Gwinn, Mary A. (Maupin) - F 1870/11/--

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                         The Life of Gwinn, Mary A. (Maupin)
1870/11/-- to 1919/11/11 female No children
...Date... AGE Event
1870/--/-- -1 - American industrialist John D. Rockefeller founds the Standard Oil Company.
1870/--/-- -1 - French war minister Leon Gambetta escapes from besieged Paris in a balloon.
1870/--/-- -1 - German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavates the ancient city of Troy.
1870/--/-- -1 - Paraguayan dictator Solano Lopez dies, ending the War of the Triple Alliance.
1870/--/-- -1 - Rome becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
1870/--/-- -1 - The Franco-Prussian War begins over a diplomatic incident engineered by Bismark.
1870/--/-- -1 - The Prussians defeat the French at Sedan; Napoleon III is taken prisoner.
1870/--/-- -1 - The Third Republic is formed in France; a Government of National Defense is established.
1870/--/-- -1 - The city of Miami is founded in Florida.
1870/11/-- 0 *** Gwinn, Mary A. (Maupin) - Born to Gwinn, George W. and Wood, Mary Elizabeth (Gwinn)
1871/--/-- 0 - American explorer Henry Morton Stanley finds Dr. Livingston in central Africa.
1871/--/-- 0 - Charles Taze Russell founds the Jehovah's Witnesses about this time.
1871/--/-- 0 - Fire destroys one-third of the city of Chicago.
1871/--/-- 0 - P.T Barnum launches a traveling circus, museum and menagerie.
1871/--/-- 0 - The Franco-Prussian War ends; Alsace and Lorraine are ceded to Germany.
1871/--/-- 0 - The French surrender to Prussia incites the Commune of Paris uprising.
1871/--/-- 0 - The German Empire is formally proclaimed at the Palace of Versailles.
1871/--/-- 0 - The Paris Commune is suppressed by government troops after a 2-month siege.
1871/--/-- 0 - Trade Unions legalized in Britain
1872/--/-- 1 - American artist James McNeill Whistler paints the Portrait of the Artist's Mother.
1872/--/-- 1 - English author George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) publishes Middlemarch.
1872/--/-- 1 - Indian leader Kintpuash leaves the Modoc reservation; the Modoc Wars begin.
1872/--/-- 1 - Monet paints Impression: Sunrise; the term impressionism is derived from the title.
1872/--/-- 1 - Photographer Eadweard Muybridge begins his series of motion studies.
1872/--/-- 1 - The Challenger Expedition begins the first systematic oceanographic survey.
1872/--/-- 1 - The cities of Buda and Pest unite to form Budapest (the capital of Hungary from 1918).
1872/--/-- 1 - The death of Kamehameha V ends the Kamehameha dynasty of Hawaiian kings.
1872/--/-- 1 - The first woman impressionist artist Berthe Morisot paints The Cradle.
1872/10/12 1 *** Gwinn, Reuben Wood [Brother] - Born to Gwinn, George W. and Wood, Elizabeth Gibbons (Gwinn)
1873/--/-- 2 - Englishman Maj. Walter Clopton Wingfield invents lawn tennis.
1873/--/-- 2 - French novelist Jules Verne publishes Around the World in Eighty Days.
1873/--/-- 2 - The Pacific Scandal in Canada causes the collapse of the Conservative government.
1873/--/-- 2 - The Panic of 1873 leads to 5 years of economic depression in the U.S.
1873/08/01 2 *** Gwinn, George [Grandfather] - Died Clinton County Kentucky Gwinn Cemetery - Clinton County Kentucky
1874/--/-- 3 - Benjamin Disraeli becomes the Conservative prime minister of Britain.
1874/--/-- 3 - English author Thomas Hardy publishes Far from the Madding Crowd.
1874/--/-- 3 - First impressionist exhibit in Paris
1874/--/-- 3 - French impressionist artist Pierre Auguste Renoir paints La Loge (The Box).
1874/--/-- 3 - The Comanche, Kiowa and other Indian tribes attack Adobe Walls in Texas.
1874/--/-- 3 - The Greenback party advocates currency reform in the U.S.
1874/--/-- 3 - The first exhibition of impressionist paintings is held in Paris.
1875/--/-- 4 - American author Mark Twain publishes Tom Sawyer.
1875/--/-- 4 - Britain buys Suez Canal shares from the bankrupt Egyptian leader Ismail Pasha.
1875/--/-- 4 - Charles Stewart Parnell begins movement for Irish independence
1875/--/-- 4 - Georges Bizet's opera Carmen is performed in Paris.
1875/--/-- 4 - Mary Baker Eddy, founder of Christian Science, publishes Science and Health.
1875/--/-- 4 - The Bourbon monarchy is restored in Spain under Alfonso XII.
1876/--/-- 5 - Abd al-Hamid II assumes his rule as the last Ottoman sultan.
1876/--/-- 5 - Alexander Graham Bell patents his invention of the telephone.
1876/--/-- 5 - Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone
1876/--/-- 5 - British philosopher Herbert Spencer begins publishing the Principles of Sociology.
1876/--/-- 5 - Colorado is inaugurated as the 38th state of the Union.
1876/--/-- 5 - General Porfirio Diaz seizes power as the dictator of Mexico.
1876/--/-- 5 - German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavates the ancient city of Mycenae.
1876/--/-- 5 - Impressionist artist Alfred Sisley paints Flood at the Port of Marly.
1876/--/-- 5 - Japan forces Korea to open up to foreign trade, countering the influence of China.
1876/--/-- 5 - Johann Strauss Jr. composes his waltz The Beautiful Blue Danube.
1876/--/-- 5 - National League founded (baseball)
1876/--/-- 5 - Queen Victoria assumes the title of Empress of India.
1876/--/-- 5 - Sioux Indians defeat General Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
1876/--/-- 5 - Sioux and Cheyenne defeat Custer at Little Big Horn, Montanna
1876/--/-- 5 - The Bayreuth musical festival opens with a performance of Wagner's Ring cycle.
1876/--/-- 5 - The U.S. Centennial Exposition of 1876 is held in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia.
1876/04/02 5 *** Davis, Jane (Gwinn) [Grandmother] - Died
1877/--/-- 6 - Britain annexes Transvaal in South Africa.
1877/--/-- 6 - Chief Joseph leads the Nez Perce tribe against the U.S. Army.
1877/--/-- 6 - Hayes is inaugurated as the 19th U.S. president; Wheeler becomes vice-president
1877/--/-- 6 - Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli observes canali (channels) on Mars.
1877/--/-- 6 - Nez Perce leave Idaho for Canada
1877/--/-- 6 - Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1877/--/-- 6 - Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake is performed by the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow.
1877/--/-- 6 - The All-England lawn tennis championship is played at Wimbledon for the first time.
1877/--/-- 6 - The Japanese army suppresses a samurai revolt led by Saigo Takamori.
1877/--/-- 6 - Thomas Edison invents the phonograph.
1877/--/-- 6 - Turkish suppression of Balkan nationalists leads to a new Russo-Turkish War.
1878/--/-- 7 - Ismail Pasha presents Cleopatra's Needles to Britain (1878) and the U.S. (1880).
1878/--/-- 7 - Northern Cheyenne escape Indian Territory
1878/--/-- 7 - Serbia, Montenegro and Romania are granted independence from Turkey.
1878/--/-- 7 - The Congress of Berlin reverses Russian gains from the San Stefano Treaty.
1878/--/-- 7 - The D'Oyly Carte Opera Company performs Gilbert and Sullivan's H.M.S. Pinafore.
1878/--/-- 7 - The Russo-Turkish War ends; The Treaty of San Stefano is imposed on Turkey.
1878/--/-- 7 - The second Anglo-Afghan War begins.
1878/--/-- 7 - Turkey's provinces of Bosnia and Hercegovina are placed under Austrian administration.
1879/--/-- 8 - Belgian king Leopold II sponsors Henry Morton Stanley's expedition to the Congo.
1879/--/-- 8 - Cetewayo's Zulus defeat the British at Isandhlwana, but are beaten at Ulundi.
1879/--/-- 8 - Charles Stewart Parnell leads the Home Rule for Ireland party.
1879/--/-- 8 - General Roca defeats the Patagonian Indians, opening the Pampas for settlement.
1879/--/-- 8 - Impressionist artist Edgar Degas paints Ballerina Posing for a Photograph.
1879/--/-- 8 - Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen writes A Doll's House.
1879/--/-- 8 - Tawfiq Pasha succeeds his father Ismail Pasha as khedive (viceroy) of Egypt.
1879/--/-- 8 - Territorial disputes lead to the War of the Pacific between Chile and Peru.
1879/--/-- 8 - Thomas Edison develops the first workable incandescent lamp (light bulb).
1879/--/-- 8 - Thomas Edison invents incandescent light
1880/--/-- 9 - American impressionist artist Mary Cassatt exhibits A Woman in Black at the Opera.
1880/--/-- 9 - Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged for murder.
1880/--/-- 9 - Boer (Afrikaner) uprisings begin against the British in Transvaal, South Africa.
1880/--/-- 9 - France annexes the Pacific island of Tahiti.
1880/--/-- 9 - French novelist Emile Zola writes Nana, a portrait of a prostitute.
1880/--/-- 9 - German composer Jacques Offenbach writes the opera Tales of Hoffmann.
1880/--/-- 9 - Gladstone succeeds Disraeli as British prime minister.
1880/--/-- 9 - Russian composer Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky writes the 1812 Overture.
1881/--/-- 10 - Alexander II is assassinated by narodniki revolutionaries in Russia.
1881/--/-- 10 - Chester A. Arthur (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1881/--/-- 10 - Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st U.S. president.
1881/--/-- 10 - Ferdinand de Lesseps begins an abortive attempt to build the Panama Canal.
1881/--/-- 10 - Garfield is inaugurated as the 20th U.S. president; Arthur becomes vice-president.
1881/--/-- 10 - James A. Garfield (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1881/--/-- 10 - Japanese statesman Itagaki Taisuke founds the Jiyuto (Liberal party).
1881/--/-- 10 - Lillie Langtry, mistress of the Prince of Wales, makes her acting debut.
1881/--/-- 10 - President Garfield is assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau.
1881/--/-- 10 - The Sudanese under Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad overthrow Egyptian rule.
1881/--/-- 10 - The first U.S. tennis championship is held in Newport, R.I.
1882/--/-- 11 - A Triple Alliance is established between Austria, Italy and Germany.
1882/--/-- 11 - Edison's New York plant begins supplying 59 customers with electricity.
1882/--/-- 11 - Impressionist artist Edouard Manet completes the Bar at the Folies-Bergere.
1882/--/-- 11 - Japanese statesman Okuma Shigenobu founds the Kaishinto, or Progressive, party.
1882/--/-- 11 - The British take control of Egypt, suppressing uprisings against Tawfiq Pasha.
1882/--/-- 11 - The U.S. begins to restrict immigration with the Chinese Exclusion Acts.
1883/--/-- 12 - Buffalo Bill Cody organizes his Wild West show.
1883/--/-- 12 - Civil Service established
1883/--/-- 12 - Cyrus H. K. Curtis publishes the Lady's Home Journal magazine.
1883/--/-- 12 - German philosopher Frederich Wilhelm Nietzsche begins Thus Spake Zarathustra.
1883/--/-- 12 - Maxim invents machine gun
1883/--/-- 12 - Paul Kruger becomes president of the Boer republic of the Transvaal in South Africa.
1883/--/-- 12 - Russian scientist Tsiolkovsky proves that a rocket could work in the vacuum of space.
1883/--/-- 12 - The Brooklyn Bridge is completed in New York.
1883/--/-- 12 - The Fabian Society is founded in London to spread socialist ideas.
1883/--/-- 12 - The Island volcano of Krakatoa explodes in Indonesia, causing 36,000 deaths.
1883/--/-- 12 - The first skyscraper (10 stories) is built in Chicago by William LeBaron Jenney.
1884/--/-- 13 - 15 European nations partition Africa for "spheres of influence"
1884/--/-- 13 - American author Mark Twain publishes the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
1884/--/-- 13 - Belva Lockwood becomes the first woman nominated as a U.S. presidential candidate.
1884/--/-- 13 - German East Africa is formed from Rwanda, Mozambique,Tanzania and Burundi.
1884/--/-- 13 - Germany occupies South West Africa (Namibia).
1884/--/-- 13 - Lewis E. Waterman invents the first fountain pen with an ink reservoir.
1885/--/-- 14 - Boston Symphony Orchestra organizes its Promenade Concerts (the Boston Pops).
1885/--/-- 14 - Cleveland is inaugurated as the 22nd U.S. president; Hendricks becomes vice-president.
1885/--/-- 14 - French chemist Louis Pasteur develops a vaccine for rabies.
1885/--/-- 14 - General Gordon is killed by Mahdist forces at the siege of Khartoum in Sudan.
1885/--/-- 14 - Gottlieb Daimler develops the first motorcycle.
1885/--/-- 14 - Grover Cleveland (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1885/--/-- 14 - J. K. Stanley introduces his safety cycle, the basic model for the modern bicycle.
1885/--/-- 14 - Louis Pasteur administers successful rabies vaccination
1885/--/-- 14 - The Congo Free State (Zaire) becomes the possession of King Leopold II of Belgium.
1885/--/-- 14 - The Indian National Congress movement is founded in Bombay.
1886/--/-- 15 - Apache Indian chief Geronimo surrenders to General Nelson Miles.
1886/--/-- 15 - Britain makes Burma a province of India after winning the Anglo-Burma War.
1886/--/-- 15 - British prime minister Gladstone introduces an unsuccessful Home Rule bill for Ireland.
1886/--/-- 15 - French sculptor Auguste Rodin completes The Kiss.
1886/--/-- 15 - Gold is discovered in Transvaal, South Africa.
1886/--/-- 15 - Haymarket Square labor riot in Chicago kills eleven people
1886/--/-- 15 - Jose Balmaceda becomes president of Chile.
1886/--/-- 15 - Samuel Gompers organizes the American Federation of Labor.
1886/--/-- 15 - The Anglo-German Agreement recognizes German control over Tanganyika (Tanzania).
1886/--/-- 15 - The Statue of Liberty is unveiled in New York Harbor.
1887/--/-- 16 - Arthur Conan Doyle publishes the first Sherlock Holmes story.
1887/--/-- 16 - France creates the Union of Indochina (most of modern day Vietnam and Kampuchea).
1887/--/-- 16 - The Michelson-Morley experiment confirms the absence of ether.
1888/--/-- 17 - A patent is issued to American inventor John H. Loud for the first ball-point pen.
1888/--/-- 17 - American inventor George Eastman introduces the Kodak box camera.
1888/--/-- 17 - Britain unites its Caribbean colonies of Trinidad and Tobago.
1888/--/-- 17 - Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh paints Still Life With Sunflowers.
1888/--/-- 17 - Eastman's Kodak camera begins amateur photography
1888/--/-- 17 - Jack the Ripper murders seven women in London.
1888/--/-- 17 - Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov writes Scheherazade.
1888/--/-- 17 - The National Geographic Magazine is published for the first time.
1888/--/-- 17 - William II succeeds Frederick III as emperor of Germany.
1889/--/-- 18 *** Gwinn, George W. [Father] & Wood, Mary Elizabeth (Gwinn) [Mother] - Married
1889/--/-- 18 - Benjamin Harrison (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1889/--/-- 18 - Benjamin Harrison is inaugurated as the 23rd U.S. president.
1889/--/-- 18 - Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria commits suicide at Mayerling.
1889/--/-- 18 - German revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg is exiled in Switzerland.
1889/--/-- 18 - Gustave Eiffel designs the Eiffel Tower for the Paris Exposition.
1889/--/-- 18 - Japan's first prime minister Ito Hirobumi introduces the Meiji Constitution.
1889/--/-- 18 - Montana is inaugurated as the 41st state.
1889/--/-- 18 - Montana is inaugurated as the 41st state; Washington is inaugurated as the 42nd state.
1889/--/-- 18 - North Dakota and South Dakota are inaugurated as the 39th and 40th states.
1889/--/-- 18 - North Dakota is inaugurated as the 39th state of the Union.
1889/--/-- 18 - Pedro II emperor of Brazil is overthrown in a coup; Brazil is declared a republic.
1889/--/-- 18 - South Dakota is inaugurated as the 40th state of the Union.
1889/--/-- 18 - Washington is inaugurated as the 42nd state.
1890/--/-- 19 - AFL founded by S Gompers
1890/--/-- 19 - American naval officer Alfred Mahan publishes The Influence of Sea Power upon History.
1890/--/-- 19 - American psychologist William James publishes The Principles of Psychology.
1890/--/-- 19 - Cecil Rhodes becomes prime minister of the Cape Colony in South Africa.
1890/--/-- 19 - Claude Debussy begins composing Suite Bergamasque, including Clair de lune.
1890/--/-- 19 - Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh commits suicide.
1890/--/-- 19 - German chancellor Otto von Bismarck is dismissed by Emperor William II.
1890/--/-- 19 - Idaho is inaugurated as the 43rd state.
1890/--/-- 19 - Idaho is inaugurated as the 43rd state; Wyoming is inaugurated as the 44th state.
1890/--/-- 19 - Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore publishes Manasi (The Mind's Embodiment).
1890/--/-- 19 - Photographer Jacob Riis documents New York's poor in How the Other Half Lives.
1890/--/-- 19 - Sherman Antitrust Act
1890/--/-- 19 - Sioux Indians are massacred at the Battle of Wounded Knee.
1890/--/-- 19 - The British South Africa Company occupies Zimbabwe; conflicts begin with the Ndebele.
1890/--/-- 19 - The Forth Railway Bridge is opened, replacing the Brooklyn Bridge as the longest span.
1890/--/-- 19 - Wyoming is inaugurated as the 44th state.
1890/--/-- 19 - Zanzibar becomes a British protectorate.
1891/--/-- 20 - Anglo-Irish author Oscar Wilde publishes his only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.
1891/--/-- 20 - English novelist Thomas Hardy writes Tess of the D'Urbervilles.
1891/--/-- 20 - Eugene Dubois discovers the first Homo erectus remains on Java in Indonesia.
1891/--/-- 20 - French postimpressionist artist Paul Gauguin travels to Tahiti.
1891/--/-- 20 - James Naismith devises the game of basketball in Springfield, Mass.
1891/--/-- 20 - The American Express Company introduces the first traveler's checks.
1892/--/-- 21 - French artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec paints At the Moulin Rouge.
1892/--/-- 21 - Impressionist artist Paul Cezanne completes the Card Players.
1892/--/-- 21 - James J. Corbett wins the heavyweight boxing championship from John L. Sullivan.
1892/--/-- 21 - Strike at Carnegie Steel results in ten deaths
1892/--/-- 21 - The San Francisco Examiner begins printing the first newspaper comic strip.
1892/--/-- 21 - Writer and political revolutionary Jose Marti founds the Cuban Revolutionary party.
1893/--/-- 22 - American artist Louis Comfort Tiffany begins producing Art Nouveau glassware.
1893/--/-- 22 - Cleveland is inaugurated as the 24th U.S. president; Hendricks becomes vice-president.
1893/--/-- 22 - France adds Laos to "protectorate" of Indochina
1893/--/-- 22 - France adds Laos to the Union of Indochina.
1893/--/-- 22 - Gladstone's second Irish Home Rule Bill is vetoed by the House of Lords in Britain.
1893/--/-- 22 - Grover Cleveland (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1893/--/-- 22 - Queen Liliuokalani is ousted in Hawaii; Sanford B. Dole, is elected president (1894).
1893/--/-- 22 - The Ivory Coast becomes a French colony.
1893/--/-- 22 - Victor Horta's Tassel House in Brussels initiates the Art Nouveau architectural style.
1894/--/-- 23 - Britain establishes a protectorate over Buganda and conquers the rest of Uganda.
1894/--/-- 23 - Czech decorative artist Alfons Mucha designs a poster of Sarah Bernhardt.
1894/--/-- 23 - Dreyfus case splits France
1894/--/-- 23 - English artist Aubrey Beardsley illustrates Oscar Wilde's Salome.
1894/--/-- 23 - English author Rudyard Kipling publishes The Jungle Book.
1894/--/-- 23 - Percival Lowell builds an observatory to study the Martian canals.
1894/--/-- 23 - Rebellion in Korea begins the First Sino-Japanese War.
1894/--/-- 23 - The arrest of army captain Albert Dreyfus creates a political crisis in France.
1894/--/-- 23 - Thousands of Armenians are massacred in Turkey.
1895/--/-- 24 - Anglo-Irish playwright Oscar Wilde writes The Importance of Being Earnest.
1895/--/-- 24 - Japan defeats China; the Shimonoseki Treaty establishes Korean independence.
1895/--/-- 24 - Louis and Auguste Lumiere show the first motion pictures to a Paris cafe audience.
1895/--/-- 24 - Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilich Lenin is exiled to Siberia.
1895/--/-- 24 - Sir Henry Irving becomes the first British actor to be knighted.
1895/--/-- 24 - The American Bowling Congress (ABC) is founded.
1895/--/-- 24 - The Cuban War of Independence begins against Spain; Jose Marti is killed in battle.
1895/--/-- 24 - The Jameson Raid on the Boer republic of Transvaal increases anti-British hostility.
1895/--/-- 24 - The first list of best-selling books is published by The Bookman magazine.
1895/--/-- 24 - Wilhelm Rontgen discovers x-rays
1895/--/-- 24 - X rays are discovered by German physicist Wilhelm C. Roentgen.
1896/--/-- 25 - A tsunami (tidal wave) kills 27,000 people in Japan.
1896/--/-- 25 - Italian composer Giacomo Puccini writes the opera La Boheme.
1896/--/-- 25 - John Philip Sousa composes The Stars and Stripes Forever.
1896/--/-- 25 - King Menelik II defeats the Italians at Adwa, maintaining Ethiopian independence.
1896/--/-- 25 - Supreme Court rules "separate but equal" legal
1896/--/-- 25 - The first modern Olympic Games are held at Athens in Greece; 13 countries compete.
1896/--/-- 25 - Utah is inaugurated as the 45th state of the Union.
1897/--/-- 26 - American comic strip The Katzenjammer Kids is begun by Rudolph Dirks.
1897/--/-- 26 - Austrian artist Gustav Klimt helps to found the Vienna Secession group.
1897/--/-- 26 - British physician Havelock Ellis begins his Studies in the Psychology of Sex.
1897/--/-- 26 - English author Rudyard Kipling publishes Captains Courageous.
1897/--/-- 26 - French dramatist Edmond Rostand writes Cyrano de Bergerac.
1897/--/-- 26 - French primitive artist Henri Rousseau paints The Sleeping Gypsy.
1897/--/-- 26 - McKinley is inaugurated as the 25th U.S. president; Hobart becomes vice-president.
1897/--/-- 26 - Russian author Anton Chekhov writes the play Uncle Vanya.
1897/--/-- 26 - Stanislavsky founds the Moscow Art Theater and begins the method acting technique.
1897/--/-- 26 - The first subway un the U.S. opens in Boston.
1897/--/-- 26 - Theodor Herzl organizes the World Zionist Congress at Basel in Switzerland.
1897/--/-- 26 - William Mckinley (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1897/09/11 26 *** Gwinn, Washington Herbert [Nephew] - Born to Gwinn, Reuben Wood and Maupin, Myrtie (Gwinn)
1898/--/-- 27 - Anglo-Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw publishes Arms and the Man.
1898/--/-- 27 - Britain obtains a 99-year lease for Hong Kong from the Chinese.
1898/--/-- 27 - Commodore Dewey destroys the Spanish fleet in Manila harbor.
1898/--/-- 27 - Cuba occupied by U.S. and released
1898/--/-- 27 - English author H. G. Wells publishes The War of the Worlds.
1898/--/-- 27 - Spain cedes Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines to the U.S. in the Treaty of Paris.
1898/--/-- 27 - Spanish-American War, Cuba, Phillipines, US
1898/--/-- 27 - The Boxer Uprising begins in China; Empress Tz'u-hsi imprisons the emperor.
1898/--/-- 27 - The British under Kitchener defeat the Mahdists at Omdurman in Sudan.
1898/--/-- 27 - The Fashoda Incident leads to a French withdrawal from the Sudan.
1898/--/-- 27 - The Spanish fleet is destroyed off Cuba; Spain sues for peace.
1898/--/-- 27 - The Spanish-American War begins with a declaration of war by Congress.
1898/--/-- 27 - The U.S. army uses machine guns for the first time in the battle of Santiago.
1898/--/-- 27 - The U.S. battleship Maine explodes in the Spanish port of Manila in the Philippines.
1898/--/-- 27 - U.S. troops land on Cuba; Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders are in action.
1898/--/-- 27 - William Randolph Hearst's yellow journalism inflames anti-Spanish feelings.
1899/--/-- 28 - American artist Winslow Homer paints the Gulf Stream.
1899/--/-- 28 - American composer Scott Joplin publishes his Maple Leaf Rag.
1899/--/-- 28 - Designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh completes the Glasgow School of Art.
1899/--/-- 28 - English composer Edward Elgar writes The Enigma Variations.
1899/--/-- 28 - Journalist and future statesman Winston Churchill escapes from Boer captivity.
1899/--/-- 28 - Sigmund Freud "Interpretation of Dreams"
1899/--/-- 28 - The British under Robert Baden-Powell are besieged by the Boers at Mafeking.
1899/--/-- 28 - The South African War begins between the Boers (Afrikaners) and the British.
1899/--/-- 28 - U.S. Secretary of State John M. Hay advocates an Open Door Policy for China.
1900/--/-- 29 - American novelist Theodore Dreiser publishes his first novel Sister Carrie.
1900/--/-- 29 - An international force lifts the Boxer siege of Peking.
1900/--/-- 29 - British politician Keir Hardie helps to found the Labour party.
1900/--/-- 29 - Chinese nationalists besiege foreigners in Peking during the Boxer Uprising.
1900/--/-- 29 - Dutch physiologist Willem Einthoven invents the electrocardiograph.
1900/--/-- 29 - Hawaii is made a U.S. Territory; Sanford Dole serves as the first governor.
1900/--/-- 29 - Hector Guimard uses Art Nouveau designs for the entrances to the Paris Metro.
1900/--/-- 29 - Humbert I is assassinated; he is succeeded by Victor Emanuel III as king of Italy.
1900/--/-- 29 - Italian author Gabriele D'Annunzio publishes The Flame of Life.
1900/--/-- 29 - James J. Jeffries beats Jim Corbett to retain the heavyweight boxing title.
1900/--/-- 29 - Max Planck formulates the quantum theory in physics.
1900/--/-- 29 - Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud publishes The Interpretation of Dreams.
1900/--/-- 29 - Sir Arthur Evans begins the excavation of the Minoan palace at Knossos, Crete.
1900/--/-- 29 - The Boers begin a guerrilla war against the British occupation forces.
1900/--/-- 29 - The British defeat the Boer (Afrikaner) armies in South Africa and occupy Pretoria.
1900/--/-- 29 - The U.S. wins the first Davis Cup tennis contest.
1901/--/-- 30 - A 39,000 year-old frozen mammoth is discovered in Russia.
1901/--/-- 30 - A stele bearing the Code of Hammurabi is discovered in Susa, Iran.
1901/--/-- 30 - American surgeon Walter Reed proves that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes.
1901/--/-- 30 - An American League of baseball is formed in competition to the National League.
1901/--/-- 30 - Andrew Carnegie sells his company and devotes himself to philanthropy.
1901/--/-- 30 - Britain incorporates Ashanti territory into the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1901/--/-- 30 - English author Beatrix Potter publishes her children's book The Tale of Peter Rabbit.
1901/--/-- 30 - Guglielmo Marconi tests radio transmissions between England and Newfoundland.
1901/--/-- 30 - King C. Gillette founds the American Safety Razor Company.
1901/--/-- 30 - Pres. McKinley shot by anarchist
1901/--/-- 30 - President McKinley is assassinated by the anarchist Leon Czolgosz.
1901/--/-- 30 - Queen Victoria dies; she is succeeded by her son Edward VII.
1901/--/-- 30 - Russia occupies Manchuria in north-east China.
1901/--/-- 30 - Sergei Rachmaninoff writes his Second Piano Concerto.
1901/--/-- 30 - Sir Edward Elgar composes the first of his five Pomp and Circumstance Marches.
1901/--/-- 30 - Spanish painter Pablo Picasso's Blue Period begins.
1901/--/-- 30 - Temperance advocate Carry Nation uses a hatchet to attack a Kansas saloon.
1901/--/-- 30 - The Commonwealth of Australia is founded.
1901/--/-- 30 - The first U.S. national bowling tournament is held.
1901/--/-- 30 - Theodore Roosevelt (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1901/--/-- 30 - Theodore Roosevelt is inaugurated as the 26th U.S. president.
1901/--/-- 30 - Victor L. Berger and Eugene V. Debs help found the American Socialist party.
1901/01/02 30 - Edward VII succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland.
1902/--/-- 31 - American artist Robert Henri paints the New York street scene West 57th Street.
1902/--/-- 31 - Conan Doyle writes the Sherlock Holmes adventure The Hound of the Baskervilles.
1902/--/-- 31 - English author Joseph Conrad publishes Heart of Darkness.
1902/--/-- 31 - French filmmaker Georges Melies produces A Trip to the Moon.
1902/--/-- 31 - Italian opera singer Enrico Caruso makes his first phonographic recording.
1902/--/-- 31 - Maksim Gorky's The Lower Depths is produced at the Moscow Art Theater.
1902/--/-- 31 - Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. is appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1902/--/-- 31 - Roosevelt begins conservation of forests
1902/--/-- 31 - The Photo-Secession group is founded in New York by photographer Alfred Stieglitz.
1902/--/-- 31 - The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the South African War.
1902/08/-- 31 - Edward VII crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India at Wes
1903/--/-- 32 - Alexander, King of Serbia, is assassinated; he is succeeded by Peter I.
1903/--/-- 32 - American author Jack London publishes The Call of the Wild.
1903/--/-- 32 - American novelist Henry James publishes The Ambassadors.
1903/--/-- 32 - Bernard Shaw's play Man and Superman is produced in London.
1903/--/-- 32 - Colonel Francis Younghusband leads a British military expedition into Tibet.
1903/--/-- 32 - Edwin S. Porter directs the pioneering Western film The Great Train Robbery.
1903/--/-- 32 - Emmeline Pankhurst founds the Women's Social and Political Union in Britain.
1903/--/-- 32 - Marie and Pierre Curie win the Nobel Prize for Physics for their work on radioactivity.
1903/--/-- 32 - Orville Wright makes the first successful flight in a self-propelled airplane.
1903/--/-- 32 - Panama declares its independence from Columbia; the U.S. recognizes the new republic.
1903/--/-- 32 - The Rolls-Royce automobile company is founded in Britain.
1903/--/-- 32 - The U.S. acquires perpetual control over the Panama Canal Zone.
1903/--/-- 32 - The first World Series baseball game is played.
1903/--/-- 32 - Vladimir Ilich Lenin organizes the Bolshevik revolutionary group.
1903/--/-- 32 - Wright Bros. first airplane
1903/10/-- 32 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (3) AL BOSTON (5)
1904/--/-- 33 - Italian composer Giacomo Puccini's opera Madame Butterfly is produced.
1904/--/-- 33 - Ivan Pavlov, discoverer of the conditioned reflex, is awarded the Nobel Prize.
1904/--/-- 33 - James Barrie's play Peter Pan is produced in London.
1904/--/-- 33 - Max Weber publishes The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.
1904/--/-- 33 - Roosevelt asserts U.S. right to intervene in Latin America
1904/--/-- 33 - Russia and Japan at war
1904/--/-- 33 - Russian author Anton Chekhov's play The Cherry Orchard is produced.
1904/--/-- 33 - Territorial disputes in Manchuria begin the Russo-Japanese War.
1904/--/-- 33 - The Abbey Theatre is founded in Dublin.
1904/--/-- 33 - The New York City subway is opened.
1905/--/-- 34 - A general strike and revolution begin in Russia; Nicholas II grants a constitution.
1905/--/-- 34 - Albert Einstein proposes Special Theory of Relativity
1905/--/-- 34 - Ambrose Fleming invents the thermionic valve, used to improve radio reception.
1905/--/-- 34 - American humorist and actor Will Rogers makes his New York City debut.
1905/--/-- 34 - American labor leader Eugene V. Debs founds the Industrial Workers of the World.
1905/--/-- 34 - Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen founds the T'ung-meng hui (Alliance Society).
1905/--/-- 34 - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner organizes the expressionist painters group Die Brucke.
1905/--/-- 34 - French territorial ambitions spark the first Moroccan crisis.
1905/--/-- 34 - German physicist Albert Einstein proposes his Special Theory of Relativity.
1905/--/-- 34 - German poet Rainer Maria Rilke publishes The Book of Hours.
1905/--/-- 34 - Henri Matisse and Andre Derain form the Fauves (Wild Beasts) art movement.
1905/--/-- 34 - Psychologist Alfred Binet develops intelligence tests for school children.
1905/--/-- 34 - Roosevelt begins his second term as U.S. president; Fairbanks becomes vice-president.
1905/--/-- 34 - The Cullinan diamond is found in South Africa; it weighs 3,106 carats.
1905/--/-- 34 - The Russian fleet is destroyed by the Japanese at the Battle of Tsushima.
1905/--/-- 34 - The Sinn Fein Irish nationalist movement is founded by Arthur Griffith.
1905/--/-- 34 - The union of Norway and Sweden is dissolved; Haakon VII is elected king of Norway.
1905/--/-- 34 - W.E.B. Du Bois forms the Niagara Movement to demand full civil rights for black Americans.
1905/--/-- 34 - mini-revolution in Russia
1905/10/-- 34 - World Series NL NEW YORK (4) AL PHILADELPHIA (1)
1906/--/-- 35 - British author John Galsworthy publishes the first novel of The Forsythe Saga.
1906/--/-- 35 - H.M.S. Dreadnought, the first modern battleship, is launched.
1906/--/-- 35 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen traverses the Northwest Passage.
1906/--/-- 35 - The Aga Khan III forms the All-India Moslim League.
1906/--/-- 35 - The Dreyfus affair ends with the pardoning of French army officer Alfred Dreyfus.
1906/--/-- 35 - The San Francisco earthquake kills 700.
1906/--/-- 35 - Under the Platt Amendment U.S. troops return to Cuba to quell rebellion and restore order.
1906/--/-- 35 - Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle leads to the U.S. Pure Foods and Drugs Act.
1906/10/-- 35 - World Series NL CHICAGO (2) AL CHICAGO (4)
1907/--/-- 36 - A Triple Entente is formed between Britain, France and Russia.
1907/--/-- 36 - Anna Pavlova dances The Dying Swan, choreographed by Mikhail Fokine.
1907/--/-- 36 - Irish playwright J.M. Synge writes The Playboy of the Western World.
1907/--/-- 36 - Lee De Forest invents the triode, a key component for amplifying radio signals.
1907/--/-- 36 - Oklahoma is inaugurated as the 46th state of the Union.
1907/--/-- 36 - Rasputin gains influence at the court of Russian emperor Nicholas II.
1907/--/-- 36 - The Panic of 1907 begins with the collapse of the U.S. stock market.
1907/--/-- 36 - The first Ziegfeld Follies are staged in New York City.
1907/10/-- 36 - World Series NL CHICAGO (4) AL DETROIT (0)
1908/--/-- 37 - An earthquake at Messina in Italy kills 80,000.
1908/--/-- 37 - Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia and Hercegovina.
1908/--/-- 37 - Austrian artist Gustav Klimt paints The Kiss.
1908/--/-- 37 - Automaker William Durant founds the General Motors Company.
1908/--/-- 37 - British soldier Robert Baden-Powell founds the Boy Scout movement.
1908/--/-- 37 - Filmmakers Charles Pathe and Leon Gaumont produce the first newsreel.
1908/--/-- 37 - GE patents electric toaster
1908/--/-- 37 - Jack Johnson becomes the first black heavyweight boxing champion.
1908/--/-- 37 - Kenneth Grahame publishes his children's story The Wind in the Willows.
1908/--/-- 37 - King Leopold II of the Belgians establishes the Independent State of Congo in Africa.
1908/--/-- 37 - Liberal leader Herbert Asquith becomes prime minister of Britain.
1908/--/-- 37 - Mary Baker Eddy establishes the Christian Science Monitor.
1908/--/-- 37 - Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque cofound the cubism art movement.
1908/--/-- 37 - The Ashcan school of painters exhibit in New York City.
1908/--/-- 37 - The Ford Motor Company produces the first Model T automobile.
1908/--/-- 37 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
1908/--/-- 37 - The Tunguska fireball explodes in Siberia with the force of a modern H-bomb.
1908/--/-- 37 - The Young Turk Revolution in Turkey leads to political reform.
1908/10/-- 37 - World Series NL CHICAGO (4) AL DETROIT (1)
1909/--/-- 38 - American architect Frank Lloyd Wright builds the Robie House in Chicago.
1909/--/-- 38 - American artist George Bellows paints the prize fight scene Stag at Sharkey's.
1909/--/-- 38 - American explorer Robert E. Peary reaches the North Pole.
1909/--/-- 38 - American poet William Carlos Williams publishes Poems, his first book.
1909/--/-- 38 - American writer Gertrude Stein publishes Three Lives.
1909/--/-- 38 - French aviator Louis Bleriot makes the first flight across the English Channel.
1909/--/-- 38 - NAACP in NYC
1909/--/-- 38 - Russian impresario Serge Diaghilev presents the Ballet Russe in Paris.
1909/--/-- 38 - Taft is inaugurated as the 27th U.S. president; Sherman becomes vice-president.
1909/--/-- 38 - William Howard Taft (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1909/10/-- 38 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (4) AL DETROIT (3)
1910/--/-- 39 - British Empire covers 1/5th of world land area
1910/--/-- 39 - British author Arnold Bennett publishes Clayhanger.
1910/--/-- 39 - British politician Winston Churchill is appointed first lord of the Admiralty.
1910/--/-- 39 - France groups four African territories together as French Equatorial Africa.
1910/--/-- 39 - French primitive artist Henri Rousseau paints The Dream.
1910/--/-- 39 - French sculptor Auguste Rodin casts the bronze figure The Thinker.
1910/--/-- 39 - Fundamentalism begins with "Five Points"
1910/--/-- 39 - George V succeeds his father Edward VII as king of Great Britain and Ireland.
1910/--/-- 39 - German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich synthesizes Salversan, a cure for syphilis.
1910/--/-- 39 - Italian artists led by Umberto Boccioni found the futurism movement.
1910/--/-- 39 - Japanese forces annex Korea.
1910/--/-- 39 - Madero, Villa and Zapata lead a revolution against Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz.
1910/--/-- 39 - Russian-born artist Wassily Kandinsky executes his first abstract painting.
1910/--/-- 39 - The Art Deco architectural and decorative arts style begins to become popular.
1910/--/-- 39 - The Union of South Africa is formed; Louis Botha becomes the first prime minister.
1910/05/-- 39 - George V succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland.
1910/10/-- 39 - World Series NL CHICAGO (1) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1911/--/-- 40 - American aviator Glen Curtiss flies the first successful seaplane.
1911/--/-- 40 - American novelist Edith Wharton publishes Ethan Frome.
1911/--/-- 40 - American songwriter Irving Berlin publishes Alexander's Ragtime Band.
1911/--/-- 40 - Elmer A. Sperry designs the first American gyrocompass.
1911/--/-- 40 - English author G.K. Chesterton publishes the first Father Brown story.
1911/--/-- 40 - German-American anthropologist Franz Boas publishes The Mind of Primitive Man.
1911/--/-- 40 - Hans Geiger invents an electrical device to count individual alpha particles.
1911/--/-- 40 - Italy's attempts to annex Cyrenaica and Tripolitania leads to the Italo-Turkish War.
1911/--/-- 40 - Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz is overthrown; Francisco Madero becomes president.
1911/--/-- 40 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reaches the South Pole ahead of Robert Scott.
1911/--/-- 40 - Richard Strauss' opera Der Rosenkavalier is performed for the first time.
1911/--/-- 40 - Robert A Millikan measures electron's charge
1911/--/-- 40 - Russian artist Marc Chagall paints I and My Village.
1911/--/-- 40 - Sir Ernest Rutherford formulates his theory of atomic structure.
1911/--/-- 40 - The Ch'ing dynasty is deposed in China; a republic is formed under Sun Yat-sen.
1911/--/-- 40 - The first film studio is established at Hollywood in California.
1911/--/-- 40 - Tibet declares its independence from China.
1911/--/-- 40 - Willis Carrier designs the first practical air conditioning system.
1911/06/02 40 - George V crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Randa
1911/10/-- 40 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1912/--/-- 41 - American Indian Jim Thorpe wins the Olympic decathlon and pentathlon.
1912/--/-- 41 - American author Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes Tarzan of the Apes.
1912/--/-- 41 - American writer Willa Cather publishes her first novel Alexander's Bridge.
1912/--/-- 41 - Arizona is inaugurated as the 48th state.
1912/--/-- 41 - Austrian psychologist Alfred Adler publishes The Neurotic Constitution.
1912/--/-- 41 - British explorers under Scott reach the South Pole but die during their return.
1912/--/-- 41 - French Dada artist Marcel Duchamp paints Nude Descending a Staircase.
1912/--/-- 41 - German geophysicist Alfred Wegener formulates his continental drift hypothesis.
1912/--/-- 41 - Morocco is divided between France and Spain after the second Moroccan crisis.
1912/--/-- 41 - New Mexico is inaugurated as the 47th state.
1912/--/-- 41 - New Mexico is inaugurated as the 47th state; Arizona is inaugurated as the 48th state.
1912/--/-- 41 - Piltdown man is discovered in Britain, beginning an elaborate scientific hoax.
1912/--/-- 41 - Russian dancer Vaslav Nijinsky choreographs and dances in The Afternoon of the Faun.
1912/--/-- 41 - The Balkan League begins the first Balkan War against the Ottoman Empire.
1912/--/-- 41 - The liner Titanic sinks after colliding with an iceberg on her maiden voyage.
1912/--/-- 41 - Theodore Roosevelt campaigns for the U.S. presidency under the Bull Moose ticket.
1912/10/-- 41 - World Series NL NEW YORK (3) AL BOSTON (4)
1913/--/-- 42 - American poet Robert Frost publishes A Boy's Will.
1913/--/-- 42 - Bertrand Russell and A.E. Whitehead publish Principia Mathematica.
1913/--/-- 42 - Danish physicist Niels Bohr publishes his atomic theory.
1913/--/-- 42 - English novelist D.H. Lawrence publishes Sons and Lovers.
1913/--/-- 42 - Federal income tax is introduced in the U.S.
1913/--/-- 42 - Igor Stravinsky's ballet The Rite of Spring causes a scandal at the Paris premiere.
1913/--/-- 42 - Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
1913/--/-- 42 - King George I of Greece is assassinated; he is succeeded by Constantine I
1913/--/-- 42 - Marcel Proust writes the first volume of Remembrance of Things Past.
1913/--/-- 42 - Medical missionary Albert Schweitzer builds a hospital at Lambarene in Africa.
1913/--/-- 42 - Russian revolutionary Joseph Stalin is exiled to Siberia by the tsarist government.
1913/--/-- 42 - Samuel Goldwyn founds his first movie company with Jesse Lasky and Cecil B. De Mille.
1913/--/-- 42 - Socialists Sidney and Beatrice Webb found the political journal The New Statesman.
1913/--/-- 42 - The constructivism art movement begins in Russia.
1913/--/-- 42 - The island of Crete is united with Greece.
1913/--/-- 42 - The second Balkan War begins with a Bulgarian attack on Serbia.
1913/--/-- 42 - Victoriano Huerta leads a military coup in Mexico; president Francisco Madero is killed.
1913/--/-- 42 - Wilson is inaugurated as the 28th U.S. president; Marshall becomes vice-president.
1913/--/-- 42 - Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1913/10/-- 42 - World Series NL NEW YORK (1) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1914/--/-- 43 - A British expedition led by Ernest Shackleton is marooned in the Antarctic.
1914/--/-- 43 - A German fleet defeats the British at Coronel but is decimated at the Falklands.
1914/--/-- 43 - Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated in Sarajevo, precipitating World War I.
1914/--/-- 43 - Austrian forces invade Serbia but are repulsed with heavy losses.
1914/--/-- 43 - Black composer W.C. Handy writes the St. Louis Blues.
1914/--/-- 43 - Charlie Chaplin develops his little tramp character in a series of slapstick films.
1914/--/-- 43 - France, Russia and Britain (the Allies) are at war with Germany and Austria-Hungary.
1914/--/-- 43 - George Bernard Shaw's play Pygmallion is performed for the first time.
1914/--/-- 43 - German forces invade Belgium and France but are halted at the Marne.
1914/--/-- 43 - German submarines begin to exact a heavy toll on Allied shipping.
1914/--/-- 43 - Japan joins the Allies and captures the German base of Tsingtao in China.
1914/--/-- 43 - Mack Sennett produces comedy films starring the Keystone Kops.
1914/--/-- 43 - Parisian couturier Coco Chanel begins designing clothes.
1914/--/-- 43 - President Wilson declares U.S. neutrality in World War I.
1914/--/-- 43 - Russian forces invade East Prussia but are defeated at the Battle of Tannenberg.
1914/--/-- 43 - The Panama Canal is completed, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
1914/--/-- 43 - Turkey declares war on the Allies; Britain annexes Turkish Cyprus.
1914/--/-- 43 - U.S. Marines land at Veracruz in Mexico; President Huerta resigns.
1914/--/-- 43 - World War I begins
1914/10/-- 43 - World Series NL BOSTON (4) AL PHILADELPHIA (0)
1915/--/-- 44 - A German submarine torpedoes the British liner Lusitania; 124 Americans are killed.
1915/--/-- 44 - Albert Einstein formulates his General Theory of Relativity.
1915/--/-- 44 - Anglo-French forces land at Gallipoli in an attempt to force Turkey out of the war.
1915/--/-- 44 - Austrian writer Franz Kafka publishes The Metamorphosis.
1915/--/-- 44 - D. W. Griffith's movie The Birth of a Nation is shown for the first time.
1915/--/-- 44 - Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa lead rebellions against Venustiano Carranza in Mexico.
1915/--/-- 44 - English author Somerset Maugham publishes Of Human Bondage.
1915/--/-- 44 - German Zeppelin airships begin bombing attacks on Britain.
1915/--/-- 44 - Italy joins the Allies and invades Austrian territory.
1915/--/-- 44 - President Wilson recognizes the Mexican government of Venustiano Carranza.
1915/--/-- 44 - Serbia is overrun by the combined forces of Austria, Germany and Bulgaria.
1915/--/-- 44 - The Anzacs (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) fight at Gallipoli.
1915/--/-- 44 - The Dada art and literary movement is formed.
1915/--/-- 44 - The Germans use poison gas for the first time at Ypres on the Western Front.
1915/--/-- 44 - U.S. Marines land in Haiti, beginning a 20-year period of military occupation.
1915/--/-- 44 - War poet Rupert Brooke's 1914 and Other Poems is published in the year he dies.
1915/10/-- 44 - World Series NL PHILADELPHIA (1) AL BOSTON (4)
1916/--/-- 45 - Albert Einstein proposes General Theory of Relativity
1916/--/-- 45 - Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli after strong Turkish opposition.
1916/--/-- 45 - American poet Carl Sandburg publishes his first book Chicago Poems.
1916/--/-- 45 - British forces assault the German line at the Somme; tanks are used for the first time.
1916/--/-- 45 - German assaults at Verdun are repulsed by the French with great loss of life.
1916/--/-- 45 - James Joyce publishes A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.
1916/--/-- 45 - Jeannette Rankin becomes the first female member of U.S. House of Representatives.
1916/--/-- 45 - Lloyd George becomes prime minister of Britain's wartime coalition government.
1916/--/-- 45 - Margaret Sanger is arrested for opening a birth-control clinic in Brooklyn.
1916/--/-- 45 - North Sea storms flood lowlands in the Netherlands, 10,000 lives are lost.
1916/--/-- 45 - T. Tzara DADA
1916/--/-- 45 - The British and German fleets clash at the Battle of Jutland.
1916/--/-- 45 - The Easter Rising in Dublin is suppressed within a week by the British.
1916/--/-- 45 - The Russian Brusilov Offensive meets with success on the Eastern Front.
1916/--/-- 45 - The Trans-Siberian railway is completed -- the longest continuous rail line in the world.
1916/--/-- 45 - U.S. Marines land in Santo Domingo to quell unrest; the occupation lasts until 1924.
1916/--/-- 45 - U.S. troops under Pershing invade Mexico in retaliation for raids by Pancho Villa.
1916/10/-- 45 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (1) AL BOSTON (4)
1917/--/-- 46 - Adoption of the convoy system reduces Allied losses to German submarines.
1917/--/-- 46 - Anglo-American poet T.S. Eliot publishes The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.
1917/--/-- 46 - Art critic and writer Guillaume Apollinaire coins the term surrealism.
1917/--/-- 46 - Astrophysicist Karl Schwarzschild develops the black hole theory.
1917/--/-- 46 - Blacks migrate north and west
1917/--/-- 46 - British forces attack the Germans in the Third Battle of Ypres.
1917/--/-- 46 - British forces under Allenby capture Jerusalem and Bagdhad from the Turks.
1917/--/-- 46 - Dutch artists Theo Van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian found the magazine de Stijl.
1917/--/-- 46 - English composer Gustav Holst completes The Planets.
1917/--/-- 46 - English humorist P.G. Wodehouse creates Bertie Wooster and his butler Jeeves.
1917/--/-- 46 - Germany announces the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1917/--/-- 46 - Italian forces are defeated by Austria at the Battle of Caporetto.
1917/--/-- 46 - Russian revolutions: communist U.S.S.R. formed
1917/--/-- 46 - Selective Service Act creates draft
1917/--/-- 46 - Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung publishes The Psychology of the Unconscious.
1917/--/-- 46 - T.E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) leads the Arab revolt against the Turks.
1917/--/-- 46 - The Balfour Declaration endorses a Jewish national homeland in Palestine.
1917/--/-- 46 - The Germans and the Bolshevik leaders sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
1917/--/-- 46 - The Germans help Lenin return to Russia from exile in Switzerland.
1917/--/-- 46 - The Jones Act gives all Puerto Ricans the right to U.S. citizenship.
1917/--/-- 46 - The Russian Revolution begins; Emperor Nicholas II abdicates.
1917/--/-- 46 - The U.S. purchases the Virgin Islands from Denmark.
1917/--/-- 46 - The United States declares war on Germany.
1917/--/-- 46 - The Zimmermann note proposing a secret Mexican alliance with Germany is revealed.
1917/--/-- 46 - The disastrous Nivelle Offensive leads to mutinies in the French Army.
1917/--/-- 46 - The earliest jazz recordings are made in New York City.
1917/--/-- 46 - The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded for journalism, letters and music.
1917/--/-- 46 - The provisional Kerensky government is deposed; Bolsheviks seize power in Russia.
1917/10/-- 46 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL CHICAGO (4)
1918/--/-- 47 - Advances by French, British and American armies force a general German retreat.
1918/--/-- 47 - American astronomer Harlow Shapley discovers the dimensions of the Milky Way.
1918/--/-- 47 - American author Booth Tarkington writes The Magnificent Ambersons.
1918/--/-- 47 - American forcesunder Pershing help to stem the German offensive.
1918/--/-- 47 - An airmail service begins among New York, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C.
1918/--/-- 47 - An influenza pandemic begins (it kills 21-22 million in 2 years).
1918/--/-- 47 - Austria, Poland and Czechoslovakia become republics in the aftermath of World War I.
1918/--/-- 47 - Bloomsbury Group member Lytton Strachey publishes Eminent Victorians.
1918/--/-- 47 - Bolshevik leader Leon Trotsky organizes the Red Army.
1918/--/-- 47 - Civil war breaks out between the Red and White Russian armies.
1918/--/-- 47 - French composer Erik Satie writes Socrate.
1918/--/-- 47 - German air ace Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron) is shot down and killed.
1918/--/-- 47 - Nicholas II, the last emperor of Russia, and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks.
1918/--/-- 47 - Revolution breaks out in Germany; Emperor William II flees to the Netherlands.
1918/--/-- 47 - Shapley determines sun is part of Milky Way galaxy
1918/--/-- 47 - The Germans renew their assault on the Western Front in the Ludendorff Offensive.
1918/--/-- 47 - The Weimar Republic negotiates an armistice for Germany, ending World War I.
1918/--/-- 47 - The world's largest telescope is installed at Mount Wilson Observatory.
1918/--/-- 47 - Women over 30 win the vote in Britain.
1918/10/-- 47 - World Series NL CHICAGO (2) AL BOSTON (4)
1919/--/-- 48 - Boxer Jack Dempsey knocks out Jess Willard to become heavyweight champion.
1919/--/-- 48 - British troops massacre demonstrators at Amritsar in India.
1919/--/-- 48 - English aviators Alcock and Brown make the first nonstop transatlantic flight.
1919/--/-- 48 - French tennis star Suzanne Lenglen wins the Wimbledon tournament for the first time.
1919/--/-- 48 - George Gershwin composes his first hit song Swanee.
1919/--/-- 48 - German communist Rosa Luxemburg is murdered after the Sparticus uprising.
1919/--/-- 48 - Italian leader Benito Mussolini organizes his Fascist movement.
1919/--/-- 48 - Jan Smuts succeeds Louis Botha as prime minister of South Africa.
1919/--/-- 48 - Lady Astor becomes the first woman member of the British House of Commons.
1919/--/-- 48 - League of Nations
1919/--/-- 48 - Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata is killed.
1919/--/-- 48 - Russian-American anarchist Emma Goldman is deported to the Soviet Union.
1919/--/-- 48 - The Bauhaus school of design is founded in Germany by Walter Gropius.
1919/--/-- 48 - The Chicago White Sox conspire to fix the baseball World Series.
1919/--/-- 48 - The German fleet is scuttled at Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands.
1919/--/-- 48 - The League of Nations is formed with Geneva in Switzerland as its headquarters.
1919/--/-- 48 - The Paris Peace Conference opens at Versailles.
1919/--/-- 48 - The Polish-Soviet War begins over territorial disputes.
1919/--/-- 48 - The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is formed.
1919/--/-- 48 - Versailles Peace Treaty
1919/--/-- 48 - World War I ends
1919/10/-- 48 - World Series NL CINCINNATI (5) AL CHICAGO (3)
1919/11/11 49 *** Gwinn, Mary A. (Maupin) - Died

In 1870 Transportation was by:
          Foot
          Horse
          Bicycle
          Train
          Steamboat
By 1919 Transportation was by:
          Balloon
          Propeller airplane
in addition.

In 1870 Communications was by:
          Word of Mouth
          Post Office
          Telegraph
By 1919 Communications was by:
          Telephone
in addition.

In 1870 Food Preparation was by:
          Wood

In 1870 Entertainment was by:
          Social Intercourse
          Organized Sports
          Travel
          Professional Sports
          Movies
          Radio
          Television
          Theme parks
          Computer

In 1870 Health Care was by:
          Operations
          Anesthetic
          X-Rays
          MRI

In 1870 War Making was by:
          Calvary
          gun
          Artillery
          Machine guns
          Submarine
          Iron Clad ships
          Mines
By 1919 War Making was by:
          tank
          TNT
          Chemical agents
          Aeroplane
in addition.
By 1919 War Making by:
          Calvary
had been discontinued.

In 1870 Navigation was by:
          Stars & Maps
          Compass

from the SFHR database of Duane Bristow 10-13-2019 12:23:36


Index

Family and Social Relations

of Gwinn, Mary A. (Maupin) 1870/11/--

Index

Last revised 10/13/19.