1875/--/-- 50 - American author Mark Twain publishes Tom Sawyer.
1875/--/-- 50 - Britain buys Suez Canal shares from the bankrupt Egyptian leader Ismail Pasha.
1875/--/-- 50 - Charles Stewart Parnell begins movement for Irish independence
1875/--/-- 50 - Georges Bizet's opera Carmen is performed in Paris.
1875/--/-- 50 - Mary Baker Eddy, founder of Christian Science, publishes Science and Health.
1875/--/-- 50 - The Bourbon monarchy is restored in Spain under Alfonso XII.
1876/--/-- 51 - Abd al-Hamid II assumes his rule as the last Ottoman sultan.
1876/--/-- 51 - Alexander Graham Bell patents his invention of the telephone.
1876/--/-- 51 - Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone
1876/--/-- 51 - British philosopher Herbert Spencer begins publishing the Principles of Sociology.
1876/--/-- 51 - Colorado is inaugurated as the 38th state of the Union.
1876/--/-- 51 - General Porfirio Diaz seizes power as the dictator of Mexico.
1876/--/-- 51 - German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavates the ancient city of Mycenae.
1876/--/-- 51 - Impressionist artist Alfred Sisley paints Flood at the Port of Marly.
1876/--/-- 51 - Japan forces Korea to open up to foreign trade, countering the influence of China.
1876/--/-- 51 - Johann Strauss Jr. composes his waltz The Beautiful Blue Danube.
1876/--/-- 51 - National League founded (baseball)
1876/--/-- 51 - Queen Victoria assumes the title of Empress of India.
1876/--/-- 51 - Sioux Indians defeat General Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
1876/--/-- 51 - Sioux and Cheyenne defeat Custer at Little Big Horn, Montanna
1876/--/-- 51 - The Bayreuth musical festival opens with a performance of Wagner's Ring cycle.
1876/--/-- 51 - The U.S. Centennial Exposition of 1876 is held in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia.
1876/04/18 51 *** Ewing, Jesse Chilton [Great Nephew] - Born to Ewing, Benjamin and Hudson, Martha (Ewing)
1877/--/-- 52 - Britain annexes Transvaal in South Africa.
1877/--/-- 52 - Chief Joseph leads the Nez Perce tribe against the U.S. Army.
1877/--/-- 52 - Hayes is inaugurated as the 19th U.S. president; Wheeler becomes vice-president
1877/--/-- 52 - Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli observes canali (channels) on Mars.
1877/--/-- 52 - Nez Perce leave Idaho for Canada
1877/--/-- 52 - Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1877/--/-- 52 - Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake is performed by the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow.
1877/--/-- 52 - The All-England lawn tennis championship is played at Wimbledon for the first time.
1877/--/-- 52 - The Japanese army suppresses a samurai revolt led by Saigo Takamori.
1877/--/-- 52 - Thomas Edison invents the phonograph.
1877/--/-- 52 - Turkish suppression of Balkan nationalists leads to a new Russo-Turkish War.
1878/--/-- 53 - Ismail Pasha presents Cleopatra's Needles to Britain (1878) and the U.S. (1880).
1878/--/-- 53 - Northern Cheyenne escape Indian Territory
1878/--/-- 53 - Serbia, Montenegro and Romania are granted independence from Turkey.
1878/--/-- 53 - The Congress of Berlin reverses Russian gains from the San Stefano Treaty.
1878/--/-- 53 - The D'Oyly Carte Opera Company performs Gilbert and Sullivan's H.M.S. Pinafore.
1878/--/-- 53 - The Russo-Turkish War ends; The Treaty of San Stefano is imposed on Turkey.
1878/--/-- 53 - The second Anglo-Afghan War begins.
1878/--/-- 53 - Turkey's provinces of Bosnia and Hercegovina are placed under Austrian administration.
1879/--/-- 54 - Belgian king Leopold II sponsors Henry Morton Stanley's expedition to the Congo.
1879/--/-- 54 - Cetewayo's Zulus defeat the British at Isandhlwana, but are beaten at Ulundi.
1879/--/-- 54 - Charles Stewart Parnell leads the Home Rule for Ireland party.
1879/--/-- 54 - General Roca defeats the Patagonian Indians, opening the Pampas for settlement.
1879/--/-- 54 - Impressionist artist Edgar Degas paints Ballerina Posing for a Photograph.
1879/--/-- 54 - Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen writes A Doll's House.
1879/--/-- 54 - Tawfiq Pasha succeeds his father Ismail Pasha as khedive (viceroy) of Egypt.
1879/--/-- 54 - Territorial disputes lead to the War of the Pacific between Chile and Peru.
1879/--/-- 54 - Thomas Edison develops the first workable incandescent lamp (light bulb).
1879/--/-- 54 - Thomas Edison invents incandescent light
1880/--/-- 55 - American impressionist artist Mary Cassatt exhibits A Woman in Black at the Opera.
1880/--/-- 55 - Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged for murder.
1880/--/-- 55 - Boer (Afrikaner) uprisings begin against the British in Transvaal, South Africa.
1880/--/-- 55 - France annexes the Pacific island of Tahiti.
1880/--/-- 55 - French novelist Emile Zola writes Nana, a portrait of a prostitute.
1880/--/-- 55 - German composer Jacques Offenbach writes the opera Tales of Hoffmann.
1880/--/-- 55 - Gladstone succeeds Disraeli as British prime minister.
1880/--/-- 55 - Russian composer Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky writes the 1812 Overture.
1881/--/-- 56 - Alexander II is assassinated by narodniki revolutionaries in Russia.
1881/--/-- 56 - Chester A. Arthur (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1881/--/-- 56 - Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st U.S. president.
1881/--/-- 56 - Ferdinand de Lesseps begins an abortive attempt to build the Panama Canal.
1881/--/-- 56 - Garfield is inaugurated as the 20th U.S. president; Arthur becomes vice-president.
1881/--/-- 56 - James A. Garfield (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1881/--/-- 56 - Japanese statesman Itagaki Taisuke founds the Jiyuto (Liberal party).
1881/--/-- 56 - Lillie Langtry, mistress of the Prince of Wales, makes her acting debut.
1881/--/-- 56 - President Garfield is assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau.
1881/--/-- 56 - The Sudanese under Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad overthrow Egyptian rule.
1881/--/-- 56 - The first U.S. tennis championship is held in Newport, R.I.
1882/--/-- 57 - A Triple Alliance is established between Austria, Italy and Germany.
1882/--/-- 57 - Edison's New York plant begins supplying 59 customers with electricity.
1882/--/-- 57 - Impressionist artist Edouard Manet completes the Bar at the Folies-Bergere.
1882/--/-- 57 - Japanese statesman Okuma Shigenobu founds the Kaishinto, or Progressive, party.
1882/--/-- 57 - The British take control of Egypt, suppressing uprisings against Tawfiq Pasha.
1882/--/-- 57 - The U.S. begins to restrict immigration with the Chinese Exclusion Acts.
1883/--/-- 58 - Buffalo Bill Cody organizes his Wild West show.
1883/--/-- 58 - Civil Service established
1883/--/-- 58 - Cyrus H. K. Curtis publishes the Lady's Home Journal magazine.
1883/--/-- 58 - German philosopher Frederich Wilhelm Nietzsche begins Thus Spake Zarathustra.
1883/--/-- 58 - Maxim invents machine gun
1883/--/-- 58 - Paul Kruger becomes president of the Boer republic of the Transvaal in South Africa.
1883/--/-- 58 - Russian scientist Tsiolkovsky proves that a rocket could work in the vacuum of space.
1883/--/-- 58 - The Brooklyn Bridge is completed in New York.
1883/--/-- 58 - The Fabian Society is founded in London to spread socialist ideas.
1883/--/-- 58 - The Island volcano of Krakatoa explodes in Indonesia, causing 36,000 deaths.
1883/--/-- 58 - The first skyscraper (10 stories) is built in Chicago by William LeBaron Jenney.
1883/01/01 58 *** Ewing, Matthew - Died

In 1824 Transportation was by:
          Foot
          Horse
          Sailing ship
          Bicycle
          Steamboat
By 1883 Transportation was by:
          Train
in addition.
By 1883 Transportation by:
          Sailing ship
had been discontinued.

In 1824 Communications was by:
          Word of Mouth
          Post Office
By 1883 Communications was by:
          Telegraph
in addition.

In 1824 Food Preparation was by:
          Wood

In 1824 Entertainment was by:
          Social Intercourse
          Organized Sports
          Travel
          Professional Sports
          Movies
          Radio
          Television
          Theme parks
          Computer

In 1824 Health Care was by:
          Operations
          Anesthetic
          X-Rays
          MRI

In 1824 War Making was by:
          Calvary
          gun
          Artillery
          Submarine
By 1883 War Making was by:
          Machine guns
          Iron Clad ships
          Mines
in addition.

In 1824 Navigation was by:
          Stars & Maps
          Compass

from the SFHR database of Duane Bristow 10-13-2019 12:19:08


Index

Family and Social Relations

of Ewing, Matthew 1824/06/18

Index

Last revised 10/13/19.