Kelley, Mary (Cowan) - F 1826/--/--

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                           The Life of Kelley, Mary (Cowan)
1826/--/-- to ----/--/-- female One child
...Date... AGE Event
1826/--/-- 0 *** Kelley, Mary (Cowan) - Born
1826/--/-- 0 - American engineer John Stevens builds the first U.S. steam locomotive.
1826/--/-- 0 - Andre Ampere publishes his Theory of Electrodynamic Phenomenon.
1826/--/-- 0 - British engineer Thomas Telford builds the Menai suspension bridge in Wales.
1826/--/-- 0 - Felix Mendelssohn composes his overture to A Midsummer Night's Dream at age 17.
1826/--/-- 0 - German poet Heine begins the publication of Reisebilder (Travel Pictures).
1826/--/-- 0 - Ohm's law establishes the relationship of electrical voltage, current and resistance.
1826/--/-- 0 - Revolutionary leader Antonio Jose de Sucre is elected first president of Bolivia.
1827/--/-- 1 - American frontiersman Davy Crockett is elected to Congress.
1827/--/-- 1 - Audubon publishes " Birds of America"
1827/--/-- 1 - Britain, France and Russia demand that Turkey ends the war with Greece.
1827/--/-- 1 - English inventor John Walker introduces the first friction matches.
1827/--/-- 1 - French landscape artist Camille Corot paints the Bridge at Narni.
1827/--/-- 1 - Mountain man Jedediah Smith pioneers an overland route to California.
1827/--/-- 1 - Ornithologist John James Audubon begins the publication of his Birds of America.
1827/--/-- 1 - The Allied navies destroy the Turkish and Egyptian fleet at Navarino in Greece.
1828/--/-- 2 - Composer Frederic Chopin begins concert tours at age 18.
1828/--/-- 2 - Greeks win War of Independence from Ottoman Empire
1828/--/-- 2 - Lavalleja's Thirty-three Immortals achieve Uruguayan independence from Brazil.
1828/--/-- 2 - Noah Webster publishes his American Dictionary of the English Language.
1828/--/-- 2 - Rammohun Roy founds the Brahmo Samaj religious society in India.
1828/--/-- 2 - The Duke of Wellington becomes prime minister of Britain.
1828/--/-- 2 - Virtuoso violin player Niccolo Paganini performs in Vienna.
1829/--/-- 3 - Andrew Jackson (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1829/--/-- 3 - Delacroix paints "Death of Sardanapalus"
1829/--/-- 3 - Explorer Charles Sturt charts the Murray River in Australia.
1829/--/-- 3 - Jackson introduces spoils system
1829/--/-- 3 - Jackson is inaugurated as the 7th U.S. president; Calhoun continues as vice-president.
1829/--/-- 3 - Lord Bentinck bans the Indian custom of suttee (the burning of widows).
1829/--/-- 3 - Louis Braille publishes his braille system of writing for the blind.
1829/--/-- 3 - Serbia becomes an autonomous principality under Prince Milos.
1829/--/-- 3 - Sir Robert Peel reorganizes the London police; his policemen are nicknamed Bobbies.
1829/--/-- 3 - Sir Robert Peel sponsers the Catholic Emancipation Act in Britain.
1829/--/-- 3 - The convict-free British colony of Western Australia is founded.
1829/--/-- 3 - The first U.S. encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia Americana, is begun.
1830/--/-- 4 - Belgium asserts its independence from the Netherlands.
1830/--/-- 4 - British geologist Charles Lyell begins publishing his Principles of Geology.
1830/--/-- 4 - Fructuoso Rivera is elected as first president of Uruguay.
1830/--/-- 4 - George Catlin begins his paintings of North American Indians about this time.
1830/--/-- 4 - Greece becomes independent from Turkey.
1830/--/-- 4 - Hector Berlioz composes his first major work the Symphonie Fantastique.
1830/--/-- 4 - Indian Removal Act moves eastern Indians west of Mississippi
1830/--/-- 4 - Joseph Smith founds the Mormon church at Fayette, New York.
1830/--/-- 4 - Louis Philippe is chosen as the citizen king of France.
1830/--/-- 4 - Philipon publishes the satirical weekly La Caricature, with contributions by Daumier.
1830/--/-- 4 - Polish rebellions are suppressed by Russia.
1830/--/-- 4 - Simon Bolivar resigns as dictator of Gran Colombia, he dies later in the year.
1830/--/-- 4 - The Indian Removal Act is passed to move the southeastern tribes to Indian Territory.
1830/--/-- 4 - The July Revolution in France forces the abdication of Charles X.
1830/--/-- 4 - The Women's magazine Godey's Lady's Book is published in the U.S.
1830/--/-- 4 - The locomotive Best Friend of Charleston is in use on the first U.S. railroad.
1830/--/-- 4 - William IV succeeds George IV as king of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1831/--/-- 5 - British naturalist Charles Darwin sails to South America aboard H.M.S. Beagle.
1831/--/-- 5 - Cyrus McCormick invents a mechanical reaper.
1831/--/-- 5 - Explorer James Clark Ross determines the position of the north magnetic pole.
1831/--/-- 5 - Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Mazzini founds the Young Italy movement.
1831/--/-- 5 - Jose Antonio Paez becomes the first president of Venezuela.
1831/--/-- 5 - King Louis Philippe founds the French foreign legion.
1831/--/-- 5 - Leopold I is selected as the first king of Belgium.
1831/--/-- 5 - Michael Faraday demonstrates his theory of electromagnetic induction.
1831/--/-- 5 - Nat Turner leads a black slave revolt in Virginia; he is captured and hanged.
1831/--/-- 5 - Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin completes his masterpiece Eugene Onegin.
1831/--/-- 5 - The crown colony of British Guiana (Guyana) is formed.
1831/--/-- 5 - Victor Hugo "Hunchback of Notre Dame"
1831/--/-- 5 - William Lloyd Garrison publishes the abolitionist newspaper the Liberator.
1832/--/-- 6 - George Sand (Aurore Dudevant) publishes her first novel Indiana.
1832/--/-- 6 - Japanese artist Hiroshige begins work on Fifty-three Stages of the Tokaido.
1832/--/-- 6 - Samuel F.B. Morse designs improved electromagnetic telegraph
1832/--/-- 6 - The Black Hawk War is the last major Indian conflict east of the Mississippi River.
1832/--/-- 6 - The Democratic party is formally established as a national organization.
1833/--/-- 7 - A Bavarian prince becomes King Otto of Greece.
1833/--/-- 7 - Britain occupies the Falkland Islands.
1833/--/-- 7 - Carl von Clausewitz's classic study of warfare On War is published.
1833/--/-- 7 - General Santa Anna becomes president of Mexico.
1833/--/-- 7 - Isabella II succeeds Ferdinand VII, King of Spain; the Carlist Wars begin.
1833/--/-- 7 - President Jackson withdraws federal deposits from the Bank of the United States.
1833/--/-- 7 - Santa Anna elected President of Mexico
1833/--/-- 7 - The American Anti-Slavery Society is inaugurated in Philadelphia.
1833/--/-- 7 - Victor Hugo's novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame is published in English.
1834/--/-- 8 - A Quadruple Alliance is formed to aid Isabella II of Spain and Maria II of Portugal.
1834/--/-- 8 - American inventor Jacob Perkins patents the first practical ice-making machine.
1834/--/-- 8 - British politician Sir Robert Peel founds the Conservative Party.
1834/--/-- 8 - Indian Territory founded
1834/--/-- 8 - Slavery abolished in British Empire
1834/--/-- 8 - The Carlist Wars resume in Spain.
1834/--/-- 8 - The Hansom cab is designed; it becomes the standard horse-drawn cab in London.
1834/--/-- 8 - The Whig party is formed to oppose Andrew Jackson and the Democratic party.
1835/--/-- 9 - American settlers begin the Texas Revolution against Mexican rule.
1835/--/-- 9 - Attempts to move the Seminole Indians begins the second Seminole War.
1835/--/-- 9 - Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen publishes Tales Told for Children.
1835/--/-- 9 - French politician Alexis de Tocqueville publishes Democracy in America.
1835/--/-- 9 - James Gordon Bennett founds the New York Herald newspaper.
1835/--/-- 9 - Second Seminole War in Florida
1836/--/-- 10 - American educator William Holmes McGuffey begins editing his Readers.
1836/--/-- 10 - American inventor Samuel Colt begins manufacturing the first revolver.
1836/--/-- 10 - American literary figure Ralph Waldo Emerson founds the Transcendental Club.
1836/--/-- 10 - Arkansas is inaugurated as the 25th state of the Union.
1836/--/-- 10 - Boer (Afrikaner) settlers begin the Great Trek into the South African interior.
1836/--/-- 10 - Bolivian president Santa Cruz invades Peru and forms the Peru-Bolivian Confederation.
1836/--/-- 10 - Charles Barry designs Westminster Palace in the Gothic Revival style.
1836/--/-- 10 - Charles Dickens publishes his first popular work The Pickwick Papers.
1836/--/-- 10 - John C. Calhoun supports the gag rules to prevent Congress debating slavery.
1836/--/-- 10 - Republic of Texas forms
1836/--/-- 10 - Russian author Nikolai Gogol writes his play The Inspector General.
1836/--/-- 10 - Santa Anna's army storms the Alamo in Texas, killing the defenders.
1836/--/-- 10 - Texans under Sam Houston defeat Santa Anna at the San Jacinto River.
1836/--/-- 10 - Texas Revolution
1836/--/-- 10 - The Arc de Triomphe, the world's largest triumphal arch, is completed in Paris.
1837/--/-- 11 - Britain's refusal to grant more home rule in Canada leads to the Rebellions of 1837.
1837/--/-- 11 - British scientist Charles Wheatstone designs an electric telegraph system.
1837/--/-- 11 - Charles Dickens "Oliver Twist"
1837/--/-- 11 - Louis Daguerre invents the daguerreotype method for taking permanent photographs.
1837/--/-- 11 - Martin Van Buren (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1837/--/-- 11 - Michigan is inaugurated as the 26th state of the Union.
1837/--/-- 11 - Mikhail Lermontov writes the Death of a Poet, inspired by the death of Pushkin.
1837/--/-- 11 - Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin is killed in a duel.
1837/--/-- 11 - Scottish historian Thomas Carlyle publishes The French Revolution.
1837/--/-- 11 - Seminole Indian leader Osceola is captured.
1837/--/-- 11 - Van Buren is inaugurated as the 8th U.S. president; Johnson becomes vice-president.
1837/--/-- 11 - William IV dies; Victoria succeeds him as Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1837/06/-- 11 - Victoria succeeds as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.
1838/--/-- 12 - Boer (Afrikaner) leader Andries Pretorius defeats the Zulus at the Battle of Blood River.
1838/--/-- 12 - British artist Joseph Mallord William Turner paints the Fighting Temeraire.
1838/--/-- 12 - Charles Wilkes heads a U.S. Navy expedition to Antarctica.
1838/--/-- 12 - Cherokee "Trail of Tears"
1838/--/-- 12 - French philosopher Auguste Comte inaugurates the science of sociology.
1838/--/-- 12 - Iowa Territory organized
1838/--/-- 12 - John Deere develops a steel-tipped plow capable of turning heavy prairie soil.
1838/--/-- 12 - Samuel F.B. Morse develops the Morse code for electric telegraph systems.
1838/--/-- 12 - Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan makes the first pedal-driven bicycle.
1838/06/08 12 - Victoria crowned Queen of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Will
1839/--/-- 13 - American inventor Charles Goodyear develops the vulcanization of rubber.
1839/--/-- 13 - Chile defeats Santa Cruz's Peru-Bolivian Confederation at the Battle of Yungay.
1839/--/-- 13 - Daguerre invents first form of photography
1839/--/-- 13 - French novelist Stendhal writes The Charterhouse of Parma.
1839/--/-- 13 - Hungarian composer and pianist Franz Liszt embarks on a concert tour of Europe.
1839/--/-- 13 - Jose Rafael Carrera captures Guatemala; the Central American Federation is dissolved.
1839/--/-- 13 - Stephens and Catherwood explore Maya ruins in the Yucatan.
1839/--/-- 13 - The Anglo-Afghan Wars begin in Afghanistan.
1839/--/-- 13 - The Opium Wars begin between Britain and China.
1839/--/-- 13 - Theodor Schwann and Matthias Jakob Schleiden formulate the cell theory.
1840/--/-- 14 - Civil War breaks out in Uruguay between the Colorados (reds) and Blancos (whites).
1840/--/-- 14 - Edgar Allen Poe: "Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque"
1840/--/-- 14 - French philosopher and anarchist Pierre Joseph Proudhon writes What is Property.
1840/--/-- 14 - Horatio Greenough's classical statue of George Washington is strongly criticized.
1840/--/-- 14 - Maori chiefs sign over their tribal lands to Queen Victoria in the Treaty of Waitangi.
1840/--/-- 14 - Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg.
1840/--/-- 14 - Swiss-American naturalist Louis Agassiz postulates his theory of ice ages.
1840/--/-- 14 - The Liberty party is founded in Albany, N.Y. based exclusively on an antislavery platform.
1840/--/-- 14 - The Underground Railroad is active in helping escaping slaves in the U.S.
1840/--/-- 14 - The first adhesive postage stamp, the Penny Black, is issued in London.
1840/--/-- 14 - The metric system of measurement is reinstated in France.
1840/--/-- 14 - Upper and Lower Canada are united in the single Province of Canada.
1840/--/-- 14 - Upper and lower Canada united
1841/--/-- 15 - Edgar Allan Poe writes an early detective story The Murders in the Rue Morgue.
1841/--/-- 15 - George Grey is appointed governor of South Australia to help save the colony.
1841/--/-- 15 - Harrison is inaugurated as the 9th U.S. president; Tyler becomes vice-president.
1841/--/-- 15 - Horace Greeley founds the New York Tribune newspaper.
1841/--/-- 15 - Italian ballerina Carlotta Grisi creates the role of Giselle.
1841/--/-- 15 - John Tyler (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1841/--/-- 15 - Muhammad Ali defeats the Ottomans and becomes the hereditary ruler of Egypt.
1841/--/-- 15 - New Zealand is established as a separate British colony.
1841/--/-- 15 - President Harrison dies; John Tyler is inaugurated as the 10th U.S. president
1841/--/-- 15 - Whig prime minister Lord Melbourne resigns; he is succeeded by Sir Robert Peel.
1841/--/-- 15 - William Henry Harrison (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1841/--/-- 15 - William Henry Talbot patents the calotype photographic process.
1842/--/-- 16 - 10-hour day for children under 12 in Massachusetts
1842/--/-- 16 - American explorer John C. Fremont begins surveying the Oregon Trail.
1842/--/-- 16 - American showman P.T. Barnum discovers the 40-inch midget Tom Thumb.
1842/--/-- 16 - Austrian physicist Christian Johann Doppler predicts the Doppler effect.
1842/--/-- 16 - China cedes Hong Kong to Britain.
1842/--/-- 16 - China is defeated in the first Opium War; Chinese ports are opened to British trade.
1842/--/-- 16 - Italian composer Gaetano Donizetti writes his opera Don Pasquale.
1843/--/-- 17 - A coup in Greece forces King Otto to accept a constitutional monarchy.
1843/--/-- 17 - Black American Sojourner Truth begins her reform mission.
1843/--/-- 17 - Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard publishes Either/Or.
1843/--/-- 17 - English art critic John Ruskin begins publishing Modern Painters.
1843/--/-- 17 - German astronomer Samuel Schwabe discovers the sunspot cycle.
1844/--/-- 18 - Alexander Dumas "The Three Muskateers"
1844/--/-- 18 - Eastern Hispaniola declares independence from Haiti as the Dominican Republic.
1844/--/-- 18 - French author Alexandre Dumas (Dumas pere) publishes The Three Musketeers.
1844/--/-- 18 - Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormons, is killed by a lynch mob.
1844/--/-- 18 - Samuel F.B. Morse establishes the first U.S. telegraph link.
1844/--/-- 18 - Settlers in New South Wales force Britain to stop sending convicts to the colony.
1844/--/-- 18 - The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) is founded in England.
1844/--/-- 18 - William Henry Talbot begins his Pencil of Nature, the first book of photographs.
1845/--/-- 19 - American author Margaret Fuller publishes Women in the Nineteenth Century.
1845/--/-- 19 - British archaeologist Austen Layard excavates the sites of Nimrud and Nineveh.
1845/--/-- 19 - Civil War ends in Peru; Castilla Ramon is elected as president.
1845/--/-- 19 - Failure of the potato crop leads to a famine in Ireland.
1845/--/-- 19 - Florida is inaugurated as the 27th state of the Union.
1845/--/-- 19 - French artists Gavarni and Grandville begin designing the first elaborate posters.
1845/--/-- 19 - German composer Robert Schumann writes his Piano Concerto in A minor.
1845/--/-- 19 - German scientist Alexander von Humboldt publishes the first volume of his Kosmos.
1845/--/-- 19 - James K. Polk (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1845/--/-- 19 - Polk is inaugurated as the 11th U.S. president; Dallas becomes vice-president
1845/--/-- 19 - Sir John Franklin leads an ill-fated expedition in search of the Northwest Passage.
1845/--/-- 19 - The Republic of Texas becomes the 28th state of the Union.
1845/--/-- 19 - The Republic of Texas is annexed by the U.S.; it becomes the 28th state of the Union.
1845/--/-- 19 - The Sikh Wars begin in British India.
1845/--/-- 19 - The first clipper ship the Rainbow is built in New York.
1845/--/-- 19 - The term Manifest Destiny is first used in defense of U.S. territorial ambitions.
1846/--/-- 20 - Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone in Paris.
1846/--/-- 20 - American dentist William Morton extracts a tooth using ether as an anesthetic.
1846/--/-- 20 - German astronomer Johann Galle makes the first observation of the planet Neptune.
1846/--/-- 20 - German philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach publishes The Essence of Religion.
1846/--/-- 20 - Henry Creswicke Rawlinson deciphers the Mesopotamian cuneiform script.
1846/--/-- 20 - Iowa is inaugurated as the 29th state of the Union.
1846/--/-- 20 - Mexican War
1846/--/-- 20 - Mormon trek from Navoo to Salt Lake City
1846/--/-- 20 - Oregon boundary with Canada established at 49th parallel
1846/--/-- 20 - The Christy Minstrels begin performing in New York.
1846/--/-- 20 - The Mexican War begins over the U.S. annexation of Texas.
1846/--/-- 20 - The Mexican government collapses; Santa Anna is reelected as president.
1846/--/-- 20 - The Smithsonian Institution is created by Congress.
1846/--/-- 20 - The border between the U.S. and Canada is established, settling the Oregon Question.
1846/--/-- 20 - U.S. forces under Stephen Watts Kearny occupy New Mexico.
1846/--/-- 20 - U.S. forces under Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at Palo Alto and Monterrey.
1846/--/-- 20 - Writer and artist Edward Lear publishes A Book of Nonsense.
1847/--/-- 21 - American missionary Marcus Whitman is killed by Cayuse Indians in Oregon.
1847/--/-- 21 - American oceanographer Matthew Maury publishes his first Wind and Current Charts.
1847/--/-- 21 - Charlotte Bronte publishes Jane Eyre; Emily Bronte publishes Wuthering Heights.
1847/--/-- 21 - English novelist William Makepeace Thackeray begins Vanity Fair.
1847/--/-- 21 - Honore de Balzac completes La Comedie humaine, a collection of over 100 novels.
1847/--/-- 21 - Italian statesman Cavour founds the liberal newspaper Il Risorgimento (resurgence).
1847/--/-- 21 - Maria Mitchell, the first woman astronomer in America, discovers a new comet.
1847/--/-- 21 - Mormons and the Indians
1847/--/-- 21 - Scott enters Mexico City after a series of battles; Mexico sues for peace.
1847/--/-- 21 - Sir James Simpson uses chloroform for childbirth
1847/--/-- 21 - Taylor defeats Santa Anna's Mexican army at the Battle of Buena Vista.
1847/--/-- 21 - The African slave colony of Liberia is declared independent.
1847/--/-- 21 - The American Medical Association is founded.
1847/--/-- 21 - The Mormons under Brigham Young found Salt Lake City.
1847/--/-- 21 - The U.S. post office begins using adhesive postage stamps.
1847/--/-- 21 - U.S. forces under Stockton, Fremont and Kearny occupy California.
1847/--/-- 21 - U.S. forces under Winfield Scott land at Veracruz and advance on Mexico City.
1848/--/-- 22 - A Czech uprising under Frantisek Palacky is suppressed by Austria.
1848/--/-- 22 - American engineer James Bogardus begins using cast-iron for building construction.
1848/--/-- 22 - February Revolution by French workers makes Louis Napoleon III President of 2nd Reublic
1848/--/-- 22 - Ferdinand I abdicates; Francis Joseph becomes Emperor of Austria.
1848/--/-- 22 - French Barbizon artist Theodore Rousseau paints the Forest at Fontainebleau.
1848/--/-- 22 - French author Alexandre Dumas (Dumas fils) publishes his novel Camille.
1848/--/-- 22 - Gold discovered in California
1848/--/-- 22 - Holman Hunt, Millais and Rossetti form the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in Britain.
1848/--/-- 22 - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish the Communist Manifesto.
1848/--/-- 22 - Karl Marx and Friedrick Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
1848/--/-- 22 - Louis Philippe abdicates; a Second Republic is declared in France.
1848/--/-- 22 - Mexican Cession
1848/--/-- 22 - Risorgimento leader Garibaldi returns to Italy to fight in the war of independence.
1848/--/-- 22 - Scottish physicist William Thomson Kelvin proposes an absolute temperature scale.
1848/--/-- 22 - The Austrian revolution begins in Vienna; chancellor Metternich resigns.
1848/--/-- 22 - The Revolutions of 1848 break out in Europe.
1848/--/-- 22 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ratifies the cession of California and New Mexico.
1848/--/-- 22 - The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill begins the California gold rush.
1848/--/-- 22 - The first U.S. women's rights assembly meets at the Seneca Falls Convention.
1848/--/-- 22 - Uprisings in Berlin force Frederick William IV to summon a constitutional assembly.
1848/--/-- 22 - Wisconsin is inaugurated as the 30th state of the Union.
1849/--/-- 23 - Amelia Bloomer publicizes bloomers (baggy trousers for women) in the Lily magazine.
1849/--/-- 23 - Austrian forces crush the Italian revolution; Mazzini and Garibaldi flee from Italy.
1849/--/-- 23 - Austrian premier Felix Schwarzenberg uses the Russian army to defeat the Hungarians.
1849/--/-- 23 - Black slave Harriet Tubman escapes and begins her Underground Railway work.
1849/--/-- 23 - Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to obtain a medical degree.
1849/--/-- 23 - Francois Rene de Chateaubriand publishes Memoirs From Beyond the Tomb.
1849/--/-- 23 - French physicist Armand Fizeau measures the velocity of light.
1849/--/-- 23 - Lajos Kossuth declares Hungarian independence from Austria.
1849/--/-- 23 - Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin is deported to Siberia.
1849/--/-- 23 - Taylor is inaugurated as the 12th U.S. president; Fillmore becomes vice-president
1849/--/-- 23 - Zachary Taylor (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1850/--/-- 24 - Allan Pinkerton founds the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.
1850/--/-- 24 - American author Nathaniel Hawthorne writes The Scarlet Letter.
1850/--/-- 24 - American popular songwriter Stephen Foster publishes Camptown Races.
1850/--/-- 24 - California is inaugurated as the 31st state of the Union.
1850/--/-- 24 - Congress reinforces the Fugitive Slave Law for the return of escaped slaves.
1850/--/-- 24 - Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes her Sonnets From the Portuguese.
1850/--/-- 24 - English author Charles Dickens writes David Copperfield.
1850/--/-- 24 - French realist artist Gustave Courbet paints The Stone Breakers.
1850/--/-- 24 - Jenny Lind the Swedish nightingale begins her U.S. tour.
1850/--/-- 24 - Millard Fillmore (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1850/--/-- 24 - Nathanial Hawthorne "The Scarlet Letter"
1850/--/-- 24 - Photographer Mathew Brady publishes The Gallery of Illustrious Americans.
1850/--/-- 24 - Plains Indians cede land in exchange for reservations
1850/--/-- 24 - President Taylor dies; Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th U.S. president.
1850/--/-- 24 - The Compromise of 1850 establishes California as a non-slavery state.
1850/--/-- 24 - The Taiping Rebellion breaks out in China against the Ch'ing dynasty.
1850/--/-- 24 - The first issue of Harper's magazine is published.
1850/--/-- 24 - Utah and New Mexico Territories
1851/--/-- 25 - A gold rush begins in Victoria, Australia; Victoria becomes a separate colony.
1851/--/-- 25 - American author Herman Melville publishes Moby-Dick.
1851/--/-- 25 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Rigoletto is produced in Venice.
1851/--/-- 25 - Harriet Beecher Stowe begins publishing Uncle Tom's Cabin.
1851/--/-- 25 - Henry Jarvis Raymond and George Jones found the New York Times.
1851/--/-- 25 - Isaac Merrit Singer invents the first practical sewing machine.
1851/--/-- 25 - Jacob Fussell begins making ice cream in commercial quantities in Baltimore.
1851/--/-- 25 - Melville "Moby Dick"
1851/--/-- 25 - Mongkut (Rama IV) becomes king of Siam (Thailand).
1851/--/-- 25 - Singer patents sewing machine
1851/--/-- 25 - The Crystal Palace is built in London to house the Great Exhibition.
1851/--/-- 25 - The U.S. yacht America defeats 17 British yachts in the first America's Cup contest.
1851/--/-- 25 - The first college sorority is established at Wesleyan College, Georgia.
1852/--/-- 26 - Argentinean dictator Rosas is defeated by forces under Urquiza at Monte Caseros.
1852/--/-- 26 - Britain gains control of the Irrawaddy delta after the second Anglo-Burma War.
1852/--/-- 26 - The Grimms begin publication of their Deutsches Worterbuch (German Dictionary).
1852/--/-- 26 - The Second Empire begins in France under Napoleon III.
1853/--/-- 27 - A U.S. naval squadron under Matthew Perry enters Tokyo Bay to negotiate a treaty.
1853/--/-- 27 - Chinese rebels capture Nanking and make it the capital of the Taiping kingdom.
1853/--/-- 27 - Crimean War between Turkey, France & Britain against Russia
1853/--/-- 27 - Franklin Pierce (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1853/--/-- 27 - Franklin Pierce is inaugurated as the 14th U.S. president; King becomes vice-president.
1853/--/-- 27 - General Santa Anna becomes dictator of Mexico for the last time.
1853/--/-- 27 - Georges Haussmann begins the reconstruction of Paris.
1853/--/-- 27 - Napoleon III marries the Empress Eugenie.
1853/--/-- 27 - Richard Wagner begins his cycle of four operas The Ring of The Nibelung.
1853/--/-- 27 - Russia occupies the Turkish principalities of Moldavia and Walachia.
1853/--/-- 27 - The U.S. adds land to New Mexico and Arizona with the Gadsden Purchase.
1853/--/-- 27 - Turkey issues an ultimatum to Russia; the Russians destroy the Turkish fleet at Sinope.
1854/--/-- 28 - A commercial treaty is signed between the U.S. and Japan, ending Japanese isolation.
1854/--/-- 28 - American writer and naturalist Henry David Thoreau publishes Walden.
1854/--/-- 28 - An Anglo-French-Turkish expeditionary force lands at Sevastopol in the Crimea.
1854/--/-- 28 - Britain and France declare war on Russia, beginning the Crimean War.
1854/--/-- 28 - Nebraska and Kansas Territories
1854/--/-- 28 - Pope Pius IX proclaims the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary.
1854/--/-- 28 - Raphaelite artist Holman Hunt paints The Scapegoat.
1854/--/-- 28 - Republican Party formed for abolition of slavery
1854/--/-- 28 - Smith & Wesson invent revolver
1854/--/-- 28 - The Allied armies defeat the Russians at the Battle of Inkerman.
1854/--/-- 28 - The British grant independence to the Orange Free State in South Africa.
1854/--/-- 28 - The Charge of the Light Brigade is made by the British during the Battle of Balaklava.
1854/--/-- 28 - The Kansas-Nebraska Act reopens the controversy over the spread of slavery.
1854/--/-- 28 - The Republican party is formed after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
1854/--/-- 28 - Upper half of Indian Territory becomes part of Kansas Territory
1855/--/-- 29 - British photographer Roger Fenton documents the Crimean War.
1855/--/-- 29 - Florence Nightingale reforms hygienic standards in Crimean hospitals.
1855/--/-- 29 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow publishes The Songs of Hiawatha.
1855/--/-- 29 - Lord Palmerston becomes prime minister of Great Britain for the first time.
1855/--/-- 29 - Matthew Fontaine Maury publishes The Physical Geography of the Sea.
1855/--/-- 29 - Mexican dictator Santa Anna is overthrown.
1855/--/-- 29 - Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia dies; he is succeeded by his son Alexander II.
1855/--/-- 29 - Robert Browning publishes his poetry collection Men and Women.
1855/--/-- 29 - Scottish explorer David Livingstone discovers the Victoria Falls in Africa.
1855/--/-- 29 - The Allies occupy the Russian fortress at Sevastapol in the Crimea.
1855/--/-- 29 - The first formal ice hockey game is played in Kingston, Ontario.
1855/--/-- 29 - Walt Whitman publishes his first book of poetry, the Leaves of Grass.
1856/--/-- 30 - A new Opium War begins between China, Britain and France.
1856/--/-- 30 - English chemist William Perkin discovers synthetic dyes.
1856/--/-- 30 - The Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean War.
1856/--/-- 30 - The first Neanderthaler (prehistoric human) skeleton is discovered in Germany.
1856/--/-- 30 - Victor Hugo writes Les Miserables during his exile from France.
1857/--/-- 31 - Buchanan is inaugurated as the 15th U.S. president; Breckinridge becomes vice-president.
1857/--/-- 31 - Disputes between Mormons and non-Mormon settlers leads to the Utah War.
1857/--/-- 31 - Elisha Graves Otis installs the first passenger elevator in a New York City store.
1857/--/-- 31 - English author Thomas Hughes publishes Tom Brown's Schooldays.
1857/--/-- 31 - French novelist Gustave Flaubert publishes Madame Bovary.
1857/--/-- 31 - French poet Baudelaire publishes Flowers of Evil and is arrested for immorality.
1857/--/-- 31 - James Buchanan (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1857/--/-- 31 - Kansas ratifies anti-slavery constitution
1857/--/-- 31 - Mormons and Paiute Indians kill 120 settlers in the Mountain Meadows Massacre.
1857/--/-- 31 - The Indian Mutiny begins when Indian troops rebel against the British in Meerut.
1857/--/-- 31 - The Oxford English Dictionary is begun in England.
1858/--/-- 32 - Benito Juarez becomes the first Mexican president of Indian descent.
1858/--/-- 32 - Bernadette Soubirous sees visions of the Vigin Mary in a grotto near Lourdes, France.
1858/--/-- 32 - Britain and France impose the Tientsin Treaty on China.
1858/--/-- 32 - British explorer John Hanning Speke discovers Lake Victoria in Africa.
1858/--/-- 32 - British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace outlines his theories of evolution.
1858/--/-- 32 - Charles Frederick Worth establishes his Paris fashion house.
1858/--/-- 32 - Cyrus W. Field lays the first transatlantic telegraph cable.
1858/--/-- 32 - Federal forces end the Utah War; Brigham Young is replaced as governor of Utah Territory.
1858/--/-- 32 - French photographer Nadar takes the first aerial photograph from a balloon.
1858/--/-- 32 - German-American artist Albert Bierstadt begins his landscapes of the American west.
1858/--/-- 32 - Jacques Offenbach's operetta Orpheus in the Underworld premiers in Paris.
1858/--/-- 32 - James Renwick begins the design of Saint Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.
1858/--/-- 32 - Minnesota is inaugurated as the 32nd state of the Union.
1858/--/-- 32 - The Fenians (Irish Republican Brotherhood) are founded to overthrow British rule.
1858/--/-- 32 - The Indian Mutiny is suppressed by the British Army and loyal Indian troops.
1858/--/-- 32 - The government of India is transferred from the East India Company to the British crown.
1859/--/-- 33 - Abolitionist John Brown leads an attack on Harpers Ferry; he is captured and executed.
1859/--/-- 33 - Charles Darwin "Origin of Species"
1859/--/-- 33 - Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
1859/--/-- 33 - Ferdinand de Lesseps begins building the Suez Canal in Egypt.
1859/--/-- 33 - French inventor Ferdinand Carre develops a refrigeration system.
1859/--/-- 33 - Napoleon III assists the Italian statesman Cavour in a war against Austria.
1859/--/-- 33 - Oregon is inaugurated as the 33rd state of the Union.
1859/--/-- 33 - Queensland becomes a separate colony of Australia.
1860/--/-- 34 - Abraham Lincoln is elected as the first Republican president of the United States.
1860/--/-- 34 - China resists the Tientsin Treaty; Anglo-French forces occupy Peking.
1860/--/-- 34 - English novelist Wilkie Collins writes The Woman in White.
1860/--/-- 34 - Florence Nightingale establishes a school for training nurses.
1860/--/-- 34 - George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) publishes The Mill on the Floss.
1860/--/-- 34 - Italian patriot Garibaldi invades Sicily and Naples with his 1,000 Redshirts.
1860/--/-- 34 - Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir patents the first internal-combustion engine.
1860/--/-- 34 - Sardinia-Piedmont seizes the Papal States in Italy.
1860/--/-- 34 - South Carolina becomes the first Southern state to secede from the Union.
1860/--/-- 34 - The Crittenden Compromise tries to prevent a split between slave and free states.
1860/--/-- 34 - The Maori Wars begin against the British in New Zealand.
1860/--/-- 34 - The pony express is inaugurated to deliver mail from Missouri to California.
1861/--/-- 35 - Abraham Lincoln (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1861/--/-- 35 - American locksmith Linus Yale Jr. patents the cylinder lock.
1861/--/-- 35 - CONFEDERACY
1861/--/-- 35 - Civil War Begins
1861/--/-- 35 - English designer William Morris starts the Arts and Crafts Movement.
1861/--/-- 35 - Explorers Burke and Wills die during their north-south crossing of Australia.
1861/--/-- 35 - French artist Eugene Delacroix paints the Lion Hunt.
1861/--/-- 35 - General George B. McClellan is made commander of the Union forces.
1861/--/-- 35 - Italy is unified under Victor Emmanuel II.
1861/--/-- 35 - John Ericsson designs the Monitor, the first ship with a revolving gun-turret.
1861/--/-- 35 - Kansas is inaugurated as the 34th state of the Union.
1861/--/-- 35 - Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th U.S. president; Hamlin becomes vice-president.
1861/--/-- 35 - Nicholas II abolishes serfdom in Russia.
1861/--/-- 35 - The Confederate States of America declare their independence from the U.S.
1861/--/-- 35 - The Confederates defeat the Union army in the First Battle of Bull Run.
1861/--/-- 35 - The Southern states meet to draft a constitution; Davis is selected as president.
1861/--/-- 35 - The Trent Affair begins when a Union ship intercepts a British steamer.
1861/--/-- 35 - The United States introduce the first national income tax.
1861/--/-- 35 - The bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor begins the U.S. Civil War.
1861/--/-- 35 - Unification of Italy
1861/--/-- 35 - Western territories reorganized by Republican Congresses
1862/--/-- 36 - A Union fleet under David G. Farragut captures New Orleans.
1862/--/-- 36 - Bartolome Mitre unites Argentina and is elected president.
1862/--/-- 36 - Brady, O'Sullivan and Gardner document the Civil War in photographs.
1862/--/-- 36 - Explorer John McDouall Stuart makes the first south to north crossing of Australia.
1862/--/-- 36 - Foucault measures speed of light
1862/--/-- 36 - French actress Sarah Bernhardt makes her debut at the Comedie Francaise.
1862/--/-- 36 - French impressionist artist Edouard Manet paints Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe.
1862/--/-- 36 - French physicist Jean Foucault successfully measures the speed of light.
1862/--/-- 36 - French writer Victor Hugo completes his social novel Les Miserables.
1862/--/-- 36 - Lee defeats the Union army in the Second Battle of Bull Run.
1862/--/-- 36 - Lee's Confederate invasion of Maryland is halted at the Battle of Antietam.
1862/--/-- 36 - McClellan is defeated in the Seven Days Battle and retreats from the peninsular.
1862/--/-- 36 - Napoleon III imposes the Austrian prince Maximilian as emperor of Mexico.
1862/--/-- 36 - Richard J. Gatling invents the first practical machine gun.
1862/--/-- 36 - Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev publishes Fathers and Sons.
1862/--/-- 36 - The first recorded ski competition is held near Oslo in Norway.
1862/--/-- 36 - The ironclad warships Monitor and Merrimack clash at Hampton Roads, Va.
1862/--/-- 36 - Union forces under Burnside are defeated at the Battle of Fredricksburg.
1862/--/-- 36 - Union forces under Grant defeat the Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh.
1862/--/-- 36 - Union forces under McClellan begin the Peninsular Campaign to capture Richmond.
1862/--/-- 36 - William I appoints Otto von Bismarck as minister president of Prussia.
1863/--/-- 37 - Cambodia (Kampuchea) becomes a French protectorate.
1863/--/-- 37 - English philosopher John Stuart Mill publishes Utilitarianism.
1863/--/-- 37 - French impressionist artist Camille Pissarro exhibits at the Salon des Refuses.
1863/--/-- 37 - George I succeeds Otto as king of Greece.
1863/--/-- 37 - Grant defeats the Confederates in the Vicksburg Campaign.
1863/--/-- 37 - Ismail Pasha rules Egypt under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire.
1863/--/-- 37 - Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation abolishes slavery in the Confederate states.
1863/--/-- 37 - London's Metropolitan Railway becomes the first underground subway.
1863/--/-- 37 - The Confederate guerrilla band Quantrill's Raiders pillage Lawrence, Kansas.
1863/--/-- 37 - The Confederates defeat the Union army at Chancellorsville; Jackson is killed.
1863/--/-- 37 - The Confederates under Lee are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg.
1863/--/-- 37 - The French occupy Mexico City in support of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico.
1863/--/-- 37 - The London Football Association issues the first soccer rules.
1863/--/-- 37 - West Virginia is inaugurated as the 35th state of the Union.
1864/--/-- 38 - A Chinese army under Gordon recaptures Nanking and ends the Taiping Rebellion.
1864/--/-- 38 - A Union army under Sherman invades Georgia, begining the Atlanta campaign.
1864/--/-- 38 - Cheyenne and Arapaho families massacred at Sand Creek, Colorado
1864/--/-- 38 - Denmark is defeated by Prussia; Schleswig-Holstein is ceded to Germany.
1864/--/-- 38 - Nevada is inaugurated as the 36th state of the Union.
1864/--/-- 38 - Paraguayan dictator Francisco Solano Lopez begins the War of the Triple Alliance.
1864/--/-- 38 - Sherman defeats the Confederates at Atlanta and begins his march to the sea.
1864/--/-- 38 - The Colorado militia massacre Cheyenne Indians at Sand Creek.
1864/--/-- 38 - The Confederate submarine Hunley sinks a Federal ship but is sunk in the process.
1864/--/-- 38 - The Geneva Convention sets standards of humane treatment in time of war.
1864/--/-- 38 - The Ionian Islands are ceded to Greece by Britain.
1864/--/-- 38 - The Union launches a drive on Richmond but falters in the Wilderness Campaign.
1864/--/-- 38 - Ulysses S. Grant is made general in chief of all the Union armies.
1865/--/-- 39 - Andrew Johnson (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1865/--/-- 39 - Andrew Johnson becomes the 17th President of the U.S.
1865/--/-- 39 - Civil War Ends
1865/--/-- 39 - Confederate forces under Lee surrender to Grant at Appomattox Court House.
1865/--/-- 39 - Count Leo Tolstoi begins his monumental Russian novel War and Peace.
1865/--/-- 39 - English author Lewis Carroll writes Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
1865/--/-- 39 - Johnston surrenders the last Confederate army to Sherman, ending the U.S. Civil War.
1865/--/-- 39 - Leo Tolstoy "War and Peace"
1865/--/-- 39 - Lincoln assassinated
1865/--/-- 39 - Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C.
1865/--/-- 39 - Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky publishes Crime and Punishment.
1865/--/-- 39 - The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution abolishes slavery.
1865/--/-- 39 - The Petersburg Campaign is won by Union forces; Lee evacuates Richmond.
1866/--/-- 40 - British engineer Robert Whitehead invents the first self-propelled torpedo.
1866/--/-- 40 - Congress authorize (but do not mandate) the use of the metric system in the U.S.
1866/--/-- 40 - Mendel publishes his genetic research in Experiments With Plant Hybrids.
1866/--/-- 40 - Prussia and Italy defeat Austria in the Seven Weeks' War.
1866/--/-- 40 - The Ku Klux Klan is founded in the southern United States.
1867/--/-- 41 - Alfred Nobel patents dynamite
1867/--/-- 41 - Bismark forms the North German Confederation under Prussian leadership.
1867/--/-- 41 - Diamond fields are discovered in South Africa.
1867/--/-- 41 - English photographer Julia Margaret Cameron takes Sir John Herschel's portrait.
1867/--/-- 41 - French troops withdraw from Mexico; Emperor Maximilian is executed by Juarez.
1867/--/-- 41 - Karl Marx publishes the first volume of Das Kapital.
1867/--/-- 41 - Nebraska is inaugurated as the 37th state of the Union.
1867/--/-- 41 - Sir John A. Macdonald becomes Canada's first prime minister.
1867/--/-- 41 - The Compromise (Ausgleich) of 1867 creates the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
1867/--/-- 41 - The Dominion of Canada is established by the British North America Act.
1868/--/-- 42 - A military coup led by General Juan Prim deposes Queen Isabella II of Spain.
1868/--/-- 42 - A skeleton of Cro-Magnon man is discovered in southern France.
1868/--/-- 42 - British labor unions form the Trades Union Congress.
1868/--/-- 42 - Christopher Sholes patents the first practical typewriter.
1868/--/-- 42 - Chulalongkorn succeeds his father Mongkut as the king of Siam (Thailand).
1868/--/-- 42 - Feminists Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton publish Revolution.
1868/--/-- 42 - Johannes Brahms' A German Requiem is performed for the first time.
1868/--/-- 42 - Ndebele king Mzilikazi dies in Africa; he is succeeded (1870) by his son Lobengula.
1868/--/-- 42 - The Meiji dynasty is restored in Japan; the Tokugawa shogunate is abolished.
1868/--/-- 42 - The Ten Years' War begins in Cuba against Spanish rule.
1868/--/-- 42 - U.S. President Andrew Johnson is impeached by Congress but acquitted by the Senate.
1868/--/-- 42 - William Gladstone becomes Liberal prime minister of Britain for the first time.
1869/--/-- 43 - 200 pitched battles between Indians and U.S. Calvary
1869/--/-- 43 - English author Matthew Arnold publishes Culture and Anarchy.
1869/--/-- 43 - French artist Eugene Louis Boudin paints On the Beach at Deauville.
1869/--/-- 43 - Grant is inaugurated as the 18th U.S. president; Colfax becomes vice-president.
1869/--/-- 43 - James Gordon Bennett Jr. commissions Stanley to search for Livingston in Africa.
1869/--/-- 43 - John Roebling designs the Brooklyn Bridge but dies after a construction accident.
1869/--/-- 43 - Louis Riel leads the Red River Rebellion in Canada.
1869/--/-- 43 - Ludwig II (Mad Ludwig) begins building his fantasy castles in Bavaria.
1869/--/-- 43 - Philadelphia garment workers organize the Knights of Labor, an early labor union.
1869/--/-- 43 - Pope Pius IX calls the First Vatican Council to discuss the dogma of papal infallibility.
1869/--/-- 43 - Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky begins work on his opera Boris Gudunov.
1869/--/-- 43 - Suez Canal opens
1869/--/-- 43 - The Cincinnati Red Stockings become the first professional baseball team.
1869/--/-- 43 - The Suez Canal is opened in Egypt.
1869/--/-- 43 - The first manufacturing patent is issued for chewing gum.
1869/--/-- 43 - The transcontinental railroad is completed at Promontory Point, Utah.
1869/--/-- 43 - Ulysses S. Grant (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1869/--/-- 43 - Union Pacific meets Central Pacific
1870/--/-- 44 - American industrialist John D. Rockefeller founds the Standard Oil Company.
1870/--/-- 44 - French war minister Leon Gambetta escapes from besieged Paris in a balloon.
1870/--/-- 44 - German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavates the ancient city of Troy.
1870/--/-- 44 - Paraguayan dictator Solano Lopez dies, ending the War of the Triple Alliance.
1870/--/-- 44 - Rome becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
1870/--/-- 44 - The Franco-Prussian War begins over a diplomatic incident engineered by Bismark.
1870/--/-- 44 - The Prussians defeat the French at Sedan; Napoleon III is taken prisoner.
1870/--/-- 44 - The Third Republic is formed in France; a Government of National Defense is established.
1870/--/-- 44 - The city of Miami is founded in Florida.
1871/--/-- 45 - American explorer Henry Morton Stanley finds Dr. Livingston in central Africa.
1871/--/-- 45 - Charles Taze Russell founds the Jehovah's Witnesses about this time.
1871/--/-- 45 - Fire destroys one-third of the city of Chicago.
1871/--/-- 45 - P.T Barnum launches a traveling circus, museum and menagerie.
1871/--/-- 45 - The Franco-Prussian War ends; Alsace and Lorraine are ceded to Germany.
1871/--/-- 45 - The French surrender to Prussia incites the Commune of Paris uprising.
1871/--/-- 45 - The German Empire is formally proclaimed at the Palace of Versailles.
1871/--/-- 45 - The Paris Commune is suppressed by government troops after a 2-month siege.
1871/--/-- 45 - Trade Unions legalized in Britain
1872/--/-- 46 - American artist James McNeill Whistler paints the Portrait of the Artist's Mother.
1872/--/-- 46 - English author George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) publishes Middlemarch.
1872/--/-- 46 - Indian leader Kintpuash leaves the Modoc reservation; the Modoc Wars begin.
1872/--/-- 46 - Monet paints Impression: Sunrise; the term impressionism is derived from the title.
1872/--/-- 46 - Photographer Eadweard Muybridge begins his series of motion studies.
1872/--/-- 46 - The Challenger Expedition begins the first systematic oceanographic survey.
1872/--/-- 46 - The cities of Buda and Pest unite to form Budapest (the capital of Hungary from 1918).
1872/--/-- 46 - The death of Kamehameha V ends the Kamehameha dynasty of Hawaiian kings.
1872/--/-- 46 - The first woman impressionist artist Berthe Morisot paints The Cradle.
1873/--/-- 47 - Englishman Maj. Walter Clopton Wingfield invents lawn tennis.
1873/--/-- 47 - French novelist Jules Verne publishes Around the World in Eighty Days.
1873/--/-- 47 - The Pacific Scandal in Canada causes the collapse of the Conservative government.
1873/--/-- 47 - The Panic of 1873 leads to 5 years of economic depression in the U.S.
1874/--/-- 48 - Benjamin Disraeli becomes the Conservative prime minister of Britain.
1874/--/-- 48 - English author Thomas Hardy publishes Far from the Madding Crowd.
1874/--/-- 48 - First impressionist exhibit in Paris
1874/--/-- 48 - French impressionist artist Pierre Auguste Renoir paints La Loge (The Box).
1874/--/-- 48 - The Comanche, Kiowa and other Indian tribes attack Adobe Walls in Texas.
1874/--/-- 48 - The Greenback party advocates currency reform in the U.S.
1874/--/-- 48 - The first exhibition of impressionist paintings is held in Paris.
1875/--/-- 49 - American author Mark Twain publishes Tom Sawyer.
1875/--/-- 49 - Britain buys Suez Canal shares from the bankrupt Egyptian leader Ismail Pasha.
1875/--/-- 49 - Charles Stewart Parnell begins movement for Irish independence
1875/--/-- 49 - Georges Bizet's opera Carmen is performed in Paris.
1875/--/-- 49 - Mary Baker Eddy, founder of Christian Science, publishes Science and Health.
1875/--/-- 49 - The Bourbon monarchy is restored in Spain under Alfonso XII.
1876/--/-- 50 - Abd al-Hamid II assumes his rule as the last Ottoman sultan.
1876/--/-- 50 - Alexander Graham Bell patents his invention of the telephone.
1876/--/-- 50 - Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone
1876/--/-- 50 - British philosopher Herbert Spencer begins publishing the Principles of Sociology.
1876/--/-- 50 - Colorado is inaugurated as the 38th state of the Union.
1876/--/-- 50 - General Porfirio Diaz seizes power as the dictator of Mexico.
1876/--/-- 50 - German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavates the ancient city of Mycenae.
1876/--/-- 50 - Impressionist artist Alfred Sisley paints Flood at the Port of Marly.
1876/--/-- 50 - Japan forces Korea to open up to foreign trade, countering the influence of China.
1876/--/-- 50 - Johann Strauss Jr. composes his waltz The Beautiful Blue Danube.
1876/--/-- 50 - National League founded (baseball)
1876/--/-- 50 - Queen Victoria assumes the title of Empress of India.
1876/--/-- 50 - Sioux Indians defeat General Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
1876/--/-- 50 - Sioux and Cheyenne defeat Custer at Little Big Horn, Montanna
1876/--/-- 50 - The Bayreuth musical festival opens with a performance of Wagner's Ring cycle.
1876/--/-- 50 - The U.S. Centennial Exposition of 1876 is held in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia.
1877/--/-- 51 - Britain annexes Transvaal in South Africa.
1877/--/-- 51 - Chief Joseph leads the Nez Perce tribe against the U.S. Army.
1877/--/-- 51 - Hayes is inaugurated as the 19th U.S. president; Wheeler becomes vice-president
1877/--/-- 51 - Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli observes canali (channels) on Mars.
1877/--/-- 51 - Nez Perce leave Idaho for Canada
1877/--/-- 51 - Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1877/--/-- 51 - Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake is performed by the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow.
1877/--/-- 51 - The All-England lawn tennis championship is played at Wimbledon for the first time.
1877/--/-- 51 - The Japanese army suppresses a samurai revolt led by Saigo Takamori.
1877/--/-- 51 - Thomas Edison invents the phonograph.
1877/--/-- 51 - Turkish suppression of Balkan nationalists leads to a new Russo-Turkish War.
1878/--/-- 52 - Ismail Pasha presents Cleopatra's Needles to Britain (1878) and the U.S. (1880).
1878/--/-- 52 - Northern Cheyenne escape Indian Territory
1878/--/-- 52 - Serbia, Montenegro and Romania are granted independence from Turkey.
1878/--/-- 52 - The Congress of Berlin reverses Russian gains from the San Stefano Treaty.
1878/--/-- 52 - The D'Oyly Carte Opera Company performs Gilbert and Sullivan's H.M.S. Pinafore.
1878/--/-- 52 - The Russo-Turkish War ends; The Treaty of San Stefano is imposed on Turkey.
1878/--/-- 52 - The second Anglo-Afghan War begins.
1878/--/-- 52 - Turkey's provinces of Bosnia and Hercegovina are placed under Austrian administration.
1879/--/-- 53 - Belgian king Leopold II sponsors Henry Morton Stanley's expedition to the Congo.
1879/--/-- 53 - Cetewayo's Zulus defeat the British at Isandhlwana, but are beaten at Ulundi.
1879/--/-- 53 - Charles Stewart Parnell leads the Home Rule for Ireland party.
1879/--/-- 53 - General Roca defeats the Patagonian Indians, opening the Pampas for settlement.
1879/--/-- 53 - Impressionist artist Edgar Degas paints Ballerina Posing for a Photograph.
1879/--/-- 53 - Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen writes A Doll's House.
1879/--/-- 53 - Tawfiq Pasha succeeds his father Ismail Pasha as khedive (viceroy) of Egypt.
1879/--/-- 53 - Territorial disputes lead to the War of the Pacific between Chile and Peru.
1879/--/-- 53 - Thomas Edison develops the first workable incandescent lamp (light bulb).
1879/--/-- 53 - Thomas Edison invents incandescent light
1880/--/-- 54 - American impressionist artist Mary Cassatt exhibits A Woman in Black at the Opera.
1880/--/-- 54 - Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged for murder.
1880/--/-- 54 - Boer (Afrikaner) uprisings begin against the British in Transvaal, South Africa.
1880/--/-- 54 - France annexes the Pacific island of Tahiti.
1880/--/-- 54 - French novelist Emile Zola writes Nana, a portrait of a prostitute.
1880/--/-- 54 - German composer Jacques Offenbach writes the opera Tales of Hoffmann.
1880/--/-- 54 - Gladstone succeeds Disraeli as British prime minister.
1880/--/-- 54 - Russian composer Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky writes the 1812 Overture.
1881/--/-- 55 - Alexander II is assassinated by narodniki revolutionaries in Russia.
1881/--/-- 55 - Chester A. Arthur (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1881/--/-- 55 - Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st U.S. president.
1881/--/-- 55 - Ferdinand de Lesseps begins an abortive attempt to build the Panama Canal.
1881/--/-- 55 - Garfield is inaugurated as the 20th U.S. president; Arthur becomes vice-president.
1881/--/-- 55 - James A. Garfield (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1881/--/-- 55 - Japanese statesman Itagaki Taisuke founds the Jiyuto (Liberal party).
1881/--/-- 55 - Lillie Langtry, mistress of the Prince of Wales, makes her acting debut.
1881/--/-- 55 - President Garfield is assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau.
1881/--/-- 55 - The Sudanese under Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad overthrow Egyptian rule.
1881/--/-- 55 - The first U.S. tennis championship is held in Newport, R.I.
1882/--/-- 56 - A Triple Alliance is established between Austria, Italy and Germany.
1882/--/-- 56 - Edison's New York plant begins supplying 59 customers with electricity.
1882/--/-- 56 - Impressionist artist Edouard Manet completes the Bar at the Folies-Bergere.
1882/--/-- 56 - Japanese statesman Okuma Shigenobu founds the Kaishinto, or Progressive, party.
1882/--/-- 56 - The British take control of Egypt, suppressing uprisings against Tawfiq Pasha.
1882/--/-- 56 - The U.S. begins to restrict immigration with the Chinese Exclusion Acts.
1883/--/-- 57 - Buffalo Bill Cody organizes his Wild West show.
1883/--/-- 57 - Civil Service established
1883/--/-- 57 - Cyrus H. K. Curtis publishes the Lady's Home Journal magazine.
1883/--/-- 57 - German philosopher Frederich Wilhelm Nietzsche begins Thus Spake Zarathustra.
1883/--/-- 57 - Maxim invents machine gun
1883/--/-- 57 - Paul Kruger becomes president of the Boer republic of the Transvaal in South Africa.
1883/--/-- 57 - Russian scientist Tsiolkovsky proves that a rocket could work in the vacuum of space.
1883/--/-- 57 - The Brooklyn Bridge is completed in New York.
1883/--/-- 57 - The Fabian Society is founded in London to spread socialist ideas.
1883/--/-- 57 - The Island volcano of Krakatoa explodes in Indonesia, causing 36,000 deaths.
1883/--/-- 57 - The first skyscraper (10 stories) is built in Chicago by William LeBaron Jenney.
1884/--/-- 58 - 15 European nations partition Africa for "spheres of influence"
1884/--/-- 58 - American author Mark Twain publishes the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
1884/--/-- 58 - Belva Lockwood becomes the first woman nominated as a U.S. presidential candidate.
1884/--/-- 58 - German East Africa is formed from Rwanda, Mozambique,Tanzania and Burundi.
1884/--/-- 58 - Germany occupies South West Africa (Namibia).
1884/--/-- 58 - Lewis E. Waterman invents the first fountain pen with an ink reservoir.
1885/--/-- 59 - Boston Symphony Orchestra organizes its Promenade Concerts (the Boston Pops).
1885/--/-- 59 - Cleveland is inaugurated as the 22nd U.S. president; Hendricks becomes vice-president.
1885/--/-- 59 - French chemist Louis Pasteur develops a vaccine for rabies.
1885/--/-- 59 - General Gordon is killed by Mahdist forces at the siege of Khartoum in Sudan.
1885/--/-- 59 - Gottlieb Daimler develops the first motorcycle.
1885/--/-- 59 - Grover Cleveland (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1885/--/-- 59 - J. K. Stanley introduces his safety cycle, the basic model for the modern bicycle.
1885/--/-- 59 - Louis Pasteur administers successful rabies vaccination
1885/--/-- 59 - The Congo Free State (Zaire) becomes the possession of King Leopold II of Belgium.
1885/--/-- 59 - The Indian National Congress movement is founded in Bombay.
1886/--/-- 60 - Apache Indian chief Geronimo surrenders to General Nelson Miles.
1886/--/-- 60 - Britain makes Burma a province of India after winning the Anglo-Burma War.
1886/--/-- 60 - British prime minister Gladstone introduces an unsuccessful Home Rule bill for Ireland.
1886/--/-- 60 - French sculptor Auguste Rodin completes The Kiss.
1886/--/-- 60 - Gold is discovered in Transvaal, South Africa.
1886/--/-- 60 - Haymarket Square labor riot in Chicago kills eleven people
1886/--/-- 60 - Jose Balmaceda becomes president of Chile.
1886/--/-- 60 - Samuel Gompers organizes the American Federation of Labor.
1886/--/-- 60 - The Anglo-German Agreement recognizes German control over Tanganyika (Tanzania).
1886/--/-- 60 - The Statue of Liberty is unveiled in New York Harbor.
1887/--/-- 61 - Arthur Conan Doyle publishes the first Sherlock Holmes story.
1887/--/-- 61 - France creates the Union of Indochina (most of modern day Vietnam and Kampuchea).
1887/--/-- 61 - The Michelson-Morley experiment confirms the absence of ether.
1888/--/-- 62 - A patent is issued to American inventor John H. Loud for the first ball-point pen.
1888/--/-- 62 - American inventor George Eastman introduces the Kodak box camera.
1888/--/-- 62 - Britain unites its Caribbean colonies of Trinidad and Tobago.
1888/--/-- 62 - Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh paints Still Life With Sunflowers.
1888/--/-- 62 - Eastman's Kodak camera begins amateur photography
1888/--/-- 62 - Jack the Ripper murders seven women in London.
1888/--/-- 62 - Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov writes Scheherazade.
1888/--/-- 62 - The National Geographic Magazine is published for the first time.
1888/--/-- 62 - William II succeeds Frederick III as emperor of Germany.
1889/--/-- 63 - Benjamin Harrison (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1889/--/-- 63 - Benjamin Harrison is inaugurated as the 23rd U.S. president.
1889/--/-- 63 - Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria commits suicide at Mayerling.
1889/--/-- 63 - German revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg is exiled in Switzerland.
1889/--/-- 63 - Gustave Eiffel designs the Eiffel Tower for the Paris Exposition.
1889/--/-- 63 - Japan's first prime minister Ito Hirobumi introduces the Meiji Constitution.
1889/--/-- 63 - Montana is inaugurated as the 41st state.
1889/--/-- 63 - Montana is inaugurated as the 41st state; Washington is inaugurated as the 42nd state.
1889/--/-- 63 - North Dakota and South Dakota are inaugurated as the 39th and 40th states.
1889/--/-- 63 - North Dakota is inaugurated as the 39th state of the Union.
1889/--/-- 63 - Pedro II emperor of Brazil is overthrown in a coup; Brazil is declared a republic.
1889/--/-- 63 - South Dakota is inaugurated as the 40th state of the Union.
1889/--/-- 63 - Washington is inaugurated as the 42nd state.
1890/--/-- 64 - AFL founded by S Gompers
1890/--/-- 64 - American naval officer Alfred Mahan publishes The Influence of Sea Power upon History.
1890/--/-- 64 - American psychologist William James publishes The Principles of Psychology.
1890/--/-- 64 - Cecil Rhodes becomes prime minister of the Cape Colony in South Africa.
1890/--/-- 64 - Claude Debussy begins composing Suite Bergamasque, including Clair de lune.
1890/--/-- 64 - Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh commits suicide.
1890/--/-- 64 - German chancellor Otto von Bismarck is dismissed by Emperor William II.
1890/--/-- 64 - Idaho is inaugurated as the 43rd state.
1890/--/-- 64 - Idaho is inaugurated as the 43rd state; Wyoming is inaugurated as the 44th state.
1890/--/-- 64 - Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore publishes Manasi (The Mind's Embodiment).
1890/--/-- 64 - Photographer Jacob Riis documents New York's poor in How the Other Half Lives.
1890/--/-- 64 - Sherman Antitrust Act
1890/--/-- 64 - Sioux Indians are massacred at the Battle of Wounded Knee.
1890/--/-- 64 - The British South Africa Company occupies Zimbabwe; conflicts begin with the Ndebele.
1890/--/-- 64 - The Forth Railway Bridge is opened, replacing the Brooklyn Bridge as the longest span.
1890/--/-- 64 - Wyoming is inaugurated as the 44th state.
1890/--/-- 64 - Zanzibar becomes a British protectorate.
1891/--/-- 65 - Anglo-Irish author Oscar Wilde publishes his only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.
1891/--/-- 65 - English novelist Thomas Hardy writes Tess of the D'Urbervilles.
1891/--/-- 65 - Eugene Dubois discovers the first Homo erectus remains on Java in Indonesia.
1891/--/-- 65 - French postimpressionist artist Paul Gauguin travels to Tahiti.
1891/--/-- 65 - James Naismith devises the game of basketball in Springfield, Mass.
1891/--/-- 65 - The American Express Company introduces the first traveler's checks.
1892/--/-- 66 - French artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec paints At the Moulin Rouge.
1892/--/-- 66 - Impressionist artist Paul Cezanne completes the Card Players.
1892/--/-- 66 - James J. Corbett wins the heavyweight boxing championship from John L. Sullivan.
1892/--/-- 66 - Strike at Carnegie Steel results in ten deaths
1892/--/-- 66 - The San Francisco Examiner begins printing the first newspaper comic strip.
1892/--/-- 66 - Writer and political revolutionary Jose Marti founds the Cuban Revolutionary party.
1892/03/23 66 *** Cowan, David C. [Husband] - Died Albany cem. - Albany KY
1893/--/-- 67 - American artist Louis Comfort Tiffany begins producing Art Nouveau glassware.
1893/--/-- 67 - Cleveland is inaugurated as the 24th U.S. president; Hendricks becomes vice-president.
1893/--/-- 67 - France adds Laos to "protectorate" of Indochina
1893/--/-- 67 - France adds Laos to the Union of Indochina.
1893/--/-- 67 - Gladstone's second Irish Home Rule Bill is vetoed by the House of Lords in Britain.
1893/--/-- 67 - Grover Cleveland (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1893/--/-- 67 - Queen Liliuokalani is ousted in Hawaii; Sanford B. Dole, is elected president (1894).
1893/--/-- 67 - The Ivory Coast becomes a French colony.
1893/--/-- 67 - Victor Horta's Tassel House in Brussels initiates the Art Nouveau architectural style.
1894/--/-- 68 - Britain establishes a protectorate over Buganda and conquers the rest of Uganda.
1894/--/-- 68 - Czech decorative artist Alfons Mucha designs a poster of Sarah Bernhardt.
1894/--/-- 68 - Dreyfus case splits France
1894/--/-- 68 - English artist Aubrey Beardsley illustrates Oscar Wilde's Salome.
1894/--/-- 68 - English author Rudyard Kipling publishes The Jungle Book.
1894/--/-- 68 - Percival Lowell builds an observatory to study the Martian canals.
1894/--/-- 68 - Rebellion in Korea begins the First Sino-Japanese War.
1894/--/-- 68 - The arrest of army captain Albert Dreyfus creates a political crisis in France.
1894/--/-- 68 - Thousands of Armenians are massacred in Turkey.
1895/--/-- 69 - Anglo-Irish playwright Oscar Wilde writes The Importance of Being Earnest.
1895/--/-- 69 - Japan defeats China; the Shimonoseki Treaty establishes Korean independence.
1895/--/-- 69 - Louis and Auguste Lumiere show the first motion pictures to a Paris cafe audience.
1895/--/-- 69 - Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilich Lenin is exiled to Siberia.
1895/--/-- 69 - Sir Henry Irving becomes the first British actor to be knighted.
1895/--/-- 69 - The American Bowling Congress (ABC) is founded.
1895/--/-- 69 - The Cuban War of Independence begins against Spain; Jose Marti is killed in battle.
1895/--/-- 69 - The Jameson Raid on the Boer republic of Transvaal increases anti-British hostility.
1895/--/-- 69 - The first list of best-selling books is published by The Bookman magazine.
1895/--/-- 69 - Wilhelm Rontgen discovers x-rays
1895/--/-- 69 - X rays are discovered by German physicist Wilhelm C. Roentgen.
1896/--/-- 70 - A tsunami (tidal wave) kills 27,000 people in Japan.
1896/--/-- 70 - Italian composer Giacomo Puccini writes the opera La Boheme.
1896/--/-- 70 - John Philip Sousa composes The Stars and Stripes Forever.
1896/--/-- 70 - King Menelik II defeats the Italians at Adwa, maintaining Ethiopian independence.
1896/--/-- 70 - Supreme Court rules "separate but equal" legal
1896/--/-- 70 - The first modern Olympic Games are held at Athens in Greece; 13 countries compete.
1896/--/-- 70 - Utah is inaugurated as the 45th state of the Union.
1897/--/-- 71 - American comic strip The Katzenjammer Kids is begun by Rudolph Dirks.
1897/--/-- 71 - Austrian artist Gustav Klimt helps to found the Vienna Secession group.
1897/--/-- 71 - British physician Havelock Ellis begins his Studies in the Psychology of Sex.
1897/--/-- 71 - English author Rudyard Kipling publishes Captains Courageous.
1897/--/-- 71 - French dramatist Edmond Rostand writes Cyrano de Bergerac.
1897/--/-- 71 - French primitive artist Henri Rousseau paints The Sleeping Gypsy.
1897/--/-- 71 - McKinley is inaugurated as the 25th U.S. president; Hobart becomes vice-president.
1897/--/-- 71 - Russian author Anton Chekhov writes the play Uncle Vanya.
1897/--/-- 71 - Stanislavsky founds the Moscow Art Theater and begins the method acting technique.
1897/--/-- 71 - The first subway un the U.S. opens in Boston.
1897/--/-- 71 - Theodor Herzl organizes the World Zionist Congress at Basel in Switzerland.
1897/--/-- 71 - William Mckinley (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1898/--/-- 72 - Anglo-Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw publishes Arms and the Man.
1898/--/-- 72 - Britain obtains a 99-year lease for Hong Kong from the Chinese.
1898/--/-- 72 - Commodore Dewey destroys the Spanish fleet in Manila harbor.
1898/--/-- 72 - Cuba occupied by U.S. and released
1898/--/-- 72 - English author H. G. Wells publishes The War of the Worlds.
1898/--/-- 72 - Spain cedes Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines to the U.S. in the Treaty of Paris.
1898/--/-- 72 - Spanish-American War, Cuba, Phillipines, US
1898/--/-- 72 - The Boxer Uprising begins in China; Empress Tz'u-hsi imprisons the emperor.
1898/--/-- 72 - The British under Kitchener defeat the Mahdists at Omdurman in Sudan.
1898/--/-- 72 - The Fashoda Incident leads to a French withdrawal from the Sudan.
1898/--/-- 72 - The Spanish fleet is destroyed off Cuba; Spain sues for peace.
1898/--/-- 72 - The Spanish-American War begins with a declaration of war by Congress.
1898/--/-- 72 - The U.S. army uses machine guns for the first time in the battle of Santiago.
1898/--/-- 72 - The U.S. battleship Maine explodes in the Spanish port of Manila in the Philippines.
1898/--/-- 72 - U.S. troops land on Cuba; Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders are in action.
1898/--/-- 72 - William Randolph Hearst's yellow journalism inflames anti-Spanish feelings.
1899/--/-- 73 - American artist Winslow Homer paints the Gulf Stream.
1899/--/-- 73 - American composer Scott Joplin publishes his Maple Leaf Rag.
1899/--/-- 73 - Designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh completes the Glasgow School of Art.
1899/--/-- 73 - English composer Edward Elgar writes The Enigma Variations.
1899/--/-- 73 - Journalist and future statesman Winston Churchill escapes from Boer captivity.
1899/--/-- 73 - Sigmund Freud "Interpretation of Dreams"
1899/--/-- 73 - The British under Robert Baden-Powell are besieged by the Boers at Mafeking.
1899/--/-- 73 - The South African War begins between the Boers (Afrikaners) and the British.
1899/--/-- 73 - U.S. Secretary of State John M. Hay advocates an Open Door Policy for China.
1900/--/-- 74 - American novelist Theodore Dreiser publishes his first novel Sister Carrie.
1900/--/-- 74 - An international force lifts the Boxer siege of Peking.
1900/--/-- 74 - British politician Keir Hardie helps to found the Labour party.
1900/--/-- 74 - Chinese nationalists besiege foreigners in Peking during the Boxer Uprising.
1900/--/-- 74 - Dutch physiologist Willem Einthoven invents the electrocardiograph.
1900/--/-- 74 - Hawaii is made a U.S. Territory; Sanford Dole serves as the first governor.
1900/--/-- 74 - Hector Guimard uses Art Nouveau designs for the entrances to the Paris Metro.
1900/--/-- 74 - Humbert I is assassinated; he is succeeded by Victor Emanuel III as king of Italy.
1900/--/-- 74 - Italian author Gabriele D'Annunzio publishes The Flame of Life.
1900/--/-- 74 - James J. Jeffries beats Jim Corbett to retain the heavyweight boxing title.
1900/--/-- 74 - Max Planck formulates the quantum theory in physics.
1900/--/-- 74 - Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud publishes The Interpretation of Dreams.
1900/--/-- 74 - Sir Arthur Evans begins the excavation of the Minoan palace at Knossos, Crete.
1900/--/-- 74 - The Boers begin a guerrilla war against the British occupation forces.
1900/--/-- 74 - The British defeat the Boer (Afrikaner) armies in South Africa and occupy Pretoria.
1900/--/-- 74 - The U.S. wins the first Davis Cup tennis contest.
1901/--/-- 75 - A 39,000 year-old frozen mammoth is discovered in Russia.
1901/--/-- 75 - A stele bearing the Code of Hammurabi is discovered in Susa, Iran.
1901/--/-- 75 - American surgeon Walter Reed proves that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes.
1901/--/-- 75 - An American League of baseball is formed in competition to the National League.
1901/--/-- 75 - Andrew Carnegie sells his company and devotes himself to philanthropy.
1901/--/-- 75 - Britain incorporates Ashanti territory into the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1901/--/-- 75 - English author Beatrix Potter publishes her children's book The Tale of Peter Rabbit.
1901/--/-- 75 - Guglielmo Marconi tests radio transmissions between England and Newfoundland.
1901/--/-- 75 - King C. Gillette founds the American Safety Razor Company.
1901/--/-- 75 - Pres. McKinley shot by anarchist
1901/--/-- 75 - President McKinley is assassinated by the anarchist Leon Czolgosz.
1901/--/-- 75 - Queen Victoria dies; she is succeeded by her son Edward VII.
1901/--/-- 75 - Russia occupies Manchuria in north-east China.
1901/--/-- 75 - Sergei Rachmaninoff writes his Second Piano Concerto.
1901/--/-- 75 - Sir Edward Elgar composes the first of his five Pomp and Circumstance Marches.
1901/--/-- 75 - Spanish painter Pablo Picasso's Blue Period begins.
1901/--/-- 75 - Temperance advocate Carry Nation uses a hatchet to attack a Kansas saloon.
1901/--/-- 75 - The Commonwealth of Australia is founded.
1901/--/-- 75 - The first U.S. national bowling tournament is held.
1901/--/-- 75 - Theodore Roosevelt (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1901/--/-- 75 - Theodore Roosevelt is inaugurated as the 26th U.S. president.
1901/--/-- 75 - Victor L. Berger and Eugene V. Debs help found the American Socialist party.
1901/01/02 75 - Edward VII succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland.
1902/--/-- 76 - American artist Robert Henri paints the New York street scene West 57th Street.
1902/--/-- 76 - Conan Doyle writes the Sherlock Holmes adventure The Hound of the Baskervilles.
1902/--/-- 76 - English author Joseph Conrad publishes Heart of Darkness.
1902/--/-- 76 - French filmmaker Georges Melies produces A Trip to the Moon.
1902/--/-- 76 - Italian opera singer Enrico Caruso makes his first phonographic recording.
1902/--/-- 76 - Maksim Gorky's The Lower Depths is produced at the Moscow Art Theater.
1902/--/-- 76 - Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. is appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1902/--/-- 76 - Roosevelt begins conservation of forests
1902/--/-- 76 - The Photo-Secession group is founded in New York by photographer Alfred Stieglitz.
1902/--/-- 76 - The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the South African War.
1902/08/-- 76 - Edward VII crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India at Wes
1903/--/-- 77 - Alexander, King of Serbia, is assassinated; he is succeeded by Peter I.
1903/--/-- 77 - American author Jack London publishes The Call of the Wild.
1903/--/-- 77 - American novelist Henry James publishes The Ambassadors.
1903/--/-- 77 - Bernard Shaw's play Man and Superman is produced in London.
1903/--/-- 77 - Colonel Francis Younghusband leads a British military expedition into Tibet.
1903/--/-- 77 - Edwin S. Porter directs the pioneering Western film The Great Train Robbery.
1903/--/-- 77 - Emmeline Pankhurst founds the Women's Social and Political Union in Britain.
1903/--/-- 77 - Marie and Pierre Curie win the Nobel Prize for Physics for their work on radioactivity.
1903/--/-- 77 - Orville Wright makes the first successful flight in a self-propelled airplane.
1903/--/-- 77 - Panama declares its independence from Columbia; the U.S. recognizes the new republic.
1903/--/-- 77 - The Rolls-Royce automobile company is founded in Britain.
1903/--/-- 77 - The U.S. acquires perpetual control over the Panama Canal Zone.
1903/--/-- 77 - The first World Series baseball game is played.
1903/--/-- 77 - Vladimir Ilich Lenin organizes the Bolshevik revolutionary group.
1903/--/-- 77 - Wright Bros. first airplane
1903/10/-- 77 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (3) AL BOSTON (5)
1904/--/-- 78 - Italian composer Giacomo Puccini's opera Madame Butterfly is produced.
1904/--/-- 78 - Ivan Pavlov, discoverer of the conditioned reflex, is awarded the Nobel Prize.
1904/--/-- 78 - James Barrie's play Peter Pan is produced in London.
1904/--/-- 78 - Max Weber publishes The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.
1904/--/-- 78 - Roosevelt asserts U.S. right to intervene in Latin America
1904/--/-- 78 - Russia and Japan at war
1904/--/-- 78 - Russian author Anton Chekhov's play The Cherry Orchard is produced.
1904/--/-- 78 - Territorial disputes in Manchuria begin the Russo-Japanese War.
1904/--/-- 78 - The Abbey Theatre is founded in Dublin.
1904/--/-- 78 - The New York City subway is opened.
1905/--/-- 79 - A general strike and revolution begin in Russia; Nicholas II grants a constitution.
1905/--/-- 79 - Albert Einstein proposes Special Theory of Relativity
1905/--/-- 79 - Ambrose Fleming invents the thermionic valve, used to improve radio reception.
1905/--/-- 79 - American humorist and actor Will Rogers makes his New York City debut.
1905/--/-- 79 - American labor leader Eugene V. Debs founds the Industrial Workers of the World.
1905/--/-- 79 - Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen founds the T'ung-meng hui (Alliance Society).
1905/--/-- 79 - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner organizes the expressionist painters group Die Brucke.
1905/--/-- 79 - French territorial ambitions spark the first Moroccan crisis.
1905/--/-- 79 - German physicist Albert Einstein proposes his Special Theory of Relativity.
1905/--/-- 79 - German poet Rainer Maria Rilke publishes The Book of Hours.
1905/--/-- 79 - Henri Matisse and Andre Derain form the Fauves (Wild Beasts) art movement.
1905/--/-- 79 - Psychologist Alfred Binet develops intelligence tests for school children.
1905/--/-- 79 - Roosevelt begins his second term as U.S. president; Fairbanks becomes vice-president.
1905/--/-- 79 - The Cullinan diamond is found in South Africa; it weighs 3,106 carats.
1905/--/-- 79 - The Russian fleet is destroyed by the Japanese at the Battle of Tsushima.
1905/--/-- 79 - The Sinn Fein Irish nationalist movement is founded by Arthur Griffith.
1905/--/-- 79 - The union of Norway and Sweden is dissolved; Haakon VII is elected king of Norway.
1905/--/-- 79 - W.E.B. Du Bois forms the Niagara Movement to demand full civil rights for black Americans.
1905/--/-- 79 - mini-revolution in Russia
1905/10/-- 79 - World Series NL NEW YORK (4) AL PHILADELPHIA (1)
1906/--/-- 80 - British author John Galsworthy publishes the first novel of The Forsythe Saga.
1906/--/-- 80 - H.M.S. Dreadnought, the first modern battleship, is launched.
1906/--/-- 80 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen traverses the Northwest Passage.
1906/--/-- 80 - The Aga Khan III forms the All-India Moslim League.
1906/--/-- 80 - The Dreyfus affair ends with the pardoning of French army officer Alfred Dreyfus.
1906/--/-- 80 - The San Francisco earthquake kills 700.
1906/--/-- 80 - Under the Platt Amendment U.S. troops return to Cuba to quell rebellion and restore order.
1906/--/-- 80 - Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle leads to the U.S. Pure Foods and Drugs Act.
1906/10/-- 80 - World Series NL CHICAGO (2) AL CHICAGO (4)
1907/--/-- 81 - A Triple Entente is formed between Britain, France and Russia.
1907/--/-- 81 - Anna Pavlova dances The Dying Swan, choreographed by Mikhail Fokine.
1907/--/-- 81 - Irish playwright J.M. Synge writes The Playboy of the Western World.
1907/--/-- 81 - Lee De Forest invents the triode, a key component for amplifying radio signals.
1907/--/-- 81 - Oklahoma is inaugurated as the 46th state of the Union.
1907/--/-- 81 - Rasputin gains influence at the court of Russian emperor Nicholas II.
1907/--/-- 81 - The Panic of 1907 begins with the collapse of the U.S. stock market.
1907/--/-- 81 - The first Ziegfeld Follies are staged in New York City.
1907/10/-- 81 - World Series NL CHICAGO (4) AL DETROIT (0)
1908/--/-- 82 - An earthquake at Messina in Italy kills 80,000.
1908/--/-- 82 - Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia and Hercegovina.
1908/--/-- 82 - Austrian artist Gustav Klimt paints The Kiss.
1908/--/-- 82 - Automaker William Durant founds the General Motors Company.
1908/--/-- 82 - British soldier Robert Baden-Powell founds the Boy Scout movement.
1908/--/-- 82 - Filmmakers Charles Pathe and Leon Gaumont produce the first newsreel.
1908/--/-- 82 - GE patents electric toaster
1908/--/-- 82 - Jack Johnson becomes the first black heavyweight boxing champion.
1908/--/-- 82 - Kenneth Grahame publishes his children's story The Wind in the Willows.
1908/--/-- 82 - King Leopold II of the Belgians establishes the Independent State of Congo in Africa.
1908/--/-- 82 - Liberal leader Herbert Asquith becomes prime minister of Britain.
1908/--/-- 82 - Mary Baker Eddy establishes the Christian Science Monitor.
1908/--/-- 82 - Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque cofound the cubism art movement.
1908/--/-- 82 - The Ashcan school of painters exhibit in New York City.
1908/--/-- 82 - The Ford Motor Company produces the first Model T automobile.
1908/--/-- 82 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
1908/--/-- 82 - The Tunguska fireball explodes in Siberia with the force of a modern H-bomb.
1908/--/-- 82 - The Young Turk Revolution in Turkey leads to political reform.
1908/10/-- 82 - World Series NL CHICAGO (4) AL DETROIT (1)
1909/--/-- 83 - American architect Frank Lloyd Wright builds the Robie House in Chicago.
1909/--/-- 83 - American artist George Bellows paints the prize fight scene Stag at Sharkey's.
1909/--/-- 83 - American explorer Robert E. Peary reaches the North Pole.
1909/--/-- 83 - American poet William Carlos Williams publishes Poems, his first book.
1909/--/-- 83 - American writer Gertrude Stein publishes Three Lives.
1909/--/-- 83 - French aviator Louis Bleriot makes the first flight across the English Channel.
1909/--/-- 83 - NAACP in NYC
1909/--/-- 83 - Russian impresario Serge Diaghilev presents the Ballet Russe in Paris.
1909/--/-- 83 - Taft is inaugurated as the 27th U.S. president; Sherman becomes vice-president.
1909/--/-- 83 - William Howard Taft (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1909/10/-- 83 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (4) AL DETROIT (3)
1910/--/-- 84 - British Empire covers 1/5th of world land area
1910/--/-- 84 - British author Arnold Bennett publishes Clayhanger.
1910/--/-- 84 - British politician Winston Churchill is appointed first lord of the Admiralty.
1910/--/-- 84 - France groups four African territories together as French Equatorial Africa.
1910/--/-- 84 - French primitive artist Henri Rousseau paints The Dream.
1910/--/-- 84 - French sculptor Auguste Rodin casts the bronze figure The Thinker.
1910/--/-- 84 - Fundamentalism begins with "Five Points"
1910/--/-- 84 - George V succeeds his father Edward VII as king of Great Britain and Ireland.
1910/--/-- 84 - German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich synthesizes Salversan, a cure for syphilis.
1910/--/-- 84 - Italian artists led by Umberto Boccioni found the futurism movement.
1910/--/-- 84 - Japanese forces annex Korea.
1910/--/-- 84 - Madero, Villa and Zapata lead a revolution against Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz.
1910/--/-- 84 - Russian-born artist Wassily Kandinsky executes his first abstract painting.
1910/--/-- 84 - The Art Deco architectural and decorative arts style begins to become popular.
1910/--/-- 84 - The Union of South Africa is formed; Louis Botha becomes the first prime minister.
1910/05/-- 84 - George V succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland.
1910/10/-- 84 - World Series NL CHICAGO (1) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1911/--/-- 85 - American aviator Glen Curtiss flies the first successful seaplane.
1911/--/-- 85 - American novelist Edith Wharton publishes Ethan Frome.
1911/--/-- 85 - American songwriter Irving Berlin publishes Alexander's Ragtime Band.
1911/--/-- 85 - Elmer A. Sperry designs the first American gyrocompass.
1911/--/-- 85 - English author G.K. Chesterton publishes the first Father Brown story.
1911/--/-- 85 - German-American anthropologist Franz Boas publishes The Mind of Primitive Man.
1911/--/-- 85 - Hans Geiger invents an electrical device to count individual alpha particles.
1911/--/-- 85 - Italy's attempts to annex Cyrenaica and Tripolitania leads to the Italo-Turkish War.
1911/--/-- 85 - Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz is overthrown; Francisco Madero becomes president.
1911/--/-- 85 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reaches the South Pole ahead of Robert Scott.
1911/--/-- 85 - Richard Strauss' opera Der Rosenkavalier is performed for the first time.
1911/--/-- 85 - Robert A Millikan measures electron's charge
1911/--/-- 85 - Russian artist Marc Chagall paints I and My Village.
1911/--/-- 85 - Sir Ernest Rutherford formulates his theory of atomic structure.
1911/--/-- 85 - The Ch'ing dynasty is deposed in China; a republic is formed under Sun Yat-sen.
1911/--/-- 85 - The first film studio is established at Hollywood in California.
1911/--/-- 85 - Tibet declares its independence from China.
1911/--/-- 85 - Willis Carrier designs the first practical air conditioning system.
1911/06/02 85 - George V crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Randa
1911/10/-- 85 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1912/--/-- 86 - American Indian Jim Thorpe wins the Olympic decathlon and pentathlon.
1912/--/-- 86 - American author Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes Tarzan of the Apes.
1912/--/-- 86 - American writer Willa Cather publishes her first novel Alexander's Bridge.
1912/--/-- 86 - Arizona is inaugurated as the 48th state.
1912/--/-- 86 - Austrian psychologist Alfred Adler publishes The Neurotic Constitution.
1912/--/-- 86 - British explorers under Scott reach the South Pole but die during their return.
1912/--/-- 86 - French Dada artist Marcel Duchamp paints Nude Descending a Staircase.
1912/--/-- 86 - German geophysicist Alfred Wegener formulates his continental drift hypothesis.
1912/--/-- 86 - Morocco is divided between France and Spain after the second Moroccan crisis.
1912/--/-- 86 - New Mexico is inaugurated as the 47th state.
1912/--/-- 86 - New Mexico is inaugurated as the 47th state; Arizona is inaugurated as the 48th state.
1912/--/-- 86 - Piltdown man is discovered in Britain, beginning an elaborate scientific hoax.
1912/--/-- 86 - Russian dancer Vaslav Nijinsky choreographs and dances in The Afternoon of the Faun.
1912/--/-- 86 - The Balkan League begins the first Balkan War against the Ottoman Empire.
1912/--/-- 86 - The liner Titanic sinks after colliding with an iceberg on her maiden voyage.
1912/--/-- 86 - Theodore Roosevelt campaigns for the U.S. presidency under the Bull Moose ticket.
1912/10/-- 86 - World Series NL NEW YORK (3) AL BOSTON (4)
1913/--/-- 87 - American poet Robert Frost publishes A Boy's Will.
1913/--/-- 87 - Bertrand Russell and A.E. Whitehead publish Principia Mathematica.
1913/--/-- 87 - Danish physicist Niels Bohr publishes his atomic theory.
1913/--/-- 87 - English novelist D.H. Lawrence publishes Sons and Lovers.
1913/--/-- 87 - Federal income tax is introduced in the U.S.
1913/--/-- 87 - Igor Stravinsky's ballet The Rite of Spring causes a scandal at the Paris premiere.
1913/--/-- 87 - Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
1913/--/-- 87 - King George I of Greece is assassinated; he is succeeded by Constantine I
1913/--/-- 87 - Marcel Proust writes the first volume of Remembrance of Things Past.
1913/--/-- 87 - Medical missionary Albert Schweitzer builds a hospital at Lambarene in Africa.
1913/--/-- 87 - Russian revolutionary Joseph Stalin is exiled to Siberia by the tsarist government.
1913/--/-- 87 - Samuel Goldwyn founds his first movie company with Jesse Lasky and Cecil B. De Mille.
1913/--/-- 87 - Socialists Sidney and Beatrice Webb found the political journal The New Statesman.
1913/--/-- 87 - The constructivism art movement begins in Russia.
1913/--/-- 87 - The island of Crete is united with Greece.
1913/--/-- 87 - The second Balkan War begins with a Bulgarian attack on Serbia.
1913/--/-- 87 - Victoriano Huerta leads a military coup in Mexico; president Francisco Madero is killed.
1913/--/-- 87 - Wilson is inaugurated as the 28th U.S. president; Marshall becomes vice-president.
1913/--/-- 87 - Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1913/10/-- 87 - World Series NL NEW YORK (1) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1914/--/-- 88 - A British expedition led by Ernest Shackleton is marooned in the Antarctic.
1914/--/-- 88 - A German fleet defeats the British at Coronel but is decimated at the Falklands.
1914/--/-- 88 - Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated in Sarajevo, precipitating World War I.
1914/--/-- 88 - Austrian forces invade Serbia but are repulsed with heavy losses.
1914/--/-- 88 - Black composer W.C. Handy writes the St. Louis Blues.
1914/--/-- 88 - Charlie Chaplin develops his little tramp character in a series of slapstick films.
1914/--/-- 88 - France, Russia and Britain (the Allies) are at war with Germany and Austria-Hungary.
1914/--/-- 88 - George Bernard Shaw's play Pygmallion is performed for the first time.
1914/--/-- 88 - German forces invade Belgium and France but are halted at the Marne.
1914/--/-- 88 - German submarines begin to exact a heavy toll on Allied shipping.
1914/--/-- 88 - Japan joins the Allies and captures the German base of Tsingtao in China.
1914/--/-- 88 - Mack Sennett produces comedy films starring the Keystone Kops.
1914/--/-- 88 - Parisian couturier Coco Chanel begins designing clothes.
1914/--/-- 88 - President Wilson declares U.S. neutrality in World War I.
1914/--/-- 88 - Russian forces invade East Prussia but are defeated at the Battle of Tannenberg.
1914/--/-- 88 - The Panama Canal is completed, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
1914/--/-- 88 - Turkey declares war on the Allies; Britain annexes Turkish Cyprus.
1914/--/-- 88 - U.S. Marines land at Veracruz in Mexico; President Huerta resigns.
1914/--/-- 88 - World War I begins
1914/10/-- 88 - World Series NL BOSTON (4) AL PHILADELPHIA (0)
1915/--/-- 89 - A German submarine torpedoes the British liner Lusitania; 124 Americans are killed.
1915/--/-- 89 - Albert Einstein formulates his General Theory of Relativity.
1915/--/-- 89 - Anglo-French forces land at Gallipoli in an attempt to force Turkey out of the war.
1915/--/-- 89 - Austrian writer Franz Kafka publishes The Metamorphosis.
1915/--/-- 89 - D. W. Griffith's movie The Birth of a Nation is shown for the first time.
1915/--/-- 89 - Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa lead rebellions against Venustiano Carranza in Mexico.
1915/--/-- 89 - English author Somerset Maugham publishes Of Human Bondage.
1915/--/-- 89 - German Zeppelin airships begin bombing attacks on Britain.
1915/--/-- 89 - Italy joins the Allies and invades Austrian territory.
1915/--/-- 89 - President Wilson recognizes the Mexican government of Venustiano Carranza.
1915/--/-- 89 - Serbia is overrun by the combined forces of Austria, Germany and Bulgaria.
1915/--/-- 89 - The Anzacs (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) fight at Gallipoli.
1915/--/-- 89 - The Dada art and literary movement is formed.
1915/--/-- 89 - The Germans use poison gas for the first time at Ypres on the Western Front.
1915/--/-- 89 - U.S. Marines land in Haiti, beginning a 20-year period of military occupation.
1915/--/-- 89 - War poet Rupert Brooke's 1914 and Other Poems is published in the year he dies.
1915/10/-- 89 - World Series NL PHILADELPHIA (1) AL BOSTON (4)
1916/--/-- 90 - Albert Einstein proposes General Theory of Relativity
1916/--/-- 90 - Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli after strong Turkish opposition.
1916/--/-- 90 - American poet Carl Sandburg publishes his first book Chicago Poems.
1916/--/-- 90 - British forces assault the German line at the Somme; tanks are used for the first time.
1916/--/-- 90 - German assaults at Verdun are repulsed by the French with great loss of life.
1916/--/-- 90 - James Joyce publishes A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.
1916/--/-- 90 - Jeannette Rankin becomes the first female member of U.S. House of Representatives.
1916/--/-- 90 - Lloyd George becomes prime minister of Britain's wartime coalition government.
1916/--/-- 90 - Margaret Sanger is arrested for opening a birth-control clinic in Brooklyn.
1916/--/-- 90 - North Sea storms flood lowlands in the Netherlands, 10,000 lives are lost.
1916/--/-- 90 - T. Tzara DADA
1916/--/-- 90 - The British and German fleets clash at the Battle of Jutland.
1916/--/-- 90 - The Easter Rising in Dublin is suppressed within a week by the British.
1916/--/-- 90 - The Russian Brusilov Offensive meets with success on the Eastern Front.
1916/--/-- 90 - The Trans-Siberian railway is completed -- the longest continuous rail line in the world.
1916/--/-- 90 - U.S. Marines land in Santo Domingo to quell unrest; the occupation lasts until 1924.
1916/--/-- 90 - U.S. troops under Pershing invade Mexico in retaliation for raids by Pancho Villa.
1916/10/-- 90 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (1) AL BOSTON (4)
1917/--/-- 91 - Adoption of the convoy system reduces Allied losses to German submarines.
1917/--/-- 91 - Anglo-American poet T.S. Eliot publishes The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.
1917/--/-- 91 - Art critic and writer Guillaume Apollinaire coins the term surrealism.
1917/--/-- 91 - Astrophysicist Karl Schwarzschild develops the black hole theory.
1917/--/-- 91 - Blacks migrate north and west
1917/--/-- 91 - British forces attack the Germans in the Third Battle of Ypres.
1917/--/-- 91 - British forces under Allenby capture Jerusalem and Bagdhad from the Turks.
1917/--/-- 91 - Dutch artists Theo Van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian found the magazine de Stijl.
1917/--/-- 91 - English composer Gustav Holst completes The Planets.
1917/--/-- 91 - English humorist P.G. Wodehouse creates Bertie Wooster and his butler Jeeves.
1917/--/-- 91 - Germany announces the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1917/--/-- 91 - Italian forces are defeated by Austria at the Battle of Caporetto.
1917/--/-- 91 - Russian revolutions: communist U.S.S.R. formed
1917/--/-- 91 - Selective Service Act creates draft
1917/--/-- 91 - Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung publishes The Psychology of the Unconscious.
1917/--/-- 91 - T.E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) leads the Arab revolt against the Turks.
1917/--/-- 91 - The Balfour Declaration endorses a Jewish national homeland in Palestine.
1917/--/-- 91 - The Germans and the Bolshevik leaders sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
1917/--/-- 91 - The Germans help Lenin return to Russia from exile in Switzerland.
1917/--/-- 91 - The Jones Act gives all Puerto Ricans the right to U.S. citizenship.
1917/--/-- 91 - The Russian Revolution begins; Emperor Nicholas II abdicates.
1917/--/-- 91 - The U.S. purchases the Virgin Islands from Denmark.
1917/--/-- 91 - The United States declares war on Germany.
1917/--/-- 91 - The Zimmermann note proposing a secret Mexican alliance with Germany is revealed.
1917/--/-- 91 - The disastrous Nivelle Offensive leads to mutinies in the French Army.
1917/--/-- 91 - The earliest jazz recordings are made in New York City.
1917/--/-- 91 - The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded for journalism, letters and music.
1917/--/-- 91 - The provisional Kerensky government is deposed; Bolsheviks seize power in Russia.
1917/10/-- 91 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL CHICAGO (4)
1918/--/-- 92 - Advances by French, British and American armies force a general German retreat.
1918/--/-- 92 - American astronomer Harlow Shapley discovers the dimensions of the Milky Way.
1918/--/-- 92 - American author Booth Tarkington writes The Magnificent Ambersons.
1918/--/-- 92 - American forcesunder Pershing help to stem the German offensive.
1918/--/-- 92 - An airmail service begins among New York, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C.
1918/--/-- 92 - An influenza pandemic begins (it kills 21-22 million in 2 years).
1918/--/-- 92 - Austria, Poland and Czechoslovakia become republics in the aftermath of World War I.
1918/--/-- 92 - Bloomsbury Group member Lytton Strachey publishes Eminent Victorians.
1918/--/-- 92 - Bolshevik leader Leon Trotsky organizes the Red Army.
1918/--/-- 92 - Civil war breaks out between the Red and White Russian armies.
1918/--/-- 92 - French composer Erik Satie writes Socrate.
1918/--/-- 92 - German air ace Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron) is shot down and killed.
1918/--/-- 92 - Nicholas II, the last emperor of Russia, and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks.
1918/--/-- 92 - Revolution breaks out in Germany; Emperor William II flees to the Netherlands.
1918/--/-- 92 - Shapley determines sun is part of Milky Way galaxy
1918/--/-- 92 - The Germans renew their assault on the Western Front in the Ludendorff Offensive.
1918/--/-- 92 - The Weimar Republic negotiates an armistice for Germany, ending World War I.
1918/--/-- 92 - The world's largest telescope is installed at Mount Wilson Observatory.
1918/--/-- 92 - Women over 30 win the vote in Britain.
1918/10/-- 92 - World Series NL CHICAGO (2) AL BOSTON (4)
1919/--/-- 93 - Boxer Jack Dempsey knocks out Jess Willard to become heavyweight champion.
1919/--/-- 93 - British troops massacre demonstrators at Amritsar in India.
1919/--/-- 93 - English aviators Alcock and Brown make the first nonstop transatlantic flight.
1919/--/-- 93 - French tennis star Suzanne Lenglen wins the Wimbledon tournament for the first time.
1919/--/-- 93 - George Gershwin composes his first hit song Swanee.
1919/--/-- 93 - German communist Rosa Luxemburg is murdered after the Sparticus uprising.
1919/--/-- 93 - Italian leader Benito Mussolini organizes his Fascist movement.
1919/--/-- 93 - Jan Smuts succeeds Louis Botha as prime minister of South Africa.
1919/--/-- 93 - Lady Astor becomes the first woman member of the British House of Commons.
1919/--/-- 93 - League of Nations
1919/--/-- 93 - Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata is killed.
1919/--/-- 93 - Russian-American anarchist Emma Goldman is deported to the Soviet Union.
1919/--/-- 93 - The Bauhaus school of design is founded in Germany by Walter Gropius.
1919/--/-- 93 - The Chicago White Sox conspire to fix the baseball World Series.
1919/--/-- 93 - The German fleet is scuttled at Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands.
1919/--/-- 93 - The League of Nations is formed with Geneva in Switzerland as its headquarters.
1919/--/-- 93 - The Paris Peace Conference opens at Versailles.
1919/--/-- 93 - The Polish-Soviet War begins over territorial disputes.
1919/--/-- 93 - The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is formed.
1919/--/-- 93 - Versailles Peace Treaty
1919/--/-- 93 - World War I ends
1919/10/-- 93 - World Series NL CINCINNATI (5) AL CHICAGO (3)
1920/--/-- 94 - 18th Amendment prohibits alcohol
1920/--/-- 94 - 19th Amendment gives women right to vote
1920/--/-- 94 - A Home Rule Bill establishes parliaments for northern and southern Ireland.
1920/--/-- 94 - Admiral Miklos Horthy is appointed regent of Hungary.
1920/--/-- 94 - Adolf Hitler forms the National Socialist German Workers' (Nazi) party.
1920/--/-- 94 - American novelist Sinclair Lewis publishes Main Street.
1920/--/-- 94 - American tennis star Bill Tilden wins the Wimbledon tournament for the first time.
1920/--/-- 94 - Arturo Alessandri becomes president of Chile.
1920/--/-- 94 - British East Africa becomes a crown colony as Kenya.
1920/--/-- 94 - Chaim Weizmann is named president of the World Zionist Organization.
1920/--/-- 94 - Dutch artist Piet Mondrian paints the Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue.
1920/--/-- 94 - French Art Deco glassmaker Rene Lalique opens a glass factory.
1920/--/-- 94 - German East Africa is transferred to British control as Tanganyika (now Tanzania).
1920/--/-- 94 - Mahatma Gandhi begins a noncooperation campaign against British rule in India.
1920/--/-- 94 - Mexican president Venustiano Carranza is deposed and killed by Alvaro Obregon.
1920/--/-- 94 - Mystery writer Agatha Christie publishes her first Hercule Poirot story.
1920/--/-- 94 - Russian artist Aleksandr Rodchenko designs the first mobile.
1920/--/-- 94 - The 18th Amendment institutes the prohibition of alcohol throughout the U.S.
1920/--/-- 94 - The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives women the right to vote.
1920/--/-- 94 - The Russian Civil War ends with victory for the Bolsheviks.
1920/--/-- 94 - The U.S. Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.
1920/10/-- 94 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (2) AL CLEVELAND (5)
1921/--/-- 95 - Alexander rules the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
1921/--/-- 95 - American anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are found guilty of murder.
1921/--/-- 95 - Berber tribes under Abd el-Krim attack garrisons in Spanish Morocco.
1921/--/-- 95 - French cubist artist Fernand Leger paints Three Women.
1921/--/-- 95 - German surrealist artist Max Ernst paints L'Elephant celebes.
1921/--/-- 95 - Harding is inaugurated as the 29th U.S. president; Coolidge becomes vice-president.
1921/--/-- 95 - Japanese premier Hara Takashi is assassinated.
1921/--/-- 95 - Latin lover Rudolph Valentino stars in the silent film The Sheik.
1921/--/-- 95 - Luigi Pirandello's play Six Characters in Search of an Author is produced.
1921/--/-- 95 - Mexican artist Diego Rivera begins painting murals depicting contemporary Mexican life.
1921/--/-- 95 - The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is created by Royal Charter.
1921/--/-- 95 - The Irish Free State becomes a self-governing dominion of Britain.
1921/--/-- 95 - The Reparations Commission fixes Germany's liability at 132 billion gold marks.
1921/--/-- 95 - W. L. MacKenzie King is elected prime minister of Canada for the first time.
1921/--/-- 95 - Warren G. Harding (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1921/10/-- 95 - World Series NL NEW YORK (5) AL NEW YORK (3)
1922/--/-- 96 - Anglo-American poet T.S. Eliot writes The Waste Land.
1922/--/-- 96 - Constantine I abdicates as king of Greece; is succeeded by George II.
1922/--/-- 96 - DeWitt Wallace launches Reader's Digest magazine.
1922/--/-- 96 - Egypt achieves independence from Britain and becomes a monarchy under Fuad I.
1922/--/-- 96 - Emily Post publishes Etiquette in Society, in Business, in Politics, and at Home.
1922/--/-- 96 - English Egyptologist Howard Carter excavates Tutankhamen's tomb.
1922/--/-- 96 - English composer William Walton composes Facade.
1922/--/-- 96 - Explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first fossil dinosaur eggs in the Gobi desert.
1922/--/-- 96 - Irish poet and novelist James Joyce publishes Ulysses.
1922/--/-- 96 - Irish revolutionary statesman Michael Collins is assassinated.
1922/--/-- 96 - Kemal Ataturk's attempts to restore Turkish territory leads to the Chanak Crisis.
1922/--/-- 96 - Mahatma Gandhi is imprisoned for civil disobedience in India.
1922/--/-- 96 - Robert Flaherty produces the first major film documentary Nanook of the North.
1922/--/-- 96 - The Fascists march on Rome; King Victor Emmanuel III names Mussolini prime minister.
1922/--/-- 96 - William T. Cosgrave becomes the first prime minister of the Irish Free State.
1922/10/-- 96 - World Series NL NEW YORK (4) AL NEW YORK (0)
1923/--/-- 97 - "King" Oliver's Creole Jazz Band is the first black band to be recorded.
1923/--/-- 97 - Adolf Hitler's coup d'etat in Munich fails; he is captured and imprisoned.
1923/--/-- 97 - Aircraft designer Willy Messerschmitt opens a factory in Germany.
1923/--/-- 97 - American poet E. E. Cummings writes the novel The Enormous Room.
1923/--/-- 97 - Briton Hadden and Henry R. Luce found the weekly newsmagazine Time.
1923/--/-- 97 - Calvin Coolidge (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1923/--/-- 97 - Child violinist Yehudi Menuhin makes his public debut at age 7.
1923/--/-- 97 - Filmmaker Cecil B. De Mille directs the biblical epic The Ten Commandments.
1923/--/-- 97 - French and Belgian troops occupy the Ruhr to enforce German war reparations.
1923/--/-- 97 - General Miguel Primo de Rivera rules as dictator of Spain.
1923/--/-- 97 - Irish poet William Butler Yeats wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
1923/--/-- 97 - Italy becomes first fascist state
1923/--/-- 97 - Jewish philosopher Martin Buber publishes Ich und Du (I and Thou).
1923/--/-- 97 - Physicist Hermann Oberth publishes The Rocket into Planetary Space.
1923/--/-- 97 - Spanish engineer Juan de la Cierva invents the autogiro.
1923/--/-- 97 - Stanley Baldwin becomes Conservative prime minister of Britain for the first time.
1923/--/-- 97 - The Treaty of Lausanne establishes the boundaries of modern Turkey.
1923/--/-- 97 - Tokyo and Yokohama are destroyed by an earthquake; 100,000 are killed.
1923/--/-- 97 - Turkey is declared a republic; Ataturk Kemal becomes the first president.
1923/--/-- 97 - Vladimir Zworykin patents the iconoscope, the first television transmission tube.
1923/--/-- 97 - Warren G. Harding dies; Calvin Coolidge is inaugurated as the 30th U.S. president.
1923/10/-- 97 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL NEW YORK (4)
1924/--/-- 98 - Adolf Hitler publishes his Nazi political tract Mein Kampf (My Battle).
1924/--/-- 98 - Arab leader Ibn Saud drives the Hashimites from Mecca.
1924/--/-- 98 - English novelist E.M. Forster publishes A Passage To India.
1924/--/-- 98 - French physicist Louis de Broglie proposes the wavelength nature of particles.
1924/--/-- 98 - German novelist Thomas Mann publishes The Magic Mountain.
1924/--/-- 98 - J. Edgar Hoover is appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation (renamed the FBI).
1924/--/-- 98 - Ramsay MacDonald forms the first Labour government in Britain.
1924/--/-- 98 - Schrodinger proposes wave mechanics
1924/--/-- 98 - Soviet leader Lenin dies; new leader Joseph Stalin begins a purge of his opponents.
1924/--/-- 98 - The Boston Bruins become the first professional ice hockey team.
1924/--/-- 98 - The military declare a republic in Greece; King George II is exiled.
1924/--/-- 98 - U.S. Congress investigates suspicious dealings in the Teapot Dome scandal.
1924/10/-- 98 - World Series NL NEW YORK (3) AL WASHINGTON (4)
1925/--/-- 99 - Ahmed Zogu proclaims Albania a monarchy and rules as King Zog.
1925/--/-- 99 - American writer F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby.
1925/--/-- 99 - American writer John Dos Passos publishes Manhattan Transfer.
1925/--/-- 99 - Astronomer Edwin Hubble composes a classification scheme for galaxies.
1925/--/-- 99 - Automaker Walter P. Chrysler founds the Chrysler Corporation.
1925/--/-- 99 - Black American dancer Josephine Baker stars in La Revue negre in Paris.
1925/--/-- 99 - Clarence Birdseye begins marketing his quick-frozen food packages.
1925/--/-- 99 - Friedrich Ebert dies; Paul von Hindenburg becomes president of the German republic.
1925/--/-- 99 - John T. Scopes is tried in Tennessee for teaching the theory of evolution.
1925/--/-- 99 - Reza Shah Pahlavi rules as shah of Iran.
1925/--/-- 99 - Russian filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein directs The Battleship Potemkin.
1925/--/-- 99 - Swiss-born artist Paul Klee paints Fish Magic.
1925/--/-- 99 - The Locarno Pact finalizes the treaties between the World War I protagonists.
1925/--/-- 99 - The New Yorker magazine is founded in New York City.
1925/--/-- 99 - The all-black revue Runnin' Wild introduces the Charleston dance craze.
1925/10/-- 99 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (4) AL WASHINGTON (3)
1926/--/-- 100 - American artist Georgia O'Keeffe paints her flower portrait Black Iris.
1926/--/-- 100 - American golfer Bobby Jones wins the U.S. Open and the British Open tournaments.
1926/--/-- 100 - American physicist Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-propellant rocket.
1926/--/-- 100 - Antonio Oscar de Fragoso Carmona becomes president after a military coup in Portugal.
1926/--/-- 100 - Chiang Kai-shek organizes the Northern Expedition to unite China.
1926/--/-- 100 - Eamon De Valera organizes the Fianna Fail party in the Republic of Ireland.
1926/--/-- 100 - English author A.A. Milne writes the children's book Winnie-the-Pooh.
1926/--/-- 100 - French troops in Morocco subdue a tribal rebellion led by Abd el-Krim.
1926/--/-- 100 - Germany is admitted to the League of Nations.
1926/--/-- 100 - Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan.
1926/--/-- 100 - Nobile, Amundsen and Ellsworth pilot the airship Norge over the North Pole.
1926/--/-- 100 - Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett make the first airplane flight over the North Pole.
1926/--/-- 100 - Russian composer Dmitry Shostakovich premiers his First Symphony.
1926/--/-- 100 - The General Strike breaks out in Britain involving 3 million workers.
1926/--/-- 100 - The Harlem Globetrotters basketball team is organized in Chicago.
1926/--/-- 100 - U.S. Marines land in Nicaragua to suppress a revolution (they depart in 1933).
1926/10/-- 100 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL NEW YORK (3)
1927/--/-- 101 - American dancer Isadora Duncan is killed in a tragic car accident.
1927/--/-- 101 - American writer Thornton Wilder publishes The Bridge of San Luis Rey.
1927/--/-- 101 - Baseball player Babe Ruth scores a record 60 home runs for the New York Yankees.
1927/--/-- 101 - Blackface singer Al Jolson appears in the first sound motion picture The Jazz Singer.
1927/--/-- 101 - Charles Lindbergh flies solo nonstop from New York to Paris in 33.5 hours.
1927/--/-- 101 - Civil war in China
1927/--/-- 101 - Comedy team Laurel and Hardy appear in their first film Putting Pants on Philip.
1927/--/-- 101 - Dancer Martha Graham opens her first dance studio in New York City.
1927/--/-- 101 - Duke Ellington's jazz band stars at Harlem's Cotton Club in New York City.
1927/--/-- 101 - English novelist Virginia Woolf writes To The Lighthouse.
1927/--/-- 101 - Finnish architect Alvar Aalto designs the Turun Sanomat newspaper building.
1927/--/-- 101 - Georges Lemaitre proposes an expanding model for the creation of the universe.
1927/--/-- 101 - German filmmaker Fritz Lang directs the futuristic film Metropolis.
1927/--/-- 101 - German-Swiss author Hermann Hesse publishes Steppenwolf.
1927/--/-- 101 - Helen Newington Wills wins the Wimbledon tennis championship.
1927/--/-- 101 - Lindbergh crosses Atlantic non-stop
1927/--/-- 101 - The Iron Guard fascist organization is founded in Romania.
1927/10/-- 101 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1928/--/-- 102 - Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic.
1928/--/-- 102 - American anthropologist Margaret Mead publishes Coming of Age in Samoa.
1928/--/-- 102 - American comedy team Amos 'n' Andy produce their first radio show.
1928/--/-- 102 - American composer Virgil Thomson writes the opera Four Saints in Three Acts.
1928/--/-- 102 - Arturo Toscanini is made conductor of the New York Philharmonic.
1928/--/-- 102 - Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur's play The Front Page is produced.
1928/--/-- 102 - Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill collaborate on the play The Threepenny Opera.
1928/--/-- 102 - British bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.
1928/--/-- 102 - Chiang Kai-shek captures Peking; the Kuomintang government is established.
1928/--/-- 102 - English novelist Evelyn Waugh publishes Decline and Fall.
1928/--/-- 102 - English physicist Paul Dirac formulates a mathematical description of elementary particles.
1928/--/-- 102 - French composer Maurice Ravel composes the ballet Bolero.
1928/--/-- 102 - Heisenberg's uncertainty principle
1928/--/-- 102 - Luis Bunuel and Salvador Dali collaborate on the surrealist film Un Chien andalou.
1928/--/-- 102 - Spanish poet Federico Garcia Lorca publishes Gypsy Ballads.
1928/--/-- 102 - The Chaco War breaks out between Bolivia and Paraguay over territorial disputes.
1928/--/-- 102 - The Kellog-Briand Pact outlawing war is signed by 15 nations.
1928/--/-- 102 - The first Five-Year Plan for economic reform begins in the Soviet Union.
1928/--/-- 102 - Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse appears in Steamboat Willie, the first sound cartoon.
1928/10/-- 102 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1929/--/-- 103 - Alexander institutes absolute rule as king of Yugoslavia.
1929/--/-- 103 - American explorer Richard E. Byrd flies over the South Pole.
1929/--/-- 103 - American novelist William Faulkner publishes The Sound and the Fury.
1929/--/-- 103 - British poet Robert Graves publishes his war memoir Goodbye To All That.
1929/--/-- 103 - Erich Maria Remarque publishes his war novel All Quiet On the Western Front.
1929/--/-- 103 - Ernest Hemingway writes the war novel A Farewell To Arms.
1929/--/-- 103 - French artist and writer Jean Cocteau publishes Les Enfants Terribles.
1929/--/-- 103 - Heinrich Himmler is appointed head of the SS, Hitler's blackshirted elite guard.
1929/--/-- 103 - Herbert C. Hoover (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1929/--/-- 103 - Hoover is inaugurated as the 31st U.S. president; Curtis becomes vice-president.
1929/--/-- 103 - Jews and Arabs clash at the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem.
1929/--/-- 103 - Seven Chicago gangsters are machine-gunned in the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.
1929/--/-- 103 - Soviet leader Joseph Stalin exiles Leon Trotsky.
1929/--/-- 103 - Stock Market crashes
1929/--/-- 103 - The Lateran Treaty creates the independent state of the Vatican City.
1929/--/-- 103 - The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) is founded in New York City.
1929/--/-- 103 - The Wall Street crash leads to a world-wide economic depression.
1929/--/-- 103 - The Workers Party of America is renamed the Communist Party of the United States.
1929/--/-- 103 - The first Academy Awards are presented; Wings wins best-picture prize.
1929/10/-- 103 - World Series NL CHICAGO (1) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1930/--/-- 104 - American artist Edward Hopper paints Early Sunday Morning.
1930/--/-- 104 - American astronomer Clyde W. Tombaugh discovers the planet Pluto.
1930/--/-- 104 - American poet Hart Crane publishes The Bridge.
1930/--/-- 104 - Artist Grant Wood paints American Gothic.
1930/--/-- 104 - British engineer Frank Whittle patents a gas turbine engine for jet aircraft.
1930/--/-- 104 - Carol II is proclaimed king of Romania.
1930/--/-- 104 - Dashiell Hammett publishes the detective novel The Maltese Falcon.
1930/--/-- 104 - English-born American writer W. H. Auden publishes his Poems.
1930/--/-- 104 - Getulio Vargas is appointed president of Brazil after a military coup.
1930/--/-- 104 - Haile Selassie is declared emperor of Ethiopia.
1930/--/-- 104 - Marlene Dietrich stars in Josef von Sternberg's film The Blue Angel.
1930/--/-- 104 - Noel Coward's play Private Lives is produced in London.
1930/--/-- 104 - The British airship R101 crashes in France.
1930/--/-- 104 - The city of Constantinople is re-named Istanbul.
1930/--/-- 104 - Vannevar Bush develops a differential analyzer, an early type of analog computer.
1930/--/-- 104 - Worldwide depression begins
1930/10/-- 104 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (2) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1931/--/-- 105 - American cartoonist Chester Gould creates the adventure comic strip Dick Tracy.
1931/--/-- 105 - American journalist and writer Damon Runyon publishes Guys and Dolls.
1931/--/-- 105 - American writer Pearl Buck publishes The Good Earth.
1931/--/-- 105 - Auguste Piccard makes the first manned balloon flight into the stratosphere.
1931/--/-- 105 - Ben Shahn begins a series of paintings inspired by the Sacco-Vanzetti case.
1931/--/-- 105 - Chicago gangster Al Capone is jailed for income tax evasion.
1931/--/-- 105 - Explorer George Hubert Wilkins makes a submarine voyage under the Arctic ice.
1931/--/-- 105 - Japanese forces occupy Manchuria.
1931/--/-- 105 - Lawrence invents cyclotron
1931/--/-- 105 - Organic chemist W. H. Carothers invents nylon, the first successful synthetic fiber.
1931/--/-- 105 - Radio astronomy begins when Karl Jansky detects radio waves from space.
1931/--/-- 105 - Spain is declared a republic; King Alfonso XIII abdicates.
1931/--/-- 105 - The Empire State Building becomes the tallest building in the world.
1931/--/-- 105 - The Star-Spangled Banner becomes the U.S. national anthem.
1931/10/-- 105 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL PHILADELPHIA (3)
1932/--/-- 106 - American physicist Carl D. Anderson discovers the positron.
1932/--/-- 106 - American sculptor Alexander Calder creates his first mobile.
1932/--/-- 106 - American southern author Erskine Caldwell publishes Tobacco Road.
1932/--/-- 106 - Antonio de Oliveira Salazar assumes dictatorial powers as premier of Portugal.
1932/--/-- 106 - Arab leader Ibn Saud founds the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
1932/--/-- 106 - British author Aldous Huxley publishes Brave New World.
1932/--/-- 106 - Charles Lindbergh's infant son is kidnapped.
1932/--/-- 106 - Eamon de Valera is elected president of the Republic of Ireland.
1932/--/-- 106 - Engelbert Dollfuss is elected chancellor of Austria.
1932/--/-- 106 - English physicist James Chadwick discovers the neutron.
1932/--/-- 106 - Presidential nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt pledges a New Deal.
1932/--/-- 106 - Radio City Music Hall opens in New York City's Rockefeller Center.
1932/--/-- 106 - Revolution in Siam (Thailand) replaces the monarchy with a constitutional government.
1932/--/-- 106 - Sir Oswald Mosley founds the British Union of Fascists.
1932/--/-- 106 - The Bonus Army of war veterans is dispersed by troops in Washington, D.C.
1932/--/-- 106 - The Royal Shakespeare Theater opens at Stratford-on-Avon, England.
1932/--/-- 106 - The first particle accelerator is built at the Cavendish Laboratory in England.
1932/10/-- 106 - World Series NL CHICAGO (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1933/--/-- 107 - A fossilized skull of the prehistoric Steinheim man is found in Germany.
1933/--/-- 107 - Actor Charles Laughton stars in the film The Private Life of Henry VIII.
1933/--/-- 107 - Busby Berkeley choreographs the dances for the film Gold Diggers of 1933.
1933/--/-- 107 - Dancers Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers star in the film Flying Down to Rio.
1933/--/-- 107 - Edwin Armstrong invents frequency modulation (FM) to eliminate radio static.
1933/--/-- 107 - Fiorello La Guardia is elected mayor of New York City for the first time.
1933/--/-- 107 - Frances Perkins becomes the first woman cabinet member in U.S. history.
1933/--/-- 107 - Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1933/--/-- 107 - French novelist and political activist Andre Malraux publishes Man's Fate.
1933/--/-- 107 - Fulgencio Batista leads a military coup against Gerardo Machado y Morales in Cuba.
1933/--/-- 107 - Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey found their first swing band.
1933/--/-- 107 - Joseph Goebbels is appointed as minister of propaganda for the Nazi party.
1933/--/-- 107 - Mae West stars in the films She Done Him Wrong and I'm No Angel.
1933/--/-- 107 - Norwegian fascist Vidkun Quisling founds the National Unity party.
1933/--/-- 107 - President Paul von Hindenburg names Adolf Hitler as chancellor of Germany.
1933/--/-- 107 - Roosevelt begins "New Deal"
1933/--/-- 107 - Roosevelt is inaugurated as the 32nd U.S. president; Garner becomes vice-president.
1933/--/-- 107 - The 21st Amendment ends the prohibition era in the U.S.
1933/--/-- 107 - The Marx Brothers star in the classic comedy film Duck Soup.
1933/--/-- 107 - The National Recovery Administration (NRA) is launched by President Roosevelt.
1933/--/-- 107 - The Nazis erect the first concentration camps in Germany.
1933/--/-- 107 - The Public Works Administration (PWA) is formed to fund public construction projects.
1933/--/-- 107 - The Reichstag fire gives the Nazis a pretext for outlawing the German Communist party.
1933/--/-- 107 - The Stavisky affair causes a financial scandal in France.
1933/10/-- 107 - World Series NL NEW YORK (4) AL WASHINGTON (1)
1934/--/-- 108 - Adolf Hitler becomes "Fueher" of Germany
1934/--/-- 108 - Alexander, king of Yugoslavia, is assassinated; his son Peter II succeeds him.
1934/--/-- 108 - American cartoonist Al Capp begins the comic strip Li'l Abner.
1934/--/-- 108 - Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss is murdered by Austrian Nazis.
1934/--/-- 108 - Cole Porter writes the score for the Broadway musical Anything Goes.
1934/--/-- 108 - Drought leads to severe dust storms in the Dust Bowl region of the Great Plains.
1934/--/-- 108 - Elijah Muhammad becomes leader of the Nation of Islam (the Black Muslims).
1934/--/-- 108 - Fermi creates plutonium
1934/--/-- 108 - George Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein found The School of American Ballet.
1934/--/-- 108 - Henry Miller publishes the Tropic of Cancer. (It is banned in the U.S. until 1961.)
1934/--/-- 108 - Hitler becomes Fuhrer (leader) of Germany after Hindenburg's death.
1934/--/-- 108 - John Dillinger, public enemy number one, is killed by the FBI.
1934/--/-- 108 - Lazaro Cardenas is chosen by Plutarco Calles as president of Mexico.
1934/--/-- 108 - Lillian Hellman's play The Children's Hour is produced.
1934/--/-- 108 - Mao Tse-tung leads the Chinese Communists on the Long March.
1934/--/-- 108 - Naturalist Charles W. Beebe makes a record dive of 3,028 ft in a bathyscaphe.
1934/--/-- 108 - SA leader Ernst Roehm is assassinated on the orders of Hitler.
1934/--/-- 108 - Surrealist artist Rene Magritte paints The Human Condition.
1934/--/-- 108 - The British ocean liner Queen Mary is launched.
1934/--/-- 108 - The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is formed to regulate broadcasting.
1934/--/-- 108 - The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is formed to protect U.S. investors.
1934/10/-- 108 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL DETROIT (3)
1935/--/-- 109 - American writer Thomas Wolfe publishes Of Time and the River.
1935/--/-- 109 - Arthur Dempster discovers U-235, the isotope of uranium used in atomic bombs.
1935/--/-- 109 - Child film actress Shirley Temple stars in The Little Colonel.
1935/--/-- 109 - Controversial Louisiana senator Huey P. Long is assassinated.
1935/--/-- 109 - Eduard Benes succeeds Tomas Masaryk as president of Czechoslovakia.
1935/--/-- 109 - Errol Flynn stars in the swashbuckling adventure film Captain Blood.
1935/--/-- 109 - Filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock directs The 39 Steps.
1935/--/-- 109 - George Gershwin composes the modern American opera Porgy and Bess.
1935/--/-- 109 - Hitler announces German rearmament in violation of the Treaty of Versailles.
1935/--/-- 109 - Italy invades Abyssinia (now Ethiopia).
1935/--/-- 109 - King of Swing Benny Goodman forms the Benny Goodman Trio.
1935/--/-- 109 - Leni Riefenstahl directs the Nazi propaganda film Triumph of the Will.
1935/--/-- 109 - Physicist Hideki Yukawa predicts the existence of the meson subatomic particle.
1935/--/-- 109 - Robert Sherwood's play The Petrified Forest is produced.
1935/--/-- 109 - Scottish physicist Robert Watson-Watt patents the first practical radar system.
1935/--/-- 109 - Social Security Act provides retirement insurance
1935/--/-- 109 - Swedish film actress Greta Garbo stars in Anna Karenina.
1935/--/-- 109 - The Monopoly board game is patented in the U.S.
1935/--/-- 109 - The Moscow subway is opened.
1935/--/-- 109 - The Nuremberg Racial Laws deprive German Jews of their citizenship.
1935/--/-- 109 - The monarchy is restored in Greece under George II.
1935/10/-- 109 - World Series NL CHICAGO (2) AL DETROIT (4)
1936/--/-- 110 - Black athlete Jesse Owens wins 4 gold medals at the Berlin Olympic Games.
1936/--/-- 110 - Boulder Dam is completed in Arizona (it is renamed Hoover Dam in 1947).
1936/--/-- 110 - Edward VIII abdicates as king of Great Britain; he is succeeded by George VI.
1936/--/-- 110 - HItler and Mussolini announce the Rome-Berlin Axis (alliance).
1936/--/-- 110 - Henry R. Luce begins publishing Life magazine.
1936/--/-- 110 - Ioannis Metaxas establishes a dictatorship in Greece.
1936/--/-- 110 - Italy and Germany send military forces and aid to support Franco in Spain.
1936/--/-- 110 - Italy annexes Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Emperor Haile Selassie is exiled.
1936/--/-- 110 - Japan concludes the Anti-Comintern Pact with Germany.
1936/--/-- 110 - John Maynard Keynes writes The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.
1936/--/-- 110 - Margaret Mitchell publishes her only novel Gone With the Wind.
1936/--/-- 110 - Olympic ice skater Sonja Henie turns professional.
1936/--/-- 110 - Spanish Civil War
1936/--/-- 110 - Stalin begins the Great Purge of Soviet Russia's political and military leadership.
1936/--/-- 110 - The British Broadcasting Service (BBC) begins the first public television service.
1936/--/-- 110 - The Soviet Union and the International Brigades support the Nationalists in Spain.
1936/--/-- 110 - The Spanish Civil War begins when General Franco leads a military revolt.
1936/--/-- 110 - The works of the composer Dmitry Shostakovich are denounced in Russia.
1936/01/-- 110 - Edward VIII succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland.
1936/10/-- 110 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL NEW YORK (4)
1936/12/10 110 - George VI succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland upon the abdication of E
1937/--/-- 111 - American author John Steinbeck publishes Of Mice and Men.
1937/--/-- 111 - Anastasio Somoza Garcia becomes president of Nicaragua.
1937/--/-- 111 - Aviatrix Amelia Earhart is lost during a flight across the Pacific.
1937/--/-- 111 - Ballet dancer Margot Fonteyn debuts in Giselle at Sadler's Wells, London.
1937/--/-- 111 - Danish author Isak Dinesen publishes her autobiography Out of Africa.
1937/--/-- 111 - Dow Chemical develops plastics
1937/--/-- 111 - English writer and scholar J.R.R. Tolkien publishes the fantasy novel The Hobbit.
1937/--/-- 111 - Farouk succeeds Fuad I as king of Egypt.
1937/--/-- 111 - Frank Lloyd Wright begins building the Taliesin West complex in Arizona.
1937/--/-- 111 - French filmmaker Jean Renoir directs Grand Illusion.
1937/--/-- 111 - German aircraft supporting Franco's forces destroy the town of Guernica in Spain.
1937/--/-- 111 - Joe Louis the Brown Bomber wins the heavyweight boxing championship.
1937/--/-- 111 - Nationalist and Communist forces unite to combat the Japanese in China.
1937/--/-- 111 - Neville Chamberlain succeeds Stanley Baldwin as prime minister of Britain.
1937/--/-- 111 - Swing bandleader Artie Shaw records Begin the Beguine.
1937/--/-- 111 - The Duke of Windsor (former King Edward VIII) marries the divorcee Mrs. Simpson.
1937/--/-- 111 - The German airship Hindenburg is destroyed by fire at Lakehurst, N.J.
1937/--/-- 111 - The Golden Gate Bridge is opened in San Francisco.
1937/--/-- 111 - The Japanese invasion of China begins the Second Sino-Japanese War.
1937/05/02 111 - George VI crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Cosm
1937/10/-- 111 - World Series NL NEW YORK (1) AL NEW YORK (4)
1938/--/-- 112 - A coelacanth, a fish thought extinct for 65 million years, is caught off the cost of Africa.
1938/--/-- 112 - American composer Aaron Copland writes the ballet score for Billy the Kid.
1938/--/-- 112 - American singer Ella Fitzgerald records A-tisket, A-tasket.
1938/--/-- 112 - British prime minister Neville Chamberlain declares "peace for our time."
1938/--/-- 112 - Chamberlain and Daladier appease Hitler at the Munich Conference.
1938/--/-- 112 - Chester Carlson invents xerography, the first electrostatic dry-copying process.
1938/--/-- 112 - Don Budge becomes the first player to win the Grand Slam (4 tennis championships).
1938/--/-- 112 - General Franco isolates the Republican forces in Spain and attacks Catalonia.
1938/--/-- 112 - German chemist Otto Hahn discovers the principles of nuclear fission.
1938/--/-- 112 - Germany occupies the Sudetenland in western Czechoslovakia.
1938/--/-- 112 - Hitler invades Austria; a union (Anschluss) of Austria and Germany is proclaimed.
1938/--/-- 112 - Hungarian Lajos Biro invents the first practical ball-point pen.
1938/--/-- 112 - Ismet Inonu succeeds Kemal Atuturk as president of Turkey.
1938/--/-- 112 - Jewish property is attacked in Germany in the Kristallnacht (night of broken glass).
1938/--/-- 112 - Jewish psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud flees to England to escape Nazi persecution.
1938/--/-- 112 - Orson Welles' radio broadcast of War of the Worlds causes panic in the U.S.
1938/--/-- 112 - Swing musician Glenn Miller organizes his band.
1938/--/-- 112 - The House Committee on Un-American Activities investigates U.S. subversives.
1938/--/-- 112 - The U.S. and Britain send aid to the Chinese in their war against Japan.
1938/--/-- 112 - Thornton Wilder wins the Pulitzer Prize for his play Our Town.
1938/--/-- 112 - Walt Disney's feature-length cartoon Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is shown.
1938/10/-- 112 - World Series NL CHICAGO (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1939/--/-- 113 - American author Nathanael West publishes The Day of the Locust.
1939/--/-- 113 - American novelist John Steinbeck publishes The Grapes of Wrath.
1939/--/-- 113 - An Anglo-Saxon burial ship is excavated at Sutton Hoo in England.
1939/--/-- 113 - Britain and France declare war on Germany but are unable to aid Poland.
1939/--/-- 113 - Child film actress Judy Garland stars in the musical The Wizard of Oz.
1939/--/-- 113 - Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh star in the film Gone With the Wind.
1939/--/-- 113 - English author Christopher Isherwood publishes Goodbye to Berlin.
1939/--/-- 113 - Foreign ministers Ribbentrop and Molotov sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact of nonaggression.
1939/--/-- 113 - General Franco's forces capture Madrid, ending the Spanish Civil War.
1939/--/-- 113 - Germany and Italy form the Pact of Steel military alliance.
1939/--/-- 113 - Germany invades Poland, beginning World War II.
1939/--/-- 113 - Igor Sikorsky develops America's first successful helicopter.
1939/--/-- 113 - Italian forces occupy Albania; King Zog is forced into exile.
1939/--/-- 113 - Physical chemist Linus Pauling publishes The Nature of the Chemical Bond.
1939/--/-- 113 - President Roosevelt (prompted by Einstein) orders a U.S. effort to build an atomic bomb.
1939/--/-- 113 - President Roosevelt declares U.S. neutrality in World War II.
1939/--/-- 113 - Robert Gordon Menzies succeeds Joseph Lyons as prime minister of Australia.
1939/--/-- 113 - Soviet troops invade Poland; Germany and the USSR partition the country.
1939/--/-- 113 - Swiss chemist Paul Muller discovers the chemical insecticide DDT.
1939/--/-- 113 - The He 176, the first jet airplane, takes to the air in Germany.
1939/--/-- 113 - The Russo-Finnish War begins with the Soviet invasion of Finland.
1939/--/-- 113 - The first nylon stockings are marketed.
1939/--/-- 113 - World War II begins
1939/10/-- 113 - World Series NL CINCINNATI (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1940/--/-- 114 - American novelist Carson McCullers publishes The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.
1940/--/-- 114 - Bing Crosby, Bob Hope and Dorothy Lamour star in the film Road to Singapore.
1940/--/-- 114 - British air victory in the Battle of Britain prevents the German invasion of England.
1940/--/-- 114 - Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn star in the film The Philadelphia Story.
1940/--/-- 114 - Ernest Hemingway publishes For Whom the Bell Tolls.
1940/--/-- 114 - Exiled revolutionary Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico on Stalin's orders.
1940/--/-- 114 - General Charles de Gaulle rallies Free French resistance in London.
1940/--/-- 114 - German forces reach Paris; Vichy France under Marshal Petain signs an armistice.
1940/--/-- 114 - Germany invades Denmark and Norway; Allied forces aid Norway but are defeated.
1940/--/-- 114 - Italian forces invade Egypt but are repulsed; the British invade Libya.
1940/--/-- 114 - Italy declares war on the Allies and invades southern France.
1940/--/-- 114 - Japan joins the Axis alliance and occupies northern French Indochina (Vietnam).
1940/--/-- 114 - King Carol II of Romania abdicates; Romania and Hungary join the Axis forces.
1940/--/-- 114 - Prehistoric cave paintings are discovered at Lascaux in France.
1940/--/-- 114 - Radar wins Battle of Britian
1940/--/-- 114 - Raymond Chandler publishes the detective novel Farewell, My Lovely.
1940/--/-- 114 - The British expeditionary force is evacuated from Dunkerque in France.
1940/--/-- 114 - The German army begins a blitzkrieg attack on Holland, Belgium, and France.
1940/--/-- 114 - The Soviet Union annexes the Baltic States of Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia.
1940/--/-- 114 - The Tacoma Narrows bridge collapses because of oscillations caused by the wind.
1940/--/-- 114 - Winston Churchill becomes British prime minister after Chamberlain resigns.
1940/10/-- 114 - World Series NL CINCINNATI (4) AL DETROIT (3)
1941/--/-- 115 - A British task force sinks the German pocket battleship Bismarck.
1941/--/-- 115 - Baseball player Joe DiMaggio sets a new record for hitting in 56 consecutive games.
1941/--/-- 115 - Benchley Park computers sabotage German Enigma
1941/--/-- 115 - Churchill and Roosevelt's Atlantic Charter meeting establishes war and peace aims.
1941/--/-- 115 - German U-boats inflict heavy losses on British shipping in the Battle of the Atlantic.
1941/--/-- 115 - German paratroopers land on Crete and capture the island from the British.
1941/--/-- 115 - German playwright Bertholt Brecht writes Mother Courage and Her Children.
1941/--/-- 115 - Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece; British forces are evacuated to Crete.
1941/--/-- 115 - Germany invades the Soviet Union.
1941/--/-- 115 - Gutzon Borglum completes the sculptured heads of four presidents at Mount Rushmore.
1941/--/-- 115 - Ho Chi Minh organizes the Viet Minh to combat the Japanese in Indochina.
1941/--/-- 115 - Japanese forces capture Hong Kong and invade Malaya and the Philippines.
1941/--/-- 115 - Karsh's photographic portrait of Churchill becomes a symbol of British resistance.
1941/--/-- 115 - Nazi leader Rudolf Hess flies to England on a quixotic peace mission.
1941/--/-- 115 - Orson Welles directs the film Citizen Kane.
1941/--/-- 115 - President Roosevelt talks of Four Freedoms in his State of the Union speech.
1941/--/-- 115 - Swedish film actress Greta Garbo retires.
1941/--/-- 115 - The German Africa Corps under Erwin Rommel begins an offensive in North Africa.
1941/--/-- 115 - The German Blitz, the nighttime bombing of London, is at its height.
1941/--/-- 115 - The German advance on Moscow is halted by the winter weather.
1941/--/-- 115 - The Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor; America enters World War II.
1941/--/-- 115 - The Japanese occupy Indochina and move into Cambodia (Kampuchea) and Thailand.
1941/--/-- 115 - The Lend-Lease Act allows the transfer of U.S. war materials to Britain and China.
1941/--/-- 115 - The U.S. freezes Japanese assets in retaliation for Japan's territorial aggression.
1941/--/-- 115 - U.S. troops occupy Iceland to forestall its occupation by Germany.
1941/10/-- 115 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (1) AL NEW YORK (4)
1942/--/-- 116 - A Russian counterattack isolates the Sixth Army at Stalingrad; Hitler orders no retreat.
1942/--/-- 116 - A U.S. fleet defeats the Japanese at the Battle of Midway.
1942/--/-- 116 - Actor James Cagney wins an Academy Award for the film Yankee Doodle Dandie.
1942/--/-- 116 - American B-25 bombers make the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo.
1942/--/-- 116 - American and Filipino forces retreat to the Bataan Peninsula in the Philippines.
1942/--/-- 116 - American crooner Bing Crosby records the hit song White Christmas.
1942/--/-- 116 - American forces in the Philippines surrender; the Bataan death march begins.
1942/--/-- 116 - American humorist James Thurber publishes The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.
1942/--/-- 116 - French writer Albert Camus publishes The Stranger.
1942/--/-- 116 - Gandhi is arrested after the Quit India movement demands a British withdrawal.
1942/--/-- 116 - General MacArthur is ordered to the leave the Philippines; he vows I shall return.
1942/--/-- 116 - German forces occupy Vichy France; the French fleet is scuttled in Toulon harbor.
1942/--/-- 116 - Hitler proposes the Final Solution of the Jewish Question; the Holocaust begins.
1942/--/-- 116 - Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman star in the classic film Casablanca.
1942/--/-- 116 - Italian filmmaker Luchino Visconti directs his first film Ossessione.
1942/--/-- 116 - Manhattan Project scientists under Fermi produce the first controlled chain reaction.
1942/--/-- 116 - Rommel's Africa Corps capture Tobruk and drive the British back to Egypt.
1942/--/-- 116 - The British Eighth Army under Montgomery begins a new drive into Libya.
1942/--/-- 116 - The German advance in the Caucasus is halted at Stalingrad (now Volgograd).
1942/--/-- 116 - The German advance on Egypt is halted at the Battle of El-Alamein.
1942/--/-- 116 - The Japanese conquer Malaya, Singapore, Indonesia and Burma.
1942/--/-- 116 - The RAF makes the first 1,000 bomber raid on the German city of Cologne.
1942/--/-- 116 - The Soviet southern offensive is halted; the Germans advance on the Caucasus.
1942/--/-- 116 - The U.S. government transfers 110,000 Japanese Americans to internment camps.
1942/--/-- 116 - U.S. Marines invade Guadalcanal, beginning the campaign of re-conquest.
1942/--/-- 116 - U.S. forces under General Eisenhower invade Morocco and Algeria.
1942/--/-- 116 - V-2 (Vengeance Weapon 2) rockets are tested at Peenemunde in Germany.
1942/10/-- 116 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL NEW YORK (1)
1943/--/-- 117 *** Cowan, Andrew P. [Son] - Died
1943/--/-- 117 - American aircraft join the RAF in round the clock bombing of Germany.
1943/--/-- 117 - American author Carson McCullers publishes The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.
1943/--/-- 117 - American writer Ayn Rand publishes The Fountainhead.
1943/--/-- 117 - Churchill and Roosevelt meet at Casablanca to plan their war strategy.
1943/--/-- 117 - Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet at the Tehran Conference.
1943/--/-- 117 - French existentialist writer Jean Paul Sartre publishes Being and Nothingness.
1943/--/-- 117 - French writer and feminist Simone de Beauvoir publishes She Came to Stay.
1943/--/-- 117 - German paratroopers rescue Mussolini.
1943/--/-- 117 - Marine explorer Jacques-Yves Cousteau invents the Aqualung (scuba).
1943/--/-- 117 - Marshal Badoglio signs an armistice with the Allies; Italy declares war on Germany.
1943/--/-- 117 - Mussolini is deposed; Marshal Badoglio assumes power in Italy.
1943/--/-- 117 - Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein's musical Oklahoma! is produced.
1943/--/-- 117 - Robert Oppenheimer establishes the Los Alamos laboratory to build the atomic bomb.
1943/--/-- 117 - Singer Paul Robeson stars in the title role of the Broadway production of Othello.
1943/--/-- 117 - The Allied armies invade Sicily.
1943/--/-- 117 - The Allies invade the southern tip of Italy.
1943/--/-- 117 - The British and American armies link up in Africa; 250,000 Axis prisoners are taken.
1943/--/-- 117 - The German Sixth Army surrenders at Stalingrad; 100,000 are taken prisoner.
1943/--/-- 117 - The Germans suppress a revolt by Polish Jews; the Warsaw ghetto is destroyed.
1943/--/-- 117 - The Russian offensive reaches the Dnepr River; Kiev and Smolensk are recaptured.
1943/--/-- 117 - The Russians defeat the Germans at Kursk in the largest tank battle in history.
1943/10/-- 117 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (1) AL NEW YORK (4)
1944/--/-- 118 - A British airborne landing at Arnhem in the Netherlands is repulsed by the Germans.
1944/--/-- 118 - Aaron Copland composes the ballet Appalachian Spring.
1944/--/-- 118 - Allied D-Day invasion forces land at Normandy in northern France.
1944/--/-- 118 - Allied forces break out from the Normandy enclave and liberate Paris.
1944/--/-- 118 - Allied forces in Italy land behind the German Gustav Line at Anzio.
1944/--/-- 118 - American aircraft from the Marianas begin the strategic bombing of Japan.
1944/--/-- 118 - American forces under General Mark Clark occupy Rome.
1944/--/-- 118 - An Allied invasion force lands in southern France.
1944/--/-- 118 - British forces begin the reconquest of Burma from the Japanese.
1944/--/-- 118 - British forces occupy Athens and intervene in a communist inspired civil war.
1944/--/-- 118 - Child film actors Mickey Rooney and Elizabeth Taylor star in National Velvet.
1944/--/-- 118 - Communist resistance fighters under Josip Broz-Tito liberate Yugoslavia.
1944/--/-- 118 - English writer Somerset Maugham publishes The Razor's Edge.
1944/--/-- 118 - Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson dies from an accidental drug overdose.
1944/--/-- 118 - French novelist Colette writes Gigi.
1944/--/-- 118 - German officers attempt to assassinate Hitler.
1944/--/-- 118 - Normandy landings
1944/--/-- 118 - Oswald Avery determines that DNA is the hereditary material of the cell.
1944/--/-- 118 - Polish resistance fighters are defeated by the Germans in the Warsaw Uprising.
1944/--/-- 118 - Romania and Bulgaria sign an armistice with the Allies and declare war on Germany.
1944/--/-- 118 - Roosevelt is reelected for an unprecedented fourth term; Truman becomes vice-president.
1944/--/-- 118 - Soviet forces cross the Romanian border and reconquer the Crimea.
1944/--/-- 118 - Soviet forces reach the suburbs of Warsaw in Poland.
1944/--/-- 118 - Tennessee Williams' play The Glass Menagerie is produced.
1944/--/-- 118 - The G.I. Bill of Rights is established to provide assistance to war veterans.
1944/--/-- 118 - The German army launches the Battle of the Bulge, its last counteroffensive.
1944/--/-- 118 - The Soviet's relieve the city of Leningrad after a German siege lasting 890 days.
1944/--/-- 118 - The U.S. First Army occupies Aachen -- the first German city to fall to the Allies.
1944/--/-- 118 - The World Bank is established to assist European postwar recovery.
1944/--/-- 118 - U.S. Marines invade Guam and Saipan in the Marianas.
1944/--/-- 118 - U.S. forces under Admiral Nimitz defeat a Japanese fleet in the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
1944/--/-- 118 - V-1 (and later the V-2) weapons of vengeance are launched against London.
1944/10/-- 118 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL ST. LOUIS (2)
1945/--/-- 119 - Advancing Allied armies discover Nazi extermination camps.
1945/--/-- 119 - Allied forces cross the Rhine and begin the final assault on Germany.
1945/--/-- 119 - British actor Laurence Olivier wins critical acclaim for his portrayal of Richard III.
1945/--/-- 119 - British author George Orwell publishes the satirical fable Animal Farm.
1945/--/-- 119 - Charlie "Bird" Parker and Dizzy Gillespie make the first bebop recordings.
1945/--/-- 119 - Churchill is defeated in the British elections by Labour leader Clement Attlee.
1945/--/-- 119 - Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet at the Yalta Conference.
1945/--/-- 119 - Churchill, Truman and Stalin hold the last wartime conference at Potsdam.
1945/--/-- 119 - Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan and Yemen form the Arab League.
1945/--/-- 119 - French dramatist Jean Giraudoux writes the play The Madwoman of Chaillot.
1945/--/-- 119 - General MacArthur heads the U.S. occupation forces in Japan.
1945/--/-- 119 - German jet aircraft are unable to prevent mass Allied air attacks.
1945/--/-- 119 - German playwright Bertholt Brecht writes The Caucasian Chalk Circle.
1945/--/-- 119 - German rocket engineer Wernher Von Braun continues his research in the U.S.
1945/--/-- 119 - Germany and Austria are divided between the Allies into 4 zones of occupation.
1945/--/-- 119 - Harry S. Truman (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1945/--/-- 119 - Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin bunker; Germany surrenders to the Allies.
1945/--/-- 119 - Ho Chi Minh proclaims the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
1945/--/-- 119 - Indonesian nationalists led by Sukarno proclaim the nation independent.
1945/--/-- 119 - Japan signs an armistice with the Allies, ending World War II.
1945/--/-- 119 - Korea is divided between U.S. and Soviet occupation forces along the 38th parallel.
1945/--/-- 119 - Marshal Zhukov's Soviet troops launch the final attack on Berlin.
1945/--/-- 119 - Mussolini is killed by Italian partisans.
1945/--/-- 119 - Nationalists and Communist forces resume their civil war in China.
1945/--/-- 119 - Roberto Rosselini's neorealist "Open City"
1945/--/-- 119 - Romulo Betancourt becomes president of Venezuela for the first time.
1945/--/-- 119 - Roosevelt dies; Harry S. Truman is inaugurated as the 33rd U.S. president.
1945/--/-- 119 - Singer Frank Sinatra stars in the film musical Anchors Aweigh.
1945/--/-- 119 - Suicide attacks by Japanese kamikaze pilots are unable to stem the U.S. advances.
1945/--/-- 119 - The Soviet Union declares war on Japan.
1945/--/-- 119 - The U.S. drops atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1945/--/-- 119 - The United Nations is formed; Trygve Halvdan Lie becomes secretary-general (1946).
1945/--/-- 119 - The trial of Nazi war criminals begins at Nuremberg in Germany.
1945/--/-- 119 - Tito becomes head of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
1945/--/-- 119 - U.S. A-bombs Japan
1945/--/-- 119 - U.S. Marines invade the Japanese islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa.
1945/--/-- 119 - U.S. forces under MacArthur liberate the Philippines.
1945/--/-- 119 - United Nations formed
1945/--/-- 119 - World War II ends
1945/10/-- 119 - World Series NL CHICAGO (3) AL DETROIT (4)
1946/--/-- 120 - American author Robert Penn Warren publishes All the King's Men.
1946/--/-- 120 - Communists abolish the monarchy in Bulgaria; Georgi Dimitrov becomes premier.
1946/--/-- 120 - Dr. Spock publishes The Commonsense Book of Baby and Child Care.
1946/--/-- 120 - ELAS communist forces begin a civil war in Greece.
1946/--/-- 120 - ENIAC, the first successful electronic digital computer, becomes operational.
1946/--/-- 120 - Elections in Italy abolish the monarchy in favor of a republic.
1946/--/-- 120 - General De Gaulle resigns as president of France; the Fourth Republic is formed.
1946/--/-- 120 - Greek author Nikos Kazantzakis publishes Zorba the Greek.
1946/--/-- 120 - Juan Peron is elected president of Argentina.
1946/--/-- 120 - MacArthur promotes Japanese democracy with the emperor as constitutional monarch.
1946/--/-- 120 - Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first U.S. citizen to be canonized.
1946/--/-- 120 - Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier designs Unite d'Habitation in Marseilles.
1946/--/-- 120 - Terence Rattigan's play The Winslow Boy is produced.
1946/--/-- 120 - The Philippines are granted independence with Manuel Roxas y Acuna as president.
1946/--/-- 120 - The Viet Minh begin a guerrilla war against the French in Indochina (Vietnam).
1946/--/-- 120 - Winston Churchill describes the Iron Curtain created in Europe by the Soviets.
1946/10/-- 120 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL BOSTON (3)

In 1826 Transportation was by:
          Foot
          Horse
          Sailing ship
          Bicycle
          Steamboat
By 1946 Transportation was by:
          Train
          Balloon
          Car & Bus
          Diesel ship
          Propeller airplane
          Helicopter
in addition.
By 1946 Transportation by:
          Horse
          Sailing ship
          Steamboat
          Balloon
had been discontinued.

In 1826 Communications was by:
          Word of Mouth
          Post Office
By 1946 Communications was by:
          Telegraph
          Telephone
in addition.

In 1826 Food Preparation was by:
          Wood
By 1946 Food Preparation was by:
          Gas
          Refrigeration
in addition.

In 1826 Entertainment was by:
          Social Intercourse
          Organized Sports
          Travel
          Professional Sports
          Movies
          Radio
          Television
          Theme parks
          Computer

In 1826 Health Care was by:
          Operations
          Anesthetic
          X-Rays
          MRI

In 1826 War Making was by:
          Calvary
          gun
          Artillery
          Submarine
By 1946 War Making was by:
          Machine guns
          Assault rifle
          tank
          Iron Clad ships
          TNT
          Mines
          Chemical agents
          Aeroplane
          Missiles
          Atomic Bomb
in addition.
By 1946 War Making by:
          Calvary
had been discontinued.

In 1826 Navigation was by:
          Stars & Maps
          Compass
By 1946 Navigation was by:
          Radio Signals
          Radar
in addition.

from the SFHR database of Duane Bristow 10-13-2019 12:23:21


Index

Family and Social Relations

of Kelley, Mary (Cowan) 1826/--/--

Index

Last revised 10/13/19.